John Ulrich, Sr. (1764 - 1838) Icn_world

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Roaring Spring, Blair, Pennsylvania, United States
Death: Died in Lawrence, Douglas, Kansas, United States
Managed by: Juanita Millhouse
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About John Ulrich, Sr.

    On the present site of Roaring Spring, on December 22, 1766, a warrant for what was called the "Mill Seat Land" was issued to Edward Sanders.  Fourteen years later, on March 16, 1789, he deeded this same tract to Daniel Ullery (Ulrich), a member of the church of the Brethren.  Near the spring Daniel built the first grist mill in this part of the country but it was soon burned down by the Indians.  He rebuilt at once, for a mill was a community necessity, and again it was burned. June 2, 1781, Daniel Ullery (Ulrich) transferred his entire belongings to his son John.  In 1821 John sold his possessions, comprising 300 acres, and by this transaction, the tract included now in the borough passed out of the hands of the Brethren. It is believed Daniel and his first wife Christina died in Roaring Spring.
     A book I was fortunate to locate, and now have in my possession, written in 1920 by D.M. Bare, entitled, "Looking Back 80 Years, A History Of Roaring Spring, Pa.", does an excellent job of providing details of the Ulrich property and it's subsequent transfer to son Johannes (John) Ulrich.  An important fact is that the Bare family purchased the actual land owned by Daniel and John Ulrich, and he at that time had the actual document, in parchment, of the transfer Daniel made to son John. It states as follows: 

"THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA.

    TO ALL TO WHOM THESE PRESENTS SHALL COME, GREETING, KNOW YE,  That in consideration of the sum of thirty pounds, twelve shillings and six pence lawful money now paid by John Ulrey into the Receiver-General's Office of this Commonwealth......there is granted by the said Commonwealth unto the said JOHN ULREY, a certain tract of land called 'THE MILL SEAT' ...situated in BEDFORD TOWNSHIP, BEDFORD COUNTY, BEGINNING AT a white oak thence by one Lindsay's land north fourteen degrees east one hundred and nine perches to a sugar tree, thence by barren land north thirty degrees west sixty perches to a sugar tree north forty degrees east ninety four perches to a white oak south seventy degrees east sixty-six perches to a post by a hickory south fifteen degrees east two hundred and fourteen perches to a large white oak and west one hundred and seventy four perches to the beginning containing one hundred and sixty nine acres and an allowance of 6% for roads, etc., which said tract was surveyed in pursuance of an application No. 2218 dated 22nd of December, 1766, granted to Edward Sanders who by deed dated 16th, March, 1780, conveyed the same to Daniel Ulrey who by will dated 2nd Jan'y, 1781, devised the same to his son the said John Ulrey for whom a warrant of acceptance issued 24th July, 1795.
    TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said tract or parcel of land, with the appurtenances, unto the said JOHN ULREY....and his heirs to the use of him the said JOHN ULREY his...heirs and assigns, forever....free and clear of all restrictions and reservations as to mines, royalties, quite-rents or otherwise excepting and reserving only the fifth part of all gold and silver ore for the use of this Commonwealth to be delivered at the Pitt's mouth clear of all charges.
  IN WITNESS whereov THOMAS MIFFLIN, governor of the said commonwealth hath hereto set his hand and caused the State Seal to be hereunto affixed the twenty eighth day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety five and of the commonwealth the TWENTIETH.   Attest, James Trimble, deputy Sec'y. Patent, John Ullery, 169 As. land, Bedford County. Enrolled in the Rolls Office for the State of Pennsylvania, in Pat. Bk No. 25, page 407. Witnesseth my hand and seal of office the 28th day of July 1795.  MATH. IRWIN."
    Mr. Bare states that he also holds the original patent issued to John Ullery, or Woolery, by will, for three hundred and thirty seven acres and one hundred two perches.  The patent for part of this land was dated June 6th, 1791, and for the remainder of it, July 14th, 1795.  Part of D. M. Bare's farm and the largest part of Roaring Spring is of this last purchase.   
   
    A portion of Daniel Ulrich's original Mill Seat Tract was later called "Spangs Mill." It was purchased by the D.M. Bare Company in 1864.  The property consisted of ninety acres of land, two small log houses, a frame store building, an old grist mill and a saw mill.  The grist mill had been built at two different times, part of it was built of logs and part was frame.  This property had been part of the Geo. Spang family but was sold to Mann family. They became financially embarrassed  and it was sold by Samuel McCalment, High Sheriff of Blair County on the 20th day of March, 1863, to Job Mann, the son, for seventeen thousand dollars, and Sheriffs deed is dated April 24th, 1863. Job then sold to D.M. Bare on September 1st, 1863.  This property had been in the possession of the Ullery (Ulrich) family from 1780 to 1821. On March 22, 1821, John Ullery (Ulrich) conveyed this land with a larger adjoining tract amounting to three hundred and eighty eight acres, to Geo. B. Spang and the location is given as Woodbury Township, Bedford County.  This purchase took in the old "Mill Seat Tract," the Spang Mansion Farm, the Eli Lower and the Samuel Garver heir's properties. 
    Among the earliest settlers of Roaring Spring, members of the Church of the Brethren, were Daniel Ullery, who on March 16th, 1780, purchased one hundred and sixty nine acres of land known as "the Mill Seat Land;" the Neffs, the Housers, the Hoovers, the Martins, and the Brumbaughs.  They set to work, clearing away forests, tilling the soil, building homes and in a quiet way, promoting the peace and prosperity of the surrounding community.  They were hindered and plundered by the Indians, who no doubt were incensed against the Brethren by the fighting attitude of their Scotch-Irish neighbors.  Between twenty and thirty Brethren members were massacred in 1777.  The Brethren held their services in homes and in schoolhouses.
    Daniel Ulrich dictated his will on January 2, 1781 in Peters Township, Cumberland County, Pa., in which he left 1/3 or his land to his wife Christina, and named his eldest daughter as Susannah, wife of Johannes Dieter, who is to have my land in Morrison's Cove in Bedford County, " 200 acres where they have already lived."  It is interesting that Daniel had earlier willed much of his land to his son John, so Daniel obviously had extensive real estate holdings in the area.  The widow, Christina Ulrich, was taxed in Montgomery Township, Franklin County, Pa, for the year 1781 and the following year as well. It should be remembered that shortly after Daniel's will was written, the county was divided, so the widow Christina did not move, she was simply in a new county by political edict.  Christina's father, Conrad Brumbaugh, was one of the witnesses, appeared in Orphan's court on December 14th, 1792 to affirm the Will.  Three years passed however, until the actual distribution of land took place.   
    Another book, "History of the Early Settlement of the Juniata Valley," by U.J. Jones, written in 1856, gives many descriptions of life in Morrison's Cove and the Juniata Valley and Roaring Spring. One account is described as follows:  "During the Indian wars of 1762, quite a number of murders were committed in the Cove, and many captives taken, but the particulars are too vague for history.  Although we made every effort to ascertain the names of some of he massacred, and the circumstances attending their massacre, we signally failed.  It may, therefore, be supposed that, in the absence of any record, there is no other method of ascertaining facts extant.
   During the Great Cove massacre, among others carried into captivity was the family of John Martin. This incursion was indeed a most formidable one, led by the kings Shingas and Beaver in person. How many were killed there is no living witness to tell; neither can we conjecture the number of prisoners taken.  The following petition was sent by John Martin to Council:
    The Humble Petition of Your Most Obedient Servant Sheweth Sir, may it pleas Your Excellancy, Hearing me in Your Clemancy a few Words.  I, One of the Beraved of my Wife and five children, by Savage War at the Captivity of the Great Cove, after Many & Long Journeys, I Lately went to an Indian Town, viz., Tuskaroways, 150 miles Beyond Fort Pitt, & Entreated in Col. Bucquits & Co. Croghan's favor, So as to bear their Letters to King Beaver & Cap', Shingas, Desiring them to Give up One of my Daughters to me, Whiles I have Yet two Sons & One Other Daughter, if Alive, Among them-and after Seeing my Daughter with Shingas he Refused to Give her up, and after some Expostulating with him, but all in vain, he promised to Deliver her up with the Other Captives to y' Excellency.  Sir, y' Excellency's Most Humble Serv', Humbly & Passionately Beseeches Y' Benign Compassion to interpose Y' Excellencies Beneficient influence in favor of Y' Excellencies Most Obedient & Dutiful Serv'.  

