Juan Bartolome (Tome) "El Mozo" Domínguez de Mendoza (1626 - d.) MP

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Nicknames: "El Mozo", "The Kid"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Ciudad de Mexico, Reino de Mexico, Virreinato de Nueva España
Death: (Date and location unknown)
Managed by: Ric Dickinson
Last Updated:

About Juan Bartolome (Tome) "El Mozo" Domínguez de Mendoza

Settlers of 17th Century New Mexico 1601-1680.

El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro brought wagon trains of good to trade as well as new settlers into New Mexico. The Spanish government kept strict control over travelers coming into and leaving New Mexico. Very few family groups arrived in New Mexico in this period. Mainly single men were the new settlers. They married the daughter and granddaughters of the earlier settlers. In parenthesis is the earliest known year for which those families that can still be found in New Mexico appear in New Mexico records, with place of origin if known.

Juan Dominguez de Mendoza (ca 1650, Mexico City, Nueva Espana); married into the Duran y Chaves family.

Juan "El Mozo" was Maese de Campo.


Tomé Domínguez de Mendoza, "el Mozo," had a flourishing estancia below Isleta Pueblo as early as 1662. It was he who obtained the release of Don Pedro Durán y Cháves after the famous "right or sanctuary" case. His wife was Catalina López Mederos, sister of Pedro López. In 1666, he was named interim Governor when Governor Villañueva returned to New Spain for an eye-treatment.

In August 1680, Tomé and his family fled south with the rest of the Rio Abajo people. He passed muster as a Maeses de Campo with full complement of arms, four soldier sons and thirty horses, declaring that he himself was married, as also three of his sons, with eight children among them, the entire family consisting of fifty-five persons, including servants. He also claimed that thirty-eight relatives had been killed by the Pueblo Indians. The following year he claimed to be sixty-one years old with gout and stomach disorders, and boasted of having served the King in New Mexico since he had "reached years of discretion."

In the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, Tomé had lost his son Tomé III who died in battle. Two of his other sons, Juan and Diego, had been seriously wounded by poison arrows; and the fourth, Francisco, had also fought in the Indian conflicts.

In the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, he said the Indians had killed many of his sons, daughters, grandsons, a grand-daughter, and two sons-in-laws, his brothers, nephews, and two callados. In the year of 1682, Tomé and Don Pedro de Cháves got permission to depart with their familes for New Spain, and they never returned to New México.

The village of Tomé was built on the site of his estancia, and was named after Tomé Domínguez de Mendoza. ~Origins of New Mexico Families pg. 25

• Web Reference: History of the Village of Tomé.

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Juan Bartolome (Tome) Domínguez de Mendoza's Timeline

1626
1626
Ciudad de Mexico, Reino de Mexico, Virreinato de Nueva España
1645
1645
Age 19
Mexico, DF, Mexico
1646
1646
Age 20
Mexico, DF, Mexico
1647
1647
Age 21
Mexico, DF, Mexico
1649
1649
Age 23
Mexico, DF, Mexico
1653
1653
Age 27
Mexico, DF, Mexico
1662
1662
Age 36
Santa Fe, Provincia de Nuevo Mexico, Virreinato de Nueva España
1664
1664
Age 38
1665
1665
Age 39
1682
1682
- 1682
Age 56
Nuevo México, Nuevo España

Tomé departed New Mexico with their familes for New Spain, never to return.