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John Hampton

Birthplace: Elphinston, East Lothian, Scotland
Death: Died in Freehold, Monmouth County, Province of East Jersey
Immediate Family:

Son of John Hampton and Jenet Hampton
Husband of Janet Riggs; Katherine Hampton and Martha Brown Hampton
Father of Elizabeth Combs; Lydia Gordon; John Hampton; David Hampton; Jonathan Hampton and 2 others
Brother of Andrew Hampton

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About John Hampton

John Hampton b. 1643 Scotland, d. 1701 New Jersey

m1. Unknown. Possibly Janet Riggs. child: Janet Hampton b. abt 1668 Elphinstone, East Lothian, Scotland d. 1761 Monmouth County, New Jersey

m2. 1675 Katherine Cloudsley children: Elizabeth b. 1676 Elphinstone, East Lothian, Scotland; Lydia b. 1678 Elphinstone, East Lothian, Scotland, d. 1717; John b. 1681 d. 1747; David b. abt 1682, d. 1710

m3. 1687 Martha Brown. Children: Andrew 1688- 1725; Jonathan 1690; Noah 1693- 1775

m4. C. 1698 Jane Curtis. Child: Joseph 1702 - 1767

John Hampton, born 1640 in Midlothian, Scotland. Another researcher has him as being born in Elphinston, East Lothian. John Reid and he sailed from Leith to Aberdeen, Scotland and from Scotland to America on the ship “Exchange” and landed on December 19, 1683. John Barclay and William Penn sent both as overseers in charge of the Quaker settlement in NJ. Both men and John Hampton’s eldest daughter, Janet, were indentured for four years. John Hampton died on January 23, 1701/1702 in Freehold in Monmouth, NJ. In Scotland, John Hampton was a gardener and lived in Elphingston, East Lothian, Scotland . At the time of his immigration to America, he was given a 10 acres on Amboy Point on November 22, 1682 and was indentured to pay for the land.

John Hampton immigrated with his wife, five children, his brother and his sister-in-law in 1683 on the ship "Exchange." He and John Reid were selected as joint-overseers of a venture organized by Quaker Robert Barclay of Urie, Scotland, a good friend of William Penn, to establish a "New Scotland" in America. Barclay became the first Governor of East Jersey in 1682 (in absentia). He died young at the age of 42 in 1690, never achieving his dream of establishing "New Scotland." John Hampton's will, which was probated 26 February 1702/3, mentions his third wife Jean and children Jannet Ray, Elizabeth, Lydia, John, David, Andrew, Jonathan, Noah and Joseph.

"Brothers Andrew and John Hampton, natives of Edinburgh, East Lothian Co., Scotland came to America in the year 1683. They sailed aboard the ship EXCHANGE landing on Staten Island December 19th of that year. John was a party to a venture sponsored by absentee Scottish proprietors to establish a "New Scotland" in America. John Hampton and John Reid had been selected in Scotland as joint overseers of the venture in America. John Hampton in consideration for his services as overseer received 10 pounds English currency prior to his departure from Scotland, his passage and 10 acres in Perth Amboy on arrival valued then at 5 pounds. He was to receive 25 pounds on a yearly basis for his services. The project was not successful, but during those uncertain years John Hampton continued to trade in land and was able to 'stay on the right team.'

"During this time John was a resident of Freehold, Monmouth County. He had numerous children by his several wives; his marriages were financially beneficial and he accumulated considerable land during his lifetime. However, after a short 20 years in New Jersey, he died in January 1702 at approximately 52 years of age. (See additional information about John at bottom of this page)

"Andrew Hampton, John's brother had married Margaret Cumine (Cummin, Cummings) on April 7, 1683, just prior to sailing for America. They took up residence in Essex County, NJ where he followed his profession as a tailor. He was interested and involved in government and civic activities in the community of Elizabeth Town for many years.

"On the death of his brother in 1702, Andrew took his family to Freehold for an extended period of time that he might secure his brother's financial holdings for the children of his brother. John's will names his children and his brother, Andrew who ' his headland for himself and wife, in 1688, 'adjoining to the Scotch Proprietor's servants head land,'at Blew Hills.' In 'Historic Houses of Early America' by Lathrop she mentions a house on Pearl Street in Elizabeth, New Jersey, built in 1696/7 by Andrew Hampton and his wife Margaret Cummins.

