About King Ping of Zhou 周平王
King Ping of Zhou (before 771 BC - 720 BC) (ch. 周平王 zhōu píng wáng) or King P'ing of Chou was the thirteenth sovereign of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty and the first of Eastern Zhou Dynasty. He fled when his father died.
Family name Ji (姬 jī) in Chinese
Given name Yijiu (宜臼 yí jìu) in Chinese
Era name none
Father King You of Zhou
Mother Daughter of Marquis of Shen
Grandchildren King Huan of Zhou
Duration of reign 770 BC-720 BC
Temple name unknown
Courtesy name unknown
Posthumous name Ping 平 (pinyin píng), literary meaning: "peaceful"
King Ping of Zhou (died 720 BC) (Chinese: 周平王; pinyin: Zhōu Píng Wáng), formerly romanized as King P’ing of Chou, was the thirteenth king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty and the first of Eastern Zhou Dynasty. He was the son of King You of Zhou and Queen Shen, and was known as Crown Prince Yijiu before ascending the throne.
King You had exiled Queen Shen and Yijiu after the king became enamoured with his concubine Bao Si and made her queen. As a result, Queen Shen’s father, the Marquess of Shen, teamed with the Quanrong nomads and local satellite states to overthrow King You. You was killed, and Bao Si captured. Yijiu ascended the throne and was posthumously known as King Ping of Zhou.
King Ping moved the Zhou Dynasty east from Haojing to Luoyang, thus ending the Western Zhou and beginning the Eastern Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and Autumn period.
Over 14 centuries after King Ping’s death, Tang Dynasty Empress regnant Wu Zetian claimed ancestry from King Ping through his son Prince Wu, and changed the dynastic name to Zhou, which was reverted to Tang after her death.
King Ping’s son was Xiefu, father of the King Huan of Zhou.
References[edit source] 1.^ Chinese Text Project, Rulers of the Zhou states – with links to their occurrences in pre-Qin and Han texts. 2.^ Phương Thi Danh (2001), Niên biểu lịch sử Trung Quốc 3.^ Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian 4.^ The Cambridge history of ancient China: from the origins of civilization to 221 B.C. Written by Michael Loewe. 5.^ Giles, Herbert A. (1912). The Civilization of China. Tutis Digital Publishing. ISBN 81-320-0448-5. Chapter 1 6.^ Sima Qian. Records of the Grand Historian, "Zhou Dynasty Annals". 7.^ Bamboo Annals 8.^ Zheng Zhu (郑注), "Classic of Rites · Unified Sacrifices (礼记·祭统》） 9.^ Shaughnessy (1990:350) 10.^ Paludan, 101