John Endicott (Endecott), Governor
|Birthplace:||MIddlecott Manor or Drewston Manor, outside of Chagford, Devonshire, England|
|Death:||Died in Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts|
|Place of Burial:||Granary Burying Ground, Park Street Church, 1 Park St, Boston, MA, USA|
Son of Thomas Endecott and Alice Westlake Endicott
|Occupation:||Governer of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Governor, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Governr of the Massachusetts Bay Colony/General, governor|
|Managed by:||Private User|
Historical records matching John Endicott, Governor
About John Endicott, Governor
Married first Ann Gower (Gover) and second Elizabeth Cogan, widow of a Mr. Gibson.
From Ted Sanford:
She was born Elizabeth Cogan, one of the daughters of Philobert Cogan (1563-1641) and Ann Marshal (1576) of Chard, Somerset. She arrived on the ship "Mary and John" which was part of the Winthrop Fleet. She had been named Elizabeth Gibson when she married a man by that name in England. He died. Ann Gover (many different spellings) was the first wife of Governor John Endecott and accompanied him to the Massachusetts Bay in 1628. She died during the winter of 1629 when she was "---- among those unable to survive wilderness conditions." On 18 August 1630, Elizabeth Cogan married Governor John Endecott and officiating were Governor John Winthrop and the Reverend Mr. Wilson. ==Wikipedia Biographical Summary:==
"...John Endecott (before 1601 – 15 March 1664/5, also spelled Endicott) was an English colonial magistrate, soldier and the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. During all of his years in the colony but one, he held some form of civil, judicial, or military high office. He served a total of 16 years as governor, including most of the last 15 years of his life; this period of service was the longest of any colonial governor. He also held important posts representing the colony as part of the New England Confederation, and was a leading force in expanding the settlement of Salem, Massachusetts and other parts of Essex County..."
Role in establishing Salem
In March 1627/8, Endecott was one of seven signatories to a land grant given to "The New England Company for a Plantation in Massachusetts" (or the New England Company) by the Earl of Warwick on behalf of the Plymouth Council for New England... Endecott was chosen to lead the first expedition, and sailed for the New World aboard the Abigail with fifty or so "planters and servants" on 20 June 1628. The settlement they organized was first called Naumkeag, after the local Indian tribe, but was eventually renamed Salem in 1629.
Uncertainties about his wife and ancestry
Before he came to the colonies in 1628, Endecott was married to his first wife, Anne Gower, who was a cousin of Governor Matthew Craddock. After her death in New England, he was married in 1630 to a woman whose last name was Gibson, and by 1640 he was married to Elizabeth, the daughter of Philobert Cogan of Somersetshire. It is uncertain whether these represent two different wives, or a single wife whose name was Elizabeth (Cogan) Gibson. Because of the uncertainty concerning his wives, it is not known who the mother of his two sons was. There is only firm evidence that he was already married to Elizabeth in 1640, and the records that survive for the 1630s, when his sons were born, do not otherwise identify his wife by name. Endecott's last wife, Elizabeth, was a sister-in-law of the colonial financier and magistrate Roger Ludlow. Endecott's two known children were John Endecott and Dr. Zerubabbel Endecott, neither of whom, seemingly to his disappointment, followed him into public service. There is also evidence that Endecott fathered another child in his early years in England; in about 1635 he arranged funds and instructions for the care of a minor also named John Endecott.
Controversy about Endecott's town of origin: Dorchester or Chagford?
"Most of what is known about John Endecott's origins is at best circumstantial. Biographers of the 19th century believed he was from the Dorset town of Dorchester because of his significant later association with people from that place. In the early 20th century, historian Roper Lethbridge proposed that Endecott was born circa 1588 in or near Chagford in Devon. (Based on this evidence, Chagford now has a house from the period named in Endecott's honour.) However, more recent research by the New England Historic Genealogical Society has identified problems with Lethbridge's claims, which they dispute. According to their research, Endecott may have been born in or near Chagford, but there is no firm evidence for this, nor is there evidence that identifies his parents."