Signed, John Martin."

    Jones goes on to say that the first depredations in the area took place in November, 1777.  "The supposition is that there were two parties of Indians of about fifteen each, who met at or near Neff's (Ulrich's) Mill, in the Cove.  On their way, thither, the one party killed a man named Hammond, who resided along the Juniata, and the other party killed a man named Ullery (Ulrich) who was returning from Neff's (Ulrich's) Mill on horseback.  They also took two children with them as prisoners.  The alarm was spread among the inhabitants, and they fled to the nearest forts with all dispatch; and on this first expedition they would have had few scalps to grace their belts, had the Dunkards taken the advice of more sagacious people, and fled too;  this however, they would not do.  They would follow but half of Cromwell's advice--they were willing to put their "trust in God" but they would not "keep their powder dry."  In short, it was a compound they did not use at all.
    The savages swept down through the Cove with all the ferocity with which a pack of wolves would descend from the mountain upon a flock of sheep.  Some few of the Dunkards, who evidently had a latent spark of love of life, hid themselves away; but by far the most of them stood by and witnessed the butchery of their wives and children, merely saying, "Gotten wille sei gethan."  How many Dunkard scalps they carried to Detroit cannot now be, and probably never has been, clearly ascertained, not less than thirty, according to the best authority.  In addition to this, they loaded themselves with plunder, stole a number of horses, and under cover of night the triumphant warriors marched bravely away."
    Following the sale of his property in 1821, records indicate that John then moved near Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio where he wintered, before leaving in the spring to scout out and purchase desirable land for purchase in what is now Hagerstown, Wayne County, Indiana.  There were a considerable number of Brethren kinsmen living in Ohio at the time, Ohio having recently been considered safe from hostile Indians and good farmland available for homesteading.  Speaking only broken English, he bid on his property by holding up his fingers to indicate the amount he was willing to pay.  He purchased 1200 acres in the Nettle Creek area on October 30th, 1822, hoping to have a good farm for himself and family. He left Roaring Spring, Pennsylvania with $1,200.000 in gold concealed under the floorboards of his wagon, used to purchase his new farm. His saddlebag is currently on display in Hagerstown.  He then returned to Ohio in 1830 to marry Elizabeth, his new wife. He brought his bride and his family back to Indiana where they settled on their newly acquired property. Elizabeth is believed to be the widow of Ludwig Clapper, yet at least one source indicates her name was Stiffler. There is the possibility both are correct. She may have been previously twice married.  Some evidence indicates that Elizabeth was the sister of his first wife Christina Brumbaugh Ulrich and possibly even a twin sister.  Christina was born October 25, 1777 and Elizabeth, October 15, 1777 (in dispute), ten days prior to Christina.  One or the other of these dates may be slightly incorrect but it offers interesting possibilities.  Further confirmation comes from the "Blue River Township, Henry County, Indiana, cemetery inscription by Thomas Hamm, published in 1982 shows on page 33, reads, "Elizabeth Brombaugh, daughter of Conrad & Christina (Heiser) Brumbaugh, married first to Ludwig Clapper, 1789-1825. He died in Huntington Co., Pa.  Elizabeth buried in Wayne Co., Indiana.  Died September 28th, 1865 at the age of 87y, 11m, 11d, 2nd wife of John Ulrich, Sr.  John Ulrich Sr. (son of Daniel Ulrich), married first Christina Brombaugh, (1777-1817), the daughter of Conrad and Christina (Heiser Brombaugh). She died and is buried in Bedford County, Pa.  He married as his second wife, Elizabeth (Brombaugh) Clapper, a sister of his first wife.  She is buried here."                                                  
   This information would seem to leave little doubt they were sisters and possibly twins.  However, some say Elizabeth Brumbaugh never left Pennsylvania. The Miami Valley Genealogical index clearly indicates that a John Ullery married Elizabeth Clapper in Ohio in 1830.  Was this our John Ulrich?  We think so because most information available indicates he was in transition between Roaring Spring, Pennsylvania and Hagerstown, Indiana during this period.
    As one of the founding fathers of Hagerstown, John developed extensive property holdings in Wayne County and possibly Henry County, consisting of a home, several granaries and fine farm land.  Today the home of his son Jacob and Mary Hoover Ulrich is listed on the National Historic Register as an historical treasure. We are told some of those descendants still live on the Ulrich farms today.

