José I Bonaparte, rey de España

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About José I Bonaparte, rey de España

Golden Fleece - Grand Masters

Golden Fleece - Knights: Spanish Branch

Early Years and Personal Life

Joseph was born Giuseppe Buonaparte in 1768 to Carlo Buonaparte and Maria Letizia Ramolino at Corte, the capital of the Corsican Republic. In the year of his birth Corsica was invaded by France and was conquered the following year. His father was originally a follower of the Corsican Patriot leader Pasquale Paoli but later became a supporter of French rule. As a lawyer, politician, and diplomat, Joseph served in the Cinq-Cents and was the French ambassador to Rome. He married Julie Clary on 1 August 1794 in Cuges-les-Pins, France. They had three daughters, Julie Joséphine Bonaparte (1796–1796), Zénaïde Laetitia Julie Bonaparte (1801–1854) and Charlotte Napoléone Bonaparte (1802–1839). He claimed the surviving two daughters as his heirs. He also sired two children with Maria Giulia, the Countess of Atri (Giulio, born 1806 and Teresa, born 1808). Joseph had two American daughters born at Point Breeze his estate in New Jersey by his mistress Annette Savage ("Madame de la Folie"), Pauline Anne who died young and Catherine Charlotte (b. 1822, d. 1890) who married Col. Zebulon Howell Benton of Jefferson County, New York, and had issue.

In 1795 Joseph was a member of the Council of Ancients where he used his position to help his brother overthrow the Directory.

The Château de Villandry had been seized by the French Revolutionary government and in the early 19th century Joseph's brother, Emperor Napoleon, acquired the château for him. In 1806, Joseph was given military command of Naples, and shortly afterward was made king by Napoleon, to be replaced after two years by his sister's husband, Joachim Murat, when Joseph was made king of Spain in August 1808, soon after the French invasion. ------------

Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte, King of Naples and Sicily, King of Spain and the Indies, Comte de Survilliers (Corte, France, 7 January 1768 – Florence, Italy, 28 July 1844) was the elder brother of Napoleon I of France, who made him King of Naples and Sicily (1806–1808) and later King of Spain as Joseph I of Spain. In Spain he was known as Pepe Botella, with "Pepe" being a diminutive of the name Jose (Joseph) and "Botella" (Bottle) being a reference to his supposed alcoholism. He was king of Spain from 6 June 1808 to 11 December 1813, but from 13 June 1812 he was back in France.

http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%B3zef_Bonaparte -------------------- Joseph Bonaparte (7. tammikuuta 1768 – 28. heinäkuuta 1844), Napoleon Bonaparten veli, oli Napolin kuningas 1806–1808, Espanjan kuningas 1808–1813. Joseph palveli viidensadan neuvostossa ja Ranskan lähettiläänä Roomaan. Hän nai Julie Claryn 1. elokuuta 1794 Cuges-les-Pinsissa. Heillä oli kaksi lasta, Zénaïde and Charlotte. Veli, keisari Napoleon lahjoitti hänelle Château de Villandryn, ja teki hänestä 1806 Napolin sotilaskomentajan ja pian kuninkaan. Josephista tuli Espanjan kuningas kun hänen sisarensa Caroline Bonaparten aviomies, marsalkka Joachim Murat nimitettiin Napolin kuninkaaksi. Joseph pakeni Espanjasta 1813 ranskalaisten hävittyä Vitoriassa. Bonapartistit pitivät häntä oikeana Ranskan keisarina Napoleonin pojan Napoleon II:n kuoleman jälkeen 1832, vaikkakaan ei juuri tehnyt vaatimustaan tiettäväksi. Joseph eli Yhdysvalloissa Bordentownissa New Jerseyssa, mutta kuoli Firenzessa Italiassa ja haudattiin invalidikirkkoon.

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José I Bonaparte, rey de España's Timeline

1768
January 7, 1768
Corte, Corsica
1794
August 1, 1794
Age 26
Cuges-les-Pins, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
1796
1796
Age 27
1801
July 8, 1801
Age 33
Paris, Paris, Île-de-France, France
1802
October 31, 1802
Age 34
Paris, Paris, Île-de-France, France
1807
September 9, 1807
Age 39
Naples, Province of Naples, Campania, Italy
1808
September 30, 1808
Age 40
Naples, Province of Naples, Campania, Italy
1822
1822
Age 53
1825
March 22, 1825
Age 57
Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
1844
July 28, 1844
Age 76
Florence, Tuscany, Italy