John Vassall, ll, The Gallant Alderman of London

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John Vassall, ll, The Gallant Alderman of London

Also Known As: "/Vassall/ Vestal/", "vassall"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Caen, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France
Death: Died in Stepney, Middlesex, England
Cause of death: Plague
Place of Burial: St Dunstan, Stepney, England
Immediate Family:

Son of John Vassall, l and wife of the 1st John Vassall
Husband of Anne Vassall; Anne Vassall; Anne Vassall and Judith Vassall
Father of Judith Perry; Samuel Vassall; John Vassall, III; William Vassall Pilgrim of the Blessing; Anna (Ann) Jones and 5 others

Occupation: Alderman, Mariner
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About John Vassall, ll, The Gallant Alderman of London

John Vassall was the builder and owner of the Mayflower that brought the Pilgrims to the shores of Cape Cod.

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nyterry/vasall/vassall.html:

The history of my Vassall family in New England starts with William Vassall and his wife Anna King. He first came to New England on the Arabella, in 1628. He and his brother Samuel were assistants of the Mass. Bay company. They were the sons of John Vassall, builder and owner of the Mayflower and other ships.

William seems to have been one of my trouble makers in the colony. If one reads the snipits from various books that mention him, he is always referred to as fractious. The first impression of him may not always be a good one, unless you take a closer look at the events and circumstances of the day. Closer inspection reveals a man of great convictions in the rights and freedoms of his fellow Englishman. He seems to have worked very hard for religious tolerance. Its no wonder the governors and assistants found him to be fractious. William and his brother Samuel, along with Mr. Symon Whetcombe and William Pynchon were chosen by John and Samuel Browne to speak on their behalf, when hauled before the court for reading out of the Book of Prayer. William was not a Congregationalist as were most of the Puritan leads, he was most likely a Prebyterian or maybe still Episcopalian.

William Vassall returned to England in 1646 supporting the bill for Liberty of Conscience (referred to as the Remonstrance). Proposing with Dr. Robert Child, Samuel Maverick, Thomas Burton, Thomas Fowle, David Yale, John Dand and John Semith, that all members of the Church of England and the Church of Scotland be admitted to communion in the New England church, they forced an unwelcome examination of the legality of the colonial government. A book was written in response to the petition by Mr. Winslow, and the petition met with no sympathy. Frustrated by the lack of attention for the bill, William moved to Barbados.

About The Vassall Family

The Vassalls were an ancient Catholic family of Normandy, which included two cardinals and a marshal of France; but Jean Vassall became a Huguenot and fled to England a few years before the massacre of St. Bartholomew. They were of the Episcopalian faith and supports of the revolution against the authority of King Charles. Most of the Vassals were loyal to the British crown during the American Revolution. In consequence the entire family was exiled and their estates confiscated. After their return to England in 1776 members of the family distinguished themselves in the British army and navy. The seven Mansions still standing (in 1917) in Brattle street, Cambridge, Mass. known as "Tory Row," which included the home of Longfellow and "Elmwood" the birthplace of James Russell Lowell, were in 1774 the homes of the Vassall family.

John Vassall

John Vassall was born about in Caen, Normandie, France about 1524. He married at least once, abt 1543, one known son, John, was born to him.

John Vassall, born 1544 in Normandy France married on September 23, 1569 in Ratcliffe, Middlesex, England to Anne Russell. He died in Sept. 13, 1625 at Stepney, Essex, England. Anne died May 5, 1593 in Stepney, England. The records at the parish church of St. Dunstan's states he died "of the plague"

1) John Vassall was the builder and owner of the Mayflower that brought the Pilgrims to the shores of Cape Cod.

2) John was probably a religious refugee from France, with position and security in England, who fitted out and commanded 2 ships, (Samuel and Tobey jr.) against the Spanish Armada, and was later a member of the Virginia Company. (Dictionary of American Biography, v.19, pg. 230)

3) John was an alderman of London, who, in 1588, at his own expense, fitted out and commanded two ships war with which he joined the royal navy to oppose the Spanish Armada... (NEH&GR, Jan 1871, page 39)

4) John describes himself in his will as a mariner, of French extraction. His father John sent him to England during the religious troubles in France from his home in Normandy. He seems to have been recognized as an authority in questions of navigation, as we find him recommended to be examined by the judge of admiralty as to the skill of the pilot in a suit respecting the wreck of a vessel on the Goodwin sands in 1577. In 1588 he fitted out and commanded a vessel of 140 tons to serve against the Spanish Armada.

