LAXMANA DASARATA

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LAXMANA DASARATA

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Ayodhya, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
Death: (Date and location unknown)
Immediate Family:

Son of DASARATHA AJA and SUMITRA PRINCESS OF MEGADHA DASARATA
Husband of URMILA LAXMANA
Father of ANGADA RULER KARA LAXMANA and CHANDRAKETU RULER OF PATHA LAXMANA
Brother of SATRUGANA DASARATA
Half brother of Shri Rama DASARATHA; SANTA RISHYSRINGA and BHARATHA DASARATHA

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About LAXMANA DASARATA

Who was Lakshmana's mother? Sumitra. His father, King Dasarath, had three queens: Kaushalya, Kaikeyi, and Sumitra. Urmila was his wife.

Who was Lakshmana's wife?

Urmila. Sita was the wife of Shri Rama, Lakshmana's eldest brother. Mandavi was the next brother, Bharata's wife. Shrutakirti was wedded to Lakshmana's twin, Shatrughna.

Only twice in his entire life did Lakshmana disobey Shri Rama's orders. What did he do (at one of these times)?

He left Sita when told to guard her.. This took place in the thirteenth year of the exile. The king of demons, Ravana, had sent a demon named Maricha to lure Shri Rama and Lakshmana away from Sita so that he could capture her. Maricha, turning into a golden deer, walked past their dwelling. Sita asked Shri Rama to capture it, but Lakshmana warned that it may be a demon in disguise. Rama went, saying that if it were a demon, he would kill it and telling Lakshmana to stay and guard Sita no matter what happenned. Eventually Maricha lured Rama far from the cottage. Then Shri Rama realized it was a demon, and shot it. Maricha then took his true form and, with his final breath, called out in Shri Rama's voice, "Oh Lakshmana! Oh, Sita! Help!" Back at the cottage, Sita panicked upon hearing this. She begged Lakshmana to go help his brother, but he refused, saying that no harm could ever befall Shri Rama. However, she was not to be satisfied and threatened to go herself. Unable to console her, he begrudgingly left, entrusting her safety to the surrounding plants and animals and praying for his brother's forgiveness.

The other time when he disobeyed Shri Rama involved...

the Sage Durvasa. This was the cause of Lakshmana's death. Many years after Sita left the Earth, Yama, the God of death, came to talk to Shri Rama. He wished to speak to him alone and requested that anyone who entered be given the death penalty. Shri Rama asked Lakshmana to guard the door so none would enter. As Shri Rama and Yama were talking, Sage Durvasa came seeking an audience. Lakshmana asked him to wait a little while as Rama was not to be disturbed. However, Sage Durvasa, famed for his anger, threatened to destroy Ayodhya (the capital of the kingdom) if not granted entrance. Poor Lakshmana was in a grave dilemma. At last, he resolved that it would be better if he were to die rather than Ayodhya being destroyed. So, he entered the room to announce Sage Durvasa's coming.

Who was Lakshmana able to slay because he had not eaten, slept, or seen the face of a woman for fourteen years?

Indrajit. After returning to Ayodhya, some people wondered why Lakshmana killing Indrajit was such a big deal. After all, other people had killed other sons of Ravana. However, Rama pointed out that Indrajit could only be killed by someone who had not eaten, slept, or seen the face of a woman for fourteen years. People protested that that was impossible. However, it was shown that Lakshmana was qualified in all three areas. Even though Shri Rama had handed him food to eat, he had never told him to eat. Lakshmana, in his loyalty, thought himelf born to serve Shri Rama and did not do anything without being told. Hence, he had not eaten. Before going into exile, his mother had told him to serve Shri Rama and guard him while he slept. So, Lakshmana did just that...and went 14 years without sleeping. Also, though he lived near his sister-in-law for 14 yars, he never looked at her face. He worshipped her, and only gazed at her feet. Such was his loyalty.

Who was Lakshmana's twin brother?

