John Fortescue, Lord Chancellor to Henry VI, Wymston (c.1412 - 1481) MP

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Nicknames: "Fortesque"
Birthplace: Ebrington, Gloucestershire, UK
Death: Died in Whympston, Modbury, Devon, England
Occupation: Lord of Whympston, Devonshire, Lord Chief Justice of the Court of the King's Bench., Lord of Whympston (Winston), Lord Chief Justice 1442
Managed by: Bjørn P. Brox
Last Updated:

About John Fortescue, Lord Chancellor to Henry VI, Wymston

  • Sir John Fortescue of Ebrington, Gloucestershire
  • M, b. 1395, d. circa 1485
  • Sir John Fortescue of Ebrington, Gloucestershire (1395-c1485)
  • Father Sir John Fortescue of Meaux b. 1380
  • Mother Eleanor Norreis of Norreis b. 1390
  • Last Edited 1 Mar 2008
  • Note* Was Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench under Henry VI, and Lord Chancellor. This note from the National Portrait Gallery, http://www.npg.org.uk/live/index.asp, and the National Gallery, London.
  • Birth* Sir John Fortescue of Ebrington, Gloucestershire was born in 1395 in Norreis.
  • He was the son of Sir John Fortescue of Meaux and Eleanor Norreis of Norreis.
  • Alt-Birth An alternate birth date is in 1414 in Ebrington, Gloucestershire, England.
  • Education* Sir John Fortescue of Ebrington, Gloucestershire was educated; Sir John studied law at Lincoln's Inn, like his brother Henry. His branch led to the North Devon Fortescues of Filleigh and Castle Hill etc.
  • From Chamber's Encyclopaedia published 1969:
  • Sir John C.1394 - 1480 educated at Exeter College, Oxford, and called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn was in 1441 made Sergeant-at-law, and in the following year Lord Chief Justice of the Court of the King's Bench. In the struggle between houses of York and Lancaster he steadily adhered to the latter and was attainted by the Parliament under Edward IV. He accompanied Margaret of Anjou and her young son, Prince Edward on their flight to Scotland and therefore is supposed to been appointed Lord Chancellor by Henry VI. In 1463 he embarked with the Queen and her son for Holland. During his exile he wrote his celebrated work, De Laudibus Legum Angliae, for the instruction of Prince Edward who was his pupil. But on the final defeat of the Lancastrian party at the battle of Tewkesbury, 1471, where he is have been taken prisoner, Fortescue submitted to Edward IV. The De Laudibus Legum Angliae was not printed till the reign of Henry VIII; another valuable work by Fortescue is the Governance of England; otherwise called the Difference between an Absolute and a Limited Monarchy.
  • Marriage* He married Isabella Jamys, daughter of John Jamys and Margery, in Church Chancel, Ebrington, Gloucestershire, England.
  • Death* Sir John Fortescue of Ebrington, Gloucestershire died circa 1485.
  • Burial* He was buried in Ebrington Chapel, Ebrington, Gloucestershire, England; This information from Visitations of the County of Devon, 1620, incorporating the earlier vistations of 1531 and 1564, by Lieut.-Col. J.L. Vivian. This taken from www.fortescue.org, source #26.
  • His monument in Ebrington church was refurbished by his descendant Colonel Robert Fortescue.
  • Family
  • Isabella Jamys b. circa 1416
  • Children
    • * Elizabeth Fortescue b. c 1436
    • * Maud Fortescue b. c 1438
    • * Sir Martin Fortescue of Filleigh+ b. c 1434, d. 12 Nov 1472
  • --------------------
  • John was Lord of Whympston, Devonshire.
  • _______________
  • Sir John Fortescue1
  • M, #205987, d. after 1472
  • Last Edited=16 Jun 2008
  • Sir John Fortescue was the son of Sir John Fortescu and Eleanor Norreis.2 He married Isabella Jamys, daughter of John Jamys.3 He died after 1472 at Ebrington, Gloucestershire, England, aged 90.3
  • Sir John Fortescue wrote the book De Laudibus Legum Anglice.3 He held the office of Lord Chief Justice on 25 January 1442.3 He held the office of Lord Chancellor after 1461, allegedly created by King Henry VI after his deposition.3
  • Child of Sir John Fortescue and Isabella Jamys
    • 1.Martin Fortescue+1 d. 12 Nov 1472
  • Citations
  • 1.[S21] L. G. Pine, The New Extinct Peerage 1884-1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages With Genealogies and Arms (London, U.K.: Heraldry Today, 1972), page 53. Hereinafter cited as The New Extinct Peerage.
