John Bigelow, of Watertown

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John Bigelow

Nicknames: "John Biglo of Watertown", "John Bigel", "John Biglo", "John Bigulah", "John deBaguley", "John Baguley", "last name Biglo and other variations."
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Wrentham, Suffolk, England
Death: Died in Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts
Place of Burial: Grove Hill Cemetery, Waltham, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Randall Bigelow and Jane Baguley
Husband of Mary Bigelow and Sarah Wilds
Father of John Bigelow, Jr.; Jonathan Bigelow; Mary Flagg; Daniel Bigelow; Samuel Bigelow and 8 others
Brother of Francis Baguley; Susan Baguley; Persis Langham; William Baguley; Elizabeth Butler and 2 others

Occupation: Selectman, Blacksmith + homestead of 6 acres, Road Surveyor, Constable
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About John Bigelow

John Bigelow

  • Birth: baptized Feb. 16, 1616 - Wrentham, Suffolk, England
  • Death:  Jul. 14, 1703 - Watertown, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
  • Parents: uncertain
  • Spouses: Mary Warren, Sarah Bemis

13 children

Brief biography

From The Ancestry of Hattie J. Bruce:

John Bigelow first appears in the Watertown records on Oct. 30, 1642 with the recording of his marriage, "1642-30-8. John Bigulah and Mary Warin joyned in mariag before Mr. Norwell." He also took the oath of fidelity at Watertown in 1652 and became a freeman April 18, 1690.[1/1819]

John Bigelow was a blacksmith as appears from the following record dated March 4, 1650-51. "Agreed wth John Biglo yt for ten trees the towne allowed for the setting up a shop for a Smithes forge, yt he should either goe on with yt his promise of setting up his trade, wch is the trade of a Smith within one twellfmonth after the date hereof or else to pay unto the towne ten shillings for the sd ten trees he acknowledged to have off the townes".[2/1:22]

Active in town affairs, John was chosen Surveyor of Highways in 1652, 1660, and 1668;[2/1:27,70,90] Constable in 1664;[2/1:76] and a Selectman in 1665, 1670, and 1671.[2/1:84,96,102] In 1654 he and Miles Ives were "Chosen for to psecute the Townes order about Swine and fences for this yeare".[2/1:37] The seven Selectmen often met at John Bigelow's house and their records show that the early colonists had their flaws just like us. At a meeting of the Selectmen on Jan. 18, 1669-70 at the house of Isaac Stearns, "It was greed that the select men shall take their turnes every man his Day to site upon the gallary to looke to the youths that they may prevent miscariagis in the time of publicke exercises on the Lords Days ...".[2/1:98] Ancestors Isaac and Samuel Stearns also took their turns. It's refreshing to know that some things just never change - not even in three hundred years.

His homestead consisted of six acres and was bounded south with the highway, north by Richard Ambler and William Parker, east by Thomas Straight, and on the west by Miles Ives according to the first inventory of estates and possessions taken in 1639.[3/1:58] In the third inventory, taken in 1646, George Parkhurst had replaced Thomas Straight as his neighbor on the east.[3/1:139]

After the death of his wife Mary on Oct. 19, 1691, he married on Oct. 2, 1694 Sarah Bemis, daughter of Joseph Bemis. John died July 14, 1703, aged 86. His will was dated Jan. 4, 1703 and proved July 23, 1703. In it he mentions his wife Sarah; sons John, Jonathan, Daniel, Samuel, Joshua, and James; and daughters Mary Flagg, Elizabeth Stearns, Sarah Learned, Martha Wood, and Abigail Harrington. Martha had most likely died prior to 1703 as John made a bequest to her children rather than to her.[4/10:647]

The inventory of his estate amounted to 627.12.00. Among the expenses charged for the funeral, are several pairs of black gloves, twenty gallons of wine, bottles for the same, allspice and sugar, and two men and horses to carry the wine and other articles.[4/10:740]

Notes on John Bigelow's Ancestry:

'Regarding Baguley/Bigelow matching coat of Arms and the match between John Bigelow's arms and the Baguley arms http://bigelowsociety.com/rod/baghall.htm

Regarding John's baptismal Identification in Wrentham and ID by brother in his will:http://bigelowsociety.com/rod/john1.htm

Wikitree article about John Bigelow

Of note is the intermarriage of the Baguley family descendants with the Warren family (Earls of Surrey) and the other prominent Cheshire aristocracy, both in England and New England. Most updated source from LDS records Please also note Note NI3805Randall - d. 1626. Married Jane, and moved from Cheshire to Wrentham in Suffolk by 1603, where their five youngest children were baptized. Primary information source: The Bigelow Family Genealogy, Vol. 1, edited for The Bigelow Society by Patricia Bigelow (Flint, MI, 1986) Addional Source: Gilman Bigelow Howe's genealogy of the Bigelow family. http://bigelowsociety.com/rod/john1.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilman_Bigelow_Howe http://bigelowsociety.com/rod/baghist1.htm