Shatrughna. Shri Rama and Bharata were his brothers, but they were older than him and born to different mothers. Guha was a friend.

Who rendered Lakshmana unconscious?

Indrajit. Indrajit used the snake weapon and would have killed him had Hanuman not brought the needed medicinal herbs in time.

Shri Rama is a reincarnation of Shri Vishnu. What is Lakshmana the reincarnation of?

Shesha Naga, the snake that sheltered Shri Vishnu. The discus and conch came to Earth as Bharata and Shatrughna. The mace was not reincarnated.

In his next incarnation, Lakshmana was...

Balarama. Krishna was the reincarnation of Shri Vishnu, and Balarama was his elder brother. Nanda was their adopted father/guardian, and Sudama was their friend.

Which of these people did Lakshmana never threaten to raise arms against?

Janaka. Amazing as it may seem, Lakshmana did plan to raise arms on Dasaratha, Bharata, and Parshurama. Even though Dasaratha was his father, Lakshmana was enraged at him when Rama resolved to go into exile, blaming him for acting unjustly with his son because of a woman. When Rama was in exile, Bharata had come to meet him and persuade him to come home. However, Lakshmana thought he wanted to kill Rama and was about raise arms against him. As for Parshurama, that was right after Shri Rama won the hand of Sita by breaking the great bow of Shri Shiva. The sage Parshurama was enraged because of the broken bow and threatened to kill Shri Rama, and so Lakshmana almost fought him. In all cases, even though it was because he was enraged on account of Shri Rama, it was Rama himself who made him calm down and think rationally. Thanks for playing.

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LAXMANA DASARATA's Timeline

-5114
January 10, -5114
Age 401
Ayodhya, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

The Ramayana has seven long sections called kandas. The first section, the Bala-Kanda (pages 2-19), tells of Prince Rama's birth, his youthful adventures, and his marriage to the Princess Sita. Bala refers to "childhood" or "early" events
Date of Birth of Lord Ram 10 TH JANUARY 5114 BC

Aadikavi Valmiki in 1/18/8-10 of Ramayan has given details that Shri Ram was born on 9th tithi of Chaitra month during day time when the position of different planets vis-à-vis zodiac constellations and nakshatras (visible stars) was as under:
1. Sun in Aries 2. Saturn in Libra
3. Jupiter in Cancer 4. Venus in Pisces
5. Mars in Capricorn 6. Lunar month of Chaitra
7. Ninth day after Amavasya 8. Lagna as Cancer
9. Moon near the star Punar vasu (Pollux) in Gemini Constellation.
Moon & Jupiter were shining together in Cancer.

This data was entered into the ‘Planetarium Gold’ software, the results indicated that this was exactly the location of planets/stars vis-à-vis zodiac constellations on the 10th of January noon time in the year 5114 BC if viewed from latitude/longitude of Ayodhya (25°N 81°E). Thus Shri Ram was born on 10th January in 5114 BC.

By making use of software to convert solar calendar into lunar calendar, it was found that this date also happened to be the 9th day of Shukla Paksha in ‘Chaitra’ month and the time was around 12 to 1 noontime. This is exactly the time and date when Ramnavmi is celebrated all over India till date .

