John Freeman-Mitford, 4th Baron Redesdale

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John Power Bertram Ogilvy Freeman-Mitford

Birthdate:
Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
Death: Died in Witney, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Algernon Freeman-Mitford, 1st Baron Redesdale and Clementine Gertrude Helen Freeman-Mitford
Ex-husband of Marie-Anne von Goldschmidt-Rothschild
Brother of Clement Beltram Ogilvy Freeman Mitford; Frances Georgiana Freeman Mitford; David Freeman-Mitford, 2nd Baron Redesdale; Bertram Freeman-Mitford, 3rd Baron Redesdale; Iris Elizabeth Freeman Mitford and 3 others

Managed by: Simon Goodman
Last Updated:

About John Power Bertram Ogilvy Freeman-Mitford

Uncle "Jicksy!" The Mitford Girls' Rolling Stone Of A Paternal Uncle And His Martial Adventures With The "Coal King's Daughter!"

RICHEST BERLIN GIRL TO WED ENGLISHMAN

Fräulein von Friedländer-Fuld “Coal King’s” Daughter Engaged To Hon. John Mitford

CZR’S COUSIN WOOED HER

Match Was Broken Off Because Of Russian Monarch’s Opposition Will Inherit $25,000,000

It is announced today that a marriage has been arranged between Germany’s wealthiest heiress, Fräulein Marie Anne von Friedländer-Fuld, only child of the Berlin “Coal King” Privy Councilor Fritz von Friedländer-Fuld, and the Hon. John Mitford, fourth son of Lord Redesdale of England.

Fräulein von Friedländer-Fuld is the sole heiress of a fortune estimated at $25,000,000. Her father is the largest income taxpayer in Berlin, his annual contribution on a taxable fortune of $11,500,000 being $37,500.

Berlin’s biggest fortune, which some day will be transferred to England, is that of a typically self made German of Emperor Wilhelm’s era. Born the son of a Jewish coal merchant named Friedländer, he managed by dint of business acumen to become the dominating figure in the Berlin coal market. His wife is the daughter of a Jewish Amsterdam banker named Fuld. After both had been converted to Christianity and ennobled by the Kaiser in 1906 they took the family name of von Friedländer-Fuld.

The “Coal King” is one of the German millionaires on whom the Kaiser relies for substantial support for patriotic projects. It is of him that the story is related that one evening, when the Emperor invited a coterie of millionaires to supper at the Schloß, one of those occasions on which the Kaiser passes around a subscription lists, His Imperial Majesty greeted the “Coal King” with the remark: “Cheer up, my dear von Friedländer-Fuld. Tonight your beer costs you nothing.”

Fräulein von Friedländer-Fuld is a beautiful brunette, an accomplished linguist and equestrienne, and popular in society. She was reported a year ago to be engaged to Prince Alexander Georgievich Romanovsky, a cousin of the Czar. The betrothal was canceled; it was said on the demand of the Czar on account of her parent’s Jewish origin.

22.X.1913

GERMAN HEIRESS MARRIES BARON’S SON

Aristocracy Attend Wedding In Berlin Breakfast At Palace Near Brandenburg Gate

The heiress to one of the largest fortunes in Germany, Miss Marie Anne von Friedländer-Fuld, a daughter of Germany’s “Coal King,” was married today to the Hon. John Power Bertram Ogilvy Freeman-Mitford, a younger son of the Baron Redesdale, of the English peerage. The ceremony was preformed in Trinity Church, one of the oldest religious edifices in Berlin, situated in the centre of the business and diplomatic districts. The modest proportions of the church permitted only a limited number to attend, and the wedding party was therefore confined to the relatives and immediate friends and associates of the bride and bridegroom.

Among those in the church were; Baron and Baroness Redesdale, the bridegroom’s parents, Herr and Frau Friedländer-Fuld, parents of the bride, Lieut-Gen. Graf Helmuth von Moltke, Chief of the General Staff of the German army, and his wife; a number of prominent diplomats, and some of the nobility of Germany, England, France and Italy, as well as the leaders of the commercial and financial aristocracy of Germany. One of the bridesmaids was a daughter of the famous German painter, Liebermann.

