Katharina von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Markgräfin zu Meißen, Pfalzgräfin und Kurfürstin zu Sachsen

Is your surname von Braunschweig-Lüneburg?

Research the von Braunschweig-Lüneburg family

Katharina von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Markgräfin zu Meißen, Pfalzgräfin und Kurfürstin zu Sachsen's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

About Katharina von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Markgräfin zu Meißen, Pfalzgräfin und Kurfürstin zu Sachsen

Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg was the only daughter and second child of the Duke Henry I of Brunswick-Lüneburg († 1416) from his first marriage to Sophie († June 1400), daughter of Duke Wartislaw VI of Pomerania.

As a 17-year-old she married on 8 May 1402 Margrave Frederick IV "the Warlike" of Meissen (1370–1428), who in 1425 became the first Elector of Saxony, as Frederick I. The elector lost a large part of his army in the Hussite Wars in a battle in 1425 at Most. During Frederick's absence, Electress Catherine organised another army of 20,000 men, which rushed to Frederick's aid, but was defeated devastatingly in the Battle of Aussig in 1426.

http://www.geni.com/projects/The-Fallen-of-the-Battle-of-Aussig-%C3%9Ast%C3%AD-nad-Labem-Bohemia-1426/27631

Although there were some deaths in skirmishes in the days before the great battle, on Sunday, 16 June 1426, a large number of the Saxon and Thuringian aristocracy was wiped out. Many families lost all, or almost all of their sons in battle. This Project is primarily to list those known to have died. The were fighting the Hussites, who laid waste to Saxony and further afield, burning down all the churches, towns and killing inhabitants. The reason there are no church registers in Saxony before this period is that the Hussites burned them.

The crusade was called because the Pope believed that the Hussite armies would be easily defeated after the death of Jan Žižka. The overall commander of the Hussite forces at the battle was Sigismund Korybut, while Prokop the Great was independently in command of the Taborites. Boso of Vitzthum was the leader of the crusading army. The Hussites had 24,000 soldiers and at least 500 war wagons, while the crusaders had 70,000 men. The crusaders approached Aussig in three columns and were accompanied by 3,000 war wagons and 180 artillery pieces. The Hussites drew up their Wagenburg on one of the hills near the town.

A crusader cavalry assault on the wagon fortress began the battle. The knights could have been equipped with very large battle axes or hammers because one account of the battle has them hewing through the retaining chains on the wagons to breach through the fortress and get inside the Wagenburg. Then, the knights broke through a second defensive line that was made up of pavises.

This was the highest point of crusader morale in the whole battle. The Hussite cavalry inside the Wagenburg had left and attacked the knights trying to breach the wagon chains from the rear. The knights were then surrounded and fell under a huge barrage of artillery, crossbow, and handgun fire. The Hussites then charged in on the knights and showed no mercy. The actual battle was brief, and for that reason, it is possible that no more than 5,000 soldiers were lost on the crusader side. However, after the battle, many of the crusaders fled to local villages.

Most of the Meissen-Osterland and Thuringian generals and colour troopers, counts, barons and esquires fell. Amongst the estimated 500 aristocrats lost were •Heinrich II. von Hartenstein as the last Burgrave of Meißen, •Burggrave Oswald von Kirchberg, •Count Ernst I. von Hohnstein, •Count Friedrich XIV. von Beichlingen-Wiehe as margravial field-marshal with his same-named son from his first marriage:- •Friedrich XV. von Beichlingen, •Ernst von Gleichen, General of the Thuringian Foot Regiment, •Lieutenant-General Friedrich von Gleichen, Herr zu Tonna, •Count Johann II. von Barby, •Count Heinrich XXI. von Schwarzburg, •Heinrich VIII. von Gera, •Heinrich VII. Reuß von Plauen, •Count Friedrich zu Dohna, •Count Busso von Falkenstein (head of the Meißen army), •Protze I. Edler Herr von Querfurt, •Günter Ritter von Bünau, •Tham Pflug, •Busso Vitzthum von Apolda, leader of the Meißen army, •Jacob von Wangenheim, •Heinz/Heinrich von Erffa, •Christian/Kerstan von Seebach, •Dietrich von Witzleben, •Christian/Kerstan von Witzleben von der Elgersburg, •Caspar von Schönberg with his sons:- •Dietrich von Schleinitz, and •Heinrich von Schleinitz, •Johann von Schönfeld, •Friedrich XIII. von Schönburg, •Johann von Carlowitz and •members of the von Karras and von Köckeritz families.

Links:

view all

Katharina von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Markgräfin zu Meißen, Pfalzgräfin und Kurfürstin zu Sachsen's Timeline

1389
1389
1402
August 1402
Age 13
1412
August 22, 1412
Age 23
Altenburg, Sachsen, Deutschland(HRR)
1415
March 3, 1415
Age 26
Altenburg, Sachsen, Deutschland(HRR)
1420
June 5, 1420
Age 31
Leipzig, Sachsen, Deutschland(HRR)
1421
1421
Age 32
Sachsen
1422
May 21, 1422
Age 33
Leipzig, Sachsen, Deutschland(HRR)
1425
April 30, 1425
Age 36
Meißen, Sachsen, Deutschland (HRR)
1442
1442
Age 53
Grimma, Sachsen, Deutschland(HRR)