John Drummond, 1st Earl and Duke of Melfort

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John Drummond, 1st Earl and 1st Duke of Melfort

Birthdate:
Death: Died in Paris, France
Immediate Family:

Son of James Drummond, 3rd Earl of Perth and Anne Drummond
Husband of Euphemia Wallace and Sophia Maitland
Father of John Drummond, 2nd Earl of Melfort; Frances Drummond of Melfort; Mary Drummond; Anne Drummond; Elizabeth Drummond and 2 others
Brother of James Drummond, 4th Earl of Perth and Anne Drummond

Managed by: De Villiers Graaff
Last Updated:

About John Drummond, 1st Earl and Duke of Melfort

Wikipedia Biographical Summary

"John Drummond, 1st Earl and titular 1st Duke of Melfort KG KT PC (1649–1714) was a Scottish nobleman...

He was created a Knight of the Thistle, 29 May 1687,

...He joined the army and was captain of the Scottish Footguards in 1673. He secured the post of deputy governor of Edinburgh Castle in 1679, followed by Lieutenant-General and Master of the Ordnance in 1680. He served as Secretary of State in Scotland under James II and VII from 1684 until 1688, and with his brother the Earl of Perth, the Lord Chancellor practically ruled Scotland until James' abdication. He converted to Roman Catholicism. After the landing of the Prince of Orange, he advocated a wholesale seizure of influential Whigs...

...He was created Viscount of Melfort and Lord Drummond of Gillestoun in 1685, and a member of the Privy Council of England in the same year, and Earl of Melfort, Viscount of Forth and Lord Drummond of Riccartoun, Castlemains and Gilstoun in 1686, all titles in the Peerage of Scotland. In 1687, he was appointed one of the founder Knights of the Order of the Thistle. He was further created Baron Cleworth in the Peerage of England on 7 August 1689...

...After fleeing via the Welsh borders market town of Llanfyllin, he escaped to France on 16 December 1688, and attended the exiled monarch as Secretary of State for a time in Ireland. However, he was in conflict over policy with the Duke of Tyrconnell and the French ambassador the Comte d'Avaux. This led to his return to France, reaching St Germain in October 1689. Mary of Modena, the queen, then sent him as James' ambassador to Rome. At Rome, he enjoyed considerable social success, but none politically for Pope Alexander VIII had adopted an anti-French position in the Nine Years War. He remained in Rome until after the election of Pope Innocent XII, but the new pope was no more willing to aid James to regain his crowns than his predecessor. Accordingly, Melfort was recalled to St Germains, where he became James' Secretary of State until June 1694, though the Earl of Middleton became joint Secretary with him on his arrival from England in spring 1693...

...James created him Duke of Melfort, Marquess of Forth, Earl of Isla and Burtisland, Viscount of Rickerton and Lord Castlemains and Galston in the Peerage of Scotland on 17 April 1692, all with a similar remainder to the 1685 viscountcy. He was also made KG at St Germain in 1691. On his resignation, Melford retired to Orléans and then Rouen, but was allowed to return to court in 1697."

SOURCE: Wikipedia contributors, 'John Drummond, 1st Earl of Melfort', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 27 October 2012, 05:21 UTC, <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Drummond,_1st_Earl_of_Melfort&oldid=520072123> [accessed 16 November 2012]

Notes

  • MARRIAGES : "He married, first, 30 April 1670, Sophia, daughter and heiress of Margaret Lumdin of Lumdin, co. Fife, by her husband, Robert Maitland, brother of John, Duke of Lauderdale." ... "Lord Melfort married, secondly, in 1690, Euphemia, daughter of Sir Thomas Wallace, a Lord of Session." Scots Peerage, Vol. VI, page 68-69
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John Drummond, 1st Earl and Duke of Melfort's Timeline

1650
August 8, 1650
1671
March 3, 1671
Age 20
1672
July 22, 1672
Age 21
1682
May 26, 1682
Age 31
1696
January 1, 1696
Age 45
Paris, Paris, Île-de-France, France
1714
1714
Age 63
Paris, France
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