José Gabriel de Silva-Bazán y Waldstein, X. marqués de Santa Cruz

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About José Gabriel de Silva-Bazán y Waldstein, X. marqués de Santa Cruz

  • Jose Gabriel de Silva-Bazán and Waldstein (Madrid, 1772 - ibid. November 4, 1839),X Marquis of Santa Cruz de Mudela, grandee of Spain, Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Knight of the Order of Carlos III , Commander of the Order of Calatrava, was a noble, political, military and diplomatic Spanish. It was also chamberlain, chamberlain of the King of Spain, the first director of the Prado Museum and perpetual president of the Royal Spanish Academy.
  • Born in Madrid in 1772 the son of José Joaquín de Silva-Bazán, IX Marquis of Santa Cruz de Mudela, and his second wife, Anna Maria Countess of Waldstein. It was perpetual governor of the fortresses of Gibraltar and Fiñana, Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, a gentleman and chamberlain of Ferdinand VII of Spain, a member of the Council of Regency during the minority of Isabel II of Spain, Ambassador to Paris, envoy extraordinary in London to attend the coronation of William IV of the United Kingdom, senator of the kingdom and director perpetual Royal Spanish Academy. In addition, he held the marquisates Villasor Arcicóllar Bayonne, and the counties of Montesanto and Pie de Concha, being twice Grandee of Spain, second class.
  • His father persuaded the King Charles IV of Spain to keep the paintings "obscene" in a quiet room and not burned, as was the will of Charles III. He was brother of the Prince of Anglona, ​​and together they collaborated with Carlos IV in creating a picture gallery, thwarted by the onset of the Spanish War of Independence. Under the reign of Ferdinand VII of Spain was resumed, but it was his wife Isabel de Braganza who gave further impetus to this. During his tenure as head of the gallery, between 1817 and 1820 decrees were published, the most outstanding of them:
  • "1. ° Continue to invest in repairs of the Museum's 24 000 reais a month of secret pocket of VM complete and without discount. 2. º continue paying for the Treasury of the Rl. House of the translation costs of the pictures. 3 º. Consider the Gallery under the Rl. Palace. 4. º Do not exempt the first painter to the obligation to restore and conserve paintings. 5. ° Let it available to the two assistants that gave the effect, paying them as heretofore, the salaries and expenses of composure by the treasury of the Rl. House. 6. Fourth and last to be regarded as servants of the R. House concierge and porters from the gallery, paying for the same Treasury to each of these when they appointed him 400 ducats annually and 800, prorated since his appointment, and also paid on the amount of that extraordinary expenses that occur before the V °. B º. appropriate. "
  • At the beginning of the Liberal Triennium leaves for the Directorate of Museum, two years later, and as a staunch liberal, to be appointed by the Government and Lord Steward Sommelier King Acting Corps in order to have it more secure. After the failure of this political movement is stopped in this place called the Palatine and the Decree of Andújar, you remove the key from Gentleman.
  • After the death of Fernando VII, Marquis also helped to resolve the conflict raised in El Prado, for the paintings and the collection would go to her daughters the Princesses Elizabeth and Luisa Fernanda. Besides he collaborated Jose Rafael Fernandez de Hijar, director of the Prado also around that time.

Marriage and descendants

  • He married in 1801 Maria Joaquina Téllez-Girón and Alfonso Pimentel, Princess and Countess of Osilo Anglona, ​​daughter of Pedro de Alcantara Tellez-Giron and Pacheco, IX Duke of Osuna, taking by ===children:===
  • Fernanda Silva-Bazán and Tellez-Giron, who married Andres de Arteaga y Carvajal, Marquis of Valmediano VII.
  • Francisco de Borja de Silva-Bazán and Tellez-Giron, XI marquis of Santa Cruz del Viso, married to María de la Encarnación Fernández de Córdoba and Alvarez of Asturias, daughter of the sixth Duke of Arion.
  • Maria Josefa de Silva-Bazán and Tellez-Giron, Countess of Osilo III, married to Manuel de Carvajal, lord of Pleiades, and later with Fabian Gutierrez Lasso de la Vega.
  • Juan Evangelista de Silva-Bazán and Tellez-Giron, Marquis of Arcicóllar, married Lucie de Borchgrave d'Altena.
  • Joaquina Silva-Bazán and Tellez Giron, married to Pedro de Alcantara and Palafox Alvarez de Toledo, Duke of Medina Sidonia XVII.
  • Francisca Inés de Silva-Bazán and Tellez-Giron, portrayed by Madrazo and married to Nicolas Osorio and Zayas, seventeenth Duke of Alburquerque
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