"Andrew did return to Elizabeth from Freehold; where his will was proved in 1738, Essex Co., NJ. He would have been approximately 80 years of age. His will mentions wife Margaret and the utensils and other things, 'which my said wife brought to me at marriage.' Children named in the will were John, Andrew, Margaret Hampton, Johannah, Lambert, Elizabeth Oliver, grandson Jonathan Hampton, son of James deceased, grandson Isaac Terrill, son of Mary deceased; and the eldest son Thomas, who received only 20 shillings.

"James Hampton, deceased son of Andrew was born 1699 in Elizabethtown, Essex Co., NJ; married Mary Ann (last name unknown). James' will was proved May 23, 1732. Wife, Mary Ann died July 20, 1746; they are both buried in St. John's Churchyard, Elizabeth, NJ. Young Jonathan (son of the above deceased James) was born 1725 at Elizabeth, NJ and married Anne Carre in 1750. They were living in Freehold, Monmouth County in 1755/6 when daughter, Johanna was born.

2. JOHN2 HAMPTON (JOHN1?) was born Bet. 1640 - 1643 in Elphingstoun, East Lothian County, Scotland, and died January 23, 1702/03 of Middletown, Freehold, Monmouth County, New Jersey. He married (1) ?. He married (2) KATHERINE CLOUDSLEY December 07, 1675 in Drumbouy, Scotland - at home of Alexander Hamilton in Drumbuy. He married (3) MARTHA BROWN March 03, 1686/87 in Shrewsbury, New Jersey, daughter of ABRAHAM BROWN and MARY POTTER. She was born Abt. 1645 in Mansfield, Burlington, New Jersey, of Shrewsbury, and died Abt. 1697 in New Jersey. He married (4) JEAN CURTIS Abt. 1692 in Woodbridge, Middlesex Co., New Jersey, daughter of THOMAS CURTIS and JANE. She was born February 11, 1660/61 in Bugbrooke, Northamptonshire, England, and died 1731 in of Freehold, New Jersey. His will probated 26 February 1702/3 in Freehold, Monmouth County, Province of New Jersey.

This John Hampton shows in the Scottish Quaker 'Record Book of Friends Att Urie', at page 93 as having affiliated with the Quaker movement in Scotland in January 1669. In Scotland Quaker Records, John Hampton m. December 7, 1675 in the home of Alexander Hamilton of Drumbouy to Katherine Cloudsley.

"John Hampton came to East New Jersey with five children and wife in December 1683, aboard the ship Exchange, from Elphingstoun, East Lothian County, Scotland. East Lothian is SE of Edinburgh and had the ancient name of Haddingtonshire. He was a party to a venture sponsored by absentee Scottish proprietors to establish a "New Scotland" in America. Robert Barclay of Urie, Scotland was the prime mover of this venture, and his Diary for September 1682 shows, "The Proprietors of East Jersey would have me a partner with them and did choose me their governor." Barclay would not have to leave Scotland to serve as the first governor of East Jersey. Robert Barclay was a close friend of William Penn, and on 23 September 1682, he purchased one-half of Penn's share of East Jersey. Penn had eleven partners who each sold one-half of their original share, making then twenty-four partners, or Proprietors. John Hampton and John Reid had been selected in Scotland as joint overseers of the venture in America. Both were of the Quaker persuasion on their arrival, Reid would later affiliate with the English Church and be designated as Surveyor General of East Jersey the same year in 1704. John Reid's account of the voyage on the Exchange has survived. The ship was from Stockton and James Peacock was the Master for the 1683 voyage. The voyage began at Leith on August 10, 1683, sailed to Aberdeen to take on additional passengers and supplies, then sailed on August 28 to reach Staten Island on December 19. The exact number of passengers on the Exchange for this voyage is not known, Reid did petition in December 1686 on behalf of the Scotish Proprietors, to the Perth Amboy Board of Proprietors, for the headlands in East Jersey for 47 servants imported in December 1683. The local board, "by warrant granted the same to be surveyed where desired." The Exchange was lost at sea after returning to Scotland from the 1683 voyage. Agreement was stated for the Overseers of the Quaker Movement, John Reid and John Hampton, "to have 25 lbs English Yearlie, and for the first year each a share of ten acres in Amboy Point which being accoumpted at 5 lb a piece with 10 lbs of money they received in Scotland before they went away, completing their first years payment." An accounting for the absentee proprietors done a few months after the arrival in 1683 showed John Hampton with 9 cows, 6 oxen, 2 horses and 1 mare, 2 breeding sows, 144.6.11 pounds in provisions, untensils, and necessaries. John Marsh had in hand 35.10.9 pounds for building John Hampton's house.

