John George Jackson (1777 - 1825)

‹ Back to Jackson surname

Is your surname Jackson?

Research the Jackson family

Judge John George Jackson, US Congress's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Birthplace: Buckhannon, Virginia, Hartford
Death: Died in Clarksburg, Harrison, West Virginia, United States
Managed by: Wilmer M Jackson
Last Updated:

About John George Jackson

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_G._Jackson_(politician)

John George Jackson (September 22, 1777 – March 28, 1825) was a U.S. Representative and federal judge from Virginia, the son of George Jackson, brother of Edward B. Jackson, and grandfather of William Thomas Bland, Jacob Beeson Jackson, James Monroe Jackson, and John Jay Jackson, Jr.

Born in Buckhannon, Virginia (now West Virginia), Jackson moved with his parents to Clarksburg in 1784. He received an English training and became a civil engineer. In 1793, he was appointed surveyor of public lands west of the Ohio River, in what is now the State of Ohio, conducting that office from 1796 to 1798. He served as member of the Virginia General Assembly from 1798 to 1801, during which time he supported resolutions against the Alien and Sedition Acts. Jackson read law to enter the bar in 1801. Besides his law practice, Jackson began a number of successful businesses.

Prior to marriage, Jackson had a son, who became General John J. Jackson, the father of John Jay Jackson, Jr. Jackson's first wife Mary "Polly" Payne was the youngest sister of Dolley Madison - they were married in 1800. She died in 1808 of tuberculosis. Jackson continued to correspond with Dolley Madison after the death of his wife and her sister. On June 11, 1810, shortly before he married Mary Sophia Meigs, the daughter of Return J. Meigs, Jr. he wrote Dolley that his new wife "is about the size of our dear Mary, [and] much such a person."

Writing under the pseudonym, "A Mountaineer," Jackson protested in the Richmond Examiner against what he perceived were the two main inequities of the Virginia Constitution - voting rights tied to land ownership, and representation in the legislature based on counties rather than population.

Congressional service

Jackson was elected to the Eighth and to the three succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1803, to September 28, 1810. Because of their family ties, Jackson was viewed as a mouthpiece for James Madison, and Jackson's remarks from the floor of the House were often controversial. In 1809, while in Congress Jackson fought a duel with another Congressman, Joseph Pearson of North Carolina, and on the second fire was wounded in the hip. Jackson resigned because of his wounds, and was succeeded by William McKinley.

He served a second period in the Virginia General Assembly, from 1811 to 1812. On December 26, 1811, Jackson escaped a deadly fire that swept through a theater in Richmond, Virginia, killing, among others, Governor William Smith. He was a brigadier general of the Virginia Commonwealth Militia in 1812, in the early stages of the War of 1812.

Jackson was elected to the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Congresses (March 4, 1813-March 3, 1817). He declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1816 to the Fifteenth Congress, and was succeeded by James Pindall. Jackson then returned to private practice of law in Clarksburg, Virginia from 1817 to 1819. He was a member of the Board of Commissioners who met at the tavern at Rockfish Gap in 1818 and decided to locate the University of Virginia at Charlottesville - a group that included Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Marshall and among others, Philip C. Pendleton, another future judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia. Federal judicial service

In 1819, St. George Tucker was the sole judge of the United States District Court for the District of Virginia, then covering all of what is today Virginia and West Virginia. That year, Congress divided Virginia into two federal court districts, Eastern and Western, by 3 Stat. 478. Tucker was reassigned to the Eastern District, and on February 20, 1819, Jackson was nominated by President James Monroe to serve as the first judge on the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia. The United States Senate confirmed his nomination on February 24, 1819, and he received his commission the same day. He served until his death in Clarksburg, Virginia (now West Virginia). He was interred in the Old Jackson Cemetery.

He was succeeded on the bench by Philip C. Pendleton.

Two books have been written about Jackson's life.

References ^ "Untitled". University of Virginia. http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu:8090/xslt/servlet/ramanujan.XSLTServlet?xml=/vcdh/xml_docs/Dol ley/Glossary.xml&xsl=/vcdh/xml_docs/Dolley/glossary.xsl&area=glossary. Retrieved October 2, 2007. ^ "Time Trail, West Virginia". West Virginia Archives and History. http://www.wvculture.org/hiStory/timetrl/ttdec.html. Retrieved October 2, 2007. ^ Davis, Dorothy (1976). John George Jackson. McClain Print. Co.. ISBN 087012241X.; Brown, Stephen (1985). Voice of the New West: John G. Jackson, His Life and Times. Mercer University Press. ISBN 0865541620.

five1fan2001added this on 26 Feb 2012

Jonathon Beemanoriginally submitted this to Beeman Family Tree on 7 Dec 2010

____________________________________

John George Jackson's Paternity suit over John Jay Jackson

May 23, 1803 , Morgantown, WV

John George Jackson's Paternity Suit

On May 23, 1803, George Jackson, the father of John George Jackson wrote the following which was published in Monday, July 11, 1803 in the “National Intelligencer and Wahington Advertiser,” the first newspaper printed in Washington DC. This excerpt was taken from National Intelligencer and Washington Advertiser Newspaper Abstracts 1800-1805 by Joan M. Dixon, Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, Inc., 1996, p. 136.

Letter to expel the slander against my son, John G. Jackson, born Sep 22, 1777 in Hardy Co, Va: his mother removed to Backannon in this county because of the Indian War; I escaped to Clarksburg with my small family; my son resides there; my son was elected to Rep the county of Harrison in Legislature of Va for 3 yrs in 1798, during the last year he married; a Miss Triplett charged that he had violated a marriage promise to her & was awarded $400 damages, upon oath of her sr-in-law, Mrs. Triplett.

(signed) Geo Jackson, Harrison Co., Va, May 23, 1803


Law Intelligence: Frances A Triplett v John G. Jackson, alleged breach of marriage promise. Sept Term, 1802, Dist Crt of Va, Monongalia Crt has before Archibald Stewart, Judge of General Crt. Hedgman Triplett, bro of Frances, never heard any declaration to marry his sister; Mrs. Williams is sister to the defendant; “Jury thought proper to believe her.”

Publication appeared in the Washington Telegraph of Trial between Frances E. Triplet and John G. Jackson, in which Adam Hickman is a witness with a preface that he is a man of low and infamous character, we certify that he is a man of upright disposition and of unblemished character. Apr 20, 1803. Alison Clark, Thos Haymond, Micajah Barkley, Maxwell Armstrong. Benj. Wilson Jr have found him punctual, fair and honorable. Wm G. Payne, Morgantown, May 19th, 1803 was one of the counsel of Mr Jackson and took notes upon the trial.

five1fan2001added this on 4 Jun 2012

eknao987originally submitted this to Anderson - Marshall - Jackson on 27 Dec 2008

_____________________________

Samuel & Henry & George Jackson - land owners in Wood County 1809 to 1819

1809 through 1820 , Wood, Wirt, Ritchie County West Virginia

Samuel Jackson is listed in Wood County Land Tax Records from 1809 through 1819. It would appear that after their father John Jackson's passing in 1801, some of the brothers moved further West from Buchannon, Upshur Co. WV. Samuel, older brother George and brother Henry all held land in Wood County. In the 1809 to 1819 period, Wood County included parts of Ritchie county, where later Henry Jackson Junior, settled. It would also appear that Henry J. Jackson grew up in part in the Wood, Wirt, Ritchie County area where he later settled.

George Jackson moved across the Ohio river to near Zanesville, Meigs County, and married the daughter of Meigs, first govenor of Ohio.  Samuel Jackson left Wood county likely in 1819 and had settled in Owen County, Indiana by May 1820 Census.

1820: Henry Jackson Wood County Census:

http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wvwood/census.htm

JACKSON, Henry - 2A,3B,1F, 2G,2J,1K

1820 Wood County, WV Census Permission given by Wes Cochran

A-Males under 10 years of age G-Females under 10 years of age B-Males 10 years and under 16 H-Females 10 years and under 16 C-Males between 16 years and 18 J-Females 16 years and under 26 D-Males 16 years and under 26 K-Females 26 years and under 45 E-Males 26 years and under 45 L-Females 45 years and upwards F-Males 45 years and upwards

--------------------

 John George Jackson was appointed surveyor of Government lands west of the Ohio in 1793 and wa elected to the Virgina legislaure in 1797.
 He was elected to Congress and seerved several terms. He was a Brigadier General of militia and was appointed Judge for the Western District of Virginia in 1819, a position he held until his death.
 John was the father of an out of wedlock child, John Jay Jackson. John Jay was the son of Frances Emelia Trilett, a daughter of Francis Triplett. Apparently John and Gracnces had planned to marry, but John married Mary Payne, a sister in law of James Madison. In the White House in the same year in which John Jay was born
 John married Mary Payne in 1800 and she died in 1808. He then married Mary Sophia Megis on July 19, 1810. Mary was a daughter of Reburn Jonathan Meigs.
view all 11

Judge John George Jackson, US Congress's Timeline

1777
September 22, 1777
Buckhannon, Virginia, Hartford
1800
February 13, 1800
Age 22
Clarksburg, Harrison, WV, USA
1800
Age 22
1801
1801
Age 23
1803
1803
Age 25
1805
September 7, 1805
Age 27
1807
1807
Age 29
1810
July 19, 1810
Age 32
1817
January 15, 1817
Age 39
1822
September 23, 1822
Age 45
Clarksburg, Harrison, VA (now WV), USA