Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister

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Joseph Lister

Birthdate:
Death: Died
直系亲属:

Son of Joseph Jackson ListerIsabella Lister
Husband of Agnes Lister
Brother of Mary Lister; Isabella Sophia Lister; William Henry ListerArthur Hugh Lister

Managed by: Private User
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About Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister

Born to Quaker parents, father was a wine merchant and amateur sceintist.

Joseph Lister is considered by many to be the father of modern antisepsis.

Lister came to Edinburgh in 1853 after graduating in medicine in London.

He worked closely with James Syme, the celebrated Professor of Surgery in Edinburgh, becoming his assistant and marrying his daughter.

Research

In 1860 he was appointed to the Chair of Surgery in Glasgow, and it was there that he first applied Louis Pasteur’s recent discoveries about the role of airborne bacteria in fermentation to the prevention of infection in surgery.

In 1866 he introduced carbolic acid as an antiseptic, to kill airborne bacteria and prevent their transmission into wounds from the air of the operating theatre.

In 1869 he returned to Edinburgh as successor to Syme as Professor of Surgery, and continued to develop improved methods of antisepsis and asepsis, with greatly reduced infection rates.

The advent of safe surgery widened the scope of planned surgery enormously and Lord Lister achieved international recognition for his research.

Also an accomplished artist.

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Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister's Timeline

1827
1827年4月5日
1856
1856年4月23日
29岁
Edinburgh, Scotland
1912
1912年2月10日
84岁