|Also Known As:||"Crawfurd", "Craufurd"|
|Birthplace:||Kilbourne, Ayrshire, Scotland|
|Death:||Died in Jamestown, Colony of Virginia|
|Cause of death:||Said to have been killed in Bacon's Rebellion|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About John Crawford of Jamestown
NOTE: John Crawford of Jamestown arrived in Virginia in about 1643 with his only known child Colonel David Crawford.
- Birth: 1600 - Kilbirnie, Ayershire, Scotland
- Death: 1676 - Jamestown, James City County, Virginia. Killed in Bacon's Rebellion.
- Parents: Malcolm Crawford, Margaret
- Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown
- •Immigration: 1643 DATE: 1 JUL 1643 Virginia
- •Note: He came to America with his son, his wife being dead by that date.
- Note: John Crawford was a cadet of the Kilbirnie Crawfords, and a descendant of Sir Ronald Crawford
- •Residence: 1669
- •Note: Raechel Williams was apprenticed to John Crawford for four years.
- •Residence: James City County, Virginia
- •Residence: New Kent County, Virginia
- David Crawford b: ABT 1625 in Ayershire, Scotland
Killed in Bacon's rebellion.
As the "youngest son of an Earl Crawford", John Crawford, who received "but a small patrimony" (from fifty to 100 pounds yearly), "removed to this country in pursuit of his fortune". His son, David, and he bought fertile lands at a low price, as the colony of Virginia wished for settlers. They were allotted some land, because they brought over with them twenty persons to colonize. (Passage cost at that time five pounds, ten shillings, or approximately $26.00) John Crawford was a landowner, planter, and defender of his countryman from the "savage brutalities of the Indians" - Bacon's Rebellion, 1676, when he was killed.
- Lewises, Meriwethers & Their Kin. By Sarah Travers Lewis Scott Anderson. Page 146
- The Gulf States Historical Magazine, Volume 2. edited by Thomas McAdory Owen, Joel Campbell Du Bose. The Crawfords
The early history of Clan Crawford is diverse and complicated. And like so many other Clan histories, competing theories of Crawford history are difficult to decipher looking back 900 years through 30 generations. However, by employing all we know about the secular and religious history of the period and using certain physical and biological rules [eg. a person can't be in 2 places at the same time, people 15- and 50+ years typically are not prolific reproducers, and nobody lived over 100 years] we can sort out competing theories. One anecdote that keeps returning "like a bad burrito" is the claim that the Crawfords derive from Alan, the 4th Earl of Richmond. This version was widely distributed in Burke's General Armory, a series of editions published between 1842 and 1884. The registration of the Arms of Colonel Robert Crawford of Newfield in the mid-1800's states the basis of the connection being "presumptive evidence" in reference to the similarity of Arms between the House of Crawford (gules, a fess ermine) and the Earls of Richmond (gules, a bend ermine). There are several problems with this formulation. First, the first styling of the unofficial "Earls of Richmond" did not come about until 1136, well after the establishment of the House of Crawford absolutely no later than 1127 (stag incident and first use of the surname). Second, Arms designs of England (Richmond) and Scotland (Crawford) were independent with no prohibition against similarity as registrations didn't begin until a few centuries later. Third, aside from Alan technically being the 1st Earl of Richmond (although he could be justified as the 4th), Alan wasn't born until 1116. The claim is that his younger son, Reginald, is the father of John and Gregan who saved King David from the stag. Therefore, Alan was the 11 year old grandfather of the valorous Gregan of 1127, conclusively debunking the anecdote. Regional and local maps are linked throughout the text. But for an overview of the geography, this super-map of Southern Scotland is provided with arrows pointing to Crawford sites with a supplementary legend identifying the sites. Also, this site for Old Maps shows some of the old Crawford estates in the mid-1800's, but requires a knowledge of exactly where the site is located relative to surrounding landmarks. This limited 1600's Map Collection has some wonderful old maps of Crawford estates. Early Beginnings While information exists on more primative events, the Crawford legacy as a Scottish Clan begins with a Danish Chief, Thorlongus (Thor the tall), who fled the Norman invaders in 1066 and was later granted the area around Ednam (Berwickshire) in Scottish King Malcolm's effort to strengthen his borders against the Norman invaders. Doubtless this advice came from his new Queen and second wife, Margaret (sister of Harold's uncrowned successor, Edgar Atheling). Thor was the first layman (non-royal and non-monk) to construct a church inside the borders of Scotland with his own resources. The Merse, the locale from which Thor is best known, is the area west of Berwick and north of the River Tweed. But he is also known in documents as the Overlord of Crawford. Barony of Crawford - Crawford of that Ilk We surmise from Thor being known as the Overlord of Crawford and from the results of a later division of the Barony in 1248 that Galfridus Swaneson was possibly the first Lord of the Barony of Crawford located in Lanarkshire. Of course, Swane Thorson could have been the first Lord, but there is no way for us to know for certain. Galfridus Swaneson's grandson is known as Dominus Galfridus de Crawford in the records of donations in 1179 to Kelso Abby. The primary surname branch terminated with the death of John Crawford in 1248 (1246), known as "Dominus de eodem miles" or "Lord of Knightly Purpose" in numerous donation documents. The Lordship of half of the Barony of Crawford and the original old Crawford Castle passed from the Crawford Family to the Lindsay Family through the earlier marriage (1215) of John's daughter to David Lindsay. A few Lindsays unofficially lay claim to the entire Crawford family based on this marriage. It is important to note that even at this time there was no Lyon Court to establish recognized clans and therefore allegiance to the Lindsay's could not have been established. But it is Galfridus Swaneson's secondary branch from Crawfordjohn Parish that carried the surname and the Chief's Arms in the time since 1248. It isn't until after David Lindsay took control of the Barony in 1248 we learn that John Crawfurd still had claim to a portion of the Barony, Crawfurdjohn Parish. This is the primary evidence that 4 generations before John Crawfurd and David Lindsay the Barony was divided between Galfridus Swaneson's sons, Hugh and Reginald. Before the family grew and dispersed, the proto-branch from Crawfordjohn was known as Filius Reginaldi. Two of Reginald's sons, Johannes (John) and Gregan, were knighted in 1127. It is the tradition in Crawfordjohn Parish that this John is the origin of the Parish name. According to Burke's Peerage, great-grandson John, the stepson of Baldwin de Biggar, assumed possession of the parish circa 1153. This branch of the family, sometimes referred to by their individual estate or cadet names, is collectively known as the Crawfordjohn Branch. This is now the senior branch and will be discussed later. Dalmagregan Branch For his part in saving the life of the King David I in 1127, Sir Gregan was granted lands in Nithsdale, Ayrshire, where he was known as the "Lord of Tarengen" and became the progenitor of the Dalmagregan (Chief Gregan) Branch. Identified with this branch are the following estates: (1) Daleglis (Dalleagles, a farm 3 miles southwest of New Cumnock), (2) Drongan, (3) Drumsoy (Drumsey, Drumsuie, Drumsay, but not Drumry), (4) Liffnorris (Lochnoris or Leifnoreis) (5) Torringzean Castle (Terringzean or Terangen), (5) Balquhanny, (6) Auchincross and several others. The relationships between these cadets are difficult to decipher because the land records are not complete and do not state the relationship. The intermarriage of lines sometimes complicates our understanding. For example, the Kerse Cadet and its offshoot at Camlarg are descended from the Crawfordjohn Branch. They lived in South Ayrshire and intermarried with the Dalmagregan Branch. In later years, the Dalmagregan Branch even married back into the Crawfordjohn Branch. A prime example of the intertwined relationships is revealed in the following diagram. Terangen and Liffnoris Gregan was known as "Lord Dalmachregan of Crawfordton in Nithsdale" after 1127. But how he acquired the title "Baron of Terangen" is not yet known. Terringzean Castle (pronounced "Tringan"), located about 1 mile west of Cumnock, as first noted in tax payments in 1438. While it is now in ruin, it was observed during excavations