Ramayan – lesson 6 BALA KANDA
Shivadhanusha
The wedding of sita
The humbling of Parshurama
Shivadhanusha
Vishwamitra travelled with Rama and Lakshmana towards the northeast from Sage Gauthama ashram and reached Mithila. Mithila was the capital of the king of Videha. Seeradhwaja Janaka Maharaja was the ruler. He was the son of Hraswaroma Janaka. The founder of his dynasty had three names – Videha, Mithi and Janaka. And so every king of the kingdom used to be called Janaka, the kingdom was called Videha and the capital was called Mithila. Janaka was a rajarshi – a king-sage. His wife was Sunayane. Janaka had two daughters – Seetha and Urmila. Janaka younger brother Kushadhwaja, ruled over Sankasha Nagara, on the banks of the Ikshumathi.
At the time Vishwamitra, Rama and Lakshmana arrived in Mithila, King Janaka was engaged in a great sacrifice. Hundreds thronged Mithila because of the sacrifice. Rishis, munis and other religious leaders were in the city. Vishwamitra chose a place near a water source but far from the crowds and camped there.
As soon as Janaka learnt that Sage Vishwamitra was in Mithila he went to his camp with the royal priest Shatananda. He paid his respects and welcomed the sage. After the exchange of courtesies Janaka pointed to Rama and Lakshmana and said, Great Sage, who are these two youths? They look like Ashwinis – the twin gods. They are tall and well-built. Their eyes sparkle. Their faces are attractive and look energetic. Who are these young men, carrying bows and arrows, and moving about like lion cubs?
Vishwamitra told him about Rama and Lakshmana. He narrated how they had killed Tataki and how they had saved his sacrifice from the menace of Maricha and Subahu. He also narrated how Rama had set Ahalya free from the curse and how Gauthama and Ahalya had been reunited.
The royal priest Shatananda was in raptures when he heard what Vishwamitra said. He was the son of Gauthama and Ahalya. He was immensely happy that his mother had been set free from the curse. Again and again he thanked Rama. He made obeisance to Vishwamitra who had once again brought together his parents through, Rama.
Then Shatananda said to Rama, Rama, you redeemed my mother from the curse. Because of you my parents were reunited. I shall ever be in your debt. You are the most virtuous of men. Rama, you are really fortunate that you have a mentor like Vishwamitra. Do not imagine that he is a rishi just like any other. Human endeavour can achieve what seems impossible – and this great sage Vishwamitra is a fine example.
Shatananda then narrated to Rama and Lakshmana the story of Vishwamitra – how the king Kaushika received Sage Vashista hospitality and then coveted the cow of the ashram; how, when Vashista declined the king attempted to seize the cow by force but was thwarted; how by the sheer force of his tapas he first earned the title of rajarshi and then that of a rishi; how he bestowed on Thrishanku a realm equal to heaven there to dwell in his body; how, although once he surrendered to Menaka loveliness and his tapas was thwarted he acquired the strength of will which could spurn even the loveliness of Rambha; how, he gained the status of a maharshi and finally won recognition as Brahmarshi even from Vashishta.
Rama and Lakshmana knew that Vishwamitra was a great sage. But only now that they understood the measure of his greatness. They realized that it was their immense good fortune that had him for their Guru; they eulogized the sage again and again and made obeisance to him. Janaka led all of them to his palace.
Vishwamitra said to Janaka, Maharaja, these princes are eager to see the Shivadhanus which is in your possession. Show it to them and tell them the story of that mighty bow. Janaka said, Princes, the Shivadhanus was made by Vishwakarma. The gods gave it to Shiva at the time of killing of Tripurasura. It is called Sunabha. When Daksha performed a sacrifice he humiliated both his daughter Dakshayini and her husband Shiva. The enraged Shiva contemplated annihilating the entire universe with this bow. The gods then supplicated to him; he overcame his wrath and returned the bow to the gods. One of our ancestors, Devaratha, performed a sacrifice; the gods were pleased and bestowed the bow on our dynasty. Since then it has been in our possession. So strong is the bow that, so far, no one has been able to bend and string it.
Princes, for a long time I had no children. I decided to perform a sacrifice in order to have children. Before the sacrifice, I was ploughing, as is customary, with a plough. I then found a girl child. The word Seetha means the mark made by a plough. Because I found her when I was ploughing I called her Seetha. She has grown up and has now come of age. She is exquisitely lovely, and as virtuous as she is beautiful. People say she is like a goddess.