Pictures of the home and John Ulrich's tombstone are in possession of this editor, Joe Ulrich.

We also have a photo of John's home, which as of a few years ago was still standing in Hagerstown, Indiana.

    John's two wives, Christina Brumbaugh, and Elizabeth,  the daughters of Conrad Brumbaugh (?), were also  cousins of Samuel (Ullery). Ulrich's wife, Mary Brumbaugh. Conrad Brumbaugh was the son of immigrant Johann Heinrich Brumbaugh.  
    John is reported to be a revolutionary soldier but there is some disagreement on this, some thinking he has been confused with another John Ulrich.  It does seem rather unusual that a devout German Brethren, very active in his church,  would take part in military service.  However it is reported that Conrad Brumbaugh, Johns father in law, did enlist and served, so there is the possibility he was influenced by his father in law and also enlisted.  His gravestone indicates that he was a private in the lst Partisan Legion of Massachusetts during the Revolutionary War, under Col. Marquis De La Rouerier, serving to July 1, 1782.  If this were true he would have been approximately 14 years old at the time (not an unusual occurrence).  Is this an error, or fact?  We think it most likely to be in error and a mystery for future researchers to resolve.  
    John and his family were not only land pioneers, but they helped found the Church Of The Brethren in Hagerstown, Indiana, called the Nettle Creek Church, shortly after settling there.  They also established the Ulrich family cemetery on land they donated.  A deed or record, recorded May 12,1840 reads:

"Articles of agreement made and entered into this Fifth day of January in the year of our Lord, eighteen hundred thirty nine, between the heirs of John Ulrich Sr., and, to wit, Daniel Ulrich, John Ulrich, Jacob Ulrich, David Ulrich, Abraham Teeter, Zachariah Albaugh, sons in law, that we equally and mutually agree to reserve one acre of land out of the west one half of the north west quarter of section No. 9, Township No. Seventeen, of Range twelve, commencing and described as follows; on the east line one pole north of the Tombstone placed at the head of the grave of said John Ulrich, Sr., running thirteen poles west thence twelve and one third poles south, thence east thirteen poles to said line, hence north to the place of the beginning for the purpose and use of a neighborhood burying grounds and school house, provided said school house is built near the west line of said acre of land."

Signed:

"Daniel Ulrich John Ulrich Jacob Ulrich David Ulrich Abraham Teeter Zachariah Albaugh"

  • The aforementioned Ulrich Cemetery is today located northwest of Hagerstown, Indiana, on Hoover Road. It is believed that John Ulrich was the first buried here.

From a publication commemorating the Hagerstown Centennial Celebration in 1932, entitled "Hagerstown Centennial, 1832/1932, it states:

      "About the year 1822 the surrounding country commenced filling up with families and the village began to grow.  Many descendants of these families live here at the present time.  
    John Mason, from Kentucky; David and Aaron Miller; William Campbell, from Kentucky; Samuel Eiler, William Jennings; Jonas Hoover; Isaac Zook; David Hardman; Jacob Heaston; Zachariah Albaugh of Maryland; Daniel Wagner; Samuel Replogle; Eli Petty; David Lantz; Samuel Lantz, Wm. Felton, Abraham Teetor, Joseph Replogle and Martin Shultz, all of Pennsylvania, settled near the town between the years 1821 to 1833.
    The Town of Hagerstown was laid out by Jacob Ulrich and Jonas Harris, March 8, 1832, and the survey recorded November 15, 1832 by Jacob Ulrich, Henry Herman and George Gillespie & Co.  There have been five additions up to the present date.
    The Post Office was established as early as 1828 and was kept in the little log store previously mentioned, and was called Nettle Creek office.  The town's name was changed to Hagerstown in honor of Hagerstown, Maryland, from where many settlers had migrated.
    In 1825 the church (Church Of The Brethren) nucleus was apparently being formed in the vicinity of Hagerstown, centering around the location of the present large church edifice, one mile west of the town, carrying the name, "Nettle Creek Congregation."  (editors note: Jacob Ulrich originally developed a small community in the vicinity of Hagerstown that he named "Elizabeth town."  That community did not develop as planned,)
    The new organization was placed in charge of Elder David Miller, one of the ministers who had been preaching in this territory previously.  Each year a series of meetings were held, at one or two of the chapels, and lasting from two to three weeks.  Love feasts or community meetings held, generally twice each year at the center house, one in the spring and one in the fall.  These meetings were generally attended by the ministers and members from other congregations, with a very large local attendance.
    The names and order of succession of the bishops in charge of Nettle Creek congregation from it's organization are as follows:  David Miller, succeeded by Benjamin Bowman. Upon Bowman's transfer to another congregation, he was succeeded by David Hardman.  Upon his death in 1863, the charge fell to Daniel Bowman, who held it until age and failing health rendered him unable to longer bear the burden.
    On October 15, 1885, the charge was placed upon Lewis W. Teeter, who served the Nettle Creek congregation as elder for thirty-eight years. Mr. Teetor was a minister of the church for more than half a century and served twenty years as a trustee of Manchester College.  He was noted for his scholarly attainments, having written a commentary upon the New Testament, which has had a wide distribution. He died in 1927 and was succeeded by the Rev. Oscar Werking." 