in the 1890's to have tower walls 10 feet thick and surrounded by a moat and steep embankments. Apparently the land around the Castle passed out of Crawfurd control because the Crawfords assumed control of the Castle after 1468 from the Boyds and resigned control to father-in-law Matthew Campbell of Loudon in 1563 via marriage. Adjacent to Terringzean Castle, the Liffnoris Estate had been occupied since the 1200's. Liffnorris has always been identified separate from Terangen. Liffnoris is now known as Dumfries House. The Craufurds relinquished the lands of Liffnorris about 1630-35. Drongan and Drumsoy Drongan is located seven miles east of Ayr. The reference to Cathcarts Crawfords directly east of Ayr in this chartered land map dated between 1500-1700 refers to this estate. The map also shows the adjacent Kerse Crawfords. Drongan Castle was a stronghold of the Crawfurds from before 1400, when the first records appear, until 1623 when the Liffnorris Estate assumed control, demonstrating a connection between the two. The castle remains are found on the Drongan Mains Farm. It is generally observed that the Drongan Estate is older than the adjacent Drumsuie Estate. Before about 1700 Patrick of the Drumsoy (Drumsuie) Cadet married back into the Chief's line of the Crawfordjohn Branch to become Clan Chief in Auchinames, unifying these 2 major branches in the figure of the Clan Chief. The remains of the Drumsuie Castle are found on the Wee Drumsuie farm on the southwestern edge of town. Dalleagles The Crawfords occupied Dalleagles in the 1200's. The Crawfords sold the lands of Dalleagles in 1756 with heirs and descendants having moved to nearby Ayrshire towns. Kerse Castle and Camlarg Cadet While Kerse Castle is in the Registry of Scottish Castles, it no longer stands. Little is written about how the Crawfords came into possession of Kerse Castle. There are several stories of the feuds this cadet of the Crawfords had with one of the Kennedy families. The Camlarg Cadet is connected to the Kerse Castle Cadet through estate documents and is supported by heraldry analysis. The Camlarg Cadet (1 mile northeast of the village of Dalmellington, including the Pennyvenie coal mine), descended from Duncan Crawford, son of David Crawford of Kerse, the latter granting his Dalmellington property in 1585 to his brother, William, with reversion to back to Duncan. Nevertheless, the trail of charters, grants, and wills between these Dalmagregan cadets is substantial with the exception of Balquhanny, about which very little is known. The common feud with the Kennedys, is supposedly based on the connection to the Campbells of Loudon. It was the Campbells and Kennedys that had an axe to grind. On the other hand, one must ask why the Dalmagregans had any dispute at all with the Kennedys based on the second cousin relationship at closest to the Campbells. The Campbells are descended from the Crawfords of Loudon. Crawfordjohn Branch Loudon Castle
Ayrshire ArmsTop left: Arms of Ayr Royal BurghTop right: Arms of Carrick DistrictBottom left: Arms of Cunningham DistrictBottom right: Arms of Kyle DistrictMotto: of Craufurdjohn Branch The great grandson of the first John of Crawfordjohn, Reginald, was made the King's chief executive in Ayrshire, the Heritable High Office of Sheriff in 1196 when this office was first established. Reginald would never have been directly responsible to the King if the House of Crawford had been subjects of the House of Lindsay. Before 1200 Reginald married the heiress of the extensive Loudon estates. Loudon Castle was to be occupied by this branch of the Crawfords until 1318 when the Crawford heiress, who's father was executed by the English in 1306 (1303 or 1308) for supporting William Wallace, married Duncan Campbell, passing Castle control to the Campbells. Crosbie and Craufurdland There is confusion about whether the Crosbie estate was included in the Loudon estates as some historians argue that Crosbie was inherited by Hugh, the Second Sheriff, in 1245 when his father died. But numerous local published historians tell how Hugh, the Third Sheriff, provided a solution to young King Alexander's problem of eliminating Norse claim to the Western Isles in 1263 when King Haakon appeared in the Firth of Clyde with a large fleet of longships wanting to settle the issue with King Alexander. The general concensus among local historians is that Alexander awarded Hugh the estate of Crosbie for suggesting the ultimately successful strategy to delay the Norse fleet until an Autumn storm crushed the longships against the shoreline rocks as the opening act to the Scottish attack at the Battle of Largs. Of the Loudon estates which were divided among Reginald's sons, John received the estate now known as Craufurdland, in the north outskirts of Kilmarnock in 1245 on the death of his father, the First Sheriff. John's great grandson, James, supported the revolt led by William Wallace and advocated his kinsman's knighthood and elevation to Guardian of Scotland after Stirling Bridge. From the Craufurdland Cadet came estates at Ardoch (said to be at Craufurdland), Giffordland and Birkhead (separate estates near Crosbie), Auchenairn, Beanscroft and Powmill. The descendants still live at Craufurdland. Craufurdland has remained in the control of the family for 760 years! William Crawford of Dalleagles married Janet Crawford of Craufurdland on 30 Sep 1658 to unite the Dalleagles and Craufurdland Cadets across branch lines. Kerse Estate and Ardmillan Castle Reginald, the brother of Hugh, the Third Sheriff, either through grant or marriage received the lands at Kerse. It is probable that this was the estate near Kilmarnock. The name is based on the Ragman's Roll, a list of land holders declaring fealty to King Edward of England. It is only assumed from heraldic analysis that this Kerse was not the Castle since the Kerse Castle Crawfords bear the Dalmagregan Arms. An unnamed brother or son (as debated) of Reginald, the Fourth Sheriff, received the lands of Baidland located on the west side of Dalry. In this cadet, Baidland inherited the estate of Ardmillan Castle through marriage, located directly on the coast a few miles south of Girvan, Ayrshire. Ardmillan, listed in the Registry of Scottish Castles, burned in 1983 and the remaining structure removed in 1990. Heraldic analysis confirms that this cadet springs from the Crawfordjohn Branch The Chief's Line at Auchinames The senior line of the Clan received a charter of lands at Auchinames in 1320 from Robert Bruce. Auchinames is found in the western outskirts of Johnstone in Renfrewshire. This land was formerly in the possession of John Balliol and was forfeited when Bruce won the Regency. The Chief's line is detailed on the Chief's Page. While Hugh, the younger brother of the 5th and last Sheriff of Ayrshire, is the progenitor of this line, he died in 1319 after the Battle of Bannockburn and before the land charter of 1320. His son, Reginald, is the person granted Auchinames and the Arms of Lances Saltire. Until Lyon Court registrations are closely studied, it is presently unknown whether it was Hugh, Reginald, or both who served with valor at Bannockburn. More to come... From Crawfordjohn to Kilbirnie The Crawfords continued to control the lands of Crawfordjohn until 1528 when Laurence Crawford, the grandson of Malcolm Crawford shown at the bottom of the pedigree chart above the word "Kilbirnie," exchanged Crawfordjohn for the lands of Drumry (adjacent Clydebank) with James Hamilton of Fynart. This exchange consolidated his holdings more accessible from Kilbirnie, which Malcolm had acquired in or before 1499 and where Laurence had centered his operations. Descendants of this family also occupied the Cartsburn estate in Greenock during the 1600's and 1700's. In Kilbirnie, Palace (Place) Castle and Kilbirnie Kirk became the lasting legacies of this cadet. A baronetcy was conferred upon Alexander Craufurd of Kilburnie in 1781. He had 3 distinguished sons. The first was Sir James Craufurd who was the British Ambassador in Germany from 1798-1803. The second was Lieutenant-General Sir Charles Gregan-Craufurd (1761-1821) who served with great courage and daring in the Netherlands in 1794. The third was Major-General Robert Craufurd (1764-1812) who commanded the Light Brigade in the Peninsula War. The current Baronet of Kilbirney is the 9th, Sir Robert J. Craufurd of Lymington, England. Fedderate Cadet Fedderate Castle is located well out of the mainstream in Aberdeenshire near Fraserburgh. The Barony and Castle name is derived from William de Fedreth of Duffus, who received this grant of land in Strathnaver from Sir Reginald de Chene in 1286. The daughters of Ronald Chene inherited lands that they carried to the Sutherlands. The last Sutherland heir died in 