John Haynes, Esq.
|Death:||Died in Hartfield, Connecticut, New England Colonies|
|Place of Burial:||Ancient Burying Ground, Hartford, CT, USA|
|Occupation:||First Governor of Connecticut, Gov. of Mass & Gov. of CT|
|Managed by:||Brent Edward Beebe|
About John Haynes, Esq.
With wife Mabel, moved to Hartford CT in May 1637.
John Haynes (May 1, 1594 - January 1653 or 1654) was a colonial magistrate, one time governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and an eight-time governor of the Connecticut Colony. He was also Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony 1635 – 1636.
Haynes was born in Essex, England, a hotbed of the Puritan movement. He was the son of John Haynes and the former Mary Michel, his family being an armigerous gentry or "Visitation Family." He accumulated wealth and land in England, but left it all behind in July of 1633 to settle in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Initially, he settled in Newtown, and as a prominent member of the colony, he was selected to serve one term as governor in 1635. Roger Williams was banished under his administration, though by later accounts, Haynes grew to regret it.
Due to growing religious strife and food shortages in the colony, Haynes made the decision to take his family and set off with Thomas Hooker to form a colony in the area that would be known as Connecticut. After the ratification of the Fundamental Orders of the colony in 1638/9, Haynes was elected as the first governor of the Colony of Connecticut. He was apparently popular with the people of the colony, and was either deputy governor or governor for the rest of his life. He died in January of 1653 or 1654, in Hartford.
His notable achievements include a part in the creation of the New England Confederation.
Haynes was married to Mary Thornton, with whom he had six children. Several years after her death, he married Mabel Harlakenden, and they had five more children. One of John Haynes' children was General Hezekiah Haynes, a soldier in the army of Oliver Cromwell. -------------------- Colonial Governor. Born in Essex, England, he came to America in 1633. Elected to the General Court (legislature) of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1634, he was chosen as its Governor the following year. After relocating to Hartford, Haynes was elected as the first Governor of Connecticut on April 11, 1639. He served in that capacity or as Deputy Governor almost continuously until his death. -------------------- John Haynes 1st Governor of the Colony of Connecticut 1639, 1641, 1643, 1645, 1647, 1649, 1653 Born: 1 May 1594, Essex, England College: None Political Party: None Offices: Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony 1635 Assistant, General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony 1634, 1636 Governor of the Colony of Connecticut 1639, 1641, 1643, 1645, 1647, 1649,1651, 1653 Deputy Governor of the Colony of Connecticut 1640, 1644, 1646, 1650 Assistant, General Court of Connecticut 1637, 1638, 1642, 1648 Connecticut Commissioner to the United Colonies 1643, 1646 Magistrate, Connecticut Particular Court, 1639-46, 1648-49 Died: Early in January 1653/54 in Hartford, CT
John Haynes was born May 1, 1594, the son of John and Mary (Michel) Haynes of Great Hadham and Codicote, Hartford and Old Holt, Messing, Essex, England. A Puritan and a man of wealth in England, he married Mary Thornton, daughter of Robert and Ann (Smith) Thornton. They had six children. Mary died after 1624. Leaving his properties and children in the care of others, in July, 1633 he sailed on the ship Griffin with Thomas Hooker and Cotton Mather, arriving in Massachusetts Bay on September 3. He settled at Newtown, Massachusetts and later sent for his children. In Newtown, he married by 1636 Mabel Harlakenden, with whom he had five more children.
He was elected as an Assistant to the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1634, and in 1635 was chosen governor. Increased immigration during 1635 placed a serious strain on the Massachusetts Bay Colony food supply, and some religious and political differences had arisen among the colonists. These conditions caused him to support Thomas Hooker's plan to lead a group of settlers to Connecticut in 1636. Governors were only allowed to serve terms of one year at that time, so in 1636 he was again an Assistant to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He last attended court on March 7, 1636/7 and apparently soon thereafter took his family to join Thomas Hooker's group in Hartford. He quickly became active in the government of the Colony of Connecticut. During the Pequot War (1636-1638), Haynes was sent with Roger Ludlow to the Massachusetts Bay Colony to explore the possibility of an alliance between the two colonies in fighting the Indians. He was against the killing of Pequot women and children, a liberal stance for the time. He helped negotiate and was a signer of the 1638 treaty between the Narragansett's, Mohegans, and the Colony of Connecticut.
Formal government of the Colony of Connecticut was instituted with the adoption of the Fundamental Orders on January 14, 1638/9. The Fundamental Orders consisted of a preamble declaring the towns of Windsor, Hartford, and Wethersfield associated and conjoined "to be as one Public State or Commonwealth" and eleven "orders" for governing the Colony including the provision for a General Court with "the supreme power of the Commonwealth" and the election of magistrates and other public officers. Haynes' service as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony no doubt influenced the Colony of Connecticut to elect him as its first governor on April 11, 1639. Connecticut, like the Bay Colony, only elected a governor for a term of one year, and did not allow him to serve a second term in succession. John Haynes was so popular with the colonists that he served alternately as governor and often as deputy governor from 1639 to his death in 1653. Haynes had been known as a strict ruler in Massachusetts and helped expel Roger Williams from that colony. However, he became more tolerant in Connecticut and was friendly towards Williams, who had gone to Rhode Island.
