Josiah King of Judah

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Josiah Josias King of Judah

Hebrew: יאשיהו מלך יהודה
Nicknames: "Yehoshiyahu", "Jeshajahu", "Yeashyah", "Yoshiyah", "Josiah", "Josias", "יאשיהו"
Birthplace: Judah, Israel
Death: Died in Megiddo
Place of Burial: Jerusalem
Immediate Family:

Son of Amon, King of Judah / אמון, מלך יהודה and Yedidyeh .
Husband of Zebidah / זבודה / זבידה . and Hammutal / חמוטל / חמיטל .
Father of Jehoiakim/ Yehoahaz / יהויקים King of Judah / מלך יהודה; Shallum / Yehoahaz II / יהואחז King of Judah / מלך יהודה; Zedekiah / Mattanyahu / צדקיהו King of Judah / מלך יהודה and Yohanan / יוחנן .
Brother of Kareah . and Kariah

Occupation: King of Judah, KIng 648-609BC, Died in Battle against Pharaoh Neco of Egypt at Megiddo, Roy de Judée
Managed by: Private User
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About Josiah King of Judah

Wikipedia: Josiah and יאשיהו


Luke 3:30.


16. King Yoshiya (Josiah, Josias) (b. 640(?) B.C.E., ruled Judah 640-609 B.C.E.). Ascended the throne when only 8 years old. Josiah was undertook a major reform of the Temple ritual, when a book of the Torah was found during renovations (II Kings 22).

The book was the only remaining copy of the Torah, the other having been destroyed by his father. Defeated and slain by the Egyptians at Megiddo. His fate is lamented in the book of Lamentations.


∞ Josiah married Zebudah (Zebidah) daughter of Pedaiah (Periah) of Rumah.


(1) Johanan, the crown-prince, father of a daughter, Tamar, and, according to the judicial-ruling made by Moses (Num 28:8) & its conditional clause (Num 36:8), was technically the heiress. Her 1st husband was Prince Neri, representative of a major Davidic descent-line; and her 2nd husband was King [Je]Coniah.

(2) Eliakim (who changed his name to Johoiakim on his accession)


∞ Josiah married Hamutal.


(1) Shallum (who changed his name to Jehoahaz on his accession) and Mattaniah (who changed his name to Zedekiah on his accession)



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jehoiakim (Hebrew: יְהוֹיָקִים, Modern Tiberian "he whom Jehovah has set up", also sometimes spelled Jehoikim; Greek: Ιωακιμ; Latin: Joakim), c. 635-597 BC, reign 608-597 BC, was king of Judah. He was the second son of king Josiah by Zebidah the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.[1] His birth name was Eliakim (Hebrew: אֶלְיָקִים, Modern {{{2}}} Tiberian {{{3}}}; Greek: Ελιακιμ; Latin: Eliakim).

On Josiah's death, Jehoiakim's younger brother Jehoahaz (or Shallum) was proclaimed king, but after three months (608 BC) pharaoh Necho II deposed him and replaced him with the eldest son, Eliakim,[2] who adopted the name Jehoiakim and became king at the age of twenty-five [1] in the same year. In the meantime, Jehoahaz was exiled to Egypt, where he died.[3]

Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and reigned for eleven years to 598 BC [1][4] and was succeeded by this son Jeconiah, (also known as Jehoiachin), who reigned for only three months.[5][6]

Contents [hide]

1 Relations with regional powers

2 Religious matters

3 Sources

4 References

[edit] Relations with regional powers

Jehoiakim was installed as king of Judah by pharaoh Necho II in 608 BC, who deposed his younger brother Jehoahaz after a reign of only three months and took him to Egypt, where he died.[7] Jehoiakim ruled originally as a vassal of the Egyptians, paying a heavy tribute. To raise the money he "taxed the land and exacted the silver and gold from the people of the land according to their assessments."[8]

However, when the Egyptians were defeated by the Babylonians at Carchemish in 605 BC, Jehoiakim changed allegiances, paying tribute to Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon.