1371, lending credence to the assertion that the Crawfords assumed control of the Barony in 1391. Fedderate was build by William Crawford who held the barony between 1474 and 1519. The four-storey L-plan tower originally stood within a courtyard, with defensive towers on the outer walls. A drawbridge spanned the moat to give access. The surrounding land consisted mainly of bog and the original castle must have seemed a very safe refuge indeed. The Crawfords held the Castle until at least 1573, the same year the Reformation of the Regency was concluded. The present state of the castle is a legacy of the revolutionary times of James the Second and the struggle for crown and power. The castle was reported to have been the last strongholds of James II's supporters. The castle was besieged for four weeks and finally destroyed by the forces of King William III (William of Orange) in 1690, during the civil strife of that period. There are many legends relating to Fedderate and, as might be expected, the ruins are said to be haunted. Haining Castle These lands, west of Linlithgow, were granted to Reginald Crawford during the reign of James I. According to a charter dated 17 January, 1424/5, they included a large part of the present parish. The Castle was built by the Crawfords about 1470. The lands passed by marriage to the Livingstone family in 1540. By 1676 the Castle was renamed Almond and in 1715 the lands were forfeited by the Livingstone's involvement in the Jacobite Rebellion. William Forbes, the ancestor of the current owner, purchased the Castle in 1783. The Castle was leased and eventually became unoccupied by 1797. While renovations were undertaken in 1600 by the Livingstones to add an East Wing, which no longer survives, the Castle has been in decline since passing from the Crawfords. It is widely published nowadays that the Castle is occupied by beings of the netherworld. The Wars of Independence In most histories Clan Crawford members are just periferal characters or left out entirely. But the most authoritative history, The Life of William Wallace by Blind Harry (written about 1475), places the Crawfords right in the thick of the action. With William Wallace as the leader, it was primarily Clan Crawford that provided the support structure for the popular and idealistic uprising. Indeed, it was not the death of William's father in 1291, but the murder of his uncle Ronald Crawford in June 1297 that crystalized the rebellion that led to the English defeat at Stirling Bridge in September 1297. In 1296 Ronald Crawford, as Sheriff of Ayrshire, had the responsibility to reluctantly compile the Ragman Roll in the County of Ayr for King Edward. Many names can be gleaned from this list. But many did not sign the Roll, including many of Clan Crawford. The death of Malcolm Wallace at the hands of the English in 1291 implanted a deep resentment of the English in William. From this time William started his one-man revolt with his uncle, Sir Ronald, picking up the pieces after every clash and providing protection for William. Undoubtedly this placed Sir Ronald and his family in grave danger. After a string of excuses and promises, the English lost confidence in Sir Ronald's ability to maintain peace. Edward ordered the slaughter of the land-holders in Ayrshire and Renfrewshire. Sir Ronald was the first to be murdered in a gruesome mass hanging in the Barns of Ayr where land-holders were drawn under the guise of a peace conference. Wallace witnessed the aftermath and sought immediate retribution, burning all of the English soldiers the following night as they slept in nearby buildings. Sir Ronald's oldest son, Ronald, became Sheriff and his younger son, William, joined the revolt with his cousin Wallace. Many other Crawford cousins joined as well, including Patrick of Auchenleck and Kirkpatrick of Closeburn. After the English defeat at Stirling Bridge, Scottish nobles made Wallace the Guardian of Scotland and a Knight of the Realm, while Wallace's second, John Graham, and Wallace's third, William Crawford, were knighted also. William Crawford also participated in the seige of York in 1298 before the Scottish betrayal and defeat at Falkirk where John Graham was killed. William Crawford became Wallace's second. Without the support of the Scottish nobles, the pair and their cohorts sailed for France to further their cause by assaulting the English wherever they could. The pair lead the Scots Guard to 2 dashing military victories over the English while they were in France. But their desire was to return to Scotland to fight for Independence. When they returned to Scotland in 1303, they recouperated on the farm of William Crawford near the site of present day Elcho Castle. Unfortunately the English were warned and this led to a string of events resulting in William Crawford's wife nearly being burned at the stake before English attention was diverted to the chase. Meanwhile, the younger Ronald, Sheriff of Ayrshire, was seized by the English and executed at Carlisle in 1306/7. But even with the betrayal of Wallace by John Menteith and Wallace's subsequent execution in 1305, Clan Crawford was not finished with the fight for Independence. Reginald, the nephew of the last Sheriff Ronald (Reginald), received the former King's (John Balliol) Auchinames estate near the town of Johnston in compensation for his valorous fight in the War-winning Scottish victory over the English at Bannockburn in 1314. It is this line that assumed the role of Clan Chief and established the Arms of the Chief as lances saltire on a silver shield between 4 spots of ermine to commemorate his participation at Bannockburn. Reformation Thomas Craufurd was born the 6th son of Laurence of Kilbirnie in 1530. Realizing that 6th sons don't inherit anything, Thomas set out to create his own future by becoming a soldier. After an unspectacular beginning, being captured at the Battle of Pinkie and later ransomed. Thomas spent 11 years in the Scots Guard in France where he became a military advisor to Mary, Queen of Scots. Thomas purchased his estate at Jordanhill from Bartholomew Montgomerie, a chaplain in the Drumry Church that Lawrence Crawford had founded in 1546 on the lands Lawrence acquired in 1528 adjacent the Drumry estate. It is said that long before the lands had belonged to the Knights of St. John. Through his acquaintence with Mary in France, Thomas became a trusted advisor of Mary's husband, Lord Darnley. After Darnley's murder, Thomas actively opposed the Queen's efforts to Catholicize the Scottish Regency and he began to serve Mary's Protestant son who became King James VI of Scotland. Thomas devised a plan to scale the walls of Dunbarton Castle to remove the Castle garrison loyal to Mary. In the early morning hours in the spring of 1571 Thomas and his small contingent successfully captured Dunbarton Castle. Two years later Thomas received the surrender of Edinburgh Castle after defeating the Queen's Commander Huntley at a place called Gallow Lee, reuniting Scotland under a Protestant Regency of James VI. In 1576 he founded the Bishop's Bursary at Glasgow University. The following year he became Provost of Glasgow and built the first bridge over the Kelvin River at Partick. Under his Coat of Arms appears the following inscription: He that by labour does any honestieThe labour goes, the honour bides with thee:He that by treason does any vice also,The shame remains, the pleasure soon agoes. Jordanhill was sold to Alexander Houston in 1750. It is now the Jordanhill School. The previous discourse is a very brief summary of the Clan History extracted from the most comprehensive publication on the subject thus far, "Sons of Freedom." This book is available from the author, printed on demand, hardbound, and sold at cost. There is also some very interesting reading to be found at Crawford-John Parish web site. The basis of Sons of Freedom is George Crawfurd's M. S. (ManuScript) History of the Crawfurds, published in the early 18th century and found today in the Advocates' Library in Edinburgh along with his joint publication with George Robertson, Description of Cunningham, and to a lesser extent Wood's Peerage. These sources are fully supported with references to secular and religious records and are by far the most authoritative outlines of the Crawford history. Additional information is extracted from Particular Description of Cunninghame (1840), Annals of Ayrshire Parish (1896), Our Village: The Story of West Kilbride (1990), A History of the House of Loudon and Associated Families, (1993), Scottish Surnames and Families (1996), A History of Kilbirnie Auld Kirk (2000), all found in 2004 in the Kilmarnock, Kilbirnie and West Kilbride Public Libraries. Another very good research resource is this link list of Scottish records.
Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s about John Crawford
Name: John Crawford
Place: Jamestown, Virginia
Source Publication Code: 9448
Primary Immigrant: Crawford, John
Annotation: In the years from 1925 to 1942, Frederick A. Virkus edited seven volumes with the title, The Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy, published in Chicago by the Institute of American Genealogy. Each volume has a section in the main body of the work, co
Source Bibliography: VIRKUS, FREDERICK A., editor. Immigrant Ancestors: A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1964. 75p. Repr. 1986.
Original data: Filby, P. William, ed. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s. Farmington Hills, MI, USA: Gale Research, 2010.
The Crawford Family Line This Family line Begins in Scotland and covers Families in Virginia and Georgia, Alabama & Texas The Link to the McDuffie County Crawfords is through Nancy Ann Crawford (b 1800) Grandmother of Robert B Crawford Virginia / GeorgiaGeneration No. 1 1. JOHN1 CRAWFORD was born 1600 in Ayrshire Scotland, and died 1676 inVirginia. Notes for JOHN CRAWFORD: John Crawford, 1600-1676, a widower and "a cadet of the Kilbirnie (variously spelled) family of Crawford", came from Scotland with his son David, to Jamestown, Virginia in 1643, and settled in James City County near Richmond (Virkus' Compendium of American Genealogy, Vol 1, page 767.) As the "youngest son of an Earl Crawford", John Crawford, who received "but a small patrimony" (from fifty to 100 pounds yearly), "removed to this country in pursuit of his fortune". His son, David, and he bought fertile lands at a low price, as the colony of Virginia wished for settlers. They were alloted some land, because they brought over with them twenty persons to colonize. (Passage cost at that time five pounds, ten shillings, or approximately $26.00) John Crawford was a landowner, planter, and defender of his countryman fromthe "savage brutalities of the Indians" - Bacon's Rebellion, 1676, when hewas killed. See also Pettigrew's ; Colonial Pioneers, Marks-Barnetts and their Kin(Crawford) Son of JOHN CRAWFORD is: 2. i. DAVID2 CRAWFORD, b. Abt. 1625, Kilburney, Ayrshire, Scotland; d. 1704. Generation No. 2 2. DAVID2 CRAWFORD (JOHN1) was born Abt. 1625 in Kilburney, Ayrshire, Scotland, and died 1710.Notes for DAVID CRAWFORD: David Crawford, of the slave holding aristocracy, married in 1654, in James City Co., Va., and lived in St. Peter's (St. Paul's) Parish, in New Kent Co. (Hanover), Va.. BURGESS NEW KENT, 1692. Seven, the first patent in 1667, of his land transactions netted him some 4,584 acres (or 5,123) "His possessions included the site of the present City of Richmond Va. Stephens', Mrs. Lucinda Frances; Crawford Genealogy) In 1693, he deeded his residence, Assassquin (Assaquin, Assiskins), New Kent, Va., to his grandson, William Meriwether.Children of DAVID CRAWFORD are: 3. i. CAPT. DAVID3 CRAWFORD, b. 1662; d. September 1762. 4. ii. ELIZABETH CRAWFORD.iii. JUDITH CRAWFORD, m. ROBERT LEWIS. iv. ANGELINA CRAWFORD, m. WILLIAM MCQUIRE. Generation No. 3 3. CAPT. DAVID3 CRAWFORD (DAVID2, JOHN1) was born 1662, and died September 1762. He married ELIZABETH SMITH 1695.Notes for CAPT. DAVID CRAWFORD: Capt. David Crawford (1662 - Sept 1762, age 100. LWT: Lists: David, John, Rhode, Elizabeth, Judith Terry, Lucy Champness, Martin's children. David is one of executors of will. ...... see Pettigrew's; Colonial Pioneers, Marks-Barnetts and Their Kin (Crawford) page 125, and Clemens' Virginia Wills Before 1799: Made Dec. 1, 1761. Filed Amherst Co.,Va. Sept 6, 1792. The Crawfords lived in Hanover Co., Va., and moved to Amherst Co., Va., in their old age. David Crawford : "As Captain of a troop of cavalry, he, in 1714, proclaimed George I. king." (Daughters of American Colonists Lineage, Vol 1, page 172.)Notes for ELIZABETH SMITH:Elizabeth Smith Crawford died age 101 Children of CAPT. CRAWFORD and ELIZABETH SMITH are: 5. i. DAVID4 CRAWFORD, b. 1697, Lower end of Hanover Co., Va.,; d. 1766. ii. JOHN CRAWFORD, m. MARY DUKE.iii. MARY CRAWFORD, m. JOHN RODES. iv. RHODE CRAWFORD.v. ELIZABETH CRAWFORD, m. JAMES MARTIN. vi. JUDITH CRAWFORD, m. JOSEPH TERRY.vii. LUCY CRAWFORD, m. CHAMPNESS. viii. MARTIN CRAWFORD. 4. ELIZABETH3 CRAWFORD (DAVID2, JOHN1). She married NICHOLAS MERIWETHER. Child of ELIZABETH CRAWFORD and NICHOLAS MERIWETHER is:i. WILLIAM4 MERIWETHER. Generation No. 4 5. DAVID4 CRAWFORD (CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born 1697 in Lower end of Hanover Co., Va.,, and died 1766. He married ANN ANDERSON 1728, daughter of JOHN ANDERSON and SARAH WADDY.Notes for DAVID CRAWFORD: LWT: Will lists: William, Charles, Joel, David, Marthe, John's sons, Peter, Smith, Susanah, Sarah, Anne, Mary. See Clemen's Va. Wills before 1799: Filed Aug. 4, 1766. Amherst Co., Va., Exrs.: John, David and Joel. They lived in Hanover and Amherst Cos., Va., where he acquired 811 acres Children of DAVID CRAWFORD and ANN ANDERSON are: 6. i. CHARLES5 CRAWFORD, b. 1738, Hanover Co., Va.; d. 1811, Columbia Co.,Ga.. ii. SUSANNAH CRAWFORD, m. NATHANIEL BARNETT. iii. JOHN CRAWFORD, m. (1) SARAH SMITH; m. (2) ELIZABETH MOORE. iv. ELIZABETH CRAWFORD, d. died young.v. DAVID CRAWFORD, m. LUCY HENDERSON. 7. vi. JOEL CRAWFORD.vii. SARAH CRAWFORD, m. JOHN JACOBS. 8. viii. NATHAN CRAWFORD, b. October 16, 1744, Hanover Co., Va.; d. March 11, 1833.9. ix. PETER CRAWFORD, d. died young.x. NELSON CRAWFORD. xi. WILLIAM CRAWFORD.xii. ANN CRAWFORD, m. REV. ROBERT ANDERSON OR YANCY. 