Freda Josephine McDonald (1906 - 1975) MP

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Nicknames: "Black Venus", "Tumpie (family nickname)", "Black Pearl", "Creole Goddess"
Birthplace: St Louis, MO, USA
Death: Died in Paris, Île-de-France, France
Cause of death: cerebral hemorrhage
Occupation: American-born dancer, singer, and actress
Managed by: Ric Dickinson
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Freda Josephine McDonald

Josephine Baker (June 3, 1906 – April 12, 1975) was an American-born dancer, singer, and actress. Nicknamed the "Bronze Venus", the "Black Pearl", and even the "Créole Goddess" in anglophone nations, in France, Josephine has always been known simply as "La Baker". Baker was the first African American female to star in a major motion picture and to integrate an American concert hall, and to become a world-famous entertainer. She is also noted for her contributions to the Civil Rights Movement in the United States (she was offered the unofficial leadership of the movement by Coretta Scott King in 1968 following Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination, but turned it down), for assisting the French Resistance during World War II and for being the first American-born woman to receive the French military honor, the Croix de guerre. She was a spy for the French Resistance undercover and smuggled military secrets into Portugal from France hidden in invisible ink on her sheet music.

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Josephine Baker's Timeline

June 3, 1906
St Louis, MO, USA
April 12, 1975
Age 68
Paris, Île-de-France, France