Another section of the booklet states:

    "The White water canal first was completed from Cincinnati to Cambridge City and mule-drawn boats were in operation. Along this twisting and winding waterway were towns thriving with business. A large volume of trade passed through Hagerstown to the warehouses of southern shippers.
    The people of Hagerstown being wide awake, determined to have the same advantages as the neighboring town of Cambridge City, and started to extend the canal northward to Hagerstown.  

Hagerstown was growing and prosperous and already had a few manufacturing establishments rivaling those of Richmond. It was surrounded by a rich farming country and the town needed this new method of transportation and communication to compete with other towns.

    Hagerstown had it's flour mills, barrel factories, tannery, pork packing plants, iron foundry and saw mills.  An outlet at this place meant the trade from the surrounding country, more especially the towns to the north as they were without adequate facilities.
    In the year 1846, a meeting was held in the drug store of Wesley Williamson and the Hagerstown Canal Company was formed, with Jacob Ulrich as President and Wesley Williamson, Secretary.  George Gillespie was appointed general manager of the construction work and William Davis, assistant.  Others active in the work were A.B. Knode, Hiram Mendenhall and Mr. Allen.  However, everyone in the vicinity supported the project.  Stock issued in $5.00 and $50.00 shares, were quickly purchased by people of the community.
    The Dunkards of this section donated their teams, scoops, wagons and labor, working alongside the hired laborers.  The wages paid hired workmen on the construction of the canal averaged $18.00 a month.
    The section from Hagerstown to Cambridge City was completed in 1847 at a cost of $100,000.00 and was successfully operated until the lower canal was abandoned.  The people of the White water Valley anticipated great results from the construction of the canal. Sites were selected along the banks of this waterway for large cities.  Streets and buildings were built to avoid confusion and disorder if rapid growth followed. Every town became a camp for wagon trains, drawn by six horses.  They often had to wait to unload because warehouses were inadequate.  Many excursions were run on the canal and it was considered a great "treat" to take a trip to Lawrence burg, and then up the river on a steamer to Cincinnati or down to Louisville.
    A flood in 1847 carried away the aqueducts across Symond's creek and at Laurel, and damaged the dams.  The loss to the company was $100,000.00.  Scarcely had repairs been finished when a second flood came in 1865, causing the disbanding of the canal; the canal property was sold to Henry C. Lord for $137,348.12.  The Big Four railroad was built soon afterwards on the towpath.  
    Thus the rise and fall of a great undertaking, fortunes were lost, hopes shattered and ambition foiled; the canal had its day and was worth while, for as a result of its convenience, farmers thrived, manufacturing plants grew, business flourished, population increased and prosperity reigned.  But this historic undertaking had to give away to inevitable progress-the era when the iron horse superceded the patient mule"
    Note:  Information provided by David Brownlee, from information passed down through the family and given to him by Jean Brownlee Parson, indicates that John Ulrich was married to Elizabeth Clapper and this John Ulrich was born in New York, moved on to Pennsylvania where he took up land from the William Penn government where Roaring Spring now stands.  {Editors note:  This is the first information known to this editor that John was born in New York, but certainly a possibility, although it is contrary to other information available.  It is more likely they were referring to John's parents or grandparents. No known records exists of where our family arrived in America. It is generally believed to have been Maryland but certainly could have been New York.} 
    Another notation stated:  "You will note that a longer genealogy was once available involving Germany, Holland, England and New York, but I don't have it."
    Other letters sent by David Brownlee are presented below:  (From a letter from David's Aunt, Betty Ulrich Kimpton to her parents circa 1931-1932)
    "It is raining this morning and I hope the Ulrich's get started for Indiana in spite of the weather. I am so glad some of them could go, and I know they will have a good time.  I have been receiving newspapers and letters from there.  They printed the letter I sent Mr. Dutro.  I had such a nice letter from Mr. Dutro, who told me about early Hagerstown (Indiana) days.  He said that Jacob Ulrich put a good deal of money into a canal project, and when the railroads came in the thing went busted and then he decided to go to Kansas.  I sent the newspaper a story, but it may be too long for them to print.  But it is all so interesting.  Carl and I will stop there if we drive east new year.
    Mother I hope you rent your rooms.  Now don't worry about me, for really I will be All right in a few days. Carl got me a second hand typewriter and I am so pleased."

