Historical records matching John Tyler Caldwell
About John Tyler Caldwell
John Tyler Caldwell (December 9, 1911 – October 13, 1995) was an American educator who presided over three universities, including North Carolina State University.
Caldwell was born in Yazoo City, Mississippi. He received a B.S. from Mississippi State College in 1932, an M.A. from Duke University in 1936, and a Ph.D. in political science from Princeton University in 1939 as a Julius Rosenwald Fellow. He was a professor of political science at Holmes Junior College from 1932–1936 and was a professor at Vanderbilt University from 1939-1947.
Caldwell entered the US Navy as an Ensign in 1942 to serve in World War II and was awarded a Bronze Star for his service in the Battle of Okinawa. He left the Navy in 1946 as a Lt. Commander. Caldwell was named president of the University of Montevallo in Alabama in 1947. After leaving Montevallo in 1951, he served as president of the University of Arkansas. Here, he supervised the development and expansion of the University's Graduate school and saw the beginning of the process of racial integration. This was noted by its peacefulness in contrast to problems encountered elsewhere.
In 1959 he was named the eighth chancellor of North Carolina State University. During his tenure, the university established the School of Physical Sciences and Applied Mathematics and the School of Liberal Arts. After his retirement from the office in 1975 Caldwell continued to teach in the Department of Political Science.
The NC State Alumni Association established the John T. Caldwell Alumni Scholarship Program (later called the Caldwell Fellows) in 1977 to recruit outstanding high school seniors to NC State. These students were selected on the basis of leadership potential, outstanding scholarship, citizenship, maturity and intellectual promise. From 1977-2004 over 400 Caldwell Alumni Scholarships have been awarded. In 1988, the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges named Caldwell one of Mississippi State's 10 distinguished alumni.
Caldwell was an Eagle Scout, recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award, and worked with Scouting much of his life.
Caldwell died in Raleigh, North Carolina at the age of 83.
NCSU Libraries Special Collections Research Center serves as the repository for John Tyler Caldwell's manuscript papers and University Archives.
The North Carolina Humanities Council named its highest honor after Caldwell.