John Haynes and others had begun working for an alliance of the New England colonies as early as 1637, and in 1643 their work resulted in the formation of the New England Confederation, whose purpose was to protect the colonies from Indian attacks and from settlement and attacks by non-English settlers. At the same time, as a loyal English subject, he supported English settlers who tried to encroach onto Dutch territory.
Disputes between Native American tribes and between Native Americans and Europeans took up much of John Haynes' time during his eight terms as governor. In addition, he helped prosecute citizens of the Colony of Connecticut that were accused of witchcraft. He and two other magistrates found a Goody ("goodwife" or "Mrs.") Bassett of Stratford guilty of witchcraft in 1651.
John Haynes returned to England in 1647 to sell his estate there, which was then worth about 8,000 pounds in English money. Six years later, on his death, his estate was worth only 1,500 pounds, as Haynes had willingly used his own funds to help Connecticut become an independent colony.
John Haynes died in Hartford, Connecticut early in January of 1653, at the age of 58. He is buried in Hartford's Ancient Burying Ground and his name appears on the Founders Monument. A statue was placed on the north facade of Connecticut's State Capitol building in his honor. Haynes Street in Hartford is named after him.
Bibliography Adams, Arthur, "John Haynes" in Perry, Charles Edward, ed. Founders and Leaders of Connecticut, 1633-1783. Boston: D. C. Heath and Company, 1934 [CSL call number F 93 .P38]. Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995, v. II, pp. 893-897 [CSL call number HistRef F 3 .A53 1995].
Andrews, Charles M. The Colonial Period of American History. Vol. 2. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1934- [CSL call number E 188 .A572]. A good source of information on the Fundamental Orders.
Cunningham, Charles E. "John Haynes of Connecticut." New England Quarterly 12 (December, 1959) 4:654-80 [CSL call number F 1 .N62].
Lee, Leslie Stephen and Sidney Lee, eds. Dictionary of National Biography. New York: Macmillan and Co., 1885- , s.v. "John Haynes" [CSL call number DA 28 .D4].
National Cyclopedia of American Biography. New York : J.T. White, 1898- s.v. "John Haynes" [CSL call number E 176 .N27].
Norton, Frederick Calvin. The Governors of Connecticut. Hartford: Connecticut Magazine Co., 1905 [CSL call number HistRef F 93 .N 88 1905].
Raimo, John W. Biographical Dictionary of American Colonial and Revolutionary Governors 1607-1789. Westport, CT: Meckler Books, 1980 [CSL call number E 187.5 .R34].
Talcott, Mary Kingsley. The Original Proprietors. Reprint. [Hartford?], Society of the Descendants of the Founders of Hartford, Inc., 1986 [CSL call number HistRef F 104 .H353 A26 1986].
Portrait Harold A. Green painted this portrait in 1934 from a likeness found in a home in Rhode Island. Although once thought to represent John Haynes, it is more likely a portrait of his son, Hezekiah, who served with Cromwell and would more likely to have been shown wearing armor. The portrait is 32" x 41" in its frame. --------------------
Honorable John Haynes born 1594 was the oldest son of John Haynes, of Coddicot, in the County of Hertford, also owner of Old Holt, in Essex. John Haynes, Sr., in his will, dated October 20, 1605, calls himself "of Coddicot in the County of Hartford, Esquier," mentions his lands in the parishes of muche Haddam and Widford, and the manor of Haynes at Mill, in the county of Hartford, also lands in the parishes of Birche, much Birche, Copford, and Laiermarney in Essex." He married Mary Michell; "Thomas Michell, of Tvinge, in the county of Hartford, gentleman," was one of the overseers of his will, perhaps a brotherin-law. He had another son, Emanuel, and nine daughters. Gov. John Haynes married (1) Mary, daughter and coheir of Robert Thornton, of Hingham, Co. Norfolk; purchased the estate of Copford Hall, Co. Essex, of Allen Mountjoy, before 1624. This property is still (1884) in possession of his descendants in the female line. He came to New England in the "Griffin," arriving September 3, 1633, with Rev. Thomas Hooker; freeman, Massachusetts, May 14, 1634; chosen Assistant and Governor next year; again Assistant, 1636; removed in May, 1637, to Hartford. He married (2) Mabel, daughter of Richard Harlakendon, of Earl's Colne Priory, Co. Essex; baptized at Earl's Colne, December 27, 1614. He was an original proprietor, and his first lot in Hartford was on Main St., opposite the Meeting-House Yard; but he sold that and purchased the lot of Richard Webb, before Feb., 1639-40, on the corner of the highways now Front and Arch streets. He presided over the deliberations of the General Court, Nov., 1637, and continued to do so until he was chosen the first governor of Connecticut, April 11, 1639. He was elected governor alternate years until his death; and chosen deputy governor, 1640-44-46-50, and 52, interchanging with Edward Hopkins. He made a voyage to England in 1646. His son, General Hezekiah Haynes, wrote June 27, 1675: "It is sufficiently knowne how chargeable the government was to the magistrates in that first planting wherein my father bore a considerable part to the almost ruin of his family in England, for by a clear account it may be made evident that he had transmitted him into those parts out of his estate in England, between 7 & 8000 £, besides what he had of my Mother-in-Law's portion, which was a thousand pounds, & by reason thereof we that were the children by his first wife suffered exceedingly." He died in Hartford, March 1, 1653-4. Will dated in 1646, "being called to the undertaking of a voyage into my native country of England." Inventory £1540. 6. 3. He mentions wife Mabell; John eldest son by wife Mabel; Roger, second son; Joseph, youngest son; "my Sonn, Mr Nathaniel Eldred;" dau" Ruth and Mabell. His widow married (2) November 17, 1654, Samuel Eaton, of New Haven, son of Governor Eaton; died in July, 1655.
