John Segrave, 2nd Baron Segrave

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John de Segrave, 2nd Baron Segrave

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Seagrave, Leicestershire, England
Death: Died in Chacombe Priory, Northamptonshire, , England
Place of Burial: Chacombe Priory, Chacombe, Northamptonshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Nicholas, 1st Baron Segrave and Lady Maud Countess of Gloucester
Husband of Maud Savage and Christiane du Plessis, Baroness Segrave
Father of Ellen Margaret de Segrave, Baroness Ferrers of Groby; Eleanor 'Ellen' de Segrave; Beatrice de Hengrave; Sir Stephen John de Segrave, 3rd Baron of Segrave; Sibyll de Segrave and 3 others
Brother of Eleanor de Segrave, Baroness Zouche and Nicholas De Segrave, Knight
Half brother of Annabel de de Segrave; Stephen Segrave; Simon Segrave; Abigail Segrave and Gilbert Segrave

Occupation: Baron Seagrave (1295 cr - 2nd)
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About John de Segrave, 2nd Baron Segrave

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_John_Segrave

Segrave, 2nd Baron Segrave (1256–1325) was an English commander in the First War of Scottish Independence.

Segrave commanded the English in Battle of Roslin, and the Battle of Happrew. He also was involved with the execution of William Wallace, and was the one who carried his quarters to their destinations in Scotland. He died a wealthy man.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Roslin

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Happrew

Early life

Born about 1256, he was the eldest son and heir of Nicholas de Segrave, 1st Baron Segrave, and his wife Matilda. In 1270 he married Christiana, the daughter of Sir Hugh de Plessetis and his wife Margaret, from whom he received in frank marriage the manor of Stottesdon. At the same time his sister Annabel was married to Hugh's son John. After his father-in-law's death John de Segrave had custody of his lands during the minority of his heir.

Under Edward I

In 1277 and 1282 Segrave served in the two major campaigns against Llywelyn of Wales. In October 1287 he went to Ireland, nominating proctors to represent him for one year. On 6 August 1291 he received at Berwick letters of protection for one year on staying in Scotland on the king's service. He was then for a time constantly employed in the wars against the Scots.

On the death of his father in 1295 Segrave, then 39, entered as heir into the possession of his property. He was first summoned to the Bury parliament of November 1296, and was then regularly summoned until his death. On 14 January 1297 Segrave was one of the magnates attending the Hilarytide parliament at York, with the intention of proceeding against the Scots, but the expedition was postponed.

Opposition leader and Scottish campaigns

Segrave attached himself to one of the leaders of the growing baronial opposition to the king, in 1297 making an indenture with Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk, by which he covenanted to serve the earl, with five other knights. In return he obtained a grant of the earl's manor of Lodene in Norfolk.

During the crisis of 1297 Segrave was summoned on 1 July to appear in London to attend the king beyond sea, but he appeared as proxy for the Earl Marshal Bigod, who pleaded sickness.

Segrave, however, on 28 December 1297 received letters of protection for himself and his followers, on their proceeding to Scotland on the king's service, and he subsequently fought in the Falkirk campaign. In 1299 he was again summoned to fight against the Scots. In 1300 he was once more in Scotland, taking a conspicuous part at the siege of Carlaverock, representing Bigod in this campaign also. In 1301 Segrave attended the parliament at Lincoln, and was one of the signatories of the letter of the barons to the pope, dated 12 February. On 5 August 1302 he was appointed to the custody of Berwick Castle of Berwick-on-Tweed. On 29 September he was ordered to make a foray into Scotland as far as Stirling and Kirkintilloch. After November the truce with the Scots ended, and Segrave was entrusted with the custody of Scotland.

On the first Sunday in Lent 1303 Segrave, with his followers dispersed, was suddenly attacked when near Edinburgh by some Scots in ambush, severely wounded, and taken prisoner with twenty other knights. He was, however, subsequently recaptured by the other portions of his army who had escaped the earlier surprise. Segrave continued in Scotland after Edward I arrived to prosecute the war in person. He was present at the Siege of Stirling Castle, which surrendered on 24 July 1304, and, on the departure of Edward, was appointed justice and captain in Scotland south of the River Forth.

