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About John Campbell, 1st Earl of Loudoun
John Campbell, 1st Earl of Loudoun1
M, #72555, b. 1598, d. 15 March 1661/62
John Campbell, 1st Earl of Loudon* by Samuel Cooper 2
John Campbell, 1st Earl of Loudoun was born in 1598.1 He was the son of Sir James Campbell of Lawers and Jean Colville.3 He married Margaret Campbell, 2nd Baroness Campbell of Loudoun, daughter of George Campbell, Master of Loudoun and Lady Jean Fleming, before 8 March 1620.1 He died on 15 March 1661/62.1
He was created 1st Earl of Loudoun [Scotland] on 12 May 1633.4 He was created 1st Lord Tarrinzean and Mauchline [Scotland] on 12 May 1633.4 His patent was suspended until 1641 due to his opposition to the King.4 He held the office of First Commissioner of Treasury [Scotland] between 1641 and 1644.4 He was President of the Privy Council [Scotland].4 He fought in the Battle of Dunbar in 1650, for King Charles II.4 He was shut up in the Tower of London on suspicion of treason after a letter from the Covenanters seeking help from France.4 He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.5
Children of John Campbell, 1st Earl of Loudoun and Margaret Campbell, 2nd Baroness Campbell of Loudoun
1.James Campbell, 2nd Earl of Loudoun+1 d. 1684 2.Lady Margaret Campbell+2 d. Dec 1665
1.[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 2, page 2406. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition. 2.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 390. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
8 Sir John Campbell , 1st Earl of Lawers b: 1598 d: 15 MAR 1662/63 + Margaret Campbell , Baroness of Loudoun b: ABT 1605 d: AFT 1663
9 George Campbell d: AFT 25 FEB 1658/59
- 9 James Campbell , 2nd Earl of Loudoun d: 1684 + Margaret Montgomery
- 9 Jean Campbell + George Maule , 2nd Earl of Panmure
- 9 Ann (Margaret) Campbell d: JAN 1665/66 + John Elphinstone , 3rd Lord Balmerino
-------------------- He was created 1st Earl of Loudoun [Scotland] on 12 May 1633. He was created 1st Lord Tarrinzean and Mauchline [Scotland] on 12 May 1633. His patent was suspended until 1641 due to his opposition to the King. He held the office of First Commissioner of Treasury [Scotland] between 1641 and 1644. He was President of the Privy Council [Scotland]. He fought in the Battle of Dunbar in 1650, for King Charles II. He was shut up in the Tower of London on suspicion of treason after a letter from the Covenanters seeking help from France.
John Campbell, 1st Earl of Loudoun (1598–1662) was a Scottish politician. He was the eldest son of James Campbell of Lawers
John Campbell married Margaret, the daughter of George Campbell around 1620. Margaret was heir to her grandfather Hugh Campbell, first Lord Loudoun, who resigned his peerage in John's favour. As the second Lord Loudoun, Campbell inherited the Loudoun estates in Ayrshire; he was granted the earldom of Loudoun by King Charles I in 1633.
Loudoun was among the noblemen who supported the protests against the King's attempts to introduce innovations into the Scottish church and at his interference in the traditions of the Scottish nobility. Naturally eloquent and persuasive, Loudoun emerged as a leading spokesman for the Covenanter movement at the Glasgow Assembly of 1638. In July 1639, he was a commissioner at the treaty negotiations held at Berwick after the First Bishops' War; the following year he was one of the Scottish commissioners sent to London to negotiate with the King. In March 1640, a letter was discovered from the Covenanters to Louis XIII of France requesting his support. King Charles regarded the request as treasonous. As one of the seven signatories of the letter, Loudoun was arrested in London on 11 April and imprisoned in the Tower.
He was released after promising to attempt to persuade the Covenanters to disband the army that was gathering in Scotland. However, Loudoun accompanied the army when it invaded England during the Second Bishops' War and once again played a leading role in the treaty negotiations at Ripon and London.
He resisted Charles I, and in 1641 was appointed Lord Chancellor of Scotland, an office which he held for 19 years, until he was deposed at the restoration; and was also First Commissioner of the Treasury. From 1649 to 1660 he was President of the Privy Council. He was Chancellor of the University of St Andrews from 1643 til his death in 1662.
Loudoun resisted the Cromwellian subjugation of Scotland for as long as he could, refusing to make his formal submission to General Monck until March 1655. He lived peaceably until the Restoration in 1660 when he was obliged to resign the office of Lord-Chancellor and was fined for his past support of the Covenanters.
Loudoun died at Edinburgh in March 1662.
John Campbell, 1st Earl of Loudoun's Timeline
South Lanarkshire, Scotland, United Kingdom
March 15, 1661
15 March 1661/62
High Chancellor of Scotland, Royalist