5) In Harleian MS.168, f.177, his vessel is called the Samuel, while in the state papers in the record office it appears as the Solomon. (Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. XX. Lond; Oxford Univ. press, 1938)

6) He was a member of the Virginia Company, which made the settlement at Jamestown in 1607.

John's spouse Anna Russell, born in Radcliffe, England. Married September 4,1580 in St. Dunstan's, Stepney Died 1593

John and Ann's Children were: >Judith, John (died as a infant), Samuel 2nd son, John, *William 4th son, and Ann.

Samuel Vassall

Samuel was probably the largest ship owner of his day and was the first to refuse to pay the tax of tonnage and poundage. As a result, his property was seized and he himself thrown into prison for sixteen years by the Star Chamber Court. In 1641 the Long Parliament voted him over ten thousand pounds damages and resolved that he should be further recompensed for his personal suffering, but this was never paid.

When the Parliamentary Party was in its greatest straits during the Civil War, he repeatedly loaned sums of money it Parliament and also placed his ships at its disposal, among those thus employed being the famous "Mayflower." Later the Commonwealth was established, he headed a subscription list with 1,200 to carry on the war in Ireland.

Samuel never came to America, although he was interested in the launching of Rhode Island Colony, being associated in that enterprise with Oliver Cromwell, Sir Harry Cane and other members of Parliament. He and his brother William were both named as assistants to the governor in the charter of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. William Vassall came to Boston with Governor Winthrop in the "Arabella".

In Kings Chapel, Boston there is a baroque bust monument of Samuel Vassall, which was erected in 1766 by his great grandson, Florentius Vassal, of the Island of Jamaica, whose granddaughter and heiress was the celebrated Lady Holland, for over forty years the mistress of Holland House in London. The monument is constructed of colored marbles and adorned with a bust and the arms of the Vassal family, granted by Queen Elizabeth to John Vassall father of Samuel and William on account of his services against the Spanish Armada.

Samuel's son, John Vassall settled in Jamaica in the West Indies, but the latter's son Major Leonard Vassall, lived in Boston, where in 1727, he built a beautiful home in Summer street. At about the same period Leonard Vassall also built for himself a summer home at Braintree (now Quincy), in which the parlor is paneled in mahogany for the West Indian forests. Later this house became the home of the Adams family which gave two presidents to the US.

  • Willam Vassall

William Vassall was born in 1593 in Stepney, England. He died 1655 in Barbados. He was married to Ann King in 1618.

"William Vassall, Esg., born 1593 in Stepney, England. Died 1655 in Barbadoes at the age of 62. He married in 1618 to Anne King, born 1593. They had 6 children who came over to America and are confirmed in Tepper (pg. 30). One child was Judith Vassall who married Resolved White of the Mayflower White family.

William Vassall first came in 1630 on the Arabella, as one of the assistants of the Mass. Bay Co. to Salem, Mass. He returned to England in the fall of 1630 on the "Lyon".

He returned to America on the "Blessing", around July 1635, at the age of 42 with his wife, age 42, and settled at Roxbury. His wife joined the church in 1638. They moved to Scituate and were admitted to the church around 11/28/1636. They took the oath of allegiance to the Plymouth colony on 2/1/1638. He moved to Marshfield, about 1643, where he was again a town officer.

4) Ship the Blessing 1635

http://www.primenet.com/~langford/spls/635ne005.htm

Vassall, Ann . . . . . . 42

Vassall, Ann . . . . . . 6 * Listed together in this order.

Vassall, Margaret . . . . 2 *

Vassall, Mary . . . . . . 1 *

Vassall, Francis . . . . 12 (Entered as "Fra.")

Vassall, Judith . . . . . 16

Vassall, William . . . . 42

Vassell, Jo: . . . . . . 10

William did not aggree with the attitude of Mass. Bay and Plymouth governments towards persons who's opinions in politics and religion differed from the puritan line. He used his influences for greater charity toward the Quakers, etc. The elders expressed their disapproval towards his outspokenness. The church of Plymouth sent him a message by way of John Cook, which is recorded in the book of the second Church, Scituate, dated April 14, 1645; hoping he would desist from proceedings intended, and questioned if they would commune with him if he continued. He went to England in 1646 with a petition to Parliament for the liberty of English subjects." (NEH&GR, Jan 1863, page 58)

6) He settled in Scituate, but in 1634, provoked by the persecution to which the Episcopalians were subjected, he returned to England. Later he went to Barbados and died there. His son Captain John Vassall, Sold the Situate estate in 1661, but the daughters married and remained in this country.