Serious resistance to Edward now seemed over, and Segrave's main business was to administer the conquered districts, and to track down William Wallace, who still held out. In March 1304 Segrave defeated Wallace in one of his last attempts at resistance. Next summer Wallace was handed over to Segrave, who personally escorted his prisoner to London, reaching the city on 22 August 1305. Before this Edward had on 18 Aug. put Segrave at the head of the special commission appointed to try Wallace. He remained responsible for Wallace's custody during his imprisonment in London, and on 23 August pronounced the sentence of treason against him. After Wallace's death Segrave took his remains back to Scotland,. On 25 October 1305 he received his salary, this perhaps being the date of his ceasing to act as warden of Scotland. In 1306 he was again summoned to Carlisle to share in Edward I's expedition against the Scots.

Under Edward II

Under Edward II Segrave received numerous offices. In the early months of the new reign he became justice of the forests beyond the River Trent, and constable of Nottingham Castle. On 10 March 1309 he was appointed warden of Scotland, with a following of sixty men at arms, and on 10 April 1310 the appointment was renewed.. Scotland was now rapidly falling into the hands of Robert Bruce, Segrave's work was mostly preserve the English frontier: he is in fact described by a border chronicler as warden of the marches on the side of Berwick. But a continued truce from November 1309 to the summer of 1310 restricted Segrave's efforts.

Segrave adhered to the barons during the struggle against Piers Gaveston, and as a result his offices of constable of Nottingham and justice of the forests beyond Trent were on 1 October 1310 transferred by the king to Gaveston himself. Both grants were renewed to Gaveston two months before his execution. On 4 September 1312, soon after Gaveston's death, Segrave received the office of keeper of the forests on this side Trent. In 1314 he took part in the great expedition against Scotland, and on 24 June fought at the battle of Bannockburn. After the English defeat he fled towards Carlisle, and took refuge with others in Bothwell Castle; but the sheriff, who held the castle, changed sides, and handed over the fugitives as prisoners.

Segrave was kept in Scotland until the end of 1314, when he was released in exchange for some Scottish prisoners and on payment of a large ransom; his son Stephen arranged the conditions of the exchange. He still held his keepership and the custody of Nottingham Castle, to which Derby Castle was now added. On 14 July 1316 he received a grant of £1,000 in aid of his ransom from the Scots and for other losses in the king's service, sums due to the crown being deducted from the gross sum. He was one of the continual council, appointed at the reconciliation between Edward II and Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster in 1318, to be perpetually about the king. On 30 November 1321 he was one of those ordered to raise the local levies on the king's behalf in Warwickshire, Leicestershire, and Staffordshire.

Death

On 16 July 1324 Segrave was appointed, with Fulk FitzWarin, captain of the troops going to Gascony, serving under Edmund of Woodstock, Earl of Kent. Next year he died in Aquitaine, aged nearly 70 years old. The extent of the Segrave territories and influence had been much widened during his lifetime. His father's estates were nearly confined to the central midland counties, but he also acquired territory in Norfolk, Oxfordshire, Huntingdonshire, and other shires. In 1301 he had license to crenellate his house at Bretby, Derbyshire, and in 1306 to fortify his manor-house at Caludon, Warwickshire, with a moat and embattelled wall.

Family

Segrave's eldest son, Stephen de Segrave, died shortly after him in 1325. His second son, John, described by 1312 as John de Segrave the younger, married Juliana, daughter and heiress of John de Sandwich, lord of Folkestone, and died in 1349, leaving an infant daughter and heiress named Mary.

John Segrave, 4th Baron Segrave, son of Stephen, succeeded to the title and estates. He served in Edward III's French wars, and married Margaret, daughter and heiress of Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk. This John was the last of the Segraves summoned to parliament.