It is my desire that only a strong and valiant man should marry Seetha. And so I have set a challenge.: Any one who wishes to marry Seetha should bend and string the Shivadhanus. But so far no one has succeeded. Any number of princes have made the attempt, but they have not even been able to lift the bow. Gods, Rakshas and mighty monarchs have sought to bend the bow, but in vain. Gandharvas, Kinnaras and Yakshas have shared the same fate. This is such a formidable bow.Rama, you look like a youth of prowess. I shall have the bow brought here. Make an attempt.String the Shivadhanus and marry Seeta; that will make me immensely happy.
Sri Rama breaks Shiva Dhanush
The king servants brought the bow. It had been placed in a huge eight wheeled carriage. It needed the effort of hundreds of servants to draw it. Janaka pointed to the bow and said to Vishwamitra,Great Sage, show this bow to the princes. It is my desire that at least Rama, the son of Dasharatha, should succeed in the test. Vishwamitra said to Rama, Look at this bow, my child.Rama opened the lid and had a good look. He, too, wished to lift and string it. He told the sage so and Vishwamitra acceded.
7ram 7
Rama went up to the box and put his hands inside. Effortlessly he lifted the bow which gods and daithyas had not been able to lift. the spectators were tongue-tied in wonder. Gods assembled in the sky to witness the stunning feat of Rama. He raised the bow and bent in order to string it. But the bow was not equal to his strength and broke in to two, with an ear-shattering noise like that of lightning. All who were present, save Rama, Lakshmana, Vishwamitra, Janaka and Shatananda swooned for a while. When they recovered, they applauded Rama prowess in raptures and jumped and danced in joy.
King Janaka joy knew no bounds. Rama prowess surpassed his imagination. He belonged to the Ikshwaku dynasty. He was handsome beyond the reach of words, and was a treasure-house of virtues. What more could Janaka desire? He invited Rama to marry Seetha. He summoned his principal ministers and said to them, Go at once to Ayodhya. Report to king Dasharatha all that has happened here. Request him, on my behalf, to come to Mithila and receive Seetha as his daughter-in-law. He said to Sage Vishwamitra, Revered Sage, be pleased to stay here and guide us in the celebrations. And he ordered his ministers, Make arrangements for the marriage of Rama and Seetha; make it an event of unprecedented grandeur.
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The Wedding of Sita
The news reached Dasharatha. He was in ecstasies when he heard about the unique feat his son had performed. He considered himself fortunate in this marriage alliance with the king-sage Janaka. He set out for Mithila with his retinue.
Janaka and his priest and ministers as well as the citizens greeted Dasharatha and his retinue at the main entrance of Mithila and gave them a splendid welcome. King Janaka and King Dasharatha embraced and displayed their affection and friendship. Janaka extended the finest hospitality to all of them.
Vashishta, Dasharatha priest and Shathananda, Janaka priest, sat together for consultations.Dasharatha, Janaka and Kushadhwaja – Janaka younger brother and the king of Sankashanagara – also sat with them. At their request, Vishwamitra also joined them. They fixed an auspicious day for the marriage of Rama and Seetha. Janaka made a request to Dasharatha, Accept my other daughter Urmila as Lakshmana bride. Dasharatha gladly consented. Janaka younger brother Kushadhwaja had two daughters- Mandavi and Shrutakeerti. Like Seeta and Urmila, they,too, were beautiful and endowed with many virtues. Vishwamitra suggested that they should marry Bharata and Shatrughna, adding that it would be an excellent alliance. Dasharatha consented and Kushadhwaja was overjoyed.
The wedding preparations proceeded briskly. The entire city wore a festive and joyous look. Canopies and festoons of green leaves appeared everywhere. Banners fluttered from tall poles. The ground before every house was swept and cleaned with water and decorated with designs drawn with coloured powders. Musical instruments played tunes celebrating an auspicious occasion, in every house, and filled all minds and hearts with joy.
The marriage rites were to be performed in a vast sacrificial hall. It could accommodate any number of guests, no matter how many thousands thronged the venue. The marriage mantap was at a higher level. The hall glowed like the royal court of Lord Indra.
The day of the marriage dawned. Uttaraphalguni was the presiding star of the day. The auspicious rites of the morning were completed. Led by his priests, Dasharatha arrived at the marriage hall with Rama, Lakshamana, Bharata and Shatrughna. Rama and his brothers were wearing the kankanas – auspicious strings worn at the time of marriage. They were wearing magnificent jewels and were splendidly dressed, and shone like gods. The milling crowds gazed upon the princes in great joy. In particular, Rama lovely face, his strong build, his enthralling smile and his modesty that dwelt in his visage held them spellbound.