Emigrated from England in 1632

Will

John Bigelow's wil was dated Jan. 4, 1703, six months before his death, and was proved July 23, 1703. The will in its entirety, is as follows:

"In the name of God amen. I John Biglo of Watertown in the county of Middlesex within her Majesties Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, being weeke of body but in sound disposing Memory prais be given to god for the same, Do make this my last will and testament in manner & form following, that is to say first and principally I resign my soul unto the mercy full hands of allmighty god my Creator assuredly hoping through the mercy of my blessed Saviour to obtain pardon remission of all my sins and my body I commit to the earth whence it was taken, to be decently buried by the discreshion of my executors hereinafter named and as for the worldly goods & estate the lord hath lone me I dispose thereof as follows:

Imp. I give and bequeath unto Sarah my well beloved wife, and to her heirs & assigns forever, all the lands and movable estate, that was hers before our marriage, and forty pounds in money, twenty pounds of s'd money to be p'd her within one month after my decease and twenty pounds within one year after my dece's I give unto her forty pounds waight of good pork, three bushels of barley, and one bushel of indian corn, five pounds waight in butter and five pounds waight in Chees, and also two Sheep, and half the flax that shall be in the house at my Deces--and that to be in full satisfaction of her thirds,

2ndly I give & bequeath to my eldest son John Biglo, & to his heirs & assigns forever, twenty pounds in money to be p'd within one year after my Deces, and in case my s'd son have an heir lawfully begotten of his own body, I give & bequeath his s'd heir twenty pounds in money to be p'd to him or her, when it shall be twenty one years of age, or day of marriage which shall first happen, but if it hapon my s'd son deces without an heir as above s'd, then my will is y't ye aboves'd twenty pounds be equally divided between my children then surviving.

3rdly I give & bequeath unto my son Jonathan Biglo, and to his heirs & assigns forever, twenty five pounds in money to be p'd him within one year after my deces.

4thly I give & bequeath to my son Daniell Biglo and to his heirs & assigns forever, twenty five pounds in money to be p'd him within one year after my deces.

5thly I give & bequeath to my son Samuel Biglo and to his heirs & assigns forever ten pounds in money besides what he hath already had, to be p'd to him within one year after my deces.

6thly I give and bequeath unto my son Joshua Biglo and to his heirs & assigns forever two parcels of lands lying on the westerly side of bow brook in s'd town. Purchased of Lieut Chas Hammond as may more fully appear by the deed of the same, and twenty five pounds in money, to be p'd him within one year after my deces.

7thly I give & bequeath unto my son James Biglo fifteen pounds, which I lent him as may appear by a bond under his hand and seal, and I give & bequeath to my said son James's son James Biglo ten pounds in money to be p'd him if he shall live to the age of twenty one years, but if it so happen that he deces before s'd age, then ye s'd ten pounds to be equally divided between my s'd son James surviving children, when they shall be of the age of twenty one years or day of marriage which shall first happen.

8thly I give & bequeath to my Daughter Mary Flagg and to her heirs & assigns forever, twenty five pounds in money to be p'd her within two years aft

9thly I give & bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth Sterns' children twenty five pounds in money, to be p'd them, when they are twenty one years of age, or day of marriage which shall first happen.

10thly. I give & bequeath to my daughter Sarah Learned, and assigns forever, twenty five pounds in money, within three years after my Deces.

llthly. I give & bequeath to my daughter Martha wood's children, lawfully begotten of her own body, twenty five pounds in money to be p'd them equally alike, when they shall arrive at the age of twenty one years or day of marriage, which shall first happen.

12th. I give & bequeath unto my daughter Abigail Herrington & to her heirs & assigns, twenty five pounds in money, to be p'd within four years after my deces.

And I nominat, ordain, & appoint, my above s'd son Joshua Biglo and my son in law Isaac Larned my Sole Executors to see this my last will & testament performed and all the rest and residue of my estate not herein bequeathed, after all my just debts and funerall charges are p'd my will is that it be divided between my s'd executors, that is to say, two parts of three, to my s'd son Joshua, and one third to my son in law Isaac Leanerd, and do request my trusty and well beloved friend, Capt. Benj. Garfield to be my overseer of this my last will & testament, my s'd executors to allow him out of my estate for his cost & charges reasonable sattisfaction to his content, Revoking & making null & void all former or other wills by me heretofore made. In witness hereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal this fourth day of January one thousand seven hundred two/three, in the first year of the reign of our lady Anna, by the Grace of God over England & Queen.

Signed, seald & Published Sam'l Livermore Daniel Harrington Witnesses Munning Sawin"

his JOHN x BIGLO mark

The inventory of John Biglo's estate amounted to L 627-12-00. This was a middle-class fortune. Among the expenses charged for the funeral were several pairs of black gloves, twenty gallons of wine, bottles for the wine, allspice and sugar, and two men and horses to carry the wine and other articles to the funeral, also " a man and horse to notify Isaac Larned and wife at Sherburne to attend the funeral, and a man and horse to notify John Stearns at Billerica to attend the funeral".

