About John Forbes Nash, Jr., Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, 1994
John Forbes Nash, Jr. (born June 13, 1928) is a brilliant American mathematician whose works in game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations have provided insight into the forces that govern chance and events inside complex systems in daily life.
His theories are used in market economics, computing, evolutionary biology, artificial intelligence, accounting, politics and military theory.
Serving as a Senior Research Mathematician at Princeton University during the latter part of his life, he shared the 1994 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with game theorists Reinhard Selten and John Harsanyi.
Nash is the subject of the Hollywood movie A Beautiful Mind. The film, loosely based on the biography of the same name, focuses on Nash's mathematical genius and apparent struggle with paranoid schizophrenia.
In 2011, the National Security Agency declassified letters written by Nash in 1950s, in which he had proposed a new encryption-decryption machine. The letters show that Nash had anticipated many concepts of modern cryptography, which are based on computational hardness.
Per Nash's biography, from 1951 onwards, he had an affair with a nurse, Eleanor Stier. She bore a child named John David Stier. Though Nash had thoughts of marrying her, he later decided against it and left them.
In 1951, Nash went to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as a C. L. E. Moore Instructor in the mathematics faculty. There, he met Alicia Lopez-Harrison de Lardé (born January 1, 1933), a physics student from El Salvador, whom he married in February 1957. She admitted Nash to a mental hospital in 1959 for schizophrenia; their son, John Charles Martin Nash, was born soon afterward, but remained nameless for a year because his mother felt that her husband should have a say in the name.
Nash and de Lardé divorced in 1963, though after his final hospital discharge in 1970 Nash lived in de Lardé's house. They were remarried in 2001.
Хронология John Nash, Jr., Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, 1994
June 13, 1928
Bluefield, Mercer, WV, USA