Seeta and Urmila, wearing dresses signalling an auspicious occasion, shone brightly in the marriage pandal. By their side Mandavi and Shruthakeerthi, the daughters of Kushadhwaja, sparkled in similar dresses. The loveliness of their faces and the effulgence – unusual to this world- bestowed a new luster on the entire hall.
Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrughna came up to the platform. Janaka requested Vashishta to guide the marriage rituals. Vashista,Vishwamitra and Shatananda together offered worship to the pandal, Ritualistically they prepared the sacrificial pit. They decorated it with flowers. They placed Kalasa – vessels carrying holy waters, conches, bells, sandalwood and other auspicious articles on the platform. As they recited the Vedas they installed holy fire in the sacrificial pit. They poured sacred ghee into the fire.
Bejewelled, Seeta sparkled like a goddess; Janaka guided her to Rama and said, Sri Rama, accept my
daughter Seetha in marriage. She will be your wife and assist you in the practice of Dharma. May good fortune brighten your lives. He then placed Seetha hand in Sri Rama hand, and gave her away in marriage with the prescribed rites. The gods who were watching in the skies rejoiced. Celestial kettledrums sounded and there was a shower of flowers. Joy was writ large on every face.
Then Janaka celebrated the Panigrahana of Lakshmana and Urmila. Panigrahana means taking the bride hand with the Fire God for witness. Kushadhwaja gave his daughter Mandavi to Bharata and Shruthakeerthi to Shathrughna in marriage.
The princes went round the sacred fire, performedSapthapadi – taking seven steps, holding the hands of their brides. They made obeisance to the rishis and munis who had assembled. They paid their respects to their parents and all other elders present there. Once again the heavenly kettledrums sounded. Celestial nymphs danced, gandharvas sang melodiously. The people of Mithila and the relatives, friends and retinue of Dasharatha forgot themselves in their raptures.
The celebrations concluded; Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Shathrughna were now married. They returned to the palace in great joy.
The day after the marriage Vishwamitra said to Rama,My child, my mission is accomplished. I shall now go to the banks of Kaushiki at the foot of Himalayas for the pursuits that lie before me. You are yet to accomplish mighty feats. Do not lose heart, no matter what obstacles block your way and whatever trials and tribulations you may encounter. Let the protection of Dharma be your goal. Let the chastisement of the wicked and the protection of the virtuous be your objective. Rama replied with all humility, Holy sage, your advice will be ever green in my memory. Every one bowed respectfully to Vishwamitra. They followed him to the outskirts of Mithila and then took leave of him.
King Dasharatha then made preparations to return to Ayodhya. Janaka presented rich gifts and honourd every one suitably. Dasharatha set out for Ayodhya with his sons, daughters-in-law and his retinue.
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The humbling of Parshurama
As Dasharatha and his party continued their journey unfavourable omens appeared. Dasharatha was perturbed. He was apprehensive, not knowing what misfortune would befall them. He said to Vashishta, Guruji, these bad omens upset me. Vashishta said, Fear not. It is certain that we shall encounter some grave danger, but it will have a fortunate conclusion. Therefore do not be troubled.
Just then a terrible storm burst on them. The earth seemed to tremble. Even gigantic trees were felled. All of a sudden dark clouds hid the sun. They were all blinded. A person emerged from the enveloping darkness. He was walking fast and was awesome to behold. His hair was matted; he carried an axe in his right hand. A bow rested on his left shoulder. And he seemed to be hastening towards Dasharatha party in flaming wrath.
The man who thus charged the atmosphere with fear was named Rama. He belonged to the Brighu family. He was the son of a great sage Jamadagni. Jamadagni was the son of Vishwamitra sister, Sathyavathi. This son of Jamadagni, who appeared before Dasharatha party always carried a parashu – an axe – in his hand and therefore came to be known as Parashurama.
Parashurama was a man of rare valour and a fiercetapaswi. His feet were endowed with such rare power that he could traverse any distance in the twinkling of an eye. He never transgressed the instruction of an elder. Once Jamadagni was furious with his wife who had done something unworthy.He called Parashurama and said, Cut off the head of your mother. Without reflecting for a moment, Parashurama obeyed his father. Jamadagni said,I am pleased with your obedience. Seek what boon you will. Parashurama answered, Father, may my mother whom I killed come back to life.And may no trace of this bitter event linger in her memory. Jamadagni said,So be it. Renuka came back to life.