  • Frances Vassall,

born in England 1623, married James Adams, of Scituate, son of John Adams of the "Fortune," July 16, 1646. Savage states that as the daughter of an original patentee who had probably received nothing for his money advanced to the colony, she received from the Federal Court in 1672 a grant of 150 acres. She was the mother of Margaret Adams, 1654-1737, who married John Pease, one of the founders of Enfield, and became the mother of the first child born there.

See direct line to my NY Terrys

Other interesting Vassall Information

Vassall and the Incorporation of Town

From: The Early Planters of Scituate

Vassall and the Division of State and Church

From: The Early Planters of Scituate

My Vassall Line

From: the LDS web site.

Notes on Samuel Vassall

from Chronicles of the First Planters

An image of a house that once belonged to the Vassall:

The Longfellow house in Cambridge Mass.

Related web sites of interest:

The Charter of Massachusetts Bay : 1629

http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/states/mass03.htm

1630, THE WINTHROP FLEET:

Eleven vessels brought 'the Great Emigration' of this year, viz: ARBELLA the flagship

AMBROSE, WILLIAM AND FRANCIS, TALBOT, HOPEWELL, JEWEL, WHALE, CHARLES, SUCCESS, MAYFLOWER, TRIAL

The first five ships sailed April 8 from Yarmouth, Isle of Wight, and arrived at Salem, June 13 and following days. The other half of the fleet sailed in May and arrived in July at various dates. Altogether they brought about seven hundred passengers.

http://members.aol.com/dcurtin1/gene/winthrop.htm

Some of this information was found on the Internet, with embellishments from the book, Abbey Memorial, second edition 1917, The Great Margination Begins, Early Planters of Situate, and my line of descendants from the LDS web site and other sources.

--------------------

The Vassalls Some of this information was found on the Internet, with embellishments from the book, Abbey Memorial, second edition 1917, and my line descendants line from the LDS web site. The Vassalls were an ancient Catholic family of Normandy, which included two cardinals and a marshal of France; But Jean Vassall became a Huguenot and fled to England a few years before the massacre of St. Bartholomew. They were of the Episcopalian faith and supports of the revolution against the authority of King Charles.

Most of the Vassals were loyal to the British crown during the American Revolution. In consequence the entire family was exiled and their estates confiscated. After their return to England in 1776 members of the family distinguished themselves in the British army and navy.

The seven Mansions still standing (in 1917) in Brattle street, Cambridge, Mass. known as "Tory Row," which included the home of Longfellow and "Elmwood" the birthplace of James Russell Lowell, were in 1774 the homes of the Vassall family.

John Vassall John Vassall was born about in Caen, Normandie, France about 1524. He married at least once, abt 1543, one known son, John, was born to him.

John Vassall, born 1544 in Normandy France married on September 23, 1569 in Ratcliffe, Middlesex, England to Anne Russell. He died in Sept. 13, 1625 at Stepney, Essex, England. Anne died May 5, 1593 in Stepney, England. The records at the parish church of St. Dunstan's states he died "of the plague"

1) John Vassall was the builder and owner of the Mayflower that brought the Pilgrims to the shores of Cape Cod.

2) John was probably a religious refugee from France, with position and security in England, who fitted out and commanded 2 ships against the Spanish Armada, and was later a member of the Virginia Company. (Dictionary of American Biography, v.19, pg. 230)

3) John was an alderman of London, who, in 1588, at his own expense, fitted out and commanded two ships war with which he joined the royal navy to oppose the Spanish Armada... (NEH&GR, Jan 1871, page 39)

Re: Judith [VASSALL] WHITE Posted by: tania vestal Date: March 05, 2001 at 21:54:39

In Reply to: Judith [VASSALL] WHITE by Loretta Baughan

Re: Judith [VASSALL] WHITE http://genforum.genealogy.com/cgi-bin/pageload.cgi?resolved::white::1...

