About John Mason, l
name: John Mason born c. 1586 Kings Linn, Norfolkshire, England, d. c.1635 England
- appointed second Proprietary Governor of Newfoundland's Cuper's Cove colony in 1615
parents: John Mason b. 1560 Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England, d. June 29, 1625 Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England and Isabel Stead b. 1565 Yorkshire, England, d. England
- Ann Peck b. c.1575 England, d. Norwich, New London, Connecticut
- Ann Green b. 1590 Saint Margaret, King Linn, Norfolkshire, England, d. 1655 Hillmorton, Warwickshire, England
- with Ann Peck: John Mason, Jr. b. c.April 1600 Norwich, New London, Connecticut, d. January 30, 1672
- with Ann Green: Ann Mason b. c.1605 St. Matthew, England, d. 1659
Captain John Mason (1586–1635) was born at King's Lynn, Norfolk, England, and educated at Peterhouse College, Cambridge. He was a sailor and colonizer. Mason was appointed the second Proprietary Governor of Newfoundland's Cuper's Cove colony in 1615, succeeding John Guy. Mason arrived on the island in 1616 and explored much of the territory. He compiled a map of the island and wrote and published a short tract (or "Discourse") of his findings.
Mason drew up the first known English map of the island of Newfoundland. Published in William Vaughan's Cambrensium Caroleia in 1625, the map included previously established placenames as well as new ones such as Bristol's Hope and Butter Pots, near Renews. His tract entitled A Briefe Discourse of the New-Found-Land with the situation, temperature, and commodities thereof, inciting our nation to go forward in the hopefull plantation begunne, was published in 1620 by Mason while in England.
In 1620 King James I's Privy Council issued Mason a commission and provided him with a ship to suppress piracy in Newfoundland. Mason ceased to be Cuper's Cove governor in 1621 and apparently he was not replaced, although the settlement continued to be occupied throughout the seventeenth century.
Upon returning to England, Mason consulted with Sir William Alexander about possibly colonizing Nova Scotia. In 1622, Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges received a patent from the Council for New England for all the territory lying between the Merrimack and Kennebec rivers. In 1629 they divided the grant along the Piscataqua River, with Mason receiving the southern portion. The colony was recharted as the Province of New Hampshire. It included most of the southeastern part of the current state of New Hampshire, as well as portions of present-day Massachusetts north of the Merrimack.
Although Mason never set foot in New England, he was appointed first vice-admiral of New England in 1635. He died that same year while preparing for his first voyage to the new colony
John Mason, l's Timeline
Kings Lynn, Norfolkshire, England
Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA
St Matthew, , , England
October 29, 1606
St Margaret, England