10. xiii. MARY CRAWFORD, b. August 08, 1742, Hanover Co. Va.; d. April 24,1841. Generation No. 5 6. CHARLES5 CRAWFORD (DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born 1738 in Hanover Co., Va., and died 1811 in Columbia Co., Ga.. He married JANE MAXWELL Abt. 1762 in Hanover Co., Va..Notes for CHARLES CRAWFORD: Charles Crawford, b. 1738 Hanover Co., Va., son of David and Ann (Anderson) Crawford, made petition for land grant March 1772 of 250 acres in Ga., declaring he had been a resident of Ga., "for some time". In said petition, he stated he had a wife, four children and five slaves, and wished to establish a homesite on branches of Uchee Creek, in St. Paul's Parish, Richmond Co., Ga. Before the American Revolution, he owned 800 acres of land, was Justice of Peace of his militia district, and elected as memberof his militia district, and elected as member of the Ga. General Assembly from Richmond CO., which he served until 1785. in 1779 he was apptd a Commisssioner of Claims for Confiscated Property in Richmond Co., and during the was served as Capt. under the command of Lt. Col. Robert middleton. He served as a member of the State legislature beginning 1782, and in 1783 was apptd Commissioner of Indian Affairs for Ga. After the war, he received manyland grants, in Columbia and Washington Counties. Charles Crawford married Jane Maxwell in Hanover Co., Va. ca 1762, to whom he left his plantation on Dyar's Creek, etc. His LWT dated 9/27/1811 Columbia Co., Ga., named children, as well as grandson, Joel Barnett, sone of his dec'd dau., Elizabeth, formerly wife of Joel Barnett, Sr., whom she married in 1787.More About CHARLES CRAWFORD:Fact 1: 1738, born Hanover Co., VA Children of CHARLES CRAWFORD and JANE MAXWELL are: i. MARY ANN6 CRAWFORD, m. DAVID WILLINGHAM, August 28, 1811, Columbia Co.,Ga.. 11. ii. ANDERSON CRAWFORD, b. April 14, 1764.12. iii. NATHAN CRAWFORD, b. Va.. iv. WILLIAM CRAWFORD, d. Bef. 1811; m. ALYSE S. ALLEN, July 20, 1803, Columbia Co. Ga.. v. JOHN CRAWFORD, d. Bef. 1811; m. ELEANOR ATWOOD, March 30, 1801, Columbia Co. Ga..vi. JOEL CRAWFORD, m. ANNE (NANCY) BARNETT, January 26, 1790, Richmond County Ga..Notes for JOEL CRAWFORD: Columbia Co. Ga. deed dated 7/1/1794, Joel Crawford and wife, Anne to Jesse Winfrey, three tracts on Little Kiokee Creek.vii. DAVID CRAWFORD. viii. RHODA CRAWFORD.ix. CHARLES CRAWFORD. 13. x. ELIZABETH CRAWFORD, d. Bef. 1811. 7. JOEL5 CRAWFORD (DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1). He married FANNYHARRIS. Notes for JOEL CRAWFORD:Went to Georgia in 1775. Child of JOEL CRAWFORD and FANNY HARRIS is: 14. i. WILLIAM HARRIS6 CRAWFORD, b. February 24, 1772, Amherst Co. Va.,; d. September 15, 1834, Elbert Co., Ga.. 8. NATHAN5 CRAWFORD (DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born October 16, 1744 in Hanover Co., Va., and died March 11, 1833. He married JUDITH ANDERSON 1768, daughter of WILLIAM ANDERSON.Notes for NATHAN CRAWFORD: Married his first cousin. Some sobriquets of Nathan Crawford, "Lord of Rockfish" and "The Old Bashaw", who was Presiding Magistrate, "One of the patriots of the Revolution", and known as "a stern judge in "Lynch Cases'", as well as twice high sheriff of the county.Children of NATHAN CRAWFORD and JUDITH ANDERSON are: i. ELIZABETH6 CRAWFORD. 15. ii. WILLIAM CRAWFORD, b. December 11, 1772, Nelson Co., Va.; d. April 1858, Louisa, Va..iii. LUCY CRAWFORD, m. NELSON CRAWFORD. iv. NELSON CRAWFORD, m. ANN LIGON.v. AGNES CRAWFORD, m. N. ANDERSON. vi. DAVID CRAWFORD.Notes for DAVID CRAWFORD:Unmarried 9. PETER5 CRAWFORD (DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) died in died young. Child of PETER CRAWFORD is:16. i. GEORGE WASHINGTON6 CRAWFORD. 10. MARY5 CRAWFORD (DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born August 08, 1742 in Hanover Co. Va., and died April 24, 1841. She married CHARLES YANCEY February 02, 1762, son of CHARLES YANCEY and MLLE. DUMAS. Notes for CHARLES YANCEY: LWT: found on page 30 of Colonial Pioneers, Marks-Barnetts and Their Kin (Crawfords) by PettigrewChildren of MARY CRAWFORD and CHARLES YANCEY are: 17. i. RHODA C.6 YANCEY, b. June 16, 1774, Louisa, Va.; d. March 24, 1839, Locust Grove, her childhood home.ii. COL. ROBERT LEIGHTON YANCEY. Notes for COL. ROBERT LEIGHTON YANCEY: was an outstanding figure, and a bachelor of wealth. Yanceyville, Va. was named for him.Generation No. 6 11. ANDERSON6 CRAWFORD (CHARLES5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born April 14, 1764. He married RACHEL SINQUEFIELD.Notes for ANDERSON CRAWFORD: He was Sheriff in Columbia Co. 1788, 1797, 1801. Deed gift, Anderson Crawford to Zachariah Sinquefield of Edgefield Co., S.C., 150 acres on Saluda River, orig. granted to Catherine Youngblood and conveyed to said Crawford by exrs. of est. of Frances Sinquefield. Last will and Testament of Anderson Crawford dtd 1818 Columbia Co., Ga. Children of ANDERSON CRAWFORD and RACHEL SINQUEFIELD are:i. AUGUSTUS7 CRAWFORD. 18. ii. PETER CRAWFORD. iii. DAVID CRAWFORD, m. MARY WOOD, September 10, 1793, Richmond County Ga.. 19. iv. SIMMONS CRAWFORD, b. 1798, Columbia County Georgia; d. 1878, Columbia Co., Ga.. v. ROBERT NATHAN CRAWFORD (ca 1764VA-Feb 1823 GA).m ELIZ. MAXWELL 1786ch: Charles A....(ca 1807 GA-)..... Ann...(ca 1810 GA- )m Wm Benj. Cox.Feb 3 1830 Rich. GA David Maxwell(ca 1788 Ga or VA- )m Linny Wicker 1811 GA Edward M(ca 1790 Ga or VA- )m Elizabeth C Holton1822 Joel.(1793 Col Co GA-aft 1860 AL)m Eliz. Ailey Formby 1815 John Thomas(1786-1800 Coosa Co AL?..m 1).Rachel Johnson 2)MatildaPace 3)Julia A Billingsley...... Mary Polly.(ca 1797 gA- )m Richard David Walker Jr 181 Nancy Ann ( ca 1800- )m Robert Jones 1836 Col Co Possible) Nathan.(ca 1795 Col Co GA- ).m Eliz. Roberts?May 17 1823 Wm H.