Judge David Campbell Jr.

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About Judge David Campbell Jr.

A Patriot of the American Revolution for VIRGINIA with the rank of MAJOR. DAR Ancestor #: A018570

Judge David Campbell, State of Franklin official and early territorial and state judge, was born in Augusta County, Virginia, in 1750. He served in the Continental Army during the American Revolution, attaining the rank of major. After the war, circa 1783, he moved to present-day Greene County, Tennessee, where he practiced law and served as a judge on the newly declared Supreme Court of Franklin. He is credited as being one of the authors of the Franklin constitution along with being a member of the First Franklin Convention in 1784 and the Third Franklin Convention in 1785. But of the major Franklin leaders, Campbell "was the least wedded to the separatist movement." (1) In 1787, in fact, he became a member of the North Carolina assembly, and later that year he was elected judge of the Superior Court of North Carolina, Washington District, where he served until 1790. However, Campbell refused to abandon his Franklin friends entirely. When John Tipton and others attempted to have John Sevier arrested for treason, Campbell refused to issue the arrest warrant.

With the establishment of the Southwest Territory, Territorial Governor William Blount appointed Campbell as territorial judge in 1790; he served in that position until Tennessee's statehood in 1796.

Success and controversy marked Campbell's career as a Tennessee state judge. From 1797 to 1809 he served as a judge of the Superior Court, but early in his term, Campbell became embroiled in a heated, bitter dispute with William Blount, John Sevier, and others over the boundary of the Treaty of Holston. The survey of the treaty completed in 1797 placed the home of Judge Campbell and others in Cherokee territory, and state officials did nothing to prevent federal troops from evicting Campbell and the other settlers. A furious Campbell lashed back at Blount and Governor Sevier. When Campbell refused to even consider a suit Blount wanted the court to adjudicate, Blount asked Sevier to reply in kind. Sevier convinced leaders in the Tennessee House to bring impeachment charges against Judge Campbell.

When the removal trial came before the state Senate in December 1798, William Blount, who had been impeached as a U.S. senator, was awaiting word from Philadelphia on whether the U.S. Senate would convict him. He had already been expelled by the U.S. Senate and upon returning to Tennessee, Blount arranged to be elected to the state Senate, where he was chosen Speaker. In the Campbell removal trial, therefore, Blount was the Senate's chief prosecutor of a case in which he held a considerable personal and political interest. Campbell avoided conviction and removal, but by just one vote.

Five years later, in 1803, Campbell faced a second impeachment, this time for bribery. With the support of the Jackson faction, the state Senate voted nine to three for Campbell's acquittal.

Judge David Campbell received a federal appointment as a Mississippi territorial judge in 1811, but he never served in the post. He died in Washington, Rhea County, in 1812.

http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/entry.php?rec=186 -------------------- http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=tazhub1&id=I7578

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Judge David Campbell Jr.'s Timeline

1750
May 26, 1750
Abingdon, Washington, Virginia, United States
May 26, 1750
- November 21, 1812
Rhea, TN, USA

Biographical Information
From application for Sons of the American Revolution:

David Campbell, Jr., entered the Continental army in 1776 and rose to the position of Major in General Nathaniel Green's division and served several years. He fought at the battle of King's Mt. David Campbell was educated at the bar. Practiced law for awhile in Washington County, Virginia. In March 1779 he resigned his position as clerk of the court of Washington County, Virginia. He obtained a commission from President Thomas Jefferson, his personal friend, appointing him attorney-at-law on the 16th of August 1780. He then removed to North Carolina (now Tennessee). He served in the Legislature of North Carolina. He was appointed by Governor Sevier as one of the commissioners to negotiate a separation of the state of Franklin. Ramsay says this: "He had a minute acquaintance with every question relating to either party. He held the highest judicial station in the government from which he was accredited and by his private worth was entitled to the respect of the one to which he was sent." He was one of the most distinguished jurists in Tennessee. He was a leading spirit in the organization of the state government and assisted in framing the Constitution of the state. He was Supreme Judge of the state of Franklin, and was one of the first two Supreme Judges appointed by the state of North Carolina to the same position for the Washington District at Jonesboro (now Tennessee) previous to his appointment as Federal Judge of the territory south of the Ohio River. He was the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Tennessee. He was Judge of the courts now embraced in Tennessee for 22 years. He was one of the first trustees of Blount College founded at Knoxville, Tennessee, 1794. Judge Campbell's son, Thomas Jefferson Campbell, was a distinguished lawyer and died while in Congress at Washington, D.C., 1850.
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/53773760/person/13590261678/media/1?...

