Katherine Swynford (de Roet), Duchess of Lancaster (1350 - 1403) MP 100

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Birthplace: Picardy, Somme, France
Death: Died in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England
Occupation: Duchess of Lancaster
Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About Katherine Swynford (de Roet), Duchess of Lancaster

"Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster (also spelled Synford), née (de) Roet (also spelled (de) Rouet, (de) Roët, or (de) Roelt) (probably 25 November 1350 – 10 May 1403), was the daughter of Sir Payne (or Paen/Pain/Paon) (de) Roet (also spelled (de) Rouet, (de) Roët or (de) Roelt), originally a Flemish herald from County of Hainaut, later knighted.

Katherine became the third wife of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, and their descendants were the Beaufort family, which played a major role in the Wars of the Roses. Henry VII, who became King of England in 1485, derived his claim to the throne from his mother Lady Margaret Beaufort, who was a great-granddaughter of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford."

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Wikipedia links:

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other links:

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=20205

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=8653

http://www.genealogy4u.com/genealogy/getperson.php?personID=I559&tree=western2007

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I455&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I109&tree=Nixon

http://www.mathematical.com/roetcatherine1350.htm

http://www.nndb.com/people/343/000098049/

http://www.royalist.info/execute/biog?person=16

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10197.htm#i101970

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Citations / Sources:

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 102. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume XII/2, page 547. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S16] #894 Cahiers de Saint-Louis (1976), Louis IX, Roi de France, (Angers: J. Saillot, 1976), FHL book 944 D22ds., vol. 1 p. 4, vol. 30 p. 12.

[S44] #242 [1846 edition] A genealogical and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland & Scotland, extinct, dormant, & abeyance, Burke, John, (London : Henry Colburn, 1846), 942 D22bua 1846., p. 38.

[S41] #1325 Ogle and Bothal; or, A history of the baronies of Ogle, Bothal, and Hepple, and of the families of Ogle and Bertram, Ogle, Henry A., (Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England : Reid, 1902), 929.242 Og5o., p. 298a.

[S41] #1325 Ogle and Bothal; or, A history of the baronies of Ogle, Bothal, and Hepple, and of the families of Ogle and Bertram, Ogle, Henry A., (Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England : Reid, 1902), 929.242 Og5o., Pedigree XIV.

[S49] Foundations: Journal of the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, (Periodical. Chobham, Surrey, England: Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, 2005- Published twice yearly.), vol. 1 no. 1 2003 p. 54, no. 3 p. 164.

[S69] #2251 The Royal Bastards of Medieval England (1984), Given-Wilson, Chris and Alice Curteis, (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984), FHL book 942 D5g., p. 147-148, 150.

[S36] #89 A Genealogical History of the Kings of England, and Monarchs of Great Britain, & C. From the Conquest, Anno 1066 to the Year, 1677, Sandford, Francis, (London: Thomas Newcomb, 1677), FHL microfilm 599,670 item 3., p. 313.

[S333] #773 The History and Antiquities of the County of Rutland: Compiled from the Works of the Most Approved Historians, National Records and Other Authentic Documents, Public and Private (1811), Blore, Thomas, (Stanford: R. Newcomb, [1811]), FHL book 942.545 H2b (British X Large Folio)., p. 98.

[S1850] Medieval Lands: A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal Families, Charles Cawley, (http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/), England, Kings 1066-1603 [accessed 28 Jun 2006].

[S4] #11232 The Genealogist (1980-), Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, (New York: Organization for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, 1980-), FHL book 929.105 G286n., vol. 9 no. 1 p. 189.

[S4] #11232 The Genealogist (1980-), Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, (New York: Organization for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, 1980-), FHL book 929.105 G286n., Spring 1985, vol. 6 no. 1 p. 102:533; Spring 2000, vol. 14 no. 1 p. 82:1142.

[S23] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 200.

[S117] #227 The History and Antiquities of the County of Hertford (1815-1827), Clutterbuck, Robert, (3 volumes. London: Nichols, Son and Bentley, 1815-1827), FHL book Q 942.58 H2c; FHL microfilms 899,855-899,., vol. 3 p. 31.

[S735] Richard III, Ross, Charles Derek, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981), JWML book DA260 .R67 1981., p. 238.

[S124] #240 Collins's Peerage of England, Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical, Greatly Augmented, and Continued to the Present Time (1812), Brydges, Sir Egerton,, (9 volumes. London: [T. Bensley], 1812), FHL book 942 D22be., vol. 1 p. 222.

[S20] Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2nd edition, 2011), vol. 2 p. 535.

