John Kinna (1854 - c.1950)

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Nicknames: "Juhhan"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Vaabina, Urvaste khk, Võrumaa, Eesti
Death: Died
Managed by: Kadi Voolaid
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About John Kinna

1855 Urvaste personaalraamat. Sõmerpalu, Järvere, Mustja, ...; 1855-1906 - vanemate pere loetelus

1855 Urvaste personaalraamat. Sõmerpalu, Järvere, Mustja, ...; 1855-1906 - oma pere

http://www.albertasource.ca/abestonians/gallery/displaynewspaper.php?id=25

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The Kinna's are another fine example of a pioneer family contributing to the development of the Eckville area in the early 20th century. John Kinna was born in 1854 in Waimela, Estonia. In 1903 John, along with his wife Marie and their five children, immigrated to Canada and settled on a homestead north of Eckville, adjacent to the Medicine River. John and his sons soon built a five-room, two-storey house from surrounding trees. John and Marie lived here until 1942 when they retired from homesteading to take up a quiet life in the town of Eckville.

John's background as a labourer in Estonia facilitated the cultivation of land in Alberta's rugged wilderness. John was well trained in leather work and often repaired shoes, mittens, and harnesses. The topography around Eckville also provided ideal fishing locations. John's first significant purchase was in livestock when he bought four cows and numerous chickens. When Killick's General Store opened its doors, the Kinna family delivered butter and eggs in exchange for other groceries. To earn additional revenue, the Kinnas contracted a modest mail route and made three trips a week to neighboring towns and villages. A horse-drawn sleigh equipped with a tent, food and bedding was used to deliver the mail. The family's earnings typically went toward the purchase of farm tools and livestock.

Son of John and Marie Kinna, Fritz Kinna was actively involved in the community of Medicine Valley. He built windmills, dams, and served as a director for the Eckville Co-operative Association. The Kinna's often butchered pigs at home and produced a variety of pork products. Sausages, lard, smoked hams and blood sausages were mixed with barley to create traditional Estonian cuisine. Since canning had not yet been widely developed, root vegetables stored in the cellar were frequently used. Rye and oats were the first crops grown. Marie would use the oats to create "kiisla", another popular Estonian meal.

In 1909 John's son Fritz began establishing plans for building and operating a water-powered mill adjacent to the Medicine River. A dam and a 50-yard canal were also to be built. The project was successfully completed in 1912, and farmers soon arrived from miles around to pay the Kinnas to grind grain.

John and Marie died in 1950. They had six children, all born in Estonia.

Fritz was born 30 September 1881 in Waimela, Estonia. He was an active member of the Eckville community participating in school board functions and serving as a director for the Eckville Co-operative Association.

Olga was born 29 March 1883. She married Charlie Raabis and they farmed north of Eckville until Charlie's death in 1942. She later moved to Eckville, spending much of her leisure time oil painting.

Minnie was born 9 October 1886. She was a school teacher until she married Varley Buchanan. As a result of the union, they collectively became proprietors of the Benalto Hotel.

Arthur was born 31 May 1889 and quickly developed an aptitude for playing the violin; this later gave him the opportunity to travel to San Francisco. He homesteaded north of Eckville for a short period. Later, he operated the Benalto general store and post office.

Ernest was born 3 March 1901. He married Ena Woima and lived on their farm in the Kuusamo district of Estonia.

http://www.albertasource.ca/abestonians/people/first/kinna.html

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Juhan Kinna esimene suurem ost reisist ulejäänud rahaga olid mõned lehmad ja kanad; sest lehmad olid odavamad kui härjad, kellede hind oli 85 dollarit, pealegi sai ka lehmaga künda ja lehma vankri ette rakendada, A. Posti päeviku järgi, kes kirjutas 20. juulil: "Õpisin lehma vangre ees käima vedasin 7 koor. heinu kodu". Hobused olid kallid: tööhobuse hind oli 120 dollarit, paari hobuse eest tuli anda väike varandus, mida asunikul polnud. Hendrik Kinna (Juhani vend (TM)) oli esimene, kes omandas tugeva paari tööhobuseid 400 dollari eest.