An additional note comes from the Knight family genealogy, in which Joseph Knight and his wife Hannah in 1649 sold "a mansion and land" to John Biglo. A map of early Watertown is shown in Robinson & Wheeler's book, Great Little Watertown; the land owned by John Biglo appears at the extreme left of the map, as does the adjoining parcel purchased from Joseph Knight. John Biglo owned several pieces of property, and in 1686 executed a gift-in-deed, conveying 16 acres and the house thereon "already occupied by my son Samuel" to Samuel Biglow and wife.

Sources

  1. Genealogies of the Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown, Massachusetts, Including Waltham and Weston; to which is Appended the Early History of the Town. Henry Bond.  Little, Brown & Company, 1855 - Massachusetts. Page 29

--------------------

The immigrant ancestor of nearly all persons in North America bearing the surname Bigelow in any of its several variants, is John Biglo of Watertown, Massachusetts. He lived from 1617 to 1703. Many of his descendants have been recorded in a genealogy entitled The Bigelow Family in America, written by Gilman Bigelow Howe, printed 1890. The book was published by Charles Hamilton of Boston, and is no longer available except by photo-copy reprint. Rebound used copies occasionally come into the used-book market with the simple title Bigelow Genealogy.

    In this book Howe states that he was unable to obtain any satisfactory account of the progenitor of John Biglo, and quotes conflicting traditions stating that the surname is of various national origins. He also quotes the late genealogist H.G. Somerby, who felt that John Biglo came from Wrentham, Suffolk, England, and was son of Randall and Jane Beageley, who had their youngest son, John, baptized 16 February 1617. Also, from the probate records of Wrentham, Somerby quotes the will of a Francis Baguley, blacksmith, of Wrentham, who in a will dated 20 October 1656, granted five pounds "to his brother John Baguley, now living in New England, if he comes for it within two years". He offered no proof that Francis was son of Randall Baguley.
    The rector of Wrentham parish in 1617 was the Rev. John Phillips, who later emigrated to Dedham, Massachusetts. During his years in Dedham, Phillips once stated that the blacksmith John Biglo of Watertown, Massachusetts was the same infant whom he had baptized in 1617 as the son of Randall Beageley, and that he (Phillips) had "known John Biglo from earliest youth upward','
    Further, in a civil case in Watertown during his lifetime, John Biglo took the witness stand and identified himself as "John Biglo, formerly of Wrentham, England." From these facts we state the identity and parentage of John Biglo, and through parish and probate records in England, can prove three generations of his English ancestry.
    John Biglo seems to have arrived in Watertown, MA about 1632. He probably came with an older relative, Elizabeth Bigelow, second wife of Deacon Richard Butler, who after a short stay in Massachusetts, followed the Rev. Thomas Hooker to Connecticut. It is assumed that Elizabeth was an older sister or first cousin. No ship's-records exist showing the date of their arrival. It is probable that John Biglow and/or Mary Warren came over on one of the ships of the Winthrop Fleet.
    John Biglo took part in the Pequot War of 1636, serving from Watertown. The next public mention we find of him is his marriage in Watertown on 30 October 1642-- the first marriage recorded in Watertown--before Mr. Nowell, to Mary Warren, daughter of John and Margaret Warren. Ella Biglow's book, Reminiscences of Historic Marlborouqh, MA, contains a fictional description of John at his wedding, in white satin breeches, ruffled shirt, and silver shoe buckles. There is also a docu-drama book called The Winthrop Woman, that is very well researched. On page 250, there is related a cannon-ball pitching contest between Will Hallet and "his opponent -- Bigelow, the blacksmith." The contest was held in the Common of "little Boston", on Election Day in the mid to late 1630's. The book relates the life of Elizabeth, a grand-daughter of John Winthrop, and a passenger on one of the ships of the same Winthrop Fleet.
     To quote from Howe's book, "from the list of those who took the oath of fidelity at Watertown 1652, we find that John Biggalough was one of the number, and he became a freeman 18 April 1690 which we find from the roll of freeman written as John Bigolo; under the same date we find that Samuel Begaloo was made a freeman, and by another list, date 16 May 1690, we find Samuel Biggilo and John Warren jr. were made freemen. On the return of soldiers who were in the service from 25 November to 3 December 1675 [King Philip's War]we find the names of John Bigulah Sr, Michael Flegg, and Isaac Leonard, the last being wounded. Thus we find the name variously spelled by different officials, but when we find the name written by any member of the family, in those early days it is written Biglo, Bigelo, or Bigelow."
    John Biglo appears by various accounts to have been a blacksmith, and again from town records we quote: "Agreed with John Biglo that for ten trees the towne allowed him for the setting up of a shop for a Smithes forge, that he shall either go on with his promise of setting up his trade, which is the trade of a Smith, within one twelfmonth after the date hereof or else to pay unto the towne ten shillings for these ten trees he acknowledged to have off the towne." Dated 4 March 1651.
    John Biglo was chosen a surveyor of highways in 1652 and 1660, a constable [Tax-collector] in 1663, and one of the selectmen (see below) or town council, in 1665, 1670, and 1671. His homesite consisted of six acres and was bounded north by Richard Ambler and William Parker, east by Thomas Straight, south by the highway, and on the west by Miles Ives After the death of his wife Mary in 1691, he married (2) on 2 October 1694, Sarah Bemis, daughter of Joseph Bemis. She outlived him. He died on 14 July 1703, at the age of 86 years, as recorded in town records. His will was dated 4 January 1703 and was proved 23 July 1703.