(ca 1803 gA- )?m Mary Allen 30 June 1836 12. NATHAN6 CRAWFORD (CHARLES5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born in Va.. He married MARY MARSHALL, daughter of LEVI MARSHALL and SARAHWYNNE. Children of NATHAN CRAWFORD and MARY MARSHALL are: i. REBECCA7 CRAWFORD, m. JAMES HAMILTON, September 25, 1843, Columbia Co.,Ga.. ii. SARAH JANE CRAWFORD, b. 1813, cOLUMBIA cO. gA..iii. PAMELA CRAWFORD. iv. NATHAN CRAWFORD. 13. ELIZABETH6 CRAWFORD (CHARLES5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) died Bef. 1811. She married JOEL BARNETT SR. 1878. Child of ELIZABETH CRAWFORD and JOEL SR. is:i. JOEL BARNETT7 JR.. 14. WILLIAM HARRIS6 CRAWFORD (JOEL5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born February 24, 1772 in Amherst Co. Va.,, and died September 15, 1834 in Elbert Co., Ga.. He married SUSANNAH GERARDINE 1804. Notes for WILLIAM HARRIS CRAWFORD: Was Minister to France; U.S. Senator, Pres. Pro Tem.; and a powerful political figure in his state. For many years, "there was a feud in Georgia between the Clark family and adherents and the Crawfords and Troups" . William Harris Carwford and his kinsmen, Gov. George Washington Crawford and Hon Joel Crawford, and friends "always triumphed" and were in "political control" during their entire lives. Children of WILLIAM CRAWFORD and SUSANNAH GERARDINE are: 20. i. JOHN7 CRAWFORD, b. 1807.21. ii. REV. NATHANIEL MACON CRAWFORD, b. 1811. 22. iii. WILLIAM HARRIS CRAWFORD, b. 1813.iv. ROBERT CRAWFORD, b. 1816. 23. v. WILLIAM BIBB CRAWFORD, b. 1822.24. vi. CAROLINE CRAWFORD, b. 1805. 15. WILLIAM6 CRAWFORD (NATHAN5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born December 11, 1772 in Nelson Co., Va., and died April 1858 in Louisa, Va.. He married RHODA C. YANCEY August 16, 1796, daughter of CHARLES YANCEY and MARY CRAWFORD.Notes for WILLIAM CRAWFORD: Rev. William Crawford was educated at Lexington College (Washington and Lee) and a graduate of theology from William and Mary, 1794. He was "made a Deacon in the Protestant Episcopal Church...", in 1795, he "was ordained a priest by Bishop Madison, the firt bishop of the Church of Va., and President of William and Mary College". In 1812, the family moved to Louisa, Va. He was an uncompromising Federalist - afterwards a States-rights Democrat" and "contributed numerous stirring articles of a political character to the Richmond Enquirer, during the days of Ritchis", "His social and religous standing was of the highest order." Children of WILLIAM CRAWFORD and RHODA YANCEY are: i. ELIZABETH7 CRAWFORD, d. died young. ii. CHARLES YANCEY CRAWFORD, m. FRANCES ELLIS.iii. DAVID YANCEY CRAWFORD. iv. LUCY CRAWFORD, m. THOMAS J. BARRET. v. NATHAN HUDSON CRAWFORD, m. (1) MARY K. THOMASON; m. (2) MARTHA THOMASON. 25. vi. ROBERT LEIGHTON CRAWFORD, b. February 02, 1799, Amherst Co., Va.,; d. September 26, 1853, Toulminville, Alabama. vii. JUDITH ANDERSON CRAWFORD, m. ARCHILLES SMITH. 26. viii. NELSON AMERICANUS CRAWFORD, b. February 10, 1802, Nelson Co., Va.,; d. May 21, 1884, Eutaw, Alabama.ix. WILLIAM ALPHEUS CRAWFORD. x. MARY ELIZABETH CRAWFORD. 16. GEORGE WASHINGTON6 CRAWFORD (PETER5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1). He married MARY ANN MACINTOSH. Child of GEORGE CRAWFORD and MARY MACINTOSH is: i. COL. WILLIAM PETER7 CRAWFORD, m. NELLIE REDMOND. Notes for COL. WILLIAM PETER CRAWFORD:Had no children 17. RHODA C.6 YANCEY (MARY5 CRAWFORD, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born June 16, 1774 in Louisa, Va., and died March 24, 1839 in Locust Grove, her childhood home. She married WILLIAM CRAWFORD August 16, 1796, son of NATHAN CRAWFORD and JUDITH ANDERSON.Notes for WILLIAM CRAWFORD: Rev. William Crawford was educated at Lexington College (Washington and Lee) and a graduate of theology from William and Mary, 1794. He was "made a Deacon in the Protestant Episcopal Church...", in 1795, he "was ordained a priest by Bishop Madison, the firt bishop of the Church of Va., and President of William and Mary College". In 1812, the family moved to Louisa, Va. He was an uncompromising Federalist - afterwards a States-rights Democrat" and "contributed numerous stirring articles of a political character to the Richmond Enquirer, during the days of Ritchis", "His social and religous standing was of the highest order." Children of RHODA YANCEY and WILLIAM CRAWFORD are: i. ELIZABETH7 CRAWFORD, d. died young. ii. CHARLES YANCEY CRAWFORD, m. FRANCES ELLIS.iii. DAVID YANCEY CRAWFORD. iv. LUCY CRAWFORD, m. THOMAS J. BARRET. v. NATHAN HUDSON CRAWFORD, m. (1) MARY K. THOMASON; m. (2) MARTHA THOMASON. 25. vi. ROBERT LEIGHTON CRAWFORD, b. February 02, 1799, Amherst Co., Va.,; d. September 26, 1853, Toulminville, Alabama. vii. JUDITH ANDERSON CRAWFORD, m. ARCHILLES SMITH. 26. viii. NELSON AMERICANUS CRAWFORD, b. February 10, 1802, Nelson Co., Va.,; d. May 21, 1884, Eutaw, Alabama.ix. WILLIAM ALPHEUS CRAWFORD. x. MARY ELIZABETH CRAWFORD.Generation No. 7 18. PETER7 CRAWFORD (ANDERSON6, CHARLES5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1). He married MARY ANN CRAWFORD November 21, 1791 in Columbia Co., Ga.. Notes for PETER CRAWFORD: His LWT dtd 7/4/1830, proved 12/6/1830 Columbia Co., Ga., exrs., George and William CrawfordNotes for MARY ANN CRAWFORD: LWT dtd 5/7/1851 Columbia Co., Ga. Proved 2/7/1852, names son, Charles, Daughters Elizabeth, Harriett and Maria, granddaughter Maria Wilder Torrence, and William C. Torrence. Exrs. sons, Charles and George Crawford. Children of PETER CRAWFORD and MARY CRAWFORD are:27. i. CHARLES A.8 CRAWFORD. 28. ii. GEORGE W. CRAWFORD, b. 1799, Columbia Co., Ga..iii. WILLIAM A. CRAWFORD. iv. ELIZABETH CRAWFORD.v. MARIAH CRAWFORD. vi. HARRIET CRAWFORD, m. WILLIAM F. JACKSON.29. vii. JANE CRAWFORD. 