The earth was over crowded with kshatriyas in those days. They formed small groups and were always fighting with one another. They were arrogant and ill treated the people. Their harassment made the people wretched. Once when Jamadagni was engaged in tapas, a king called Karthaviryarjuna came their hunting. He killed Jamadgni. When Parashurama learnt the news he was in volcanic rage. He took a vow: The arrogance of these kshathriyas knows no limits. I am not Parashurama if I do not subdue them. With his chosen weapon, the axe, he set forth to exterminate the Kshatriyas. Twenty one times he went round the earth, and made mincemeat of the kshatriyas he encountered. Many kings fled in fear. So the entire earth was his. Parashurama then performed a sacrifice; and the entire earth he gifted away to Sage Kashyapa who had presided over the sacrifice. He then retired to Mount Mahendra and engaged in tapas.
When Dasharatha himself a kashtriya – saw this quick tempered Parashurama he was in a panic. Is
Parashurama still enraged with the kshatriyas? What will now be the fate of my sons? he asked himself, severely shaken. But he managed to greet the sage Parashurama with a smile, make obeisance and make respectful enquiries.
Parashurama did not even through a glance at Dasharatha. He said to Rama, Rama, I have heard of your prowess. It seems you broke the Shivadhanus in Janaka court. That is truly a great feat. Rama, look at this Vishnudhanus I have. Both this bow and the Shivadhanus which you broke were made by Vishwakarma. He gave one of these to Shiva and so it came to be known as Shivadhanus and the other which he gave to Vishnu came to be known as Vishnudhanus. Vishnu gave his bow to my grandfather Richika. Since then it has been in the keeping of my family. It was Shivadhanus which you broke. I have the Vishnudhanus here with me. If you are really a man of great prowess fix an arrow to this Vishnudhanus. I shall then concede that you are powerful.
Rama heard what Parashurama said. The arrogance, the provocative tone, the challenge – all enraged him. But yet he thought it would be disrespectful to exhibit his anger before his father. So he spoke in a gentle tone and expressed his feelings in these words: Parashurama, I, too, have heard of your prowess. May be you have overcome some kings. But that does not justify your assuming that all the kshatriyas are weak, and provoking them in this fashion. Parashurama, do not imagine that I am a weakling. Do you wish to witness my prowess? Look then. At once he seized the Vishnudhanus from Parashurama hand and as if it was just a game, he fixed an arrow.
He then aimed the arrow at Parashurama. He said,Watch, Parashurama, I have fixed an arrow. You are the grand son of the sister of my Guru, Vishwamitra. I cannot kill anyone who is related to my Guru. But the arrow I shoot cannot be in vain. Tell me, Shall I destroy all thepunya – spiritual merit – you have earned, or shall I take away your power of travelling like lightening?
Parashurama was now subdued. His arrogance withered. He turned to Rama and said, Rama, I am now cured of my arrogance. That you are the great master of bow is beyond question. Dasharathi, may good fortune follow in your footsteps. I cannot surrender my power of travelling to your arrow. The reason is that, when, long ago, I gifted this land to sage Kashyapa, I had vowed that I would not spend a night in the territory I had given away. So, in a moment, I have to be back in the Mahendra region, where I perform tapas. So take away the power of mytapas with your arrow, if you will. Accordingly, Rama shot the arrow. Parashurama lost the power of his tapas. At once Parashurama, with the special endowment of his feet, hastened towards Mount Mahendra.
It was as if pitch darkness had lifted and light had returned. They who had shrunk in fear at the approach of Parashurama now shouted in joy. Dasharatha drew Rama to him and embraced him. Every one was happy. They continued their journey with a carefree mind.
There was glad excitement everywhere in Ayodhya. The entire population of the city rejoiced to hear that Dasharatha was returning to Ayodhya with his sons and daughters-in-law and prepared to welcome them. They decorated the city with banners and festoons. Arches of welcome appeared everywhere. Flags also began to flutter from tall poles. Songs glorifying Rama valour were composed. Musical instruments of auspiciousness welcomed the party at the main gate of the city.The party was taken to the palace in a huge procession. It was formally welcomed at a grand ceremony. Everyone acclaimed the Rama-Seetha couple as well as the other couples. The people of the city sang and danced and blessed the newly wed couples. And the couples now began a new wife.
Rama and Seeta were a most happily suited pair. They were like a single soul in two bodies. They loved each other deeply. They never forgot any duty enjoined on them by Dharma. They ardently assisted elders in the duties of Dharma. They were all reverence towards their Gurus and elders. They were affectionate towards those younger than they. They acted as they thought. Their conduct reflected their innermost thoughts. They treated one and all as their kith and kin, so magnanimous were they. Their ideal life delighted every heart.