--------------------

John Baguley, Biglo or Bigelow, son of Randall and Jane Baguley, is accorded the honor of having been the American ancestor of the now numerous and highly respectable family of the surname Bigelow in this country. He was of Watertown, Colony of Massachusetts Bay, as early as 1642, and was one of the proprietors of the town. He bought a house and land there in 1649, took the oath of fidelity in 1652, but appears not to have been admitted freeman until 1690. He was a blacksmith by trade and planter by principal occupation, and evidently a man of some consequence in the town ; was surveyor of highways in 1652 and 1660, constable in 1663, and selectman in 1665 and 1670-71. He married (first) August 30, 1642, Mary, daughter of John and Margaret Warren, theirs being the first marriage recorded in Watertown. She died October 19, 1691, and he married (second) October 2, 1694, 'Sarah, daughter of Joseph Bemis. of Watertown. The marriage of John Bigelow and Mary Warren united two famous New England families. John Warren, father of Mary, was on the list of one hundred .and eighteen freemen of Watertown in 1631, and he was selected one of those charged with the duty of laying put and caring for highways, and was selectman from 1636 to 1640. The descent of the New England Warrens, whose immigrant ancestor was John Warren, of Watertown, has been traced from William the Conqueror, in the Norman line, and in the Saxon line from A. D. 495 ; also back through the royal lines of France, Germany and Italy. William de Warren was a Norman knight and fought at Hastings.

John Bigelow died July 14, 1703, aged eighty-six years. By his wife, Mary Warren, he had thirteen children, all born in Watertown: 1. John, March 14, 1643. 2. Jonathan, December 11, 1646. 3. Mary, March 14, 1648. 4. Daniel, December 1, 1650. 5. Samuel, October 28, 1653. 6. Joshua, November 5, 1655. 7. Elizabeth, June 15, 1657. 8. Sarah, September 29, 1659. 9- James, lived in Watertown. 10. Martha, April 1, 1662. 11. Abigail, February 4, 1664. 12. Hannah, March 4, 1666. 13. A son, December 18, 1667.

(III) Jonathan, son of Joshua and Elizabeth (Flagg) Bigelow, was born in Watertown, March 22, 1679, and died after January 30, 1746. He was a farmer, and lived in the town of Weston, where all of his five children are believed to have been born. He married (first) June 11. 1702, Elizabeth Bemis, died January 11, 1734, and (second) January 29, 1742, Mary Rice, of Sudbury. His children: 1. Jonathan, born January 11, 1707. 2. Benjamin, December 8, 1709. 3. Elizabeth, about August 9, 1713. 4. Sarah, July 26, 1719, died November 22, 1739. 5. James, May 17, 1722.

(II) Joshua, son of John and Mary (Warren) Bigelow, was born in Watertown, November 5, 1655, and lived many years in that town, although the latter part of his life was spent in Narragansett No. 2, now Westminster, Massachusetts, where he died February 1, 1745. During King Philip's war he was a soldier in Captain Ting's company, and was wounded in battle with the Indians, and in consideration of his services he received from the general court a grant of land in what was known as Narragansett No. 2, but now is the town of Westminster. When he was quite old he went there with his son Ezekiel and made a home. He married, October 20, 1676, Elizabeth Flagg, born March 22, 1657, died August 9, 1729, daughter of Thomas and Mary Flagg; children: 1. Joshua, born November 25, 1677; married Hannah Fiske. 2. Jonathan, March 22, 1679. 3. John, December 20, 1681. 4. Benjamin, January 20, 1683, died October 27, 1709. 5. Jabez, supposed to have gone to live in Bristol, England. 6. Elizabeth, August 3, 1687; married February 28, 1724, Jonathan Harrington. 7. David, April 30, 1694. 8. Joseph, December 29, 1695. 9. Daniel, August 29, 1697. 10. Ebenezer, September 4, 1698. 11. Gershom, September 6, 1701. 12. Eleizer, March 14, 1705.

(IV) James, youngest child of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Bemis) Bigelow, was born in Weston, May 17, 1722, and while little appears to be known of him, he is believed to have lived for a time at least in Worcester, Massachusetts. The baptismal name of his wife was Sarah, and they had at least two children : 1. James, born January 26, 1742 (one record says January 1, 1743). 2. Enoch, born October 2, 1746; married Betty Clemons, and lived in Charlton.