Children by his first wife:
i. Robert, left by his father at Copford Hall; espoused the Royalist side in the Civil Wars; during Cromwell's time imprisoned in the Tower; died, without children, August 1657.
ii. Major-General Hezekiaii, born 1619, took the side of the Parliament; he was one of Cromwell's trusted generals; military governor of the Eastern Counties during the Civil War; upon the accession of Charles II he was imprisoned in the Tower; pardoned November 17, 1660, but again imprisoned, Oct., 1661; set at liberty, April, 1662. He made one or two visits to New England, having some interest in a grant of Indian lands. He married Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Smithson, of London, Hackney, and widow of ____ Bushel, a Turkey merchant. He entered his pedigree at the Visitation of Essex, Anno 1664; aged about 68, Anno 1687. His grandson Hezekiah Hayne, died at Copford Hall, November 15, 1763, age 80, and the estate passed into the possession of his cousin, Reverend John Harrison, and is now (1884) owned by Thomas Haynes Harrison, Esq.
iii. A daughter, married Nathaniel Eldred, of London.
Children by second wife:
iv. John, Harvard College, 1656; freeman, Connecticut, Feb., 1656-7; soon afterward went to England, and in 1660 took the degree of M.A. at Pembroke Hall, University of Cambridge. February 3, 1665-6, he describes himself in it deed to his brother, Joseph, as "of Hemmington in the County of Suffolk, Clerk;" instituted, May 28, 1668, rector of Swansey, near Copford Hall; remained there until his death, which occurred before April 25, 1671.
v. Roger, was a student at Harvard about 1656 or 57, but did not graduate; he sailed for England, but died early, perhaps on the voyage,
vi. Joseph, born 1641; Harvard College, 1658; supplied the pulpit in Wethersfield, 1663 and 64; succeeded Mr. Stone as pastor of the First Church, Hartford, in 1664; married about 1668, Sarah, daughter of Captain Richard Lord, of Hartford; died May 14, 1679, aged 38. His only son, John, graduated Harvard College in 1689; married Mary Glover, of Springfield, 1693; chosen magistrate, 1708, and held the office until his death, 1713; also Judge of the Superior Court. His daughter Mary, born 1704, was the sole survivor and heir of the Haynes family. She married (1) May 2, 1723, Elisha Lord, of Hartford; he died April 15, 1725, aged 24. Their only child, John Haynes Lord, born Jan. 13, 1725, Yale College, 1745, perpetuated the name of his distinguished ancestor, having a son and grandson of the same name. Mrs. Mary (Haynes) Lord, married (2) April 6, 1727, Roswell Saltonstall, of Branford, son of Gov. Saltonstall; had four children. After his death she married February 5, 1741, Rev. Thomas Clap, President of Yale College,
vii. Mary, born 1643; married Joseph Cooke; died 1702, aged 58
viii. Ruth, married about 1654, Samuel Wyllys, of Hartford (q. v.).
ix. Mabel, born in Hartford, March 19, 1645-6; married James Russell, of Charlestown; died before 1680.
SOURCE: James Hammond Trumbull, editor, The memorial history of Hartford County, Connecticut, 1633-1884, Volume 1 (Boston, Massachusetts: Edward L. Osgood, 1886), pages 243-244. Retrieved: 3 May 2011 from Google Books
Governor John Haynes, Esq.'s Timeline
May 1, 1594
August 24, 1614
Boxgrove, Sussex, England
September 10, 1618
October 4, 1619
August 16, 1621
Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Hartford, Hartford, CT