Sir John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch (c.1216 - c.1242) MP

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Nicknames: "red john comyn", "lord of badenoch", ""red john" lord of badenoch"
Birthplace: Badenoch,,Inverness-Shire,Scotland
Death: Died in France
Occupation: Justiciar
Managed by: Thomas Sven Björnberg
Last Updated:

About Sir John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch

John I Comyn, Lord of Badenoch

From Wikipedia

John Comyn (Cumyn) (born c. 1215, died c. 1275) was Lord of Badenoch in Scotland. He was justiciar of Galloway in 1258[1][2]. He held lands in Nithsdale[3] (Dalswinton, a Comyn stronghold[4][5], and Duncow[6]) and Tynedale[3].

Life

The Comyn family were in effective power in Scotland from 1249 to 1255, when Alexander III of Scotland was a minor; John was one of those with court influence[3]. The Comyns were ousted, by Alan Durward, but returned to power in 1257-8, before provoking a strong English reaction[7].

He fought for Henry III of England at the Battle of Lewes (1265), with John Baliol the elder and Robert Bruce the elder[8]; he was captured[9]. In 1267 he was given license to crenellate Tarset Castle in Tynedale (by present-day Lanehead, near Hexham), by Henry III[10]; Tarset had previously been held by Walter Comyn[11].

He started castle construction at Blair Castle with a tower built in 1269.[12] The place was soon taken back by David, Earl of Atholl[13].

Family

John was the son of a Richard Comyn and was the grandson (through Richard) of William Comyn, jure uxoris Earl of Buchan.

According to the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica he died in 1274, and was nephew of Alexander Comyn, Earl of Buchan, Constable of Scotland), and of Walter Comyn, Earl of Mentieth [14]. His date of death is also given as 1277[15].

He succeeded his uncle Walter, in 1258, as Lord of Badenoch, and was succeeded by his son John II, the "Black Comyn". John I was known as the "Red Comyn", the nickname more commonly applied to his grandson [16].

His second wife is given as Alice de Roos (Ros)[17], or Alice de Lindsay of Lamberton[15]. His first wife was called Eva.

His children, at least four sons and four daughters, included:

John II

a daughter who married Alexander of Argyll[15]

a daughter who married Sir William Galbraith, 4th Chief of that Ilk, Lord of Kyncaith[18]

a daughter who married Galfrid de Mowbray[19]

Notes

^ G. W. S. Barrow, The Kingdom of the Scots: Government, Church and Society from the Eleventh to the Fourteenth Century (2003), p. 86. ^ Michael Brown, The Wars of Scotland (2004), p. 53. ^ a b c Concise Dictionary of National Biography ^ Overview of Dalswinton ^ http://lmid1.rcahms.gov.uk/pls/portal/newcanmore.details_gis?inumlink=65896 ^ Historical perspective for Nithsdale ^ Michael Prestwich, Plantagenet England 1225-1360 (2005), p. 230. ^ Battle of Lewes, May 14, 1264 ^ Battlefield Report (PDF), p. 5. ^ Tarset Castle Licence to Crenellate ^ Tarset Castle ^ http://www.rcahms.gov.uk/canmore/details_gis?inumlink=25802 ^ A Guide To Blair Castle, Perth and Kinross, From TourUK ^ John Comyn - LoveToKnow 1911 ^ a b c Scottish Nobility ^ Clan Comyn ^ Douglas Richardson, Kimball G. Everingham, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2005), p. 210; gives his death as in 1273-8. ^ Clan Galbraith Association Galbraiths of the Lennox ^ Medieval English genealogy: Which John de Mowbray was the Brother of Christiana de Plumpton?

Sir John Comyn

M, d. after 1273, #10950

Father Richard Comyn2,3 d. between 1244 and 1249 Name Variation Sir John Comyn was also styled The (first) Red Comyn.4 Marriage* He married Amabilia (?).1 Title* He held the title of Lord of Badenoch in 1258.3 Occupation* He was Justiciar of Galloway before 18 March 1258/59.3 Event-Misc* Grant to Jn. Cumyn and heirs during fidelity the gift wh. K. David (1124-1153) made to his g.g.f. Richard Comyn and w. Histilla, d. of Ughtred fil. Waldef, which gift was confirmed by K. Hen. II, of Ughtred's lands in Tindale. On 8 February 1262.4

Event-Misc Grant to Jn. C. that in passing from Scotland to England on K's mandate he may take 2 or 3 deer from every forest. On 19 September 1267.4

Event-Misc Lic. to enlarge and fortify his Manor house of Tyrsete, Northumb. On 5 December 1267.4

Event-Misc K. will grant to him £300 p.a. confiscated lands on 19 December 1267.4

Event-Misc Grant of £200 from forest fines in Cumb. to be paid 19 May 1275 on 15 May 1271.4

Death* He died after 1273.1

Death He died His wid. Amabilia nominates Nicholas Comyn and others as her attorneys in Ireland before 26 June 1278.4

Family Amabilia (?)

Marriage* He married Amabilia (?).1

Children

Sir John Comyn d. c 1303

Robert Comyn

William Comyn d. b 2 Jun 1291

John "le jeon" Comyn

(?) Comyn

(?) Comyn

(?) Comyn

(?) Comyn

(?) Comyn

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_III_Comyn,_Lord_of_Badenoch

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Sir John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch's Timeline

1216
1216
Badenoch,,Inverness-Shire,Scotland
1225
1225
Age 9
1236
1236
Age 20
Huntingdon,England
1239
1239
Age 23
1241
1241
Age 25
Altyre House, Moray, Scotland, United Kingdom
1242
1242
Age 26
Badenoch, Scotland
1242
Age 26
France
1247
1247
Age 26
1248
1248
Age 26
England, United Kingdom
1250
1250
Age 26
Scotland