Josiah Churchill, of Wethersfield (1613 - 1686) MP

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Birthplace: Perhaps , Devon, England
Death: Died in Wethersfield, Hartford , Connecticut
Managed by: Thomas Edward Shirley
Last Updated:

About Josiah Churchill, of Wethersfield

Parents unidentified. Not Rev. John Churchill & Sarah who had only daughters. DNA testing reveals I-1 haplotype & suggests possible distant cousin relationship to John Churchill of Plymouth Colony but cannot be brothers.

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Josiah Churchill

  • Birth: Abt 1611, England
  • Death: Jan. 1, 1685 Wethersfield Hartford County Connecticut, USA

Born 1 Jan 1611/12. Died between 17 Nov 1686 (will) and 5 Jan 1686/87 (inventory) in Wethersfield CT. Married Elizabeth Foote in 1638 in Wethersfield. Their children included Sarah (Churchill) Wickham.

A Find A Grave visitor adds: Alt date,in my record: birth: 1 Jan 1612 Nuston, Dorset, England "The History of Ancient Wethersfield" Vol 2, p. 220 death est. 1686 Wethersfield, CT inventory of estate 5 January 1686/7

More info about Josiah Churchill from Find A Grave contributor C.T.:

Per Judith A. Churchill, Josiah is the founder of the Connecticut Churchill's. He was one of the earliest settlers of Wethersfield, Connecticut. Wethersfield is generally considered to be the first permanent English settlement in Connecticut. Explored in 1633 by a party consisting of John Oldham and three others; Wethersfield was settled the next year. Oldham and nine others formed a group known as the 10 original settlers. They were soon joined by a party of 60 men, women and children who made the arduous overland voyage in the early fall of 1635. These original settlers all came from Watertown, Massachusetts, having been released by the church to make the settlement, an outpost of the Watertown Chuch and named likewise. Wethersfield, the oldest permanent settlement in Connecticut was first known by its Indian name "Pyquag." The name was changed to Wethersfield in 1637.

Josiah Churchill (the immigrant) was born in 1613 at Muston, Dorset England.. Josiah came to America as a sailor from England about midyear 1635. He married Elizabeth Foote, daughter of Nathaniel and Elizabeth Deming Foote. Early records show Josiah was in real estate in Wethersfield.

Passenger and Immigration Lists Index Name: Josiah Churchill Year: 1635 Place: Connecticut Source Publication Code: 9448 Primary Immigrant: Churchill, Josiah Annotation: In the years from 1925 to 1942, Frederick A. Virkus edited seven volumes with the title, The Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy, published in Chicago by the Institute of American Genealogy. Source Bibliography: Virkus, Frederick A., editor. Immigrant Ancestors: A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1964. 75p. Repr. 1986. Page: 20.

1635 - Josiah was on a list of immigrants to Wethersfield. 1637 - Josiah was listed as a soldier in the latter part of the Pequat Indian War. 1638 - Josiah married Elizabeth Deming Foote. 1639 - Josiah's first child, Elizabeth Churchill was born. 1639 - Josiah was listed as owning 12 1/2 acres of land in the town west of the river in "Little West Field." 1641 - Town records: B. 1, Pg. 204 reads as follows: The 2d month & 28th daie 1641 the lands of Josias Churchell lying in Wethersfield on Connecticut River. One pece whereon his howse standeth con; six acrs more or less the ands (the ends) abutt against the hie waie west & great mea: east the sids against the waie into the great mea: south & the howse of John Jessiope (Jessup) north. The homestead was on the east side of high street, on the north corner of an ancient road leading to the "Great Meadow" and the river. It faced the southern extremity of the Common, which stretched north from his house to the river. 1643 - 1651 Josiah served at the "Particular Court" of Wethersfield, Connecticut. 1657 - Josiah served as Town Constable. 1659 - Town records B. 1, Pg 205 reads as follows: The hom lot of Josias Churchell which he bought of Mr. Tantor (Taintor) which was Gildersleeves formerly living in Wethersfield, on Connecticut River. This homestead of Richard Gildersleeves was on the west side of High Street, a few doors south of Mr. Churchill's earlier home. Josiah continued to acquire land and had considerable holdings. There are several maps that have the listings of each property. A copy can be purchased from the Historical Society in Wethersfield. The 50 acre lot that Josiah had at the west end of Wethersfield, a generation later became know as the parish of Newington. 1664 - Josiah served at the "Quarter Court" in Wethersfield, Connecticut. 1665 - Josiah served at the "Quarter Court" in Wethersfield, Connecticut. 1666 - Josiah served at the "County Court" in Wethersfield, Connecticut. 1666 - Josiah served as Town Surveyor. 1670 - Josiah served at the "County Court" in Wethersfield, Connecticut. 1670 - Josiah served as Town Constable. 1673 - Josiah served as Town Surveyor. 1675 - Josiah served at the "County Court" in Wethersfield, Connecticut. 1683 - Josiah's Last Will and Testament was executed 17 November 1686 - Josiah died before January, 1687. 1686 - Josiah's Last Will and Testament was probated 15 March 1686[/7?]. 1687 - The inventory of his estate was taken 5 January 168[6/?]7 by James Treat and John Buttolph, selectmen of Wethersfield and was found to amount to 618 pounds, 12 shillings and 6 pence. This inventory shoews that at his death he owned two home lots and two hundred and ten acres of land. He left his son Joseph "that house and home lot he now lives on" together with "all other buildings thereon." He left to Joseph also several other pieces of land and a fifty acre lot, "at ye west end of Wethersfield bounds" in the newly settled tract which later became the parish of Newington. He left to his son Benjamin a number of pieces of land and the old homestead at the decease of his mother. According to the custom of the times his daughters were given certain shares of "movable estate." Among the items in the inventory are "a great Chist," and "2 bibells and other books." This "great Chist" probably reappears in the inventory of his son Joseph whis specifies a chest with the initials "J. C." as well as a piece of "Turkie work."

LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT I, Josiah Churchill of Wethersfield do make this my last Will and Testament: I give unto my wife Elizabeth Churchill the use of all my estate, whether real or personal, during her natural life, excepting such parcels of land as shall hereafter be excepted, she paying all my Just Debts and after her decease my Will is that all my Land and other Estate of mine she shall then stand possessed of, to be divided as follows: I give unto my son Joseph the House and Home-lott he now liveth on, with all other Buildings thereon, and one Lott in the Little West field, containing 10 acres, and another Lott containing 6 acres. I give unto my son Joseph my 50-acre Lott at the West End of Wethersfield Bounds. I do give unto my son Joseph, after the decease of my wife, Elizabeth, 5 acres in the Great Swamp, and 2 acres of Meadow lying toward the lower End of sd. Meadow, and half of my 5-acre Lott at the upper End of the Great Meadow. I give unto my son Benjamin Churchill 6 acres in the Little West Field, also 10 acres more in the West Field. I give unto my son Benjamin, after the decease of my wife, my now Dwelling House and Home-lott and other buildings upon sd. Lott, and 7 acres of Land in the Great Swamp, and 4 acres in Beaver Meadow, and half my 5-acre Lott at the upper End of the Great Meadow. My will is that all the rest of my Moveable Estate be equally divided betwixt my daughters Marah Church, Elizabeth Buck, Ann Rice and Sarah Wickham. My will is that my wife be sole Executrix. Witness: Samuel Talcott John Deming

Origins discussions


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Family links:

Spouse:
 Elizabeth Foote Churchill (1616 - 1700)*

Children:
 Mary Churchill Church (1639 - 1690)*
 Elizabeth Churchill Buck (1642 - 1660)*
 Hannah Churchill Royce (1644 - 1688)*
 Joseph Churchill (1649 - 1699)*
 Sarah Churchill Wickham (1657 - 1699)*
  • Calculated relationship
 

Burial: Newington Cemetery Newington Hartford County Connecticut, USA


Created by: Linda Mac Record added: Feb 24, 2009 Find A Grave Memorial# 34156325

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1. Josiah Churchill was born in 1616 in Meston, Dorset, England. He died on Jan 1 1686 in Wethersfield, CT. He was buried in Newington, CT.

NOTE: Josiah Churchill * (or Churchell, as he himself spelled the name) makes his first appearance in Wethersfield, Conn., on the occasion of his marriage. He may have been there some time before that event and probably had been, but we have found no evidence of his presence until then. We have found no evidence of his parent age, birthplace or previous condition. There is no evidence that he was related to either John of Plymouth, who was near his own age, nor William, the ancestor of the New York branch of the family. Some hints or suggestions of a possible solution of the question of his nativity will find mention in the prefatory part of this volume, but since they are purely speculative, we do not place them here. The first entry relating to his real estate in Wethersfield, CT is the following record:

