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About James Monroe Jackson
JACKSON, James Monroe, (1825 - 1901)
James M. Jackson (December 3, 1825 – February 14, 1901) was a lawyer and Democratic politician from West Virginia who served as a United States Representative in the 51st United States Congress.
Early life and career
Jackson was born in Parkersburg in Wood County, Virginia (now West Virginia). He was a son of General John Jay Jackson and his brothers were Federal Judge John Jay Jackson, Jr. and Circuit Judge and West Virginia Governor Jacob B. Jackson. The Jackson Memorial Fountain at Parkersburg is dedicated to the Jackson family.
He graduated from Princeton University in 1845. Subsequent to studying law, he was admitted to the bar in 1847. He opened his practice in Parkersburg, West Virginia. He won election as prosecuting attorney for Wood County in 1856 and 1860. He served as a member of the West Virginia House of Delegates in 1870 and 1871.
He was a member of the State constitutional convention in 1872. He served as a judge on the fifth circuit court from 1873 to 1888, when he resigned. He presented credentials as a Democratic Member-elect to the Fifty-first Congress and served from March 4, 1889 until February 3, 1890. He was succeeded by Charles B. Smith, who contested the election. He served as a judge on the criminal court for Wood County, West Virginia from 1891 until his death in Parkersburg, West Virginia on February 14, 1901. He was buried at Riverview Cemetery.
JACKSON, James Monroe, (cousin of William Thomas Bland), a Representative from West Virginia; born in Parkersburg, Wood County, Va. (now West Virginia), December 3, 1825; pursued an academic course and was graduated from Princeton College in 1845; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1847 and commenced practice in Parkersburg, W.Va.; elected prosecuting attorney for Wood County in 1856 and 1860; member of the State house of delegates in 1870 and 1871; member of the State constitutional convention in 1872; elected judge of the fifth judicial circuit and served from 1873 to 1888, when he resigned; presented credentials as a Democratic Member-elect to the Fifty-first Congress and served from March 4, 1889, until February 3, 1890, when he was succeeded by Charles B. Smith, who contested the election; judge of the criminal court for Wood County, W.Va., from 1891 until his death in Parkersburg, W.Va., February 14, 1901; interment in Riverview Cemetery
Will of James Monroe Jackson Jr of $5000 to build Parkersburg Park Fountain
May 3, 1899 , Parkersburg, WV
A section of the will of James Monroe Jackson Jr. Wood Co., WV Book 9:288 Written 3 May 1899 (Jackson died February 14, 1901)
It is my will and desire and I do direct that my said Executors shall of proper __and set aside five thousand Dollars out of my personal estate before any division thereof shall be made among my children, and that they erect or cause to be erected a public fountain within the limits of the City of Parkersburg upon some public park on square to be furnished by the authorities of said city, which fountain shall be accepted by them upon the conditions, that they shall protect, care for and keep in good repair the said fountain and the same property supplied with water for running of the same. The said Fountain to be known ad the “The Jackson Fountain.” My said Executors are to ec____the said five thousand dollars aforementioned in the erection of such fountain of suitable design, and as ornamental as can be procured for the amount of money appropriated as aforesaid, and after the completion of said fountain, my said executors are directed to turn the same over to the authorities of said City of Parkersburg. But should the authorities of said city decline to accept the fountain provided for herein and upon the conditions therein mentioned, then this bequest is to be void, and the said five thousand Dollars to revert to and become part of my estate and be disposed of a herein provided for as to the residue of my estate. - Courtesy of Linda B. Meyers
Death of Judge James Monroe Jackson 1825-1901
James Monroe Jackson
Judge James Monroe Jackson died at his home on Seventh street this morning at ten minutes before seven o’clock.
For several days his condition had been critical and several times before the end came his life had been despaired of but his splendid constitution was such that he rallied unexpectedly several times and the hand of death was stayed by his wonderful strength. On Wednesday he rallied and became so much better that his physicians were encouraged to hope that he might possibly recover. But about one o’clock this morning he grew worse and sank steadily till the end came just at the dawn of day.
The illness, which terminated in the death of Judge J. M. Jackson dates from a period several years ago, when he contracted the grip, which has returned to him every winter. He was taken sick soon after Christmas with the grip, which kept him confined to the house and eventually caused complications which resulted in his death. His throat became affected and then his lungs, pneumonia resulting.
Throughout his long and trying illness Judge Jackson remained mentally strong. His mind was at all times perfectly clear and he realized toward the last that his end was near. His last words this morning when he felt that he could not live much longer were these: “I would like to live two or three years more, but I can not. I am not afraid of death. I have tried to live an honest and upright life. I thank my friends for their kindnesses to me.”
He tried to live an honest and upright life, he said, and right well did he succeed. He was a man whom the community can ill afford to lose and who will be mourned by many warm and devoted friends.
The funeral will occur on Saturday afternoon at 2:30 o’clock at Trinity church, the services being conducted by Rev. Dr. Moore. The pallbearers have not yet been announced.
Judge James Monroe Jackson came of a distinguished family and one which has been very prominent in the affairs of the state. He was a son of the late General John Jay Jackson, a conspicuous figure in the early affairs of this section of the state, by his first wife who was Miss Emma G. Beeson, a daughter of Col. Jacob Beeson of this county, and was a cousin of General “Stonewall” Jackson. He was one of a trio of distinguished brothers who have all achieved honor and distinction in West Virginia and have been numbered among its greatest men. One of the three is Judge John J. Jackson, who was appointed to the Federal bench by President Lincoln in 1863 and has served continuously since then as Judge of the District Court of West Virginia, having served longer than any other person who ever sat on the federal bench. Another brother was the late Ex-Governor Jacob Beeson Jackson who was one of the ablest and strongest governors the state ever had serving from 1881-1885.