-------------------- Bigelow Society - John Biglo documents his life and contains a copy of his will.

"The immigrant ancestor of nearly all persons in North America bearing the surname Bigelow in any of its several variants, is John Biglo of Watertown, Massachusetts. He lived from 1617 to 1703. Many of his descendants have been recorded in a genealogy entitled The Bigelow Family in America, written by Gilman Bigelow Howe, printed 1890. The book was published by Charles Hamilton of Boston, and is no longer available except by photo-copy reprint. Rebound used copies occasionally come into the used-book market with the simple title Bigelow Genealogy."

_____________________________ It appears that for some reason John Bigelow (1616-1703), changed his last name from Baguley to Biglo (Bigelow) after he immigrated from England. His father, Randall Baguley (1576-1626) (also documented as John Randall Baguley) does not appear to have changed his name...but the name Baguley is tied directly to the acquisition of Baguley Hall. I believe the key here is to document the union of a Biglo (Bigelow) to the Baguley line (probably sometime during the period (1500-1600). The entire Baguley/Bigelow line in GENI needs to be reviewed, corrected and documented..I do not believe it is accurate! I have attached (to John Bigelow's 1616-1703 GENI Profile) the Lineage of the Baguley clan as documented by H.G. Somerby in Heralds Visitations, Deeds, Charters, Wills, Parish Registers and other original documents which is published in the Colonial Families of the United States of America, Volume V, pg 55-56

See the following..which is probably the best info available:

