Archduchess Constance of Austria

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About Archduchess Constance of Austria

Konstancja Habsburżanka – królowa Polski i Szwecji. Wikipedia PL

Konstanze von Österreich aus dem Haus der Habsburger war eine Erzherzogin von Österreich und durch Heirat Königin von Polen und Großfürstin von Litauen. Wikipedia DE

Archduchess Constance of Austria (Constance Renate of Habsburg, in German Konstanze Renate von Habsburg, Erzherzogin von Österreich, in Polish Konstancja Austriaczka or Konstancja Rakuszanka) (December 24, 1588-July 10, 1631) was a Queen consort of Poland and Sweden.



   * 1 Biography
   * 2 Ancestors
   * 3 Gallery
   * 4 References
   * 5 See also
   * 6 External links

[edit] Biography

Constance was a daughter of Charles II of Austria and Maria Anna of Bavaria. Her paternal grandparents were Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary(1503–1547). Anne was the only daughter of King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary and his wife Anne de Foix. Her maternal grandparents were Albert V, Duke of Bavaria and Anne Habsburg of Austria.

Constance was also a younger sister of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor, Margaret of Austria, Leopold V of Austria and Anna of Austria.

Her older sister Anna was the first wife of king Sigismund III Vasa. After her death Constance and Sigismund III Vasa were married on December 11, 1605. They had seven children:

  1. John Casimir (25 Dec 1607-14 Jan 1608)
  2. John Casimir (1609-1672), (reigned 1648-1668 as John Casimir II Vasa of Poland)
  3. John Albert (1612-1634)
  4. Charles Ferdinand (1613-1655)
  5. Alexander Charles (1614-1634)
  6. Anna Constance (26 Jan 1616-24 May 1616)
  7. Anna Catherine Constance (1619-1651)

She was a great politician. She built a strong faction which consisted of important noblemen married to her handmaidens. She was very religious, and went to Mass twice a day. She also was a great patron of painters and architects.

In 1623 Constance bought Żywiec form Mikołaj Komorowski, which was forbidden by law to the members of the Royal Family and caused misunderstandings with the Parliament.[1] Some time later (in 1626) she forbidden for Jews to settle in the city (de non tolerandis Judaeis).[2]

Konstantia av Habsburg-Steiermark (eller Konstantia av Österrike) föddes i december 1588 i Graz i delstaten Steiermark i Österrike som dotter till ärkehertig Karl av Habsburg-Steiermark (48) och Maria av Bayern (37). Konstantias farfar hette Ferdinand I (1503-1564) och var tysk-romersk kejsare.

När Konstantia var 3 ½ år gammal (1592) gifte sig hennes syster Anna med den polska kungen Sigismund III. Ingen kunde väl då tro att Konstantia tretton år senare skulle gifta sig med samma man! Så blev de i alla fall.

Hennes syster dog i barnsäng 1598 när hon födde parets femte barn. Då var Konstantia tio år gammal. Sju år senare (1605) när hon var sjutton, gifte hon sig med Sigismund (39). Hon blev då styvmor till sina syskonbarn och Sigismund barn som han fick med Konstantia blev både halvsyskon och kusiner till hans första frus barn. Sigismund, som då var polsk kung, blev illa omtyckt för att han gifte sig med henne. Att gifta sig med sin frus syster ansågs nämligen nästan vara som incest!. De fick med tiden i alla fall sju barn:

view all 12

Archduchess Constance of Austria's Timeline

December 24, 1588
Graz, Steiermark, Austria
December 11, 1605
Age 16
Warszawa, Mazowieckie, Poland
December 25, 1607
Age 19
Kraków, Małopolskie, Poland
March 22, 1609
Age 20
Kraków, Małopolskie, Poland
June 25, 1612
Age 23
Warszawa, Mazowieckie, Poland
October 13, 1613
Age 24
Warszawa, Mazowieckie, Poland
November 14, 1614
Age 25
Warszawa, Mazowieckie, Poland
January 26, 1616
Age 27
August 7, 1619
Age 30
Warszawa, Mazowieckie, Poland
July 10, 1631
Age 42
Warszawa, Mazowieckie, Poland