John I "Lackland", king of England

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John "Lackland", King of England

French: Jean "Lackland", King of England
Also Known As: "Johan sanz Terre", "Softsword", "Sans Terre", "Sword of Lat", "Bad King John", "John Lackland Plantagenet King of England", "John Lackland"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England
Death: Died in Newark Castle, Newark, Nottinghamshire, England
Place of Burial: Plot: The Quire, Worcester Cathedral, Worcester, Worcestershire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry II "Curtmantle", king of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of France and England
Husband of Isabella of Gloucester and Isabelle d'Angoulême, Queen consort of England
Partner of Clementia le Boteler, Concubine of John "Lackland"; Agatha de Ferrers; ? Unknown de Warenne, Concubine #1 of John "Lackland" of England; Clementia Pinel Concubine #2 of John "Lackland" of England; Hawise De Tracy, Mistress of John "Lackland" and 2 others
Father of Henry III of England; Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall; Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland; Isabella of England, Holy Roman Empress; Eleanor of Leicester, Countess of Pembroke & Leicester and 12 others
Brother of William IX, Count of Poitiers; Henry "The Young King", King of England; Matilda Plantagenet, Duchess of Saxony; Richard "the Lionheart", King of England; Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany and 3 others
Half brother of Hugh Plantagenet, Bishop of Wells; Geoffrey of Plantagenet, Archbishop of York; William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury; Peter Plantagenet, Archdeacon of Lincoln; Rosamond FitzHenry and 3 others

Occupation: King of England
Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About John I "Lackland", king of England

alternate birth location details

Kings Manor House, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England

several sources also give his birth year as 1167

other possible death date ; 19 October 1216

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a short summary from tudorplace website (since it does give the most "wide" summary I could find);

http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/PLANTAGENET.htm#JOHN%20I%20Lackland%20PLANTAGENET%20%28King%20of%20England%29

JOHN I "Lackland" PLANTAGENET (King of England)

Born: 24 Dec 1166, Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England

Acceded: 27 May 1199, Westminster Abbey, London, England

Died: 18/9 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Newark, Nottinghamshire

Buried: Worcester Cathedral

Notes: Signed the Magna Carta at Runnymede, 1215. Reigned 1199-1216. His reign saw renewal of war with Phillip II Augustus of France to whom he has lost several continental possesions including Normandy by 1205. He came into conflict with his Barons and was forced to Sign the Magna Carta. His later repudiation of the charter led to the first barons war 1215-17 during which John died. Burke says he was born in 1160. King of Ireland 1177, Count of Mortain 1189, Earl of Gloucester. It is known that Agatha Ferrers was a mistress of John, but it is only supposition that she is the mother of Joan.

Father: HENRY II PLANTAGENET (King of England)

Mother: Eleanor of Aquitaine

Married 1: Isabella FITZRICHARD (C. Gloucester) 29 Aug 1189, Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire Divorce 1199

Married 2: Isabella of Angoulême (b. 1189 - d. 31 May 1246) (dau. of Aymer Taillefer, Count of Angoulême, and Alice De Courtenay) 24 Jun/Aug 1200, Bordeaux

Children:

1. HENRY III PLANTAGENET (King of England)

2. Richard PLANTAGENET (1º E. Cornwall)

3. Joan PLANTAGENET (Queen of Scotland)

4. Isabella PLANTAGENET (Empress of Germany)

5. Eleanor PLANTAGENET (C. Pembroke / C. Leicester)

Associated with: Agatha De FERRERS

Children:

6. Joan PLANTAGENET

Associated with: Clemence DAUNTSEY (wife of Henry Pinel)

Associated with: Suzanne PLANTAGENET

Children:

7. Richard FITZJOHN (B. Chilham)

Associated with: Hawise De TRACY

Children:

8. Oliver PLANTAGENET

9. Osbert GIFFORD (d. AFT 1216)

10. Geoffrey FITZROY

11. John FITZROY of Courcy (Knight or Clerk of Lincoln) (d. 1242)

12. Eudo FITZROY (d. ABT 1242)

13. Ivo FITZROY

14. Henry FITZROY

15. Richard FITZROY (Constable Wallingford Castle)

16. Matilda PLANTAGENET (Abbess of Barking)

17. Blanche (Isabella) PLANTAGENET

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Wikipedia Links:

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other links:

http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=john

http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/plantagenet_3.htm

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=1953

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=148

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I1113&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I91&tree=Nixon

http://www.nndb.com/people/198/000092919/

http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p132.htm#i3961

http://www.royalist.info/execute/biog?person=106

http://thepeerage.com/p10201.htm

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Citations / Sources:

[S4] C.F.J. Hankinson, editor, DeBretts Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, 147th year (London, U.K.: Odhams Press, 1949), page 20 . Hereinafter cited as DeBretts Peerage, 1949.