[S22] #374 The Lineage and Ancestry of H. R. H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (1977), Paget, Gerald, (2 volumes. Baltimore: Geneal. Pub., 1977), FHL book Q 942 D22pg., vol. 1 p. 22, 24.

[S266] #379 [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700 (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 3 line 1:31. -------------------- Katherine Swynford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Katherine Swynford (also spelled Synford), née (de) Roet (also spelled (de) Rouet or (de) Roelt; c. 1350 – May 10, 1403), was the daughter of Payne (or Paen) de Roet, a Flemish herald from Hainault who was knighted just before his battlefield death. His children included Katherine, her older sister Philippa, a son, Walter, and the eldest sister, Isabel de Roet, (who died Canoness of the convent of St. Waudru's, Mons, c. 1366). Katherine became the third wife of the English prince John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster, and their descendants were the Beaufort family, which played a major role in the Wars of the Roses. Henry VII, who became King of England in 1485, derived his claim to the throne from his mother Lady Margaret Beaufort, who was a great-granddaughter of Katherine Swynford.

Life

About the year 1366, at the age of 16, Katherine married Hugh Swynford (1340-1372), an English knight from the manor of Kettlethorpe in Lincolnshire, and bore him at least two children; Thomas (1368-1432), Blanche (born 1370), and likely the Margaret Swynford (born c. 1369) who was nominated a nun at the prestigious Barking Abbey by the command of Richard II in 1377). Katherine then became attached to the household of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, ostensibly as governess to his two daughters (the sisters of the future Henry IV of England) by his first wife Blanche. Eventually, she became his official mistress, about 1373. Katherine's sister Philippa, a member of the household of Queen Philippa of Hainault, wife of Edward III, married the poet Geoffrey Chaucer, whose poem The Book of the Duchess commemorated Blanche's death in 1369.

Two years following the death of his second wife Constance of Castile, John and Katherine married on 13 January 1396 in Lincoln Cathedral, three years before he died. The four children Katherine had borne John of Gaunt had been given the surname "Beaufort" and were already adults when they were legitimized by this marriage with papal approval. The Beauforts were later barred from inheriting the throne by a clause inserted into the legitimation act by their half-brother, Henry IV.

Katherine survived John by only four years, dying on May 10, 1403. She was then dowager Duchess of Lancaster. Her tomb, and that of her daughter Joan Beaufort, are under a carved-stone canopy in the sanctuary of Lincoln Cathedral, but their remains are no longer in them, because the tombs were despoiled in 1644, during the English Civil War, by the Roundheads.

[edit]Children

Katherine's children by John of Gaunt were:

John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset.

Henry Cardinal Beaufort.

Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter.

Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland.

Katherine's son John was the great-grandfather of Henry VII of England and the grandfather of James II of Scotland; her daughter Joan Beaufort was the grandmother of Edward IV of England and Richard III of England, whom Henry VII defeated to take the throne. (Henry then married Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV, and their son became Henry VIII of England). Her step-son became Henry IV of England by deposing Richard II of England (who was imprisoned and died shortly thereafter, in Pontefract Castle, where Katherine's son Thomas Swynford was constable, and he was said to have starved Richard to death for his step-brother); her step-daughter, John and Constance's daughter Catherine (or Catalina), was the great-grandmother of Catherine of Aragon, the first wife of Henry VIII of England and mother of Mary I of England.

[edit]Reception

Katherine Swynford is the subject of Anya Seton's novel Katherine (published in 1954) and of Alison Weir's biography Katherine Swynford: The Story of John of Gaunt and his Scandalous Duchess (ISBN 0224063219). Swynford is also the subject of Jeanette Lucraft's historical biography Katherine Swynford: The History of a Medieval Mistress. This book seeks to establish Swynford as a powerful figure in the politics of fourteenth-century England, and an example of how a woman could manipulate the social mores of the time for her own interests rather than just as the sexual temptress that previous writers have portrayed.

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Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster's Timeline

1350
November 25, 1350
Picardy, Somme, France
1363
May 1, 1363
Age 12
Kettelthorpe Manor, Kettelthorpe, Lincolnshire, England
1366
May 1366
Age 15
St Clement Danes R A F Church, Westminster, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
1368
September 21, 1368
Age 17
Kettelthorpe, Lincolnshire, England
1373
1373
Age 22
Château de Beaufort, Anjou
1375
January 1375
Age 24
Chateau de Beaufort, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Anjou, Normandy, France
1375
Age 24
Château de Beaufort, Anjou, France
1379
1379
Age 28
Meuse-et-Loire, France
1396
January 13, 1396
Age 45
Lincoln Cathedral
1403
May 10, 1403
Age 52
Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England