Jonathan Backhouse (1779 - 1842)

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Place of Burial: Darlington, Durham, England
Birthplace: England (Co. Durham, Darlington)
Death: Died in England (Co. Durham)
Occupation: banker
Managed by: William Frederick Edge
Last Updated:

About Jonathan Backhouse

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonathan_Backhouse_(1779-1842)

Jonathan Backhouse (1779-1842) was a third generation banker from Darlington. He is known for financing the Stockton to Darlington Railway.

Biography

Backhouse was born in 19 January 1779 to Jonathan Backhouse (1747–1826) and his wife Ann (1746-1826) daughter of Edward Pease (1711–1785) of Darlington. After his father died, Backhouse took over what was to become Backhouse's Bank. In 1811 he married Hannah Chapman Gurney. Backhouse was involved with financing the Stockton and Darlington Railway. He raised £125,000. Twenty thousand pounds were from his own resources and the largest contribution of £80,000 came from his Quaker banker contacts.

A story is told that when the Earl of Darlington's plot to bankrupt the Backhouse bank was discovered then Backhouse went to London to obtain gold to provide additional and urgent collateral. The plot was due to the Earl's anger that the new railway, financed by Backhouses's bank was causing problems with the Earl's fox hunting. Backhouse was racing back to Darlington when he lost a wheel. It is said that he was able to continue the journey by moving the gold so that the chaise was still balanced and he was able to complete the journey with a wheel still missing.

Backhouse gave up banking in 1833 in order that he could concentrate on his Quaker ministry.

In 1840, Backhouse is one of the leading people at the World Anti-Slavery Convention organised by Joseph Sturge and the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society in 1840. Backhouse is one the larger figures on the left of the painting. He is shown supporting the chair of the star guest and speaker, Thomas Clarkson.

Backhouse had two daughters and four sons including Edmund Backhouse who took over the banking firm and was also an M.P.

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Jonathan Backhouse's Timeline

1779
January 19, 1779
England (Co. Durham, Darlington)
1811
1811
Age 31
England (Norfolk, Norwich)
1812
September 5, 1812
Age 33
England (Co. Durham, Darlington)
1814
1814
Age 34
England (Co. Durham, Darlington)
1815
1815
Age 35
England (Yorks, Richmond)
1817
September 19, 1817
Age 38
England (Norfolk, Norwich)
1819
July 15, 1819
Age 40
England (Co. Durham, Darlington)
1824
November 28, 1824
Age 45
England (Co. Durham, Darlington)
1841
1841
Age 61
Darlington, Durham, England
1842
October 7, 1842
Age 63
England (Co. Durham)