4) John describes himself in his will as a mariner, of French extraction. His father John sent him to England during the religious troubles in France from his home in Normandy. He seems to have been recognized as an authority in questions of navigation, as we find him recommended to be examined by the judge of admiralty as to the skill of the pilot in a suit respecting the wreck of a vessel on the Goodwin sands in 1577. In 1588 he fitted out and commanded a vessel of 140 tons to serve against the Spanish Armada.

5) In Harleian MS.168, f.177, his vessel is called the Samuel, while in the state papers in the record office it appears as the Solomon. (Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. XX. Lond; Oxford Univ. press, 1938)

6) He was a member of the Virginia Company, which made the settlement at Jamestown in 1607.

John's spouse Anna Russell, born in Radcliffe, England. Married September 4,1580 in St. Dunstan's, Stepney Died 1593

John and Ann's Children were: Judith, John (died as a infant), Samuel 2nd son, John, *William 4th son, and Ann.

Samuel Vassall Samuel was probably the largest ship owner of his day and was the first to refuse to pay the tax of tonnage and poundage. As a result, his property was seized and he himself thrown into prison for sixteen years by the Star Chamber Court. In 1641 the Long Parliament voted him over ten thousand pounds damages and resolved that he should be further recompensed for his personal suffering, but this was never paid.

Other notes relating to William and family Jun 1657 (Perogative Court of Canterbury) William VASSALL of Barbados, "who had lands in New England." Probate to the son, John VASSALL. (June 1657). Wa. ("American Wills And Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 1610-1857" by Peter Wilson Coldham,1989) See 1661-2 below. John VASSALL, son of William, later removed to Old Rappa. Co VA as did his sister, Ann, wife of Nicholas WARE.

03 Jan 1661/2 As a merchant of St. Michael's, Barbados, 3 Jan. 1661/2, Nicholas WARE gave bond to John VASSALL of Barbados to secure payment to VASSALL for "four good negroes."(Adventurers of Purse & Person, Virginia 1607-1624/5 by Virginia M. Meyer/John Frederick Dorman, 1987)

Note: In disagreement with the above is the statement from "Hoskins of Virginia and Related Families by Charles Willard Hoskins Warner, 1971, pg 155, that : "On January 3, 1661 a certificate was recorded in Rappahannock Court that Mr. Nicholas WARE, merchant ahad that day signed a power of attorney to Mr. John WEIR, "beloved friend" of Rappahannock County."

Nicholas WARE had m Anna VASSALL, d/o William VASSAL who d in Barbados in 1657, formerly a resident of Massachusetts, but born in England (s/o John & Ann RUSSELL Vassal). Nicholas WARE & his brother in law, John VASSALL, s/o William, both later removed to Old Rappahannock Co. VA where John VASSALL is found in records with William UNDERWOOD, Sr., step-son of Archdale Combs of Old Rappahannock Co. VA. William VASSALL'S father, John, had married (2)

Judith BORROUGHS, d/o Stephen, niece of William, and widow of Thomas SCOTT of Colchester, Co. Essex, EN. Whether Nicholas WARE & John WEIR of Old Rappahannock Co. VA were kin or not, remains unknown. See Also Abraham Combs & Cuthbert SCOTT of MD

Re: Judith [VASSALL] WHITE http://genforum.genealogy.com/cgi-bin/pageload.cgi?resolved::white::1...

Mayflower Families : "The parentage of Judith is clearly shown in a deed of 18 July 1657 in which she, as wife of Resolved White, sells land bequeathed to her as daughter of 'William Vassall heretofore of Scituate, and late of Barbados deceased, by a will dated 13 July 1655."

More information on the Vassall family can be found in an article in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 17 page 56, entitled "The Vassalls of New England," by Edward Doubleday Harris.

Related web sites of interest: The Charter of Massachusetts Bay : 1629 http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/states/mass03.htm

1630, THE WINTHROP FLEET: Eleven vessels brought 'the Great Emigration' of this year, viz: ARBELLA the flagship AMBROSE, WILLIAM AND FRANCIS, TALBOT, HOPEWELL, JEWEL, WHALE, CHARLES, SUCCESS, MAYFLOWER, TRIAL The first five ships sailed April 8 from Yarmouth, Isle of Wight, and arrived at Salem, June 13 and following days. The other half of the fleet sailed in May and arrived in July at various dates. Altogether they brought about seven hundred passengers. http://members.aol.com/dcurtin1/gene/winthrop.htm

I found this while looking up my husband's family. (now Vestal instead of Vassall.) I hope it is helpful to everyone.