Ted Sanford's Research
Ted Sanford writes:
"In my work, Out of the Mist of Times Past, I came to the conclusion of where John Endecott (1588-1665) was born based on the following. His great grandfather, Henry Endecott (1515-1585) was the oldest of five children born to John Endecott (1490-1560). John was the second son of Henry Yendecote (circa 1446-1500) of South Tawton. John was a younger son and thus did not inherit the South Tawton and other properties of his father. He continued to live at South Tawton, was married there, and had his children there. Finally, in 1528, he was able to purchase Middlecott Manor (Myddell Park) in 1628 and moved the family there. Two years later, in 1530, he bought Drewsten just outside of Chagford and gave it to his eldest son, Henry (1515-1585). Henry lived and raised his family there including his eldest son, John Endecott (1541-1635). When old John (1490-1560) died, Henry inherited Middlecott and between 1560-1565 moved his family from Drewsten to Middlecott. Then he gave Drewsten to his son John (1541-1635) upon his marriage to Johanna in 1564. In turn, all of his children were born in Drewsten including his oldest, Thomas Endecott (1566-1621). Thomas was probably living at one of the properties, Drewsten or Middlecott, when he married Alice Westlake in Chagford in 1587. The next year, 1588, his son John Endecott, the future governor was born followed in about 1590 by his sister Margaret. Sometime after these births, the family would relocate to Stoke-in-Teignhead where wife Alice owned considerable properties. The details of all this are contained in my work and I invite you to read it in the Feature Articles on the Endecott-Endicott Family Association website."
- Endecott-Endicott Family Association website Featured Articles: "Out of the Mist of Times Past," by Teddy H. Sanford, Jr. posted to website on 7/15/2013
- Wikipedia article on John Endicott
________________________________________________ John Endecott From Wikipedia
John Endecott (c. 1588–March 15, 1665), sometimes Endicott, was a colonial magistrate, soldier and governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
John Endecott was most likely born before 1600. His origins, as of yet, have not been discovered—although there is a building named after him in the English town of Chagford, locally claimed to be his birthplace. Almost nothing is known of him before his presence as one of the six original patentees of the Dorchester Company. This group of Puritan settlers bought land from the Plymouth Company, and settled it in 1628, two years before the arrival of John Winthrop's fleet. Endecott was chosen to lead the first expedition, and he settled with sixty other men in Naumkeag, which would soon become Salem, Massachusetts. The land had been previously settled by one Roger Conant, who had left Plymouth Colony two years before.
Nathaniel Hawthorne relates a story about these years, The Maypole of Merry Mount, where Endecott's strict Puritanism came into conflict with the previous settlers. Endecott was the local governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony from April 1629 to June 1630, when John Winthrop brought the charter to Salem and became governor of the colony as well as of the company. Though he was no longer at the head of the colony, Endecott continued to serve in several important positions, including a stint as the leader of a failed expedition against the Pequot in 1636. Though it seems slightly out of character, Endecott strongly defended the religious dissenter Roger Williams, and, around that time, he was alleged to have cut the Cross of St. George from an English flag in protest of the use of the symbols of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as deputy-governor from 1641 to 1644, and governor in 1644–1645. At times he was also the commander-in-chief of the militia and a commissioner and president of the United Colonies of New England.
After John Winthrop died in 1649, Endecott was elected governor, and by annual re-elections served continuously until his death, with the exception of two years (1650–1651 and 1654–1655), when he was deputy-governor.
According to the 1911 Encyclopµdia Britannica, "Under his authority the colony of Massachusetts Bay made rapid progress, and except in the matter of religious intolerance in which he showed great bigotry and harshness, particularly towards the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers), his rule was just and praiseworthy. Of him Edward Eggleston says: A strange mixture of rashness, pious zeal, genial manners, hot temper, and harsh bigotry, his extravagances supply the condiment of humour to a very serious history; it is perhaps the principal debt posterity owes him. He died on 15 March 1665."
Endecott married for the first time, probably before 1628, Anne Gower. After her death, he was married to the daughter of Philobert Cogan, of Somersetshire. Anne Gower was named by governor Matthew Craddock as a cousin of his, and Endecott's second wife was a sister-in-law of the colonial financier and magistrate Roger Ludlow. Endecott had two children with his second wife, neither of whom, seemingly to his disappointment, followed him into public service. Despite his high position, Endecott was never wealthy, and he died in poverty.
References Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620 – 1633, vols. 1–3. Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995. Endicott, C. M., Memoirs of John Endecott (Salem, 1847), and a Memoir of John Endecott in Antiquarian Papers of the American Antiquarian Society (Worcester, Mass., 1879).
John Endicott, Governor's Timeline
outside of Chagford, Devonshire, England
August 18, 1630
Boston, Suffolk, MA
Salem, (Present Essex County), Massachusetts Bay Colony
February 14, 1635
Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States
March 15, 1665
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
February 3, 1977
Boston, MA, USA