About Julius Lysimachus
Lysimachus (brother of Philo)
Lysimachus or possibly known as Julius Lysimachus, (flourished 1st century BC and 1st century AD) was an Alexandrian Jew who lived in the Roman Empire. Lysimachus was a brother of the Jewish Philosopher, Historian Philo and the Pro-Roman Aristocrat Alexander the Alabarch. Lysimachus is mentioned in Philo’s On Animals.
Lysimachus was born and raised in Alexandria Egypt. He came from an aristocratic family who lived in Alexandria for generations. His ancestors and family were contemporaries to the rule of the Ptolemaic dynasty and the rule of the Seleucid Empire. Although the names of his parents are unknown, Lysimachus came from a family who were noble, honourable and wealthy.
It was either his father or paternal grandfather who was granted Roman citizenship from Roman dictator Gaius Julius Caesar. His ancestors and family had social ties and connections to the Priesthood in Judea; Hasmonean Dynasty; Herodian Dynasty and Julio-Claudian dynasty in Rome.
He along with his brothers received a thorough education. They were educated in the Egyptian, Jewish, Greek and Roman cultures, particularly in the traditions of Judaism, the study of the Old Testament and in Greek Philosophy. Unfortunately not much is known on Lysimachus.
- Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 2002
- Article: Hellenistic Jewish Literature - Chapter 6: The Life in the Mind: Reader’s Digest: Jesus and His Times, The Reader’s Digest Association, Inc. Printed by Fourth Printing USA, July 1990
Josephus mentions a Lysimachus
[Herod] was still sorely afflicted, both in mind and body, and made very uneasy, and readier than ever upon all occasions to inflict punishment upon those that fell under his hand. He also slew the most intimate of his friends, Costobarus, and Lysimachus, and Cadias, who was also called Antipater; as also Dositheus, and that upon the following occasion....
However, Salome chose to follow not the law of her country, but the law of her authority, and so renounced her wedlock [to Cosobarus] and told her brother Herod, that she left her husband out of her good-will to him, because she perceived that [Costobarus], with Antipater, and Lysimachus, and Dositheus, were raising a sedition against [Herod]. http://www.earlyjewishwritings.com/text/josephus/ant15.html
[But, as Costobarus died in c 25BCE, this Julius Lysimachus seems of the wrong dates to be his friend? Sharon April 2012]