After the church ceremony a brilliant wedding breakfast was given at the Friedländer-Fuld Palace, on the Pariser Platz, near the Brandenburg Gate. It had been expected that some members of the Imperial family would be present at the function, as the father of the bride is a close friend of the Emperor, but they were unable to attend, as they had already promised to be at the wedding of a daughter of Maj.-Gen. Oskar von Chelius a former adjutant and close friend of the Emperor, which took place simultaneously.

7.I.1914

GERMAN COAL KING’S HEIRESS MARRIED

Fräulein Von Friedländer-Fuld The Bride Of The Hon, John Freeman-Mitford

IMPERIAL FAMILY ABSENT

Had Promised To Attend Another Ceremony First German Fashionable Wedding In Morning Dress

The marriage of Fräulein Marie Anne von Friedländer-Fuld, daughter of the Hon. John Power Bertram Ogilvy Freeman-Mitford, fourth son of Lord Redesdale, was solemnized with simple impressiveness in Trinity Church this afternoon.

It was for Germany the first fashionable “daylight wedding” at which evening clothes were not worn, and it is destined to have a revolutionary effect on Berlin society, for hitherto brides, bridegrooms, bridesmaids, groomsmen, and guests, no matter how early in the day, have invariably worn evening dress at the ceremony. In deference to the nationality of the “Coal King’s” son-in-law, it was decided that the guests should dress “in English,” and for the first time in its history Trinity Church was on such an occasion devoid of décolleté gowns and dress suits.

The bride couple entered the church to the strains of a song by Mendelsohn rendered by the male choir of the Royal Cathedral. The bride’s features were almost completely obscured behind her bridal veil. Bordered with priceless old lace, the veil was gathered with a tiny wreath of orange blossoms, and trailed gracefully over the long train of a simple white satin gown. The bride wore no ornament of any kind.

The chief guests included almost all the members of the Berlin Diplomatic Corps, headed by the Ambassadors of Great Britain, Italy, Russia, Austria-Hungry, Spain, Turkey and Japan.

Conspicuous among the principal guests was Frau von Schwabach, the beautiful wife of the head of the Bleichröder banking house, who is known as the best dressed woman in German society. She wore a Paquin lavender gown brilliantly set off by a rope of pearls and a chain of diamonds, which fell to her knees. Her black hat was adorned with osprey, and she had a sable muff and stole.

The Lutheran ceremony lays special stress on the pastoral address to the married couple, and the word of Supt. Gen. Lahnsen were international in character. He pointed out the coincidence that the couple had met where “the German and English seas meet peaceably and aquatic competitions take place under the aegis of the Kaiser.”

After the wedding there was a “Royal” reception at the Friedländer-Fuld Palace and a nine course luncheon was served after which the couple left for a honeymoon on the Riviera.

7.I.1914

A GENEROUS FATHER

₤250,000 Cheque As A Wedding Gift Marriage Of The “Coal King’s” Daughter Wear a ₤10,000 Veil

The religious marriage of the Hon. John Freeman-Mitford, younger son of Lord Redesdale, and Fräulein von Friedländer-Fuld, only daughter of the German “Coal King,” was celebrated today in Trinity Church, in the presence of one of the wealthiest assemblies ever seen in Berlin. The civil marriage took place yesterday. The bride’s father, who is one of the wealthiest men in Germany, has given her a wedding gift of ₤250,000.

Trinity Church was beautifully decorated with carnations and white roses, and the wonderful dresses of the English and French wedding guests, added to the gaiety of the scene.

The bride entered the church on the arm of her father. She looked charming in her white satin dress and a wedding veil of old Silesian lace which alone is worth ₤10,000.

Pastor Lahusen read the marriage service, and in a short address afterwards referred to the happy coincidence that this great Anglo-German union was taking place at a time when Anglo-German political friendship was increasing. The pastor urged the young couple to remain faithful to the old English saying, “My house is my castle,” but never to forget their German home.

After the service the wedding breakfast was taken at the Friedländer-Fuld Palace in Pariser Platz and Mr. and Mrs. Freeman-Mitford left for the Riviera. They will spend their honeymoon cruising in their new yacht, which is now anchored in Genoa.

They intend making their home in Berlin, where their house, a gift from the bride’s father, is expected to be a centre of social activity.