19. SIMMONS7 CRAWFORD (ANDERSON6, CHARLES5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born 1798 in Columbia County Georgia, and died 1878 in Columbia Co., Ga.. He married PAMELA MOORE February 04, 1819 in Columbia Co., Ga., daughter of PATSY MOORE.Child of SIMMONS CRAWFORD and PAMELA MOORE is: 30. i. ANDERSON MOORE8 CRAWFORD, b. November 13, 1820, Columbia Co., Ga.; d. 1906, Columbia Co., Ga.. 20. JOHN7 CRAWFORD (WILLIAM HARRIS6, JOEL5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born 1807. He married SARAH E. BASS. Children of JOHN CRAWFORD and SARAH BASS are:31. i. JOHN A. G.8 CRAWFORD. ii. ROSA CRAWFORD, m. T.W. GOLDING. 21. REV. NATHANIEL MACON7 CRAWFORD (WILLIAM HARRIS6, JOEL5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born 1811. He married ANN LESUEUR. Children of REV. CRAWFORD and ANN LESUEUR are: i. LOUIS G.8 CRAWFORD, m. SUSAN FARNUM. ii. WILLIAM H. CRAWFORD, m. NELLIE CALLOWAY. 22. WILLIAM HARRIS7 CRAWFORD (WILLIAM HARRIS6, JOEL5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born 1813. He married CAROLINE E. THOMAS. Children of WILLIAM CRAWFORD and CAROLINE THOMAS are: i. MARTHA8 CRAWFORD, m. S.W. JONES.ii. ANNA CRAWFORD, m. J.T. CRENSHAW. 23. WILLIAM BIBB7 CRAWFORD (WILLIAM HARRIS6, JOEL5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born 1822. He married MARY KNIGHT. Child of WILLIAM CRAWFORD and MARY KNIGHT is: i. CHARLES H.8 CRAWFORD, m. SARAH BROWNE. 24. CAROLINE7 CRAWFORD (WILLIAM HARRIS6, JOEL5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born 1805. She married G.M. DUDLEY. Children of CAROLINE CRAWFORD and G.M. DUDLEY are: i. MARY8 DUDLEY, m. JOHN WHEATLEY.ii. WILLIAM D. DUDLEY, m. MAMIE BAKER. iii. CAROLINE DUDLEY, m. REV. J.S. WHITE. 25. ROBERT LEIGHTON7 CRAWFORD (WILLIAM6, NATHAN5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born February 02, 1799 in Amherst Co., Va.,, and died September 26, 1853 in Toulminville, Alabama. He married MARTHA EVERITT February 05, 1835 in Mobile, Alabama, daughter of JOHN EVERITT and SARAHHAND. Notes for ROBERT LEIGHTON CRAWFORD:Died of Yellow Fever. The family country-seat was at Toulminville, three and one-half miles at that time from Mobile; after Robert Leighton Crawfords death, his widow built a home in the City of Mobile. Her daughter and she moved to N.Y.C. in 1866, and the widow's son and his family went to that city in May, 1870. Children of ROBERT CRAWFORD and MARTHA EVERITT are: i. FRANK ARMSTRONG8 CRAWFORD, b. January 18, 1839, Mobile, Alabama; d. May 04, 1885, New York City; m. COMMODORE CORNELIUS VANDERBILT, 1869, London, Ontario, Canada. 32. ii. ROBERT LEIGHTON JR. CRAWFORD, b. July 29, 1841, Toulminville,Alabama. 26. NELSON AMERICANUS7 CRAWFORD (WILLIAM6, NATHAN5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born February 10, 1802 in Nelson Co., Va.,, and died May 21, 1884 in Eutaw, Alabama. He married JULIA ANN PENN, daughter of COL JAMES PENN.Notes for NELSON AMERICANUS CRAWFORD: Buried in Oak Hill Cemetary, in Eutaw Alabama. Nelson A. Crawford being of an adventurous nature worked his passage to N.Y.C. where he became a shop-boy in a hardware company, as was John Bowers, "afterward one of the N.Y. 'merchant Princes' ". After a time to Darien, Ga.; then to Mobile AL, where he joined his brother, RObert Leighton, who was in business. In 1826-7, a clerk, Crawford and Mckey, Tuscaloose AL. In 1830, the Crawfords (Nelson and Julia) moved to Pickins Co., AL; lived at Benevola, near Aliceville, AL; and worshipped at Bethesda Church. The moved to Eutaw, Green Co., AL in 1854. He "became a very successful and wealthy planter - even after the war - when he retired from active business". According to David Anderson Crawford, whose favorite ancestress was nee' julia Penn, Nelson Americanus Crawford enjoyed toasting his feet, and did in an effective was, for he naied (or had nailed) carpet-slippers aloningleside and relaxed delightfully when he was "in". his gentle loving wife, beloved byher grandchildren and a continuing influence, in her quiet, beautiful way made curtains which could be drawn around these rather eccentric slippers. But - when her Lord and Master wanted esscape and quietude, these forboding comforts were in full view. Notes for JULIA ANN PENN:Buried in Oak Hill emetary in Eutaw Alabama. Children of NELSON CRAWFORD and JULIA PENN are: i. WILLIAM JAMES8 CRAWFORD, b. Tuscaloosa,Alabama. ii. MARY VIRGINIA CRAWFORD, b. Tuscaloosa,Alabama; m. REV. JOHN RICE BOWMAN. 33. iii. ROBERT LEIGHTON CRAWFORD, b. February 12, 1835, Tuscaloosa,Alabama; d. November 29, 1884, Birmingham,Alabama. iv. NATHAN HUDSON CRAWFORD, b. Tuscaloosa,Alabama. v. JOHN JOEL CRAWFORD, b. Tuscaloosa,Alabama. vi. DAVID PENN CRAWFORD, b. Tuscaloosa,Alabama. vii. MARGARET RHODA CRAWFORD, b. Pleasant Grove, Pickins Co., AL, about 10 miles NW of Eutaw AL; d. age 28. viii. WILLIAM J. CRAWFORD, b. August 16, 1846, Pleasant Grove, Pickins Co., AL, about 10 miles NW of Eutaw AL.Notes for WILLIAM J. CRAWFORD: Was a lawyer in Eutaw, talented in music, and Member of State Legislature circa 1883.Generation No. 8 27. CHARLES A.8 CRAWFORD (PETER7, ANDERSON6, CHARLES5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1). He married ELIDY.Children of CHARLES CRAWFORD and ELIDY are: i. ELIZA JANE9 CRAWFORD, b. 1832, richmond County Ga.. ii. MARY ANN CRAWFORD, b. 1835, richmond County Ga.. iii. CHARLES R. A. CRAWFORD, b. 1838, richmond County Ga.. iv. FRANCES CRAWFORD, b. 1840, richmond County Ga.. v. LYDIA CRAWFORD, b. 1842, richmond County Ga.. vi. AMANDA CRAWFORD, b. 1844, richmond County Ga.. vii. LUCY CRAWFORD, b. 