The 2d month & 28th daie 1641 the lands of Josias Churchell lying in Wethersfield on Connecticut River. One pece whereon his howse standeth con; six acrs more or less the ands (the ends) abutt against the hie waie west & great mea: east the sids against the waie into the great mea: south & the howse of John Jessiope(Jessup) north. (town records B pg 204)

The homestead was on the east side of high street, on the north corner of an ancient road leading to the "Great Meadow" and the river. It faced the southern extremity of the common, which stretched north from his house to the river. But he did not reside here all his life, for, under the date December, 1659, we find this entry in the records:

The hom lot of Josias Churchell which he bought of Mr. Tantor (Taintor) which was Gildersleeves formerly living in Wethersfield, on Connecticut River. (town records B pg 205)

This homestead of Richard Gildersleeves was on the west side of High Street, a few doors south of Mr. Churchill's earlier home.

  • The old records have the name Churchell for the first three generations, but we have adopted the later, general form, in this and in other names.

It is difficult to glean biographical material from the meagre and matter of fact records of our forefathers. Inn Hinman's genealogical account of the early Connecticut Settlers, he says Josiah Churchill "He was a gentleman of more than a medium estate for the time in which he lived, and of reputation in the colony." He was active and useful in public affairs, though not holding the highest positions. He was a juror of the Particular Court in 1643, 1649 and 1651, at the Quarter Court 1664 and 1665 and at the County Court 1666, 1670 and 1675. He was chosen a Constable in 1657 and 1670, and was elected one of the two town surveyors in 1666 and 1673.

He executed his will on the 17 th of November, 1683 and died before January 1687. The inventory of his estate was taken January 5 1687 by James Treat and John Buttolph, selectmen of Wethersfield, and was found to amount to 618 pounds, 12 shillings and 6 pence. This inventory shoews that at his death he owned two home lots and two hundred and ten acres of land. He left his son Joseph "that house and home lot he now lives on" together with "all other buildings thereon." He left to Joseph also several other pieces of land, and a fifty acre lot, "at ye west end of Wethersfield bounds" in the newly settled tract which later became the parish of Newington. He left to his son Benjamin a number of pieces of land, and the old homestead at the decease of his mother. According to the custom of the times his daughters were given certain shares of "movable estate." Among the items in the inventory are " a great Chist," and "2 bibells and other books." This "great Chist" probably reappears in the inventory of his son Joseph whis specifies a chest with the initials "J. C." as well as a piece of "Turkie work"

Mention is made of his children Joseph, Benjamin, Mary Church, Elizabeth Buck, Anne Rice and Sarah Wickham.

Josiah Churchill, above mentioned, married Elizabeth Foote, daughter of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Deming) (Foote), who died at Wethersfield, Sept, 8, 1700, aged about eighty-four years.

He was married to Elizabeth Foote (daughter of Nathaniel (1) Foote and Elizabeth Deming) in 1638 in Wethersfield, CT.Elizabeth Foote was born on Sep 8 1616 in St. James, Colchester, Essex, England. She was baptized on Jan 14 1617 in Colchester, Essex, England. She died on Sep 8 1700 in Wethersfield, CT. Josiah Churchill and Elizabeth Foote had the following children:

-------------------- Hinman's genealogical account of the early Connecticut settlers states

that Josiah Churchill was a gentleman of more than a medium estate for

the time in which he lived, and of reputation in the colony. He was

active and useful in public affairs, though not holding the highest

positions. He was a juror of the Particular Courth in 1643, 1649, and

1651, at the Quater Court in 1664 and 1665 and at the County Court in

1666, 1670, and 1675. He was chosen a Constable in 1657 and 1670, and

was elected one of the town surveyors in 1666 and 1673.

He executed his will on the 17th of Nov 1683 and died before Jan 1687.
The inventory of his estate was taken Jan 5, 1687 by James Treat and

John Buttolph, selectment of Wethersfield, and was found to amount to

618 pounds, 12 shillings and 6 pence. This inventory shows that at

his death he owned two home lots and two hundred and ten acres of

land, and a fifty acre lot, "at ye west end of Weathersfield bounds?

in the newly settle tract which later became the parish of Newington.

He left to his son, Benjamin a number of pieces of land, and the old

homestead at the decease of his mother. According to the custom of

the times his daughters were given certain shares of "movable estate".

Among the items in the inventory are "a great Chist, 2 bibells and

other books". This "great Chist" probably reappears in the inventory

of his son Joseph which specifies a chest with the initials "J> C." as

well as a piece of "Turkie work". Mention is made of his children

Joseph, Benjamin, Mary Church, Elizabeth Buck, Anne Rice, and Sarah

Wickham.

