John Russell Houston, Jr. (1920 - 2003)

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Trenton, New Jersey, USA
Death: Died in Manhattan, New York, USA
Cause of death: diabetes and heart disease
Occupation: Theatrical manager
Managed by: Tina
Last Updated:
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About John Russell Houston, Jr.

Father of singer Whitney Houston, John Russell Houston Jr. was a theatrical manager since the early days of rhythm and blues. Well before his daughter's rise to fame, Houston managed the career of her mother and his ex-wife, Cissy Houston. She sang with The Sweet Inspirations, a backing vocal group to artists including Aretha Franklin.

He was born September 13, 1920 in Trenton, New Jersey to John Russell Houston Sr. and Sarah Elizabeth Collins Houston.

Houston was a self-made man who served in the Second World War and went from driving trucks to working for Kenneth Gibson, the first black mayor elected in Newark in 1970. Throughout the Sixties, he managed the Sweet Inspirations, the vocal group led by his wife Cissy which had evolved from the Drinkard Sisters, a gospel ensemble also featuring Cissy's niece, the singer Dionne Warwick.

Cissy Houston eventually left to start a solo career in 1970. By then, the Houstons had two sons, Gary and Michael, and one daughter, Whitney, who was born in 1963 and nicknamed "Nippy" by her father after a cartoon character. John Houston sometimes stayed at home to look after the children and became "Mr Mom" while his wife played club dates and promoted her own singles.

When he heard his daughter sing "Guide Me O Thou Great Jehovah" in church at the age of 11, John Houston was moved by her vocal range. Soon, Whitney was joining her mother on stage and also modelling. In 1983, she signed to Arista Records and, two years later, her career took off with the release of Whitney Houston, her début album.

While the president of Arista, Clive Davis, took care of the artistic side of her career, Whitney needed someone to look after her business interests. In 1986, John Houston became Whitney's business manager and the CEO of her company, Nippy Incorporated. He set about reorganising her affairs and signed her to the prestigious William Morris Agency. Mostly he kept a low profile, although he occasionally "went bananas" when staff acted on their own initiative rather than consulting him or his daughter. "I come across to some people as the devil incarnate," he told Ebony magazine in 1990:

I am smart, I learn fast and I'm dedicated to Whitney Houston. It is her career, her money and nobody makes decisions but her.

Throughout the Nineties, even after his divorce from Cissy, John Houston provided advice and guidance but, after Whitney's marriage to the singer Bobby Brown in 1992, the relationship between father and daughter became more fraught. However, when she was arrested in 2000 in Hawaii for carrying cannabis, Whitney turned to her father. He helped get the charge dismissed and subsequently negotiated a lucrative new record contract for her.

Whitney Houston admitted they had occasional tensions and disagreements. She told interviewers:

We've hollered and screamed at each other. But it was always over business. If it were anything else, I would not be screaming at my father . . . I'll never find anyone to love me like my daddy does. I will always be daddy's girl.

After a lengthy battle with diabetes and heart disease, Houston died on Sunday, February 2, 2003 in Manhattan at the age of 72.

Source: The Independent

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John Houston, Jr.'s Timeline

1920
September 13, 1920
Trenton, New Jersey, USA
1959
1959
Age 38
1963
September 9, 1963
Age 42
Newark, NJ, USA
2003
February 2, 2003
Age 82
Manhattan, New York, USA
February 7, 2003
Age 82
Westfield, New Jersey, USA
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