[S7] #44 Histoire de la maison royale de France anciens barons du royaume: et des grands officiers de la couronne (1726, reprint 1967-1968), Saint-Marie, Anselme de, (3rd edition. 9 volumes. 1726. Reprint Paris: Editions du Palais Royal, 1967-1968), FHL book 944 D5a; FHL microfilms 532,231-532,239., vol. 1 p. 474, vol. 6 p. 77.

[S8] Les Capétiens, 987-1328 (2000), Van Kerrebrouck, Patrick, (Villeneuve-d'Ascq [France]: P. Van Kerrebrouck, 2000), FHL book 929.244 C171v., p. 453.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pages 65-66, 71. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.

[S13] #379 [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700: the Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 3 line 1:26.

[S17] Plantagenet Ancestry, 2011 ed., Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor, 2nd edition, 2011.), vol. 1 p. 23, 25.

[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995). Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.

[S22] #374 The Lineage and Ancestry of H. R. H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (1977), Paget, Gerald, (2 volumes. Baltimore: Geneal. Pub., 1977), FHL book Q 942 D22pg., vol. 1 p. 15, 17.

[S23] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 195.

[S32] #150 [1879-1967] A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage, Together with Memoirs of the Privy Councillors and Knights (1879-1967), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (London: Harrison, 1879-1967), FHL book 942 D22bup., 1949 ed. preface p. ccliii.

[S37] #93 [Book version] The Dictionary of National Biography: from the Earliest Times to 1900 (1885-1900, reprint 1993), Stephen, Leslie, (22 volumes. 1885-1900. Reprint, Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1993), FHL book 920.042 D561n., vol. 29 p. 402-416.

[S39] Medieval, royalty, nobility family group sheets (filmed 1996), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Family History Department. Medieval Family History Unit, (Manuscript. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1996), FHL film 1553977-1553985..

[S40] Handbook of British Chronology (1986), Fryde, E. B., editor, (Royal Historical Society guides and handbooks, no. 2. London: Offices of the Royal Historical Society, 1986), FHL book 942 C4rg no. 2., p. 37.

[S54] #21 The complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant, Cokayne, George Edward, (Gloucester [England] : Alan Sutton Pub. Ltd., 1987), 942 D22cok., vol. 3 p. 29, 430.

[S69] #2251 The Royal Bastards of Medieval England (1984), Given-Wilson, Chris and Alice Curteis, (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984), FHL book 942 D5g., p. 127.

[S70] The Henry Project, Baldwin, Stewart, (http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/henry.htm), http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/prov.

[S71] Domesday Descendants, Keats-Rohan, K.S.B., (The Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 2002), 942 D3kk., p. 231.

[S81] #125 The Royal Daughters of England and Their Representatives (1910-1911), Lane, Henry Murray, (2 voulmes. London: Constable and Co., 1910-1911), FHL microfilm 88,003., p. 58, 158.

[S84] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1001 N. Calvert St., Baltimore, Md. 21202, copyright 2004), p. xxviii.

[S96] Henry II (1973), Warren, Wilfred Lewis, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973), JWML book DA206 W37 1973., p. 137.

[S266] #379 [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700 (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 106 line 117:27, p. 134 line 153:28.

[S338] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. xxviii.

[S347] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 279 PLANTAGENET:16. -------------------- John I 'Lackland', King of England was born on 24 December 1167 at Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England.1 He was the son of Henry II 'Curtmantle' d'Anjou, King of England and Eleanor, Duchesse d'Aquitaine. He married, firstly, Isabella de Clare, Countess of Gloucester, daughter of William fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Hawise de Beaumont, on 29 August 1189 at Marlborough Castle, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England.1 He and Isabella de Clare, Countess of Gloucester were divorced in 1199, on the grounds of consanguinity.1 He married, firstly, Isabella d'Angoulême, daughter of Aymer Taillefer, Comte d'Angoulême and Alice de Courtenay, on 24 August 1200 at Bordeaux Cathedral, Bordeaux, Dauphine, France.3 He died on 19 October 1216 at age 48 at Newark Castle, Newark, Nottinghamshire, England.4 He was buried at Worcester Cathedral, Worcester, Worcestershire, England.4