By January 8, 1685/6, John Hampton shows with patent for 164 acres from William Haige, Surveyor General. The land was on Navesink River near Cesaquakes, today the site of a state park. Haig had been registered in East Jersey as a new immigrant at the same time Hampton had. In July 1686, John Hampton petitions for his 175 acres of headlands, for himself, wife and five children. Children shown with him on arrival in December 1683 were Jannet, Elizabeth, Lydia, John and David.

One witness to the 1687 wedding at Shrewsbury of John Hampton and Martha Brown was George Keith (1638-1716), who had studied to be a Presbyterian minister in Aberdeen, Scotland, but became a Quaker in 1662. He came to America in 1684 and was Surveyor General of New Jersey until 1689 when he went to Philadelphia to be principal of Penn's Quaker School. On October 25, 1693 Hampton buys 500 acres from Keith of Philadelphia, land on the Burlington Path and adjoining land of Robert Barclay, Proprietor.

In 1696 he sold the 500 acres purchased 3 years earlier from Quaker Keith, to one Benjamin Borden of Freehold, Monmouth County.

In the period prior to 1698, John Hampton married a third time, this time to a widow Jean Curtis Osborn, born in England in 1661.

1698, May 12, John Hampton, of Freehold, and wife Jane, sold a house, in Burlington, late in the tenure of Samuel Ogborne, former husband of Jane Hampton, to John Borradaill, of Burlington. Whether Keith converted any of the children of his old friend and supporter John Hampton in Freehold isn't evident. He does mention Freehold conversions of some young people. There is evidence that John Hampton's eldest daughter Jannet Ray (Rhea) who had married Robert Ray in 1689 in the Shrewsbury Quaker Meeting, was active in the activation of the old Tennent Church where she was cited as a woman of, "strong mind and scriptural application," and a communion member of Old Tennent. Her son David Ray was an elder in 1745, and in her will of 1761, she provides for the pastor William Tennent and for the Church.