January 12, -5114
Age 401
Ayodhya, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
-5114
- -5099
Age 401
Ayodhya, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
-5098
-5098
Age 401
-5098
Age 401
Ayodhya, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

VISWAMITRA ARRIVAL AT AYODYA, AND ASKING HELP OF SHRI RAMA TO KILL DEMONS LIKE TADAKAS.....

VISHWAMITRA GAVE MANY ASTHIRAS (MISSILES) TO SHRI RAMA, EXPLAINING THE EFFECT AND USE OF EACH.

When Rama is 16 years old, the sage Vishwamitra comes to the court of Dasharatha in search of help against demons, who were disturbing sacrificial rites. He chooses Rama, who is followed by Lakshmana, his constant companion throughout the story. Rama and Lakshmana receive instructions and supernatural weapons from Vishwamitra, and proceed to destroy the demons.[34]
When Rama was sixteen, a holy sage named Vishwamitra came to Ayodhya and asked the young prince to go with him to the forest. The forest dwellers needed help to destroy the wild rakshasas who were deliberately disturbing the quiet devotions of the holy hermits. Accompanied by his devoted brother Lakshmana, Rama went with Vishwamitra. No sooner had they entered the forest than they met the accursed rakshasi Tataka. Vishwamitra told Rama to kill her, but Rama hesitated because Tataka was a woman. But, persuaded that her dreadful deeds deserved the most dire punishment, and observing that she was then charging at him in unruly wrath, Rama shot an arrow (9). It pierced her hard heart. She fell down dead. This was Rama’s first victory against the rakshasa raiders. Thereupon, Vishwamitra took Rama aside and, while Lakshmana stood by, taught him the mastery of celestial spells and wondrous weapons (11).

