Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Justinianus Augustus (483 - 565) MP

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Nicknames: "Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus", "Ioustinianos"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Tauresina, Illyricum
Death: Died in Constantinople
Occupation: Eastern Roman Emperor
Managed by: Bjørn P. Brox
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About Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Justinianus Augustus

His full name was Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus. He was Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire (527). In 518, he became administrator for his uncle, Emperor Ioustinos (Justin) I, who shortly after named him as his successor. As a ruler, Justinian showed great energy. He was known as "the Emperor who never sleeps" on account of his work habits.

In 523 he married Theodôra, and in 527 he succeeded to the Empire. Theodora, who was by profession a courtesan about 20 years his junior. Justinian would have, in earlier times, been unable to marry her because of her class, but his uncle Emperor Justin I had passed a law allowing intermarriage between social classes. Theodora would become very influential in the politics of the Empire, and later emperors would follow Justinian's precedent in marrying outside the aristocratic class. The marriage caused a scandal, but Theodora would prove to be very intelligent, "street smart", a good judge of character and Justinian's greatest supporter.

Justinian immediatly set out to secure and expand the weakening Byzantine state. In 532, he signed an "eternal peace" with Persia to the east, and from 533-534 the Vandal kingdom of northern Africa was re-incorperated into the Empire. Much land was also reconquered in southern Spain from the Visigoths and in southern Italy from the Ostrogoths. By his death, Justinian had reconquered nearly the entire Mediterranean empire once held by Rome.

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Justinian I, Eastern Roman Emperor's Timeline