I have information on John Vassall, William Vassall, thru some of the current Vestals if anyone is interested. I also have a photo of the home of Elizabeth Mercer (widow of William II) and her children built in 1751. It is the home most Vestals of the United States originated.

http://graysonfamily.org/Documents/Vassals/Judith%20%5BVASSALL%5D%20WHITE.pdf

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Equipped and commanded 2 ships against the Spanish Armada

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John was sent by his father from Rinant by Cany (Caen) to England to escape religious dissention that was taking place in Normandy at the time. His family descended from an ancient French family, traced back, it is claimed, to the 11th century, to the house of Du Vassall, Barons of Guerden, in Querci, Perigord [The Vassalls of New England, p. 1; Alderman John Vassall And His Descendants, p. 220].

He hailed from Ratcliffe, Stepney and Eastwood, Essex County in England and was a vestryman of Stepney [Alderman John Vassall And His Descendants].

In 1588, he outfitted (at his own expense) 2 vessels - the "Samuel" and the "Little Toby" (a vessel of 140 tons which he commanded) in the English fleet sent to stop the Spanish Armada [NEHGR, Jan 1871, p. 39; Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. 19, p. 230]. Note : In the Harleian Manuscript.168, f.177, his vessel is called the Samuel, while in the state papers in the record office it appears as the Solomon (Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. XX, London : Oxford University Press,1938).

Queen Elizabeth bestowed a Grant of Arms to him for his bravery and assistance. His branch of the Vassall family hence forth used this coat of arms, giving up those they had borne in France.

John describes himself in his will as a mariner, of French extraction. His father John sent him to England during the religious troubles in France from his home in Normandy. He seems to have been recognized as an authority in question of navigation, as we find him recommended to be examined by the judge of admiralty as to the skill of the pilot in a suit respecting the wreck of a vessel on the Goodwin sands in 1577.

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John Vassell: Birth: 1544 in Caen, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France

Death: 1625 in Stepney, London, Middlesex, England.

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Owner builder of the Mayflower ship -------------------- http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=22154793&ref=wvr

Son of John/Jean Vassall (senior) of Normandy, France.

Husband of, first, Anne Hewes/Hughes who predeceased him, second Anna Russell who also predeceased him but with whom he had three children who survived into adulthood, and lastly Judith Borough/Aborough whom he predeceased.

Father of Judith (Vassall) Freeborne, John Vassall (who died in infancy), Samuel Vassall (who became a Member of Parliament), William Vassall, John Vassall (the second of the name, who also died in infancy), and John Vassall (the third of the name, who died at about 2 years of age).

Humbly identifying himself as a "mariner" in his will, John Vassall was also an Alderman of the City of London, a prosperous sea captain who joined the Royal Navy and fought the Spanish Armada, and a merchant-adventurer in the early 17th century's age of exploration.

He commanded, and outfitted at his own expense, two ships - "Samuel" and "Little Toby" - with which he joined the Royal Navy and fought the Spanish Armada in 1588. He was subsequently granted a coat-of-arms, an image of which appears on the west face of the National Armada Memorial in Plymouth (unveiled in 1890).

As a merchant-adventurer, he had a keen interest in the colonisation of North America and became one of the founding members of the Virginia Company. He helped finance England's first permanent colony in North America - Jamestown (1607).

Some sources speculate that Vassall was half-owner of the famous "Mayflower," aboard which his future grandson-in-law, Resolved White, was a passenger along with his parents (William and Susanna White) on its 1620 voyage to North America and ultimately what came to be known as Plymouth Colony.

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John Vassall, ll, The Gallant Alderman of London's Timeline

1544
1544
Caen, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France
1567
1567
Age 23
London, London, England
1569
September 25, 1569
Age 25
Stepney, St.Dunstans Church (Stop X)
1580
September 4, 1580
Age 36
St Dunstan, Stepney, England
1586
June 5, 1586
Age 42
Ratcliffe, Devon, England
1588
March 4, 1588
Age 44
Ratcliffe, Devon, ENG
1592
1592
Age 48
Ratcliffe, Middlesex, Stepney, England
1594
March 27, 1594
Age 50
St Dunstan, Stepney, England
1595
January 10, 1595
Age 51
Ractcliffe, Essex, England
1602
April 7, 1602
Age 58