  • 2.[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003). Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  • 3.[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition, volume 1, page 1473.
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p20599.htm#i205987
  • __________________
  • Sir John Fortescue, Lord Chief Justice, Chancellor of England
  • M, b. circa 1414, d. circa 1504
  • Father John Fortescue d. a 1424
  • Mother Eleanor Norris b. c 1385
  • Sir John Fortescue, Lord Chief Justice, Chancellor of England was born circa 1414 at of Ebrington, Gloucestershire, England. He married Isabella Jamys, daughter of John Jamys and Margery, circa 1439. Sir John Fortescue, Lord Chief Justice, Chancellor of England died circa 1504 at of Ebrington, Gloucestershire, England; Age 90.
  • Family Isabella Jamys b. c 1418
  • Child
    • Martin Fortescue+ b. c 1440, d. 12 Nov 1472
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p2436.htm#i73208
  • _____________________
  • John FORTESCUE (Sir Chief Justice)
  • Born: ABT 1394 / 1412, Wymston & Shepham, Devonshire, England
  • Died: ABT 1476 / AFT 1502, Ebrington, Gloucestershire, England
  • Notes: Educated at Exeter College, Oxford. During the reign of Henry VI he was three times appointed one of the governors of Lincoln's Inn. In 1441 he was made a King's sergeant at law, and in the following year Lord Chief Justice of the King's bench. As a judge Fortescue was recommended for his wisdom, gravity and uprightness; and he is said to have been favoured by the King.
  • He held his office during the remainder of the reign of Henry VI, to whom he was loyal; as a result, he was attainted of treason in the first parliament of Edward IV. When Henry subsequently fled into Scotland, he is supposed to have appointed Fortescue, who appears to have accompanied him in his flight, Lord Chancellor of England. In 1463 Fortescue accompanied Queen Margaret and her court in their exile on the Continent, and returned with them afterwards to England. During their wanderings abroad the chancellor wrote for the instruction of the young Prince Edward his celebrated work 'De laudibus legum Angliae'. On the defeat of the Lancastrian party he made his submission to Edward IV, from whom he received a general pardon dated Westminser, 13 Oct 1471. The exact date of his death is not known.
  • Fortescue's masterly vindication of the laws of England, though received with great favour by experts, did not appear in print until the reign of King Henry VIII, when it was published, but without a date.
  • Father: John FORTESCUE (Sir)
  • Mother: Eleanor NORREYS
  • Married: Isabella JAMYS
  • Children:
    • 1. Martin FORTESCUE
    • 2. Maud FORTESCUE
    • 3. Elizabeth FORTESCUE
    • 4. Robert FORTESCUE
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/FORTESCUE2.htm#John FORTESCUE (Sir Chief Justice)1
  • ____________________
  • The Living Age. Fifth Series Volume XVIII. From the Beginning, Vol. CXXXIII. By Eliakim Littell, Robert S. Littell, Making of America Project
  • http://books.google.com/books?id=IqxfAWEPYiQC&pg=PA720&lpg=PA720&dq=John+Raleigh+Anne+Fortescue&source=bl&ots=sLOH1xZGz5&sig=uMNN3TKCi1sQcrxSktL3XEHQLYs&hl=en&ei=PbFvTs2gII_ViAKI8PDRAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCIQ6AEwADgK#v=onepage&q=fortescue&f=false
  • Pg.707
  • John Fortescue chief justice and chancellor
  • _________________
  • A History of the Family of Fortescue in all its branches by Thomas (Fortescue) Lord Clermont.
  • The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (1869) Vol. 2
  • https://archive.org/details/worksofsirjohnfo02fort
  • ______________________________
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John Fortescue, Lord Chancellor to Henry VI, Wymston's Timeline

1412
1412
Ebrington, Gloucestershire, UK
1432
1432
Age 20
Ebrington, Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom
1440
1440
Age 28
of, Filleigh, Devonshire, England
1481
March 11, 1481
Age 69
Whympston, Modbury, Devon, England
1914
June 9, 1914
Age 69
June 26, 1914
Age 69
September 17, 1914
Age 69
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Eng., co. Devon, Brixton, Spridleston
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