    He and Adela de Warenne were associated.5 He gained the title of King John I of Ireland in 1177.1 He gained the title of Count of Mortain in 1189.1 As a result of his marriage, John I 'Lackland', King of England was styled as Earl of Gloucester on 29 August 1189.1 He succeeded to the title of King John I of England on 6 April 1199.1 He was crowned King of England on 27 May 1199 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England, and styled 'Rex Anglaie, Dominus Hiberniae, Dux Normanniae, et Dux Aquitaniae.6'
    He was a skilled politician and forceful administrator, but one of England's most unpopular monarchs due to his cruelty and deceit. While Richard I was imprisoned abroad, in 1193 John vainly attempted to usurp the throne. He was banished, but soon reconciled and made his brother's heir. On Richard's death, John became king and imprisoned his young nephew Arthur of Brittany, a better claimant who soon died in prison. He married Isabella of Gloucester and then divorced her after his accession to the throne and married Isabella of Angouleme. John imposed crippling taxes and tightened the already severe forest laws, all to raise revenue for his war against the French. This war cost him Normandy and led to high inflation resulting in widespread poverty. He antagonised the Church bringing on an interdict from the Pope, and John himself was excommunicated. The whole population, high and low alike, were in a state of near rebellion. The barons drew up a document which they were intent upon John signing. This document was not a formal constitution but a practical statement that the King must respect institutional customs and law. On Monday 15 June 1215 King John reluctantly signed and sealed the document on the island of Runnymeade in the Thames. This was one of the most memorable events in English history, the document being known as the Magna Carta. Afterwards, John reverted to his bad old ways and Louis, son of the French King, was invited to replace him. Louis entered London unopposed in May 1216 and civil war began to flame. Fortunately for England, John died of dysentry on Wednesday 19 October 1216 at Newark after losing the crown jewels in the Wash. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.7
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John I "Lackland", king of England's Timeline

1160
1160
1166
December 24, 1166
Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England

Born at Beaumont Palace, Oxford, John was the fifth son and last of eight children born to Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Some authors, noting Henry's stay at Woodstock, near Oxford, with Eleanor in March 1166, assert that John was born in that year, and not 1167.[4][5]

John was a younger maternal half-brother of Marie de Champagne and Alix of France, his mother's children by her first marriage to Louis VII of France, which was later annulled. He was a younger brother of William, Count of Poitiers; Henry the Young King; Matilda, Duchess of Saxony; Richard I of England; Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany; Leonora, Queen of Castile; and Joan, Queen of Sicily

1167
March 31, 1167
Kings Manor House, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
March 31, 1167
Kings Manor House, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
March 31, 1167
Kings Manor House, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
March 31, 1167
Kings Manor House, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
1173
1173
Age 6

In March 1173, aggrieved at his lack of power and egged on by his father's enemies, the younger Henry launched the Revolt of 1173–1174. He fled to Paris. From there 'the younger Henry, devising evil against his father from every side by the advice of the French King, went secretly into Aquitaine where his two youthful brothers, Richard and Geoffrey, were living with their mother, and with her connivance, so it is said, he incited them to join him'. The Queen sent her younger sons to France 'to join with him against their father the King'. Once her sons had left for Paris, Eleanor encouraged the lords of the south to rise up and support them. Sometime between the end of March and the beginning of May, Eleanor left Poitiers to follow her sons to Paris but was arrested on the way and sent to the King in Rouen. The King did not announce the arrest publicly. For the next year, her whereabouts were unknown. On 8 July 1174, Henry took ship for England from Barfleur. He brought Eleanor on the ship. As soon as they disembarked at Southampton, Eleanor was taken away either to Winchester Castle or Sarum Castle and held there.

1180
1180
Age 13
1184
1184
Age 17

The final battle between Henry's Princes came in 1184. Geoffrey of Brittany and John of Ireland, the youngest brothers, had been promised Aquitaine, which belonged to elder brother Richard. Geoffrey and John invaded, but Richard had been controlling an army for almost 10 years and was an accomplished military commander. Richard expelled his fickle brothers and they would never again face each other in combat, largely because Geoffrey died two years later, leaving only Richard and John.

1186
1186
Age 19
Chilham Castle, Kent, England