-5098
Age 401
Ayodhya, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

1)
KILLING OF RACKSHASI TADAKA---
When Rama was sixteen, a holy sage named Vishwamitra came to Ayodhya and asked the young prince to go with him to the forest. The forest dwellers needed help to destroy the wild rakshasas who were deliberately disturbing the quiet devotions of the holy hermits. Accompanied by his devoted brother Lakshmana, Rama went with Vishwamitra. No sooner had they entered the forest than they met the accursed rakshasi Tataka. Vishwamitra told Rama to kill her, but Rama hesitated because Tataka was a woman. But, persuaded that her dreadful deeds deserved the most dire punishment, and observing that she was then charging at him in unruly wrath, Rama shot an arrow (9). It pierced her hard heart. She fell down dead. This was Rama’s first victory against the rakshasa raiders. Thereupon, Vishwamitra took Rama aside and, while Lakshmana stood by, taught him the mastery of celestial spells and wondrous weapons (11).
2) DRIVING AWAY MARICHA.
The great sage Vishvamitra was living in the area near the forest of Tataka and was doing penance and yajna with his disciples and was tormented by Tataka and her sons. Unable to tolerate the menace any longer, Vishvamitra approached Dasharatha, the King of Ayodhya for help. He requested Dasharatha to send his eldest son, Rama to protect his yajna. Though Dasharatha was initially reluctant to send his 13-year old boy, he finally sent Rama and his younger brother Lakshmana with Vishvamitra on the advice of the royal guru Vashishtha. Vishvamitra trained them in warfare and taught them various mantras.[2][3][4]
When Vishvamitra and the princes were passing through the forest of Tataka, Tataka attacked them. Rama, aided by Lakshamana, slew her with his arrow. Vishvamitra blessed Rama, as the gods rejoiced the end of Tataka. The sage gifted him with divine weapons as a reward. Vishvamitra then began his six-day yajna, with the princes standing in guard.[2][3][4]
While the first five days passed without incidence, on the sixth day the sacrificial fire suddenly falters, indicating trouble. Maricha and his brother Subahu, with a hoard of a rakshasas, appeared from tree tops like black clouds, roaring and making lot of noise. They tried to destroy the yajna fire showering blood and flesh. Rama fired hisManavastra (human missible arrow) from his bow. The arrow stroke Maricha's chest and threw him hundred leagues away in the ocean. In another version, Maricha fled to the ocean just by hearing the sound of Rama's bow. Subahu and the other demons were killed by Rama, using various other weapons. The sacrifice was completed successfully.[1][5][6][7] Under the guidance of Vishvamitra, Rama gets wed to Sita, the adopted daughter of Janaka and the princess of Mithila.

3) AHALYA'S CURSE BROKEN
One day, traveling North, the trio saw a miracle. A beautiful lady saint named Ahalya had been separated from her husband by a curse. She had been condemned to remain invisible and immobile in one place while her husband wandered elsewhere. The curse could only be broken by Rama. As soon as he entered the place where Ahalya stayed unseen, unmoving, the curse was lifted. As Rama and Lakshmana looked on, caught by surprise, Ahalya regained her former shape, and she began to shine with luminous beauty (13). Moments later she was reunited with the sage who was her faithful husband.

-5098
Age 401
Kosala, Angul, Odisha, India

Janaka was the king of Mithila. One day, a female child was found in the field by the king in the deep furrow dug by his plough. Overwhelmed with joy, the king regarded the child as a "miraculous gift of God". The child was named Sita, the Sanskrit word for furrow.[35] Sita grew up to be a girl of unparalleled beauty and charm. When Sita was of marriageable age, the king decided to have aswayamvara which included a contest. The king was in possession of an immensely heavy bow, presented to him by the God Shiva: whoever could wield the bow could marry Sita. The sage Vishwamitra attends the swayamvarawith Rama and Lakshmana. Only Rama wields the bow and breaks it. Marriages are arranged between the sons of Dasharatha and daughters of Janaka. Rama gets married to Sita, Lakshmana to Urmila, Bharata to Mandavