Karl Wilhelm Naundorff

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Karl Wilhelm Naundorff

Also Known As: "Louis Charles Guillaume de Bourbon born Naundorf", "Carl Wilhelm Naundorff"
Birthdate:
Death: Died in Delft, Delft, Zuid-Holland, The Netherlands
Immediate Family:

Husband of Johanna Frederique Einert
Father of Amélie Jeanne Martin Laprade; Louis Charles Naundorff; Charles Edouard Naundorff; Berthe-Juliane Naundorff; Marie-Antoinette Naundorff and 5 others

Occupation: Clock and watchmaker
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Karl Wilhelm Naundorff

Karl Wilhelm Naundorff

Karl Wilhelm Naundorff (1785? – August 10, 1845) was a German clock- and watch-maker who until his death claimed to be Prince Louis-Charles, or Louis XVII of France. Naundorff was one of the more stubborn of more than thirty men who claimed to be Louis XVII.

Biography[edit] Prince Louis-Charles, the son of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, was imprisoned during the French Revolution and believed to have died in prison. However, there were various rumors that monarchist sympathizers had spirited the young dauphin away from the Temple prison and that he was living elsewhere in secret.

The first records of Karl Wilhelm Naundorff are from 1810 in Spandau, Berlin, where he received the citizenship of Prussia. By 1822 he had moved to live with a family in Brandenburg-on-the-Havel where he was later accused of arson and 1824 was jailed for three years for counterfeiting.

Impersonation[edit] When he was released in 1827, he moved to Crossen and wrote the first of two books of would-be-memoirs. The second he wrote in England many years later and was translated to English by Charles G. Perceval, Rector of Calverton, Buckinghamshire, and nephew of Spencer Perceval. He claimed that he had been substituted with a deaf and mute orphan who died soon afterward and that he had been hidden in a secret area of the Tower of the Temple until his escape. He also claimed that he was later recaptured by Napoleon's forces and secretly kept in several dungeons throughout Europe until finally escaping in his mid-twenties. He could present no proof of any of this.

In 1833, Naundorff travelled to Paris where another claimant to the French throne, the Duke of Richemont, was on trial. One of the witnesses for the prosecution read out his letter as a counterclaim.

Despite the fact that Naundorff did not speak French very well, he managed to convince various former members of the Louis XVI's court that he was the Dauphin. He seemed to know everything about the private life of the royal court, gave right answers to most questions and spoke to courtiers as if he had known them as a child. One of them was Agathe de Rambaud, Louis' childhood nurse who accepted him. Others who claimed to have recognized him as the prince include Étienne de Joly, King Louis XVI's Minister of Justice, and Jean Bremond, the king's personal secretary.

However, Princess Marie-Thérèse, the sister of Prince Louis, did not acknowledge him. She had seen pictures of him, claimed she did not see any resemblance to her brother and refused even to see him despite having seen other claimants who were not represented by former members of the royal court. On one occasion Agathe de Rambaud travelled to Prague by carriage to persuade her but to no avail as the princess refused to see her as well.

In 1836, Naundorff sued Marie Thérèse for property that supposedly belonged to him. Instead, the police force of king Louis-Philippe arrested him, seized all his papers and deported him to England. There he worked to develop several military inventions, including an early grenade, and a recoilless rifle which he eventually sold to the Dutch Military. He declared that he would be restored to the throne on January 1, 1840. When that date passed, he lost the majority of his supporters.

Legacy and continued controversy[edit] Naundorff died on August 10, 1845 in Delft, the Netherlands, possibly of poisoning. He had been living there with his family after being made Director of Pyrotechnics for the Dutch Military. He still had some supporters because the epitaph on his grave reads "Here lies Louis XVII, King of France" and in his death certificate he is named as "Charles-Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Normandy (Louis XVII), who was known under the name of Charles-Guillaume Naundorff, [...] son of His Majesty the late Louis XVI, King of France and of Her Imperial and Royal Highness Marie Antoinette, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of France, who both died in Paris".[1] France has insisted this document be set aside but the Netherlands has refused.[citation needed]

Naundorff's descendants did not give up. Some of them insisted on using the surname "de Bourbon" and they petitioned for recognition to French courts and senates all through the 19th and 20th centuries. Circus director René Charles "de Bourbon," an illegitimate son of one of Naundorff's grandchildren, lost his claim in a French court in 1954. However, some of the descendants still press the claim.

A handful of French historians insist that DNA testing finally resolved the issue of Naundorff's claim —mitochondrial DNA sequences of remains that researchers have claimed to have belonged to Naundorff were compared with sequences obtained from the remains of Marie-Antoinette and two of her sisters, as well as two living maternal relatives. They argue that differences in the nucleotide sequences make it very unlikely that Naundorff was the son of Marie-Antoinette. A group of his descendants disagree that the remains are those of Naundorff and are independently continuing the investigation.[2]

References[edit] Jump up ^ (Dutch) Death certificate Jump up ^ Jehaes, E.; Decorte, R.; Peneau, A.; Petrie, J.H.; Boiry, P.A.; Gilissen, A.; Moisan, J.P.; Van den Berghe, H.; Pascal, O.; Cassiman, J.J. (July 1998). "Mitochondrial DNA analysis on remains of a putative son of Louis XVI, King of France and Marie-Antoinette" (PDF). European Journal of Human Genetics 6 (4): 383–395. doi:10.1038/sj.ejhg.5200227. PMID 9781047. Retrieved 2007-01-20.

Karl Wilhelm Naundorff (alias de schaduwkoning) (geboortegegevens onbekend - Delft, 10 augustus 1845) was een beroemde Duitse bedrieger die beweerde de rechtmatige troonopvolger te zijn van Frankrijk, aangezien hij zogezegd de verdwenen koning Lodewijk XVII zou zijn

Londen

Hij werd in zijn tijd niet serieus genomen. Toen hij de koninklijke familie in 1836 voor de rechtbank daagde, vond de regering het mooi geweest en werd hij verbannen. Naundorff werd naar Engeland gedeporteerd waar hij de kost probeerde te verdienen als predikant en als onderzoeker naar springstoffen. In Londen werden zijn activiteiten steeds excentrieker, waarbij een van zijn ondernemingen was gericht op het stichten van een spirituele beweging die stoelde op zijn mystieke ervaringen. Naundorff deed zich hierbij voor als een messias. Later probeerde hij een perfect ontploffingsmechanisme te ontwerpen, genaamd de "Bourbonbom". Deze ontdekking mislukte en zijn huis brandde af, waarbij Naundorff zich ernstig verbrandde. Door al deze mislukkingen raakte hij in geldnood en in 1843 werd hij door zijn crediteuren in de debiteurengevangenis gezet.

Nederland

Het Nederlandse Ministerie van Oorlog toonde interesse in zijn ontwerp en kocht het van Naundorff. Hij werd bovendien uitgenodigd zijn onderzoek voort te zetten in Nederland. Na het uitzitten van zijn gevangenisstraf vertrok Naundorff dan ook in januari 1845 naar Nederland waar hij door Willem II werd benoemd tot directeur van het Pyrotechnisch Atelier in Delft. Hij overleed echter al in augustus van dat jaar. Naundorff werd begraven op de algemene begraafplaats "Kalverbos" in Delft. Op zijn graf staat niet Karl Wilhelm Naundorff geschreven, maar staat er in het Frans: Hier rust Charles-Louis de Bourbon, Hertog van Normandië, (Lodewijk de Zeventiende), beter bekend onder de namen van Charles-Guillaume Naundorff, geboren in het Château van Versailles, in Frankrijk, op 27 maart 1785 (...) echtgenoot van madame de Hertogin van Normandië, geboren Johanna Einert, woonachtig in Delft. Zijn graf is nog altijd te bezoeken. Ook in zijn overlijdensakte wordt hij Charles Louis de Bourbon genoemd.

Afstammelingen

Zijn nazaten beweren nog altijd de rechtmatige afstammelingen te zijn van Lodewijk XVII. Het oudst levende lid van de oudste tak van de familie, Charles-Louis-Edmond de Bourbon deed er alles aan om erkend te worden als de rechtmatige afstammeling van Lodewijk XVII. Zijn volgelingen erkennen hem nog altijd als koning Karel XII van Frankrijk en richtten in 1990 zelfs een speciale instantie op om de Naundorff zaak te bepleiten.

Modern onderzoek

Professor Jean-Jacques Cassiman van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven toonde in 1998 via een DNA-test met mitochondriaal DNA aan dat Naundorff niet verwant was aan de familie Habsburg-Lotharingen, de familie van Marie-Antoinette van Frankrijk, moeder van Lodewijk XVII. Zijn bewering dat hij identiek was aan Lodewijk XVII kon daarmee weerlegd worden. De nazaten hebben de resultaten van dit onderzoek nooit erkend en hebben publicatie in het tijdschrift Nature zelfs verhinderd.

Het DNA-onderzoek was een bevestiging van de conclusies die Johan Hendrik Petrie al eerder in zijn proefschrift had getrokken. Dr. Petrie noemde Naundorff "een pathologische leugenaar". De zaak zou te vergelijken zijn geweest met die van Julius Schatt, die beweerde een nazaat van een buitenechtelijk kind van Willem I der Nederlanden en Henriëtte d'Oultremont de Wégimont te zijn, maar door wetenschappers werd ontmaskerd.

-------------------- Na testen en studie bleek deze man geef afstammmeling uit de familie de Bourbon

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Karl Wilhelm Naundorff's Timeline

1775
March 17, 1775
1819
August 31, 1819
Age 44
Berlin, Germany
1821
1821
Age 45
1823
1823
Age 47
1829
1829
Age 53
Krosno ,Odrzanskie, Poland
1831
1831
Age 55
1833
1833
Age 57
Lunzenau, Chemnitz, Sachsen, Germany
1835
1835
Age 59
1840
April 26, 1840
Age 65
London, Greater London, UK
1843
1843
Age 67