(Letter from Aunt Betty, circa 1931-1932)

                                                                                                       "Monday morning."
    "Dearest Ethel and All,"
          "I was so glad to hear from you at last.  My sisters never write to me since I am married. I suppose they think I don't need so much moral support now. Your new house sounds very attractive and I know you are enjoying it.  Isn't it nice to have more room, and I think a sun parlor is so nice.  You will probably hate to leave the Browns. Is the place in Vernon Heights?  I thought that was so pretty.
         How do you like my typewriter?  Carl salvaged me one from the Hallar offices, the only thing he will get out of his loss.  It is a large Underwood, one of those long ones used to write insurance policies, but it is so much better than the one I had at the store that I think it is grand.
         I am sending you a copy of the paper I wrote for the newspaper in Hagerstown, Indiana. I suppose Mother has written you about the celebration. (the Centennial celebration, 1832/1932)  I wanted to go terribly, but Carl hated to be left alone and has promised me that we will drive east next year and can stop there.  It is a good thing we didn't plan to go for I would not have felt like it.  Aunt Maggie and Uncle Ira and Hershell Ulrich and his wife left this morning to drive.  They surely will receive a welcome reception.
    I am beginning to find that the Ulrich's have been somebody in particular and I think have it all over the Kennedy's. I think that pleases Dad.  This Jacob Ulrich (John Sr.'s son) was a born organizer, and it is too bad some of his descendants couldn't have inherited some of his qualities. Would you be interested in having a copy of the family tree as I got it from Roaring Spring, Pa?  I corresponded with a cousin, Mr. Louis Hoover, who is descended both from the Ulrich's and the Hoover's.  In reading the newspapers they have sent me from Hagerstown, I see the names of Hoover, Ulrich, Teetor, Zook and other cousins who used to visit in Kansas in the early day.  Just think Leslie's name was John, his father was Jacob, his father John, his father Jacob, and his father John.  I learn that the Brumbaugh came in through the Hoover's. May Hoover Ulrich's mother's name was Elizabeth Brumbaugh.  I am as sure as anything that we are related to Herbert Hoover. The only difference is that his people turned Quaker instead of Dunkard and settled in Maryland instead of Pennsylvania.  I wonder if it would be at all profitable to write a genealogy of the Ulrich family.  If every relative would buy a copy I might accumulate a fortune, for the line does not seem to diminish.  I just wish you could come to one of the reunions some time.  Carl got a big kick out of it.  And he got enough to eat for once.
    Is Harold feeling better?  I am glad he had such a nice trip to Denver and that he saw Floyd.  Carl's best and oldest friend, Byron Pampel, who is a doctor in Livingston, Montana was here with his wife and Daughter for two weeks, and we ran around so much I think I overdid.  I had nine over for dinner one night and did all the work myself.  Then we were invited to picnics and dinners given for them.  I certainly did like them.  Their town is just at the opening of Yellowstone Park and we are cordially invited to visit them.  How I would love to.
    We have even gone so far as to have Heber Pampel, architect, draw up some plans for us, knowing that we can't afford to build.  But the plans are darling, a native stone English type house, bungalow type.  But they are only dreams.
    We had such a nice trip into the Ozarks.  You would have been delighted with Dad.  He and Mother had such a good time.  Carl was the planner of the trip, and I think it was so nice of him and I think he has won the folks completely.  Did I write you that Lawrence is going to Cornell next year to work on his Doctor's?  He and Geneva traded their Packard for a ford but at that decided they couldn't afford to drive across the continent, so they are on a freighter, coming through the Panama Canal.  Lawrence writes that there are only five passengers on the boat, which is loaded with lumber.  It is a great experience for those kids, and they are having a great time.
    I was so sorry to hear about Arthur's boy. Did you ever hear of anyone having such tough breaks as Arthur?  Poor people!
    Carl and I will celebrate our first anniversary the 25th.  This has been a short and happy year for me.  Now do write me. It was too bad about Joe's arm.  I can't imagine Jean so grown up."