Bio info
Revolutionary War Veteran; Delegate to convention establishing State of Franklin and member of its Council of State; Superior Judge of Franklin, Washington Distirct, North Carolina and of Territory South of the River Ohio; Supreme Court Judge of Tennessee
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/53773760/person/13590261678/media/2?...

DAR Bio
From the Judge David Campbell Chapter of the DAR, Chatanooga, TN (available online at tndar.org)

DAVID CAMPBELL, son of David and Mary (Hamilton) Campbell was born in 1750, in Augusta County, Virginia. He received a liberal education for his time and chose the law for his profession. Upon the organization of Washington County, Virginia, in 1777, he was made Clerk of the Court.

In 1779, David Campbell married Elizabeth Outlaw, the daughter of Colonel Alexander and Penelope (Smith) Outlaw. During the Revolution David Campbell served as Major in the Virginia Militia, and his troops were there with General Nathaniel Greene in his southern campaign.

http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/53773760/person/13590261678/media/3?...

DAR Bio
From the Judge David Campbell Chapter of the DAR, Chatanooga, TN (available online at tndar.org)

DAVID CAMPBELL, son of David and Mary (Hamilton) Campbell was born in 1750, in Augusta County, Virginia. He received a liberal education for his time and chose the law for his profession. Upon the organization of Washington County, Virginia, in 1777, he was made Clerk of the Court.

In 1779, David Campbell married Elizabeth Outlaw, the daughter of Colonel Alexander and Penelope (Smith) Outlaw. During the Revolution David Campbell served as Major in the Virginia Militia, and his troops were there with General Nathaniel Greene in his southern campaign.

In 1783, David Campbell moved with his family to Green County, North Carolina, and there began a career of usefulness which continued throughout his life. In 1784, he was elected Judge of Washington District, but he chose to cast his lot with the State of Franklin, of which he was made Chief Judge and a member of the Council of State. In 1787, he represented Greene County in the North Carolina Assembly, and was made Assistant Judge of the District of Washington.

He was appointed by President Washington, in 1790, as one of the Judges of the Territory South of the Ohio River, which position he held until the Territory was admitted into the Union as the State of Tennessee. In 1792, he served as one of the Commissioners for the national government to run the boundary line between the white settlements and the Cherokee Indians.

In the fall of 1797, Judge Campbell was appointed a Judge of the Superior Court of the State of Tennessee and remained in this position until the abolition of the court in 1810. In 1811, he was appointed by President Jefferson a Judge of the Mississippi Territory.

Judge Campbell died at his home near Washington, Rhea County, Tennessee, in 1812. Elizabeth Campbell sold her Rhea County home in 1818 and moved to Cahaba, Alabama, near Huntsville.

Over 400 persons attended the marking of Judge Campbell’s grave on July 4, 1925, conducted by Mrs. Cyrus Griffin Martin, Regent of Judge David Campbell Chapter.

Marker

Inscription

Major David Campbell

VA Mil, Rev War

1750-1812

http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/53773760/person/13590261678/media/3?...

1750
- October 13, 1927
Washington, Rhea, Tennessee

Judge David Campbell Jr in the U.S., Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970
Name: Judge David Campbell Jr
Birth Date: 1750
Birth Place: Augusta, Virginia
Death Date: 1812
Death Place: Washington, Rhea, Tennessee
SAR Membership: 43049
Role: Ancestor
Application Date: 13 Oct 1927
Father: David Campbell
Mother: Mary Hamilton
Spouse: Elizabeth Outlaw
Children: Thomas Jefferson Campbell
Source Citation
Volume: 216
Source Information
Ancestry.com. U.S., Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
Original data: Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970. Louisville, Kentucky: National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. Microfilm, 508 rolls.

Description
This database contains applications for membership in the National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution approved between 1889 and 31 December 1970. These records can be an excellent source for names, dates, locations, and family relationships. Learn more...
© 2015, Ancestry.com

http://search.ancestry.com/search/collections/SARMemberApps/524212/...

1767
1767
Age 16
1779
1779
Age 28
1784
1784
Age 33
1785
1785
Age 34
1786
1786
Age 35
1786
Age 35
Rhea County, Tennessee
1788
1788
Age 37