In the name of God Amen the twentieth and third day of January one thousand seven hundred and two years According to the computation of the church of England, I John Hampton of Freehold in the County of Monmouth and province of East New Jersey planter being of perfect memorie and Remembrance praised be God do make and ordaine this my last will and testament in Manner and form following Viz Imp. I bequeath my soul into the hands of almighty God my maker hoping that through the meritorious death and passion of Jesus Christ my only Saviour and redeemer to receive free pardon and forgiveness of all my sins and as for my body to be buried in Christian buriall at the discretion of my Executor hereafter nominated. Item I give unto my son John Hampton the north east Lot of my land lying next to the dutch mans brook being part of that land which was formerly James Miller's. Item I give unto my son David Hampton the mid Lot of the said land Joyning to that I have given John my son. Item I give unto my son Joseph the south west lot of the said land lying next to James Reid's Land as also I give unto them my ditched meadow adjoyning to James Reid's Land after my widow Jean Hampton her marriage or decease and I likewise will that if one or more of my said sons shall die without heirs Lawfully begotten of their bodies yet then their Estate of Inheritance shall fall to their Surviving Brethren or their lawful heirs and likewise if any of them be minded to sell their above said Inheritance they prefer it first to their brethren or Lawful heirs. Item I give unto my son Andrew Hampton one hundred acres of Land I purchased from John Butler when he comes to be twenty one years of age. Item I give unto my son Jonathan Hampton one hundred Acres of Land upon which my house stands after my widow's marriage or death when he is of age twenty one years. Item I give unto my son Noah Hampton the middle hundred acres lying twixt that I have given to my sons Andrew and Johathan Hampton after my widow marriage or decease when he comes to the age of twenty one years. And I will that my sons David, Jonathan and Noah Hampton live upon my said plantation and be assisting to my said widow till they come of age (if she see cause to keep them.) Item I give unto my wife Jean and her son Joseph Hampton four cows, two bigg steers, a year old bull, two year old heifers, and a year old steer of her choosing. Item in token of my love to Sarah and Mary Ogburns I give each of them a year old heifer. Item I give unto my daughters Elizabeth and Lydia each of them a cow. Item I give unto my sons John, David, Jonathan, Andrew and Noah Hampton all the rest of my estate to be Equally divided among them by my Executor. Item I give unto my wife Jean and her son Joseph Hampton my horses called Buck Jack and the young horse that runs in the woods. Item to my sons John and David Hampton my two old mares that run in the woods and the horse called Cupid and will that they give to my sons Jonathan and Noah two mare Colds when the mares breeds them. Item I give my son Andrew Hampton my young mare in the woods. Item to Jean my wife and my son Joseph twelve of my sheep of her choosing. Item to Sarah and Mary Ogburns two Ewes. Item to Jannet Rayes and her children three Ewes. Item to my four Grand Children four Ewes and all the rest of my sheep to my sons John, David, Andrew, Jonathan, and Noah Hampton. Item I give my daughters Elizabeth and Lydia two bedds and Bolsters which were their mothers with what other cloths my Executor finds can be sparred. Item to Jean my wife my great bible and after her decease to my son Joseph. Item to Jannet Ray my little bible. Item to my wife Jean and her Children all that belongs to her and her Children before our marriage and the Equall half of all my pewter and other half to my daughters Elizabeth and Lydia. Item to my sons John and David Hampton I give each of them an Iron pot. Item to Jean my wife and my son Joseph a case with knives and a case with bottles with all my provisions of meat and drink for the use of my house and I desire my Executor may make use of my wheat in the house and in the barn for paying all my debts and what is over paying my debts I give to my wife Jean and my son Joseph. Item to Jean my wife and my son Joseph the half of my crop of wheat on the ground and the other half thereof to my sons John and David Hampton on the condition that they cut down the same and take it up again carry it to my barn and then secure it thresh clean and transport it to the market. Item I give to Jean my wife and son Joseph my Cart & Cows, harrows, ax, aze, howes, siths and other tools and utensils upon my plantation with all the remaining vessels, tables, chairs, beds, bedsteads, chests and trunks together with two sows and their pigs and three hives of bees. Item all the rest of my Goods, Money, debts I give unto my wife Jean and my son Joseph Hampton upon Condition they pay all my debts and Legats and make Robert Ray of Freehold and Jean my wife Executors of this my last will and testament revoking all other wills and testament In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal day and year above written in presence of: Andrew Burnet, John Trot, William Laing John Hampton (seal) William Laing and Andrew Burnet two of the hereunto Subscribing witnesses came before me and underwritten Commissionated for taking the probate of all last wills and Testaments within the province of East New Jersey and did solemny depose that they saw the above named John Hampton sign seal publish and declare the above written Instrument to be his last will and testament and yet at the same time he was of sound mind and perfect memorie to the best of their understanding Jurat vicesimo Sexto Die Feb Anno Domi 1702 Coram me. Thomas Gordon"

Note: John was from Elphinstone,E.Lothian. This is an area rife with Hamilton families from very early on. Has anyone considered that John may have been a Hamilton,the name being corrupted to Hamton and Hampton? John and wife Martha are ancestors of Howard Robard Hughes,Jr.(1905-1976),manufacturer,record-setting aviator,and motion picture producer(Hell's Angels,1930,Scarface,1932). Another descendant is Juliette Magill Kinzie Gordon (Juliette Gordon Low 1860-1927),founder of the Girl Scouts.

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John Hampton's Timeline

Elphinston, East Lothian, Scotland
Age 25
December 7, 1675
Age 34
Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland
Age 35
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Age 37
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Age 40
Elphinstone, East Lothian, Scotland
Age 42
Probably Scotland
Age 43
Age 43
Trenton, NJ
March 3, 1687
Age 46
Freehold, Monmouth County, Province of East Jersey