John Bigelow from The Genealogy of the Bigelow Family of America by Gilman Bigelow Howe, 1890. THE DESCENDANTS OF JOHN BIGLO, OF WATERTOWN, MASS. Concerning the ancestry of John Biglo, the progenitor of the Bigelows of this country, we are unable to get any satisfactory account, traditions are so numerous and conflicting that we can place no reliance upon any of them; they would make our common ancestor a native of Wales, Scotland, Ireland and England, as well as a French Huguenot. The most common belief has been that we were of English descent, but a very careful and persistent search has failed to find the name of Biglo or Bigelow upon any public records in that country, various clues have been followed in Scotland and the North of Ireland, but all alike have been found to have no foundation. The English ancestry of the Bigelows, as written by the late H. G. Somerby, several years ago (and who spent considerable time in searching English records), appears to have its basis upon records of the Beagely family found in the Parish of Wrentham, County of Suffolk, and wills of the same family found in the Probate Court. From the parish register was taken the family of Randley Beagely and Jane his wife ; the youngest was recorded as follows, viz. : "1616. John y" sonne of Randley Beagely & Jane his wife baptized February y XVI." and this John he takes to be the John Biglo of AVatertown. From the will of Francis Baguley of Wrentham, dated Oct. 20, 1656, he takes the following: "To his brother John Baguley, now living in New England, a certain sum of money, if he comes for it in person within two years," but he fails to show that Randley Beagely had a son Francis, or that Francis Baguley was any way related to John Beagely by the records. From a recent letter of the present rector of Wrentham to Mr. Poultney Bigelow of New York we learn that John Beagely was baptized Feb. 16, 1616, and was buried 1626, and his widow, Jane Beagely, was buried 1626, which would appear as though he was not baptized until nearly grown at least, and his birth could hardly correspond with that of our ancestor. Thus from the incomplete and conflicting records we are reluctantly compelled to abandon for a time any attempt to establish a line of ancestry for our early progenitor John Bigio. He probably had no brothers in this country, but we find one Elizabeth Bigelow, who married Dea. Richard Butler of Hartford, and from the name and dates we suppose her to be a sister of John Biglo. Richard Butler emigrated from Braintree, Essex Co., England, in 1632, and settled first in Cambridge, Mass., was a member of Rev. Thomas Hooker's church, made a freeman 1634, and in 1635 he went with Rev. Mr. Hooker, Elder Stone and others to commence the settlement at Hartford. He was chosen deacon of the first church in that town, and was twice married, but we have no date of either marriage. A private record says that he had five children by his second wife, Elizabeth (Bigelow). The following is a partial list of his children by both marriages. By first marriage : Mary, b. 1635 ; m. Samuel Wright ; lived in Wethersfleld. Thomas, b. 1637 ; m. Sarah Stone. Samuel, b. 1639; m. Mary Olmsted ; lived in Wethersfleld. Nathaniel, b. 1641 ; m. Sarah ; lived in Wethersfleld. By second marriage : Elizabeth, b. 1643 ; m. Dea. Joseph Olmsted. Joseph, b. 1648; m. Mary Goodrich; lived in Wethersfleld. Daniel, b. ; vi. Mabel Olmsted ; lived in Hartford. Hannah, b. ; m. John Green of Fairfield, Ct. Dea. Richard Butler died in Hartford, Aug. 6, 1684 ; his widow, Elizabeth (Bigelow) Butler, died Sept. 11, 1691. The first mention we find of John Biglo appears on the Watertown Town Records, where his marriage is the first marriage recorded in that town, viz.: "1642-30-8. John Bigulah and Mary Warin joyned in mariag before Mr. Nowell." She was the daughter of John and Margaret Warren and is said to have been born in England ; she bore him thirteen (13) children and died Oct. 19, 1691. From the list of those who took the oath of fidelity at Watertown, 1652, we find that John Biggalough was one of the number and he became a freeman April 18, 1690, which we find from the roll of freemen written as John Bigolo; under the same date we find Samuel Begaloo was made a freeman, and by another list, dated May 16, 1690, we find Samuel Biggilo and John Warren, Jr., were made freemen. On the returns of soldiers who were in the service from Nov. 25 to Dec. 3, 1675, we find the names John Bigulah, Sr., Michaell Flegg and Isaac Leonard, the last named being wounded. Thus we find the name variously spelled by different officials, but when we find the name written by any member of the family in those early days it is written Biglo, Biglow, Bigelo or Bigelow. His trade appears to have been that of a blacksmith, as appears by the following taken from the town records: "Agreed w"^ John Biglo y^ for ten trees the towne allowed him for the setting up a shop for a Smithes forge, y" he shall either goe on with y' his promise of setting up his trade, w"' is the trade of a Smith w in one twelfmonth after the date hearof or else to pay unto the towne ten shillings for these ten trees he acknowledged to have off the townes." Dated March 4, 1651. He was chosen a Surveyor of Highways 1652 and 1660, a Constable 1663, and one of "the seven men" (i. e.. Selectman) in 1665, '70, '71. His homestead consisted of six acres and was bounded north by Richard Ambler and William Parker, east by Thomas Straight, south by the highway, and on the west by Miles Ives. After the death of his wife Mary he married second, Oct. 2, 1694, Sarah Bemis, daughter of Joseph Bemis of Watertown. He died July 14, 1703, at the ripe old age of 86 years. His will, dated Jan. 4, 1703, was proved July 23, 1703, and is as follows: In the Name of God, Amen, I John Biglo of Watertown in the county of Midd'x within her Majesties Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, being weeke of body, but in sound disposing Memory prais be given to god for the same. Do make this my last will & testament, in manner & form following, that is to say first & principally I resign my soul into the mercy full hands of allmighty god my Creator assuredly hoping through the mercy of my blessed Saviour to obtain pardon commission of all my sins and my body I comit to the earth whence it was taken, to be decently buried by the discreshion of my executors hereinafter named and as for the worldly goods & estate, the lord hath lone me I dispose thereof as follows. Imp", I give & bequeath unto Sarah my well beloved wife, and to her heirs & assigns forever, all the lands and movable estate, that was hers before our marriage, and forty pounds in money, twenty pounds of s'd money to be p'd her within one month after my decease and twenty pounds within one year after my dece's' I give unto her forty pounds waight of good pork, three bushels of barley, and one bushel of Indian corn, five pounds waight in butter & five pounds waight in Chees, and also two Sheep, and half the flax that shall be in the house at my Deces—and that to be in full satisfaction of her thirds. Secondly, bequeath to my eldest son John Biglo, & to his heirs & assigns forever, twenty pounds in money to be p'd within one year after my Deces, and in case my s'd son have an heir lawfully begotten of his own body, I give & bequeath his s'd heir twenty pounds in money to be p'd to him or her, when it shall be of twenty one years of age, or day of marriage which shall first happen, but if it hapon my s'd son deces without an heir as above s'd, then my will is y't ye aboves'd twenty pounds be equally devided between my children then surviving. 3rd I giye & bequeath unto my son Jonathan Biglo, and to his heirs & assigns forever, twenty five pounds in money to be p'd him within one year after my deces. 4th I give & bequeath to my son Daniell Biglo and to his heirs & assigns forever, twenty five pounds in money to be p'd him within one year after my deces. 5th I bequeath to my son Samuel Biglo, and to his heirs & assigns forever ten pounds in money besides what he hath already had, to be p'd him within one year after my deces. 6th. I give & bequeath unto my son Joshua Biglo, and to his heirs & assigns forever two parcels of lands lying on the westerly side of bow brook in s'd town. Purchased of Leiut Cha' Hammond as may more fully appear by the deed of the same, and twenty five pounds in money, to be p'd him within one year after my deces. 7th. I give & bequeath unto my son James Biglo fifteen pounds, which I lent him as may appear by a bond under his hand and seal, and I give & bequeath to my said son James' son James Biglo ten pounds in money to be p'd him if he shall live to the age of twenty one years, but if it so happen that he deces. before s'd age, then ye s'd ten pounds to be equally devided between my s'd son James' surviving children, when they shall be of the age of twenty one years or day of marriage which shall first happon. 8th. I give & bequeath to my Daughter Mary Flagg & to her heirs & assigns forever, twenty five pounds in money to be p'd her with two years after my Deces. 9th. I give & bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth Sterns' children twenty five pounds in money, to be p'd them, when they are twenty one years of age, or day of marriage which shall first happon. 10th, I give and bequeath to my daughter Sarah Learned, and to her heirs and assigns forever, twenty five pounds in money, within three years after Deces. 11th. I give & bequeath to my daughter Martha Wood's children, lawfully begotten of her own body, twenty five pounds in money to be p'd them equally a like, when they shall arrive at the age of twenty one years or day of marriage, which shall first happon, 12th. I give & bequeath unto my Daughter Abigail Herrington & to her heirs & assigns, twenty five pounds in money, to be p'd within fower years after my Deces. and I uomiuat, ordain & appoint, my above s'd son Joshua Biglo and my son in Law Isaac Larnerd my Sole executors, to se, this my last will & testament performed and all the rest and residue of my estate not herein bequeathed, after all my- just debts and funerall charges are p'd my will is that it be devided between my s'd executors, that is to say, two parts of three, to my s'd son Joshua, and one third to my son in Law Isaac Leanerd, and do request my trusty & well beloved friend, Capt Benj Garfield to be my overseer of this my last will & testament, my s'd executors to allow him out of my estate for his cost & charges reasonable sattisfaction to his content. Revoking & making null and void all former or other wills by me heretofore made, In witness hereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal this fourth day of January one thousand seven hundred twenty three, and in the first year of the reign of our Lady Anna, by the Grace of God over England & Queen. his mark: JOHN -I- BIGLO Signed, sealed & published