18.II.1914

MITFORDS SEPARATE AFTER FIVE MONTHS

“Baby” von Friedländer-Fuld’s English Husband Said To Have Left Her

GERMAN COAL KING’S CHILD

Was Reported At One Time To Have Been Affianced To A Cousin Of The Czar

Circumstantial reports to which publicity is given in one of today’s weekly newspapers are in circulation in Berlin to the effect that serious differences have arisen between “Baby” von Friedländer-Fuld, daughter of the German “Coal King,” and the Hon. John Mitford, son of Lord Redesdale of London, to whom she was married only five months ago.

It is stated that for some reason not as yet ascertained that Mitford has taken his departure from Germany and returned to England, and that the brownstone mansion in Berlin, which the bride’s parents bestowed upon her as a wedding gift, is now being dismantled. Mrs. Mitford, who recently made her début at the English Court, is said to have gone back to her parents.

A couple of Americans who this week were invited to play golf on the private links of the Coal King at Schloß Gut Lanke, outside Berlin, met Mrs. Mitford there, but had been warned beforehand not to mention her husband’s name or to make any inquiries about him.

The match on January 6 last between Fräulein Marie Anne von Friedländer-Fuld and the Hon. John Mitford attracted a great deal of notice on account of the wealth of the bride and the social prominence of both families. She is the only daughter of Privy Councilor Fritz von Friedländer-Fuld, who is the largest income tax payer in Berlin, contributing to the Government every year $37,500 on a taxable fortune of $11,500,000. His daughter is expected to inherit in her own right a fortune of $25,000,000.

The Hon. John Mitford is the fourth son of Lord Redesdale, who has had a distinguished diplomatic and social career in England. He has been living for some time in Berlin, where he has been studying business methods and the German language. As a younger son, with four brothers and four sisters, it was impossible for him to look forward to much of a patrimony. At the time of his marriage he was said that he had been made a partner in his father-in-law’s business.

Privy Councilor von Friedländer-Fuld is a self-made man. The son of a Jewish coal merchant named Friedländer by his business ability he has made himself the dominating figure in the Berlin coal market. He married the daughter of a Jewish banker of Amsterdam, named Fuld, and both of them were converted to Christianity. They were ennobled by the Kaiser in 1906, and took the family name of von Friedländer-Fuld. In the recent development of Germany the Privy Councilor has taken a prominent part and he has always been one of the men on whom the Kaiser has depended for financial support, for his patriotic schemes.

Before she married, Fräulein von Friedländer-Fuld was a favorite in society and was known for her fearless horsemanship and her linguistic attainments. It was reported eighteen months ago that she had been engaged to Prince Alexander Georgievich Romanovsky, a cousin of the Czar, and that the match had been broken off only on account of the Czar’s objection to her origin.

14.VI.1914

COAL KING’S HEIRESS SEEKS A DIVORCE

Daughter Of von Friedländer-Fuld To Bring Proceedings Against Husband

REASON STILL A MYSTERY

Mr. Freeman-Mitford Back In Berlin Will Defend The Suit Hearing Likely To Be Private

The New Times Correspondent learns that no secret is any longer made of the fact that divorce proceedings between the daughter of the German “Coal King,” Herr von Friedländer-Fuld, and her husband of six months, the Hon. John Freeman-Mitford, son of Lord Redesdale, are now imminent.

Both sides have already placed their cases in the hands of counsel. The divorce is sought by the bride.

Reasons of many kinds are being gossiped about in Berlin society, but the actual grounds of the forthcoming suit have not yet become public. The “Coal King,” when asked in regard to them, simply replies that his daughter decided to leave her husband.

Mr. Freeman-Mitford returned to Berlin from England a few days ago, evidently for the purpose of defending the suit, which will, of course, be tried before the German courts. A “sensational divorce” case from the point of view of the public is not likely, because it is usual on the request of either side for the court to decide to hold the proceedings in camera. Under such circumstances it is illegal for the newspapers to publish any account of the testimony or even to give the verdict.

The New York Times Correspondent last week happened to be sitting at an adjoining table to that occupied by the “Coal King” and his wife at a hotel in the Unter-den-Linden. Mr. Freeman-Mitford chances also to be lunching there. He passed by his parents-in-law with a chilly bow.

8.VII.1914

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John Freeman-Mitford, 4th Baron Redesdale's Timeline

1885
January 31, 1885
London, United Kingdom
1914
January 5, 1914
Age 28
Berlin, Berlin, Germany
December 1914
Age 29
Berlin, Berlin, Germany
1963
December 31, 1963
Age 78
Witney, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom