Judge William McCloud
|Also Known As:||"Col. McCoud"|
|Death:||Died in Harding, OH, USA|
|Place of Burial:||Bellefontaine, Logan, OH, USA|
Son of Mr McCloud and Mrs McCloud
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Judge William McCloud
COLONEL WILLIAM Mc CLOUD
Another of the early residents of Logan county, was Colonel William McCloud, he was born in Ireland July 4th, 1776, and came to the United States when a young man and first settled in Vermont, and about 1805 came westward to the Mad river county which was the Mecca of the pioneers, and settled on a farm just west of Bellefontaine. In the year 1812 he was a member of Captain William McColloch's company of scouts and served during the war: he was a great hunter for the army, for the purpose of supplying the army with game. He was a hatter by trade and in early years followed that occupation; he afterwards removed to the county north of Logan, which became Hardin county, and for a number of years lived at Fort McArthur, on the Scioto, about three miles southwest of Kenton, on Hull's trace. On the organization of that county, he became one of the associate judges of Hardin county, and it was in his house, Fort McArthur, and at the suggestion of Mrs. McCloud that the county seat of Hardin county was called Kenton, in honor of General Simon Kenton, who was a close friend of the McClouds.
In 1844 McCloud moved back to Bellefontaine and lived in a log house built by one Selathiel Knight on Mad river street on the lot now owned by E. P. Lockhart, where he died in 1844: he left a large family; one of his daughters, Letitia, married Doctor Lord; the remainder of the family moved west.
A history of northwest Ohio: a narrative account of its historical progress ... By Nevin Otto Winter http://books.google.com/books?id=vwAwAAAAYAAJ
p447 "HARDIN COUNTY: ... Judge William McCloud who was said to be a mighty hunter reached the county in 1828 It was his wife who suggested the name of Kenton for the county seat. Mr McCloud was the first associate judge of the county."
http://files.usgwarchives.net/oh/hardin/history/1883/hardinco/bucktown42ms.txt Henry Howes' Book 1883
About 1828, William McCloud, a native of Ireland. who had emigrated to the
United States prior to the war of 1812, and finally settled at Bellefontaine, Ohio, came to Hardin County and located with his family at Fort McArthur, in the northwest corner of what is now Buck Township. His family consisted of his wife and six children, viz., Robert, William, Lettie who married Dr. A. H. Lord, of Bellefontaine, Sallie (who became the wife of Jacob Powell, a gunsmith of the same town), Maria and one girl whose name is not remembered. Upon the organization of Hardin County in 1833, William McCloud, Sr., was elected by the Legislature as one of the Associate Judges of said county, and served in that capacity seven years. Though a conservator of the peace, it is said that he would look on at a well-contested fight, admiring the science displayed by a plucky combatant, and subsequently punish him for a violation of the law. Judge McCloud was a noted hunter, and David Goodin tells a story of a circumstance the Judge was fond of relating in which, after killing a deer, he was forced to fight with an Indian claimant ere obtaining possession of the animal's carcass. The Indian claimed that his shot had slain the deer, which the Judge would not admit; so the Indian bantered him to settle the dispute by "fighting it out." This Judge McCloud agreed to, and he was compelled to thoroughly whip the savage three times before the latter would admit that he was worsted and surrender his claims to the deer. Soon after his term as Associate Judge expired, he and his wife returned to reside with their daughters at Bellefontaine, where they died. He was a man of fair education, wonderful determination of character, and was generally respected and admired by the pioneers. He was instrumental in the selection of the site for the county seat, while Mrs. McCloud named the future town in honor of her husband's friend-the redoubtable scout, Simon Kenton. His son Robert, who was the first Postmaster in the county, also served as County Treasurer from March, 1834, to March, 1836, and, in October, 1843, was elected as a member of the Board of County Commissioners, but resigned the office in 1845. We understand that he lived north of the Scioto River, in Cessna Township, and that soon after his resignation as Commissioner he and his brother William left for the West.
p878 The first court held in the county was held March 8, 1834, in a block-house, the residence of Hon. William MCCLOUD, at M'Arthur, MCCLOUD being one of the associate judges. The first county officers were elected the next month. The total vote was only sixty-three. Little or no business was done at the first term of court.
The next year a trial jury was required. The farmers were busy, the country sparsely settled, and the sheriff found great difficulty in impaneling a jury. On the morning of the second day, the judge [name not specified but given population - expect this too was WM McCloud Sr.] opened the court and asked the sheriff if the jury was full. The sheriff is said to have replied "Not quite full yet. I have eleven men in the jail and my dogs and deputies are after the twelfth man." The jail at that time was a log-cabin near the fort. The court-room was a shed constructed from the side of the block-house, with clapboards, with forked saplings for uprights. The benches for jury and spectators were split clapboards, with auger holes for legs. The "bench" were provided with a table and chairs. The jury retired to the woods for their deliberation.
p879 In the spring of 1833 the State committee appointed by the legislature selected a site for the county-seat, on the north bank of the Scioto, on part of sections 33 and 34 in Pleasant township, George HOUSER, Jacob HOUSER and Lemuel WILMOTH giving forty acres of their land as an inducement. The committee having decided upon the site were unable to agree upon the name, but after its selection rode over three miles west with William MCCLOUD to Fort M'ARTHUR, where he resided in a block-house, to get dinner. MCCLOUD, who was a great hunter, and his good lady, had provided an appetizing feast of wild meat, for they were very hungry. The subject of the name of being discussed, they left it to the decision of Mrs. MCCLOUD, who declared in favor of Kenton, in honor of the friend of her husband, and nobody ever regretted the choice.
From M. A. Rigdon: http://genforum.com/oh/logan/messages/226.html
"information about William McCloud and Elizabeth Boswell McCloud. They settled in Bellefontaine,Logan Co. about 1820. He was born in 1776 and died in 1846 in Bellefontaine. They had 6 children, Elizabeth, Sallie, Robert, Maria, Letitia, and William."
"pages 479-481 : "Mr. Hopkins, who was the Deputy Surveyor of Logan County, Ohio, also laid off the 'Western Addition to Kenton' for George H. Houser, October 11, 1833, and the plat was acknowledged before William McCloud, Associate Judge, October 12, 1833. The 'Eastern Addition to Kenton' [page 480] wasplatted by Hopkins for Jacob H. Houser on the 11th of October, 1833, and the acknowledgment made on the following day before George H. Houser, Justice of the Peace."
Abel Tanner was the second settler of the township, locating in the northwest quarter of Section 23, on Eagle Creek, close to the cabin of Simeon Ransbottom, in February, 1826. Mr. William Tanner, of Dunkirk, a son of Abel, says: "My parents, Abel and Polly (Kinion) Tanner, were natives of Rhode Island, and with their family immigrated to Darby Plains, Madison Co., Ohio, in 1820. In 1823 we left Darby Plains, and traveling northwestward finally halted on 'Lynn Ridge,' about three miles southwest of Fort McArthur, in Hardin County. Here we built a cabin and began the work of opening a farm, but after remaining on Lynn Ridge till February, 1826, we left our improvement and settled on Eagle Creek in the northwest quarter of Section 23, Madison Township, Hancock Co., Ohio.. . . . I was born in 1819, and therefore was in my seventh year when we left Lynn Ridge and took up our abode on Eagle Creek; but I remember the time and circumstances of that settlement as vividly as if it occurred only a year ago. William McCloud and family were then living in one of the block-houses at Fort McArthur, and his sons, William and Robert, often visited our cabin before and after our removal to Hancock County."
http://is.gd/DLK8hi (Source: History of Logan County and Ohio - Chicago: O. L. Basking & Co., Historical Publishers, 186 Dearborn Street. - 1880 - Page 326)
An early settler in this township was William McCloud. This gentleman was born in Ireland, but came to this country in his youth. He married, in Philadelphia, Elizabeth Boswell, a lady of refinement, the marriage being the end of an elopement. McCloud came to Fairfield, Green County, Ohio, where he remained several years. Sub-sequently he made his way to Zanesfield, Logan, County. His name appears on the poll book above quoted, in 1806. He came to the Township of Lake about 1810, and settled a little northwest of Bellefontaine. He was a scout under Capt. William McColloch, during the War of 1812. McCloud was a great hunter, of fine appearance, and excellent social qualities. He had a large family, mostly daughters, whose posterity is numerous and widespread, and of eminent respectability. His descendants are found in Wis-consin, Arkansas and California, as well as Ohio. He was a man of influence and value at the period of time in which he lived. He became one of the Associate Judges of the County Court at a later period.
http://www.ebooksread.com/authors-eng/elnathan-corrington-gavitt/crumbs-from-my-saddle-bags--or-reminiscences-of-pioneer-life-and-biographical--iva/page-9-crumbs-from-my-saddle-bags--or-reminiscences-of-pioneer-life-and-biographical--iva.shtml page 154 ff
FORT m' ARTHUR.
Fort McArthur was built during the war of 1812, on the line of Hull's march, and was located in a dense forest not far from the Scioto river, and near the present city of Kenton, Hardin county. This was rather a weak stockade, enclosing about half an acre, with two block houses, one in the northeast and the other in the southwest corner. Seventy or eighty feet of this enclosure was composed of a row of log corn cribs, covered with a shed roof sloping inside. A part of the pickets were of split timber and lapped at the edges ; others were round logs set up endwise and touching each other. The row of huts for the garrison were a few feet from the walls. It was a post of much danger, and liable at any moment to be attacked. There was but little communication with other settlements, and no person could go from one neighborhood to another without danger, as the woods were infested with hostile Indians. The first commander of this post was Colonel John Hardin, after whom the county was named in 1820.
I will here make mention of an excellent Metho- dist family named McCloud, who were residing at the fort in 1831. This brother and his family had emigrated from the southern part of the State and settled on a tract of land which included this fortress, obtained at government price, and paid for with the money they received for wolf scalps. So numerous and destructive were these animals at that early day that a reward of from $1 to $8 was paid for the scalp of a wolf. And in no section of the country in Ohio were they more numerous than in and around the Hog Creek marsh and the low- lands of Northwestern Ohio. The art of destroying these wild animals with strychnine had not been brought into use, and they had to be captured either by hunting or trapping.
We had commenced preaching at Mr. McCloud's in the early part of the conference year, and I had formed a class of some six members. There were but three families in the neighborhood, and the member- ship consisted of the McClouds and a family by the name of Bates. This was our third appointment on the white part of the mission, and to reach it required about twenty miles ride through the wilderness.
Starting out from Upper Sandusky on a dark and rainy day, I failed in taking the right trail. Reach- ing the Scioto river, I followed up the stream. The sun [had gone down, night was fast approaching, and knowing the woods to be full of wild animals, I now made for the bill or high land on the east side of the river, and prepared for the night. Having se- lected a suitable location, I fastened ray horse to the limb of a small beech tree and climbed into the top, taking my horse blanket with me to cover my head, as it was still raining. I made myself fast among the branches, weaving the limbs around me, that I might not fall if I should go to sleep, being wet, cold and hungry. However, I soon found there were no fears of my going to sleep. My horse became uneasy, and my attention was occupied to keep him quiet, or I might be minus of any conveyance in the morning. About midnight we were surrounded by a gang of wolves apparently without number, howling at a fearful rate. ^Notwithstanding all my efforts to calm my horse's excitement, he was constantly pawing, not in the least admiring his new acquaintances or their near approach ; and when silence with him was no longer a virtue he would give a fearful snort, which would produce a general stampede among them. Yet, not disposed to surrender their rights or abandon their hope of supplying their wants, they would soon return in full force, and still nearer, until they were again routed by Charley's musical notes, adapted to high pressure; and thus did they continue to advance and retreat until morning light.
Having landed from my roost, my faithful ani- mal appeared to appreciate the change and enjoy the pleasure of leaving the field, and surrendering his rights to all such midnight serenading. Starting once more on my river route, I had not gone far before I heard the report of a gun and the blowing of a horn. My friends readily inferred that as I had not reached my appointment at night, I must be in the woods, and this was their signal to bring me out. And now I soon arrived at the fort and found com- fortable quarters for myself and horse.
The hill on which I had remained over night was about a mile or so from the fort, and is now occupied by the city of Kenton, Hardin county, Ohio. It has been reported that Mrs. McCloud, being the first emigrant then living and having resided the longest in the county, had the honor conferred upon her of naming this town, and she called it Kenton after Simon Kenton, the noted spy and Indian warrior, who contributed so largely to the defense of the American cause, and, like myself, had often enjoyed the kindness and hospitality of Mr. McCloud and his excellent lady. Like many others of pioneer fame, Brother McCloud and his family have principally passed away, the wife of Dr. Lord being among the last. And here I may say that Dr. Lord was one of the early settlers in this county, where he accumu- lated a handsome property by his profession ; and now makes his home with his eldest daughter, the wife of Mr. L. Moore, my nephew, who are living on a farm near Bellefontaine, Logan county, Ohio. I had the pleasure of spending a short time with the doctor a few years ago, and of talking over the early scenes of the northwest. Physicians, like ministers, at that day were not so numerous as at present ; and a wonderful change has taken place during the last half century. In those olden days, when the doc- tor and the writer met in the woods, I on my way to some appointment and the doctor on his route to visit some patient, he remarked that his circuit was nearly as large as mine, extending over a part of three or four counties, and sometimes required him to travel from ten to twenty miles to reach his patient. The wilderness through which we then had to pass is now converted into fruitful fields, and growing vil- lages, and commercial cities ; and when we speak of the past with the hardships and inconveniences of that early day, it is hard for young America to fully comprehend these things, and they imagine that such statements must be somewhat exaggerated or imaginary. Our only reply is that God, through human instrumentality, moves in a mysterious way His wonders to perform.
Judge William McCloud's Timeline
July 4, 1776
William McCloud b. July 4, 1776
Posted by: M. A. Rigdon Date: October 08, 2001 at 09:40:11
I'm searching for a William McCloud b. July 4, 1776 in County Tyrone. He was a younger son of a land proprieter and left Ireland with his brother Robert. William was 14 and Robert was about 10 or 12. They left about 1790 and first went to Montreal then to Pennsylvania. Any info about his parents would be appreciated.
MacLeod is a Scottish patronymic name that is an Anglicicized form of the Gaelic name Mac Leod; from the Old Norse name "Ljotr" = ugly. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder, though. McCloud is another form of the name. From a MacLeod kinsman *I see from your page that you correctly have the derivation of "MacLeod" as from "Ljotr" meaning "ugly", but you don't note that the original meaning of "ugly" (in the same time period as when ljotr was in current use as a name) meant not "unpleasing in appearance" but meant "fierce".
iv. Peter John McLeod, born 1784 in Quebec, Lower Canada.
Alexander Roderick McLeod, (c. 1782 - June 11, 1840), was a fur trader and explorer who began his career with the North West Company in 1802.
McLeod became a chief trader with the Hudson's Bay Company after they joined with the NWC ub 1721. He was highly active in solidifying the HBC role in the Pacific Northwest and was instrumental in George Back's Arctic Expedition.
McLeod was a maverick in the eyes of the HBC but was an important employee who served the company in a variety of settings. He was passed over for a position as a chief factor, something he expected and felt he had earned. A son-in-las who has married his daughter, Sarah, John Ballenden did achieve this position with the company.
The source for the following two paragraphs is this website: HISTORY BY MCCLOUD HERITAGE JUNCTION MUSEUM; MCCLOUD CHAMBER OF COMMERCE ; HISTORY OF MCCLOUD; http://www.mccloudchamber.com/history
In 1829, a party of Hudson Bay Company trappers and explorers, led by Peter SKeene Ogden and Alexander Roderick McLeod, were the first white men to travel through the valley where the town of McCloud now stands. In the years that followed a few hardy folks homesteaded in the beautiful Squaw Valley including Joaquin Miller, later known as the Poet of the Sierras.
In 1892, A.F. Friday George built the first mill located in what is now McCloud, but it failed because of the difficulty of hauling the lumber over the hill by oxen. In 1897, the town of McCloud was finally established by George W. Scott and William VanArsdale, founders of the McCloud River Railroad Company. The railroad made it economically feasible to transport the lumber to more populated areas. The two men also purchased many of the small failed mills including the old Friday George mill and named it the McCloud River Lumber Company. Thus began the lumber company town of McCloud.
In 1997 at the 100th Anniversary of the founding of the town of McCloud, Deane Russell Brown was the Grand Marshall and McLeod descendent in their parade.
Alexander Roderick McLeod, fur trader and explorer; born about 1782 in the province of Quebec; died June 11, 1840 in Lower Canada.
In 1802, Alexander joined the Northwest Company as a trader. When the Northwest Company merged with Hudson's Bay Company in 1821, he became Chief Trader.
Alexander Roderick McLeod joined the North West Company in 1802, and served on the Peace River (Alta/British Columbia) and in the Athabasca country; his journal for the summer of 1806 was written at Fort Dunvegan. Historian James Nevin Wallace has described him as a powervully built man who played a "secondary role" in the rivalry with the Hudson's Bay Company. At the coalition of the two companies in 1821, McLeod was appointed a chief trader in the HBC's Athabasca district, and entered a new and controversial phase in his fur-trading career. As early as the 1822/23 season, he was criticized for his "preposterous and galling use of authority" in the MacKenzie River district, and his posting south to the Columbia district in 1825 was the prelude to a series of dramatic incidents in the Oregon country, where rival British and American traders had equal rights.
While Peter Skene Ogden was opening up the Snake River country in the interior for the HBC, McLeod was entrusted with a series of flanking expeditions south from Fort Vancouver (Vancouver, Washington), along the Oregon coast. In this way Chief Factor John McLoughlin hoped to scour the region for furs and to discover whether the river, called the Buenaventura, rumoured to flow from the Rocky Mountains into the Pacific, somewhere between the Columbia River and San Francisco Bay, existed. Given the difficulties of the drainage system of the Snake country and the Great Basin, such a river, if navigable, would have been of considerable commercial value. It did not exist but hopes were pinned for a time on the Sacramento River. McLeod, who was later described by Governor George Simpson as an overbearing figure who was nevertheless an "excellent shot, skilful Canoe Man and a tolerably good Indian Trader," was not quite the man for this search. After reaching the Columbia in the fall of 1825, he set out in May 1826 with his own brigade on a summer trapping expedition towards the Umpqua River (Oregon). It was characteristic of much that was to come that he turned back short of his destination, though he picked up from the Indians reports of a "great river" south of the Umpqua. In September 1826 he left Fort Vancouver with instructions from McLoughlin "to hunt and explore" in that area. He travelled past the Umpqua to the Tootenez (Rogue) River, but found it unimpressive and partly blocked at its mouth by a sand-bar. He arrived back at Fort Vancouver in March 1827.
In 1827/28 McLeod wintered on the Umpqua, finding few furs, and in the summer of 1828 he commanded a punitive expedition against the Klallam Indians of Hood Canal (Washington), who had killed five HBC men. The death of more than 20 Indians was to call down on McLeod severe censure from the company's London committee, but to McLoughlin the expedition had been "most judiciously conducted." On his return McLeod was given a more ambitious task.
Hopes of finding a large navigable river to the south persisted, and new information about the region had reached Fort Vancouver after the killing of the party of American trader Jedediah Strong Smith in July 1828. McLeod was dispatched two months later to retrieve Smith's goods and, using the trader's map of the trail from San Francisco Bay, to head the HBC's penetration into Mexican California. The first part of the task was skilfully accomplished without bloodshed, but McLeod then left his men on the Umpqua, contrary to orders, while he returned to Fort Vancouver "for instructions" and, some said, for Christmas and to see his family. Sent back to his brigade in January, he continued south and, fighting off Indians, reached the Sacramento valley in April; but as he moved back north, away from the area of Mexican influence, his party was caught by winter in the mountains of northern California. McLeod lost his horses, cached his furs (which were to be ruined by melting snow), and, leaving his men on the Umpqua, arrived at Fort Vancouver in February 1830.
His conduct was widely regarded as incompetent and irresponsible; some, including his friend John Stuart and, perhaps more surprisingly, George Simpson, found reasons for his behaviour in his broken health. McLeod himself wrote of the difficulties of crossing rugged terrain and dealing with unenthusiastic men. But in March the London committee, castigating him as "extremely deficient in energy and zeal," denied him the chief factorship he expected, and had him posted to the MacKenzie district the following year. His "Southern" expeditions, though they never produced large returns of fur, did serve significantly in maintaining the HBC's presence in the Oregon country.
The eventful years of McLeod's career were over. As he journeyed from Fort Simpson (N.W.T.) in 1833 to the Canadas to recover his health, he received a letter from George Simpson, who believed McLeod "would have made an excellent Guide," promising him his support for a chief factorship if he agreed to serve on George Back's Arctic expedition. This he did, faithfully, until 1835, accompanied by his Indian wife and three children. Although, by arrangement, he did not accompany them back down the Great Fish (Back) River to the Arctic Ocean; he hunted, fished, and established camps for the party. His reward came when he was made a chief factor in 1836. His last years in the northwest were spent at Great Slave Lake (1835-37) and Fort Dunvegan (1837-39).
McLeod died in June 1840 while on furlough. He left in his will "some small property" and about L5,000 to the mixed-blood woman he had married according to the custom of the country in his NWC days, and to their seven surviving children, including Sarah and Alexander Roderick Jr., who had participated in James Dickson's short-Lived army of liberation. McLeod considered their mother to be his "legitimate wife" (contrary to the attitude of many fur traders in country marriages) and in 1841 the Doctors' Commons in England declared their marriage legally valid.
These notes were written by Glyndwr Williams
SOURCE: Hudson's Bay Company Archives; Provincial Archives of Manitoba; Winipeg, Manitoba
McLeod joined the North West Company in 1802, soon becoming a clerk on Peace River in the northwest. In 1821 he became a chief trader when the Hudson's Bay Company absorbed the North West Company, serving in the Athabasca and MacKenzie River Countries; in 1823 he was transferred to the Columbia district. He trapped in south Oregon, led brigades in that region on subsequent years, then was transferred, in 1827, to the Fraser River briefly. He soon was back at Fort Vancouver. He led a punitive campaign against Puget Sound Indians, because of his "harshness" being turned down for promotion. McLeod led the party which buried Jedediah Smith's massacred men in southern Oregon, being criticized for "dilatory" leadership of that expedition. McLeod let the first HBC brigade to trap central California in 1829-1830. His trip was a failure and McLoughlin sharply criticized him. McLeod was transferred to the MacKenzie River area, where he ended his service.
More About Alexander Roderick McLeod:
More About A Metis Woman:
At least one documented family in County Tyrone:
Name George Maccloud
"Ireland Births and Baptisms, 1620-1881," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FRQ2-B6X : accessed 30 August 2015), George Maccloud, ; citing DONAGHMORE,TYRONE,IRELAND, reference ; FHL microfilm 0962187 IT 9.
October 26, 1799
Census records for Sarah Powell consistently give year of birth as 1800 OR 1802, and location as Ohio. This period would have been before Ohio statehood, but I take it to imply it was in the Northwest territory.
August 15, 1802
Logan, OH, USA
February 14, 1804
Logan, OH, USA
March 24, 1807
Logan, OH, USA
1850 US Census - Head of Household with his children, brother William, sister-in-law Martha, mother Elizabeth, and boarder Wm. H. Janney (see related source image)
Name: Robert Mcleod
February 1, 1810
Logan, OH, USA