Teisedki asunikud, nagu August Posti, mõlemad Kinnad (Henry ja John (TM)), Jaan Teener jt., ehitasid endile avarad eluhooned, kus peeti perekonnaõhtuid, laulu- ja muusikaharjutusi ja isegi pidusid. Seda kõike oli võimaldanud majanduslik ettevõtlikkus.

Ettevõtlikud asunikud ei vüinud unustada ka oma viimast puhkepaika ja nii asutati MOES-i poolt Gilby kalmistu (Kalmu Cemetery) 1914 põhikapitaliga 480 dollarit, jagatuna 60 osatäheks. Maa andis selleks tasuta Jaak Kinna. Krundi hinnaks (10x20 jalga) oli 8 dollarit. Surnuaiale püstitati 10 jala korgune must puurist. Ja väravale pandi kuulutus: "llma lubata matmine keelatud". Kalmistul leidsid puhkepaiga 1965. aastani 74 eestlast, alates imikuist kuni vanimani, kelleks oli 96-aastane Juhan Kinna (John); Kinna suguvõsast on üldse sinna maetud 9 isikut. ... Nii ristimisi kui ka matusetalitusi pidas Jaak Kinna, jutlustades ka jaanipäeviti surnuaial, valgete juuste lehvides tuules nagu mõnel muistsel prohvetil, musta risti siluett tagapõhjaks vastu preeria heledalt kumavat taevast. Ta suri 88 a. vanana (1917). Tal oli kolm poega ja kaks tütart. Tundes surmatundi lähenevat kutsunud ta ainsa abielus oleva poja Juhani (Johni) enda poole, andnud talle üksikasjalisi juhendeid oma matuse korraldamiseks, siis heitnud voodisse, sulgenud silmad ja peatselt uinunud igavesele unele. Tema haual lugeski pühakirja ta poeg Juhan. Ja kui Juhan omakorda 96-aastasena suri, toimus ta matusetalitus Eesti Saalis ja kalmistul suure rahvahulga osavõtul kargel novembri pealelõunal 1950 ja lauldi ta enda luuletatud matuselaulu, mille lõpul ta jättis jumalaga sõpradega:

   Kallid naabrid, sugulased, Jääge Jumalaga nüüd
   Kes mind saatma tulite, See on minu viimne hüüd
   Tänu teile kõikidele Minu surelikust rinnast,
   Teie lahke abi eest. Nüüd ju viibin teises ilmas. '' '' 

Kinnade patriarhaalne usust kinnipidamine oli vastukaalus agressiivsele usuvastasele elemendile, keda juhtis Hendrik Kingsep.

http://www.eesti.ca/ajalugu/et/2.html

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John Kinna's Timeline

1854
January 31, 1854
Urvaste khk, Võrumaa, Eesti
1881
September 17, 1881
Age 27
Põlva khk, Võrumaa, Estonia
1883
March 16, 1883
Age 29
Põlva khk, Võrumaa, Estonia
1886
September 26, 1886
Age 32
Põlva khk, Võrumaa, Estonia
1889
May 18, 1889
Age 35
Urvaste khk, Võrumaa, Estonia
1891
February 18, 1891
Age 37
Põlva khk, Võrumaa, Estonia
1898
September 6, 1898
Age 44
Urvaste khk, Võrumaa, Estonia
1913
1913
Age 58

The list is an extract from the minutes of the meeting of the Medicine Valley Estonian Society on August 10, 1913 containing the names of the Estonian settlers from Medicine Valley (38) and the four from Sylvan Lake who were likely to participate in building the Society’s Estonian Hall.
Source: http://www.albertasource.ca/abestonians/pdf/MedicineValleyEstonianS... page 9-10

1950
November 14, 1950
Age 96
????