Joseph Weldon Bailey, Sr., U.S. Senator

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Joseph Weldon Bailey, Sr., U.S. Senator's Geni Profile

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Joseph Weldon Bailey, Sr.

Birthplace: Mississippi
Death: Died in Gainesville, Cooke County, Texas
Place of Burial: Fairview Cemetery, Gainesville, Texas
Immediate Family:

Son of Joseph Weldon Bailey and Harriet Lucinda Bailey
Husband of Ellen Beaty Bailey
Father of Joseph Weldon Bailey, Jr., US Congress

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Joseph Weldon Bailey, Sr., U.S. Senator

Joseph Weldon Bailey, Sr. (October 6, 1862 – April 13, 1929) was a United States Senator, United States Representative, lawyer, and a Populist political figure. He served as a Congressional Representative between 1891 and 1901, and as the House minority leader from 1897 until 1899. In 1901, he was elected to the United States Senate, serving until 1913.


Born in Mississippi, Bailey attended the University of Mississippi where he joined the prestigious Delta Psi fraternity ( AKA St. Anthony Hall) in 1879. Bailey was admitted to the barin Mississippi in 1883. He moved to Gainesville, Texas in 1885, where he continued to practice law. He had been politically active as a Democrat in both Mississippi and his new home and had a reputation as an excellent public speaker. He was elected to the House in 1891, and to the Senate in 1901. As the Minority leader of the United States House of Representatives in the 1890s he was very influential on his colleagues.

His political career was tarnished by an assault against Senator Albert J. Beveridge, and subsequent investigations brought to light suspicious income and financial ties to the oil industry. Although he was regarded as a great populist orator, even influencing William Jennings Bryan in some aspects of his political philosophy allegations against him in 1906 threatened his election to the United States Senate.

After an unsuccessful election attempt to Governor of Texas in 1920, Bailey moved to Dallas, Texas to practice law. In 1929 he died in a courtroom.

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Joseph Weldon Bailey, Sr., U.S. Senator's Timeline

- 1885
Age 21
Copiah, Mississippi; Occupation: practiced law
- 1901
Age 27
Gainesville, Cooke County, Texas; Occupation: Congressman
Age 30
Gainesville, Cooke County, Texas
- 1913
Age 39
U S Senator
Age 58
Gainesville, Cooke County, Texas; Occupation: candidate for Governor
Age 67
Gainesville, Cooke County, Texas
Fairview Cemetery, Gainesville, Texas