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John , 2nd Baron Segrave de SEGRAVE

Birth: 1256

Death: 1325, Gascony

Identification Number: 20824

Father: Nicholas de SEGRAVE (b. Abt 1238, Segrave,Leics; d. Bef 12 NOV 1295)

Mother: Maud de LUCY (b. Abt 1239; d. 1337)

Family 1: Christian PLESSETIS

Marriage: Abt 1269

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Note:

   John de Segrave, 2nd Lord (Baron) Segrave; born c1256; undertook militaryservice in Wales by 1285, Ireland by 1287 and Scotland by 1291, also1297-1322; Keeper of Scotland by Feb 1302/3 (and again March 1308/9),when briefly taken prisoner by Scots; Keeper of Nottingham Castle c1308;Keeper of the Marches with Scotland inCumberland 1313; captured by theScots at their victory over the English of Bannockburn 1314; married1269/70 Christian, daughter of Hugh de Plessis, and died by 4 Oct 1325.[Burke's Peerage]
   ------------------------------
   John deSegrave, 2nd baron, b. 1256, summoned to parliament from 26August, 1296, to 6May, 1325. This nobleman, in the lifetime of his fatherhaving been taken prisoner in the wars of Scotland (9th Edward I) [1281],obtained from the king, in consideration of his services there, the grantof Ð100 towards the liquidation of his ransom. He was subsequently muchengaged in the Scottish wars, and in the 24th of the same reign, wasconstable of the English army in that country. The next year he was byindenture retained to serve Roger le Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, with sixknights, himself accounted, as wellin time of peace as in war, for theterm of his whole life, in England, Wales and Scotland; viz, in the timeof peace with six horses, so long as the earl should think fit, takingBouche of Court for himself and his knights, and for hisesquires, hay andoats; as also livery for six more horses and wages for six groom andtheir horses; likewisefor himself two robes yearly, as well in timeofpeace as war, as for a banneret; and for his five knights, as for hisother bachelors, viz., two yearly. Moreover, in time of war, he was boundto bring withhim his five knights with twenty horses, and inconsideration thereof, to receive for himself and his company, with allthose horses, 40s. per day, but if heshould bring no more than sixhorses,then 32s.; it being likewise agreed that the horses should be valued tothe end that a fair allowance might be made for any which should be lostin the service. For the performance of this covenant, he had a grant ofthe manor of Lodene, co. Norfolk.
   In the 26th Edward I [1298], his lordship was again in Scotland and had aprincipal command at the battle of Falkirk. In three yearsafter, heobtained license to make a castle at hismanor house of Bretteby, co.Derby, and he was next constituted governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed, asalso warden of Scotland. Subsequently, we find him with King Edward atthe celbrated siege of Caerlaverock. After the accession of EdwardII[1307], he was again made warden of Scotland and within a short timeattending the king into that usualtheatre of war, was amongst the worstedin the great defeat sustained by the English arms at Bannockburn, and wasmade prisoner bythe Scots, who detained him for a year until he wasexchanged for Thomas de Moram and other prisoners of that realm who wereincarcerated in London. His lordship eventually lost his life in Gasconywhither he was sent by the king, who had conceived some displeasureagainst him for the escape of Roger Mortimer out of the Tower of London,under pretence of defending those parts with Edmund, Earl of Kent, andothers, where, being a great mortality, he d. anno 1325. His lordship m.in the lifetime of his father, in 1270, Christian, dau. of Sir Hugh dePlessetis, Knt., by whom he had issue, Stephen. [Sir Bernard Burke,Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd.,London, 1883, p. 485, Segrave, Barons Segrave of Barton Segrave]
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John Segrave, 2nd Baron Segrave's Timeline

1256
1256
Seagrave, Leicestershire, England
1269
1269
Age 13
Of, , Shropshire, England
1271
July 1, 1271
Age 15
Chacombe, Northamptonshire, England
1280
1280
Age 24
Barton Seagrave, Northamptonshire, England
1283
1283
Age 27
Norfolk, England
1286
1286
Age 30
1291
1291
Age 35
Segrave, Leicestershire, , England
1295
1295
Age 39
Segrave, Leicestershire, England
1325
September 1, 1325
Age 69
Chacombe Priory, Northamptonshire, , England
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