1846, richmond County Ga.. viii. HARRIETT CRAWFORD, b. 1848, richmond County Ga.. ix. RELIEF CRAWFORD, b. 1850, Richmond County Ga.. 28. GEORGE W.8 CRAWFORD (PETER7, ANDERSON6, CHARLES5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born 1799 in Columbia Co., Ga.. He married ELIZABETH. Notes for GEORGE W. CRAWFORD:LWT dtd 5/8/1884, proved 5/8/1884 Columbia Co., Ga. George fought a dual with Thomas Burnside of Columbia Co., at Ft. Mitchell, across the Chatahoochee River, and Burnside was killed on third charge. In the LWT fo Thomas Burnside dtd 1/14/1828, proved 4/21/1828, Columbia Co., he said "Being about to have a contest of a sanguinary nature, with a man whom i have never sought a quarrel of any sort......" Children of GEORGE CRAWFORD and ELIZABETH are: i. WILLIAM P.9 CRAWFORD, b. 1833, richmond County Ga.. ii. SARAH CRAWFORD, b. 1835, richmond County Ga.. iii. ANNA E. CRAWFORD, b. 1837, richmond County Ga.. 29. JANE8 CRAWFORD (PETER7, ANDERSON6, CHARLES5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1). She married WILLIAM H. TORRANCE. Children of JANE CRAWFORD and WILLIAM TORRANCE are:i. MARIA WILDA9 TORRANCE. ii. WILLIAM C. TORRANCE. 30. ANDERSON MOORE8 CRAWFORD (SIMMONS7, ANDERSON6, CHARLES5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born November 13, 1820 in Columbia Co., Ga., and died 1906 in Columbia Co., Ga.. He married (1) ELIZABETH WILLIAMS. He married (2) MARY COLLINS. He married (3) ANTONIA LAMAR MOORE. Children of ANDERSON CRAWFORD and MARY COLLINS are:i. UNKNOKWN9 CRAWFORD. ii. UNKNOWN CRAWFORD.iii. UNKNONW CRAWFORD.iv. UNKNOWN CRAWFORD. Children of ANDERSON CRAWFORD and ANTONIA MOORE are: 34. v. BASIL LAMAR9 CRAWFORD, b. July 12, 1867; d. October 30, 1950. vi. UNKNOWN CRAWFORD.vii. UNKNOWN CRAWFORD.viii. UNKNOWN CRAWFORD. ix. UNKNOWN CRAWFORD.x. UNKNOWN CRAWFORD.xi. UNKNOWN CRAWFORD. xii. UNKNOWN CRAWFORD.xiii. UNKNOWN CRAWFORD.xiv. UNKNOWN CRAWFORD. 31. JOHN A. G.8 CRAWFORD (JOHN7, WILLIAM HARRIS6, JOEL5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1). He married ELLEN A. PEEBLES. Children of JOHN CRAWFORD and ELLEN PEEBLES are:i. ROBERT9 CRAWFORD. ii. JOHN CRAWFORD.iii. ANNIE CRAWFORD. 32. ROBERT LEIGHTON JR.8 CRAWFORD (ROBERT LEIGHTON7, WILLIAM6, NATHAN5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born July 29, 1841 in Toulminville, Alabama. He married JULIA GAINES LAKE April 03, 1867, daughter of JOSEPH LAKE and MARGARET SCALES.Children of ROBERT CRAWFORD and JULIA LAKE are: i. ROBERT LEIGHTON9 CRAWFORD, b. March 06, 1871. ii. HARDEN LAKE CRAWFORD, b. September 26, 1872. iii. EVERITT LAKE CRAWFORD, b. June 12, 1879. 33. ROBERT LEIGHTON8 CRAWFORD (NELSON AMERICANUS7, WILLIAM6, NATHAN5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born February 12, 1835 in Tuscaloosa,Alabama, and died November 29, 1884 in Birmingham,Alabama. He married FRANCES E. WEBB March 19, 1860, daughter of WILLIAM WEBB and MARTHABELL. Notes for ROBERT LEIGHTON CRAWFORD: Received an A.B. degree, 1855, from the University of Virginia and practised law, in Eutaw AL, until the Civil War. His war record: Excerpts from a petition by Fanelle Crawford, which was granted on January 2, 1901, the the National Daughters of the Confederacy, No. 64, Tuscaloosa Alabama: "I am the daughter of Robert Leighton Crawford who belonged to a Company of the 36th Ala. Infantry Regiment and who was paroled on April 26, 1865, Durham's Station, N.C." He "first entered the Confederate service in 1861 in a local organization, Greene County, Alabama, which went to Fort Morgan." Afterwards, Feb., 1862, "he enlisted in the 36th Ala. and was appointed a Lieut. of artillery, May 2, 1863. Col' J. Gorgas, April 27, 1864, assigned him to staff of Brigadier commanding Allens' Brigade in Wheeler's Calvary Corps. Before being paroled, he attained the rank of Captain in the artillery service, C.S.A." From other sources: He was "under such men as Gen N.B. Forrest and Col E. W. Rucker" and was "Captain Co. C., Gen. Robert Rodes Brigade." Throughout the Civil War, "Marse" Robert was tended by his Negro bodyservant, also named Robert Crawford. After teh Civil War, Crawford resumed the practice of law, Eutaw, AL., July 1865, where he was a person of "recognized ability at the bar and of high personal character". In 1873, he moved to St. Louis, Missouri, where he practised law and was "successful in his profession". his full name was Robert Leighton Yancey Crawford, as was his uncle, the father of the Second Mrs. Cornelious Vanderbilt, nee' Frank Armstrong Crawford; he was a namesake of this uncle and of a bachelor great uncle, Col. Robert Leighton Yancey, a lineal descendant of ArchbishopLeighton. Children of ROBERT CRAWFORD and FRANCES WEBB are: i. WILLIAM WEBB9 CRAWFORD, b. August 27, 1867; d. January 15, 1934; m. JULIET IRWIN CHERRY.ii. DAVID ANDERSON CRAWFORD.iii. EDWARD BURWELL CRAWFORD. iv. JULIA CRAWFORD, m. BROKAW.v. MARY CRAWFORD, m. JONES. vi. FANELLE CRAWFORD, m. MCDANIEL.vii. LOUISE CRAWFORD, m. YOUNG. Generation No. 9 34. BASIL LAMAR9 CRAWFORD (ANDERSON MOORE8, SIMMONS7, ANDERSON6, CHARLES5, DAVID4, CAPT. DAVID3, DAVID2, JOHN1) was born July 12, 1867, and died October 30, 1950. He married BELLE VIRGINIA CRAWFORD. Notes for BELLE VIRGINIA CRAWFORD:Cousin of Basil Lamar Crawford Child of BASIL CRAWFORD and BELLE CRAWFORD is: i. JAMES LOUIS10 CRAWFORD, b. Columbia Co., Ga.; m. MOLLIE LEILA PETTY, Tulsa Oklahoma.The Crawford Family Line from John Crawford 1642 - 1850
A member of the Crawford clan
John Crawford of Jamestown's Timeline
Kilbourne, Ayrshire, Scotland
Kilbirnie, North Ayrshire, Scotland
Jamestown, Colony of Virginia
July 22, 1944
June 4, 1945
July 18, 1987