Judge J. M. Jackson was born in Parkersburg then in Virginia December 2, 1825 and resided here all his long and eventful life. His life was largely given up to public service and throughout his long service of the people his career has been honorable. He has never failed in any of the duties which the state or the public has imposed upon him and his triumphal re-election to the bench two years ago in the face of a large majority given to other candidates on the opposing ticket, attests the esteem in which he was held by the people of his native county, regardless of party.
Graduating from Princeton College in his twentieth year, after a careful preparation for college, he at once took up the study of the law and after two years study of the law under the direction of his father he was admitted to the bar of Wood county in 1847 and practiced as a partner of his father. He attained a high standing at the bar at an early age, his keen perception and his knowledge of the law attracting attention while he was still a young man. In 1856 he was elected to the office of prosecuting attorney and at the end of his term of office he was re-elected. He was elected to the legislature in 1870 and served that year and the following year after the capitol was removed to Charleston, having in the mean time been re-elected. He took an active part in legislation and many of the laws now in the state books were prepared or guided in their course by him. When the constitutional convention of 1873 was called he was elected a delegate to it and in framing the organic law of the state under which we are still living, he took a conspicuous part, his legal ability and learning fitting him especially for the work.
In 1872, at the October election he was elected Judge of the Circuit Court, the circuit controlling the counties of Tyler, Pleasants, Ritchie, Wood, Wirt and Calhoun. He was on the bench for sixteen years having been re-elected in 1880 and resigning in 1888 in order to accept the nomination for congress from the fourth district. His opponent was the late Charles B. Smith of this city and the election was very closely contested and disputed. Governor Wilson issued a certificate of election to Judge Jackson, but he was unseated by the Republican congress a few weeks after he had taken seat and Mr. Smith was declared by the house to have been elected.
When the law creating the criminal court of Wood county was passed Governor Fleming appointed Judge Jackson to the bench in that court in 1891. He was elected to succeed himself in 1892 and was again in 1898. He was serving his tenth year upon the Criminal Court bench at the time of his death and the twenty-sixth year of his judgeship in the two courts.
As a jurist he was regarded as one of the ablest men in the state. He was courteous and fair under all circumstances and firm in the discharge of his duty at all times. He could never be swerved from the path of duty as he saw it, yet no one ever complained of unfair treatment at his hands. He was a close student of the law and stood in the foremost rank at the bar as a lawyer. As an advocate before a jury he had no superior in this part of the state. His knowledge of the law, his uniform courtesy, his firmness and devotion to duty, his keen perception and knowledge of human nature made him a most excellent Judge.
Judge Jackson was twice married, his first wife being Miss Helen Seely, of Warren, Ohio by whom he had five children, three of whom survive – J. M. Jackson Jr., and Mrs. Mary E. Rathbone, of this city, and Mrs. Kate I. Moffett, of Chicago. He second wife, who survives him, was Miss Lucy F. Kincheloe of this city. Judge Jackson had accumulated a good deal of property and was interested in several very desirable pieces of property in this city, notably the Jackson hotel and the Monroe hotel properties. He was at the time of his death and had been for some years the president of the Little Kanawha Navigation Co., and was identified with several business concerns in the city. (Parkersburg Sentinel, February 14, 1901)
James Monroe Jackson Home
One of Parkersburg’s famous landmarks, the old Jackson home at 313 Seventh Street around which was centered the city’s social life in aristocratic circles in the post Civil War days is being demolished to make way for new construction work. The famous old mansion, situated on Seventh Street in the rear of the Union Trust building, is being torn down preparatory to the construction of a gasoline service station by The South Penn Oil Company, and the demolition of the building removes a landmark whose history dates back almost 100 years.
As far as records can disclose, the three-story 12 room mansion was constructed about 1838-1840 by a Mr. Lavassor [sic] and was bought in 1848 by the father of Judge J. M. Jackson for his son at the time the latter was married to Helen Seely. The mansion remained the home of the Jackson family thereafter for more than 60 years. It was in this mansion that J. M. Jackson Jr., Mrs. James A. Moffett and Mrs. Mary Rathbone were born and the home became the center of Parkersburg’s social whirl for many years after the Civil War.
When the father of Judge Jackson bought the home, he constructed an addition in the rear of the mansion, but no changes were made to the residence at any later periods. The mansion remained the Jackson home until about 1913, following the death of the widow of J. M. Jackson, Jr., and it was then sold by the executors of the estate to the late John Samuel, whose heirs still own the property.
After the mansion was given up as the Jackson home more than 20 years ago, it had been used as a rooming house and later as a club house. Most of the beauty of the interior had been stripped many years ago, although considerable rich mahogany woodwork was found inside this week as the contractors demolished the home. On the top floor was found a 50-gallon hand-riveted tank used by water supply in the home many years ago before the city had its municipal water system.
The home was one of the oldest in the downtown district and was one of a number of mansions built on Seventh Street east of Market before the Civil War period, when Parkersburg was still a part of old Virginia. Many of these homes previously had given way to the rapidly expanding downtown business district. (Unidentified Parkersburg newspaper, 1935)
five1fan2001added this on 16 Jan 2012
eknao987originally submitted this to Anderson - Marshall - Jackson on 27 Dec 2008