Josiah Churchill * (or Churchell, as he himself spelled the name)

makes his first appearance in Wethersfield, Conn., on the occasion of

his marriage. He may have been there some time before that event and

probably had been, but we have found no evidence of his presence until

then. We have found no evidence of his parent age, birthplace or

previous condition. There is no evidence that he was related to either

John of Plymouth, who was near his own age, nor William, the ancestor

of the New York branch of the family. The first entry relating to his

real estate in Wethersfield, CT is the following record:

The 2d month & 28th daie 1641 the lands of Josias Churchell lying in

Wethersfield on Connecticut River. One pece whereon his howse standeth

con; six acrs more or less the ands (the ends) abutt against the hie

waie west & great mea: east the sids against the waie into the great

mea: south & the howse of John Jessiope(Jessup) north. (town records B

pg 204) The homestead was on the east side of high street, on the

north corner of an ancient road leading to the "Great Meadow" and the

river. It faced the southern extremity of the common, which stretched

north from his house to the river. But he did not reside here all his

life, for, under the date December, 1659, we find this entry in the

records:

The hom lot of Josias Churchell which he bought of Mr. Tantor

(Taintor) which was Gildersleeves formerly living in Wethersfield, on

Connecticut River. (town records B pg 205)

This homestead of Richard Gildersleeves was on the west side of High

Street, a few doors south of Mr. Churchill's earlier home.

* The old records have the name Churchell for the first three

generations, but we have adopted the later, general form, in this and

in other names.

[msta4d.FTW] -------------------- Families of Ancient New Haven by Donald Lines Jacobus, pg. 1550 -------------------- Josiah Church, of Wethersfield, and settled in Wallingford, had daughter Hannah, who married, on Jan. 9,1667, with Samuel Royce, son of Deacon Robert Royce, of Parish of Meriden. -------------------- Excerpt from "The Descendants of Nathaniel Foote Sr. & Elizabeth Deming" by Ellwood Count Curtis:

"The first documented appearance of Josiah in Wethersfield was at the time of his marriage. The next record concerned his real estate. The town records indicate that on 28 February 1641 he owned land in Wethersfield on the river......

This homestead was on the east side of High street, on the north corner of an ancient road leading to the Great Meadow, and the river. It faced the southern extremity of the Common, which stretched north from his house to the river in December 1659 the records show that Josiah moved a few doors south. An earlier genealogist, Hinman, stated that "He was a gentleman of more than a medium estate for the time in which he lived, and of reputation in the Colony". He was apparently active in public affairs. He was a juror of the Particular Court in 1643, 1649, and 1651, at the Quarter Court in 1664 and 1665, and at the County Court in 1666, 1670 and 1675. He was chosen a constable in 1657 and 1670. He was elected one of the two town surveyors in 1666 and 1673.

Josiah left a will dated 17 November 1683. The inventory of his estate was taken on 5 January 1687 by James Treat and John Buttolph, selectmen of Wethersfield. It was worth 618 pounds 13 shillings and 6 pence. It showed that at his death he owned two home lots and two hundred acres of land. His son Joseph received the house and home lot he was living on along with all other buildings thereon and several other parcels of land. His son Benjamin was to have the old homestead after his mother died and some other land. The daughters received shares of the "moveable estate", as was the custom at that time. Among the items mentioned were a great chest, two bibles, and other books.

view all 21

Josiah Churchill, of Wethersfield's Timeline

1613
1613
Devon, England

Josiah's father John Born 1603 died 1682 would have been age 13 if Josiah was born 1613. A more realistic estimate would be age 15 for age of father John and therefore a dob of 1618-1621 for birth of Josiah.

1635
1635
- 1636
Age 22
1638
1638
Age 25
Wethersfield, Hartford, Connecticut
1639
March 24, 1639
Age 26
Wethersfield, Hartford, Connecticut
1642
May 15, 1642
Age 29
Wethersfield, Hartford, Connecticut
1647
October 6, 1647
Age 34
Wethersfield, Hartford, Connecticut
1647
Age 34
London, Middlesex, England
1649
December 2, 1649
Age 36
Wethersfield, Hartford , Connecticut
1652
May 16, 1652
Age 39
Wethersfield, Hartford, Connecticut
1654
June 27, 1654
Age 41
Wethersfield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States