After three years, with the Egyptians and Babylonians still at war, he switched back to the Egyptians and ceased paying the tribute to Babylon. In 599 BC, Nebuchadnezzar II invaded Judah and laid siege to Jerusalem. In 598 BC, Jehoiakim died [9] and was succeeded by this son Jeconiah (also known as Jehoiachin). Jerusalem fell within three months.[10][11] Jeconiah was deposed by Nebuchadrezzar, who installed Zedekiah, Jehoiakim's elder brother, in his place. Jeconiah, his household, and many of the elite and craftsmen of Judah were exiled to Babylon.[12] while Zedekiah was compelled to pay tribute, and continued to be king of the devastated kingdom.

According to the Babylonian Chronicles[13], Jerusalem eventually fell on 2 Adar (March 16) 597 BC. The Chronicles state:

In the seventh month (of Nebuchadnezzar-599 BC.) in the month Chislev (Nov/Dec) the king of Babylon assembled his army, and after he had invaded the land of Hatti (Syria/Palestine) he laid siege to the city of Judah. On the second day of the month of Adar (16 March) he conquered the city and took the king (Jeconiah) prisoner. He installed in his place a king (Zedekiah) of his own choice, and after he had received rich tribute, he sent (them) forth to Babylon.[14]

[edit] Religious matters

He is known for burning the manuscript of one of the prophecies of Jeremiah.[15] Jeremiah had criticised the king's policies, insisting on repentance and strict adherence to the law. Another prophet, Uriah ben Shemaiah, proclaimed a similar message and was executed on the orders of the king. Jeremiah was spared from this fate, perhaps because he was well-connected.[16]

Forrás / Source: -------------------- The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers, and Judah the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram, and Ram the father of Amminadab, and Amminadab the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon the father of Salmon, and Salmon the father of Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed the father of Jesse, and Jesse the father of David the king.

And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah, and Solomon the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asa, and Asa the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah, and Uzziah the father of Jotham, and Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah, and Hezekiah the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh the father of Amos, and Amos the father of Josiah, and Josiah the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon.

And after the deportation to Babylon: Jechoniah was the father of She-alti-el, and She-alti-el the father of Zerubbabel, and Zerubbabel the father of Abiud, and Abiud the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim the father of Azor, and Azor the father of Zadok, and Zadok the father of Achim, and Achim the father of Eliud, and Eliud the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar the father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ.]

Aka: Yoshiyahu. Born 649 BC. Died 610 BC. He was 8 years old when he became king & reigned for 31 years. Went into the field in disguise & was fatally wounded by a random arrow. Died in a battle against Pharoah Neco of Egypt. Buried with great honors. The outburst of national grief on account of his death became proverbial. -------------------- Hiding the Aron, the tzintzenet-jar of manna, Aharon's staff, the oil of anointing and the box with which the Philistines returned the Aron, before the First Temple was Destroyed: Yoma 52b; Keritot 5b

Yoshiyah's choice of Chuldah over Yirmiyah: Megillah 14b

Yoshiyah's reign over the Ten Tribes upon their return: Megillah 14b

Yoshiyah was killed by being pierced by a multitude of arrows: Moed Katan 28b

The eulogy for Yoshiyah: Megillah 3a; Moed Katan 28b

The birth order of Yoshiyahu's sons: Yehoyakim, Yochanan, Tzidkiyahu and Shalom: Keritot 5b --------------------

Jeshajahu ,

occupation: Melech Jehuda, son of Amon and Jididah

to: Zebudah , daughter of Pedaiah and nn

1) Jehojakim , occupation: Melech Jehuda to: Nehushya , daughter of Ethanan and nn

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Josiah King of Judah's Timeline

Judah, Israel
Age 3
Jerusalem, Israel
Age 5
Jerusalem, Israel
Age 5
Jerusalem, Israel
Age 20
Jerusalem, Israel
Age 28
Age 29
BC, King of, Judah, 2 chron 34:1
Age 29
BC, King of, Judah, 2 chron 34:1
Age 29
BC, King of, Judah, 2 chron 34:1
Jerusalém (Palestina)