Love,

Bess" -------------------- John Ulrich was a Revolutionary War soldier. He enlisted at Harrisburg PA at the age of 14 and was a private on a General Retun of the First Partisan Legion commaned by General Armand. Until 1821 he operated a grist mill in Roaring Spring. In that year he sold it and came to Ohio and Indiana with Daniel, 27, in anticipation of buying land. In 1822 they bought 1,200 acres in Dayton for $1500 in gold in a government land sale. Some records have his dob as October 14 1764 and some are October 24 1764.

Excerpt and summary from the article "Ulrich Cemetary Burial Site For Revolutionary War Veteran" by Florence Yeager

view all 15

John Ulrich, Sr.'s Timeline

1764
October 14, 1764
Roaring Spring, Blair, Pennsylvania, United States
1775
1775
- 1783
Age 10
United States

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence,[1] was, at least initially, a civil war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies on the North American continent (as well as some naval conflict). Foreign nations allied with the revolutionaries, which later declared war on Britain, and the war became an international conflict. The war was the culmination of the political American Revolution, whereby the colonists overthrew British rule. In 1775, Revolutionaries seized control of each of the thirteen colonial governments, set up the Second Continental Congress, and formed a Continental Army. The following year, they formally declared their independence as a new nation, the United States of America. From this time on, other European nations that rivaled Britain as colonial powers provided support for the rebels, at first secretly, later openly.

1776
July 4, 1776
Age 11

The United States Declaration of Independence is an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies in North America were "Free and Independent States" and that "all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved." The document, formally entitled The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen United States of America, explained the justifications for separation from the British crown, and was an expansion of Richard Henry Lee's Resolution (passed by Congress on July 2), which first proclaimed independence. An engrossed copy of the Declaration was signed by most of the delegates on August 2 and is now on display in the National Archives and Records Administration in Washington, D.C. (Wiki)

1787
September 17, 1787
Age 22
United States

The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. It provides the framework for the organization of the United States Government. The document outlines the three main branches of the government. The legislative branch is embodied in the bicameral Congress. The executive branch is headed by the President. The judicial branch is headed by the Supreme Court. Besides providing for the organization of these branches, the Constitution carefully outlines which powers each branch may exercise. It also reserves numerous rights for the individual states, and, thus, establishes the United States' federal system of government.
The United States Constitution was adopted on September 17, 1787, by the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and later ratified by conventions in each state in the name of "the People"; it has since been amended twenty-seven times, the first ten amendments being known as the Bill of Rights. The Constitution has a central place in United States law and political culture. The U.S. Constitution is the oldest federal constitution of any existing nation. The handwritten, or "engrossed", original document is on display at the National Archives and Records Administration in Washington, D.C.. (Wiki)

1792
1792
Age 27
United States
1794
January 23, 1794
Age 29
Bedford, Pennsylvania, United States
1795
December 28, 1795
Age 31
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, United States
1797
May 11, 1797
Age 32
Bedford, Pennsylvania, United States
1800
October 13, 1800
Age 35
Bedford, Pennsylvania, United States
1803
July 10, 1803
Age 38
Bedford, Pennsylvania, United States