The immigrant ancestor of nearly all persons in North America bearing the surname Bigelow in any of its several variants, is John Biglo of Watertown, Massachusetts. He lived from 1617 to 1703. Many of his descendants have been recorded in a genealogy entitled The Bigelow Family in America, written by Gilman Bigelow Howe, printed 1890. The book was published by Charles Hamilton of Boston, and is no longer available except by photo-copy reprint. Rebound used copies occasionally come into the used-book market with the simple title Bigelow Genealogy.

In this book Howe states that he was unable to obtain any satisfactory account of the progenitor of John Biglo, and quotes conflicting traditions stating that the surname is of various national origins. He also quotes the late genealogist H.G. Somerby, who felt that John Biglo came from Wrentham, Suffolk, England, and was son of Randall and Jane Beageley, who had their youngest son, John, baptized 16 February 1617. Also, from the probate records of Wrentham, Somerby quotes the will of a Francis Baguley, blacksmith, of Wrentham, who in a will dated 20 October 1656, granted five pounds "to his brother John Baguley, now living in New England, if he comes for it within two years". He offered no proof that Francis was son of Randall Baguley.

The rector of Wrentham parish in 1617 was the Rev. John Phillips, who later emigrated to Dedham, Massachusetts. During his years in Dedham, Phillips once stated that the blacksmith John Biglo of Watertown, Massachusetts was the same infant whom he had baptized in 1617 as the son of Randall Beageley, and that he (Phillips) had "known John Biglo from earliest youth upward','

Further, in a civil case in Watertown during his lifetime, John Biglo took the witness stand and identified himself as "John Biglo, formerly of Wrentham, England." From these facts we state the identity and parentage of John Biglo, and through parish and probate records in England, can prove three generations of his English ancestry.

John Biglo seems to have arrived in Watertown, MA about 1632. He probably came with an older relative, Elizabeth Bigelow, second wife of Deacon Richard Butler, who after a short stay in Massachusetts, followed the Rev. Thomas Hooker to Connecticut. It is assumed that Elizabeth was an older sister or first cousin. No ship's-records exist showing the date of their arrival. It is probable that John Biglow and/or Mary Warren came over on one of the ships of the Winthrop Fleet.

John Biglo took part in the Pequot War of 1636, serving from Watertown. The next public mention we find of him is his marriage in Watertown on 30 October 1642-- the first marriage recorded in Watertown--before Mr. Nowell, to Mary Warren, daughter of John and Margaret Warren. Ella Biglow's book, Reminiscences of Historic Marlborouqh, MA, contains a fictional description of John at his wedding, in white satin breeches, ruffled shirt, and silver shoe buckles. There is also a docu-drama book called The Winthrop Woman, that is very well researched. On page 250, there is related a cannon-ball pitching contest between Will Hallet and "his opponent -- Bigelow, the blacksmith." The contest was held in the Common of "little Boston", on Election Day in the mid to late 1630's. The book relates the life of Elizabeth, a grand-daughter of John Winthrop, and a passenger on one of the ships of the same Winthrop Fleet.

To quote from Howe's book, "from the list of those who took the oath of fidelity at Watertown 1652, we find that John Biggalough was one of the number, and he became a freeman 18 April 1690 which we find from the roll of freeman written as John Bigolo; under the same date we find that Samuel Begaloo was made a freeman, and by another list, date 16 May 1690, we find Samuel Biggilo and John Warren jr. were made freemen. On the return of soldiers who were in the service from 25 November to 3 December 1675 [King Philip's War]we find the names of John Bigulah Sr, Michael Flegg, and Isaac Leonard, the last being wounded. Thus we find the name variously spelled by different officials, but when we find the name written by any member of the family, in those early days it is written Biglo, Bigelo, or Bigelow."

