About Joshua (Antonio) Cohen Peixotto (Mendes)
American Jewish family, originally from Spain, whence members thereof migrated by way of Holland to Curaçao, in the West Indies. The original name of this family was Maduro, but while still in Spain a Maduro married a Peixotto and adopted the name of his wife. There are records of the burial in Holland of a child of Joshua Cohen Peixotto (d. April 10, 1625), and of Dona Ester (d. Sept. 21, 1618), wife of Moses Peixotto.
About 1807 the Peixottos settled in New York. This family is connected with the Pipsoto family of Jamaica and with the Picciottos of England. By intermarriage the Peixottos have become united with other prominent and even older American Jewish families—the Cardozo, Hays, Seixas, Gomez, Davis, Nathan, Naar, and Phillips families.