John Biglo appears by various accounts to have been a blacksmith, and again from town records we quote: "Agreed with John Biglo that for ten trees the towne allowed him for the setting up of a shop for a Smithes forge, that he shall either go on with his promise of setting up his trade, which is the trade of a Smith, within one twelfmonth after the date hereof or else to pay unto the towne ten shillings for these ten trees he acknowledged to have off the towne." Dated 4 March 1651.

John Biglo was chosen a surveyor of highways in 1652 and 1660, a constable [Tax-collector] in 1663, and one of the selectmen (see below) or town council, in 1665, 1670, and 1671. His homesite consisted of six acres and was bounded north by Richard Ambler and William Parker, east by Thomas Straight, south by the highway, and on the west by Miles Ives After the death of his wife Mary in 1691, he married (2) on 2 October 1694, Sarah Bemis, daughter of Joseph Bemis. She outlived him. He died on 14 July 1703, at the age of 86 years, as recorded in town records. His will was dated 4 January 1703 and was proved 23 July 1703.

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BAGULEY HALL

When Bigelows organized in 1887 to publish the first Bigelow Family genealogy, some searching was done to try to clarify a connection with the Baguley family of Ollerton Hall in England. According to the account by Gilman B. Howe in his book, no positive relationship was established.

The Bigelow Society has published a booklet on Baguley Hall .............................. See Link. In Feb 1974, Laurel Barklow visited the home of Hester (Sproul) and William Wallace 8 Bigelow (Charles Chandler 7, Job 6, Paul 5, Cornelius 4, Samuel 3, Samuel 2, John1) in Rockton, lIlinois. They showed her a letter to William from Charles Chase Bigelow, excerpts of which follow Dear William Wallace: ...I have also the line of descent of the Baguley family from Sir Richard de Baguley down to John Biglo and his forge and hammer at Watertown. This makes our family line entirely complete from the present day back to 1243. The Baguleys were lords of Baguley Hall and Ollerton Hall, the latter acquired by marriage... I wondered if the town of Baguley still existed. I looked it up in Buffalo's Grosvenor Library, third largest reference library in the U.S., and with the help of a librarian, I found it in an English atlas. It is just outside Manchester, England. I also looked up the Bigelow coat-of-arms in the Encyclopedia of American Biography, Vol. 32 {recorded by John Bigelow, Watertown, Mass. 1637). From the EAB I made a copy of the coat-of-arms in colour. Then I wondered if we were the Baguley family of England, what about the Baguley coat-of-arms? I looked it up and found it to be the same as ours is. And so John Biglo recorded the Baguley coat-of-arms at Watertown, and John Biglo's name was Baguley. He was a blacksmith and like others of that day, he could neither read nor write. The first recorded marriage in Watertown is that of John Biglo... Shortly after I had done considerable of this research, a friend of mine, Ernest Davenport, was going to England to visit his mother who lived at Stoke-on-Trent. As this Stoke-on-Trent is about 25 mile from Manchester, I asked him if he would look up Baguley Hall. This he did and found it. It seems that in the city of Manchester some of the buses are labelled "Baguley." He boarded one of these and said he wished to go to Baguley. The motorman said New Baguley or Old Baguley? It seems that of late years a whole new suburb of Manchester has grown up adjacent to old Baguley, which is new Baguley. There doesn't seem to be much to old Baguley except the hall, of which he brought back two photographs. It is rather a sprawling structure and is widely known for its immense oak beams. Cut in the stone wall at the rear of the Great Hall is the Baguley coat-of-arms, identical with the Bigelow coat-of-arms. And so at last we know where we came from -- from the hall of Baguley, 1243, Cheshire, England. Done this day, 20 Mar 1959 by Charles Chase Bigelow, 437 Rhode Island St., Buffalo, NY. January 1997 --------- FORGE: The Bigelow Society Quarterly --------Vol. 26 --------- No. 1 
Excerpts From Vol. 3, No. 2 (April 1974)

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John Bigelow, of Watertown's Timeline

1616
February 15, 1616
Wrentham Parish, Suffolk, England
February 16, 1616
Wrentham, Suffolk, England
February 16, 1616
Wrentham, Suffolk, England
February 16, 1616
Wrentham, Suffolk, England
February 16, 1616
Wrentham, Suffolk, England
February 16, 1616
Wrentham, Suffolk, England
February 16, 1616
Wrentham, Suffolk, England
1617
February 16, 1617
Age 1
Wrentham, , Suffolk, Eng
February 16, 1617
Age 1
Wrentham, , Suffolk, Eng
February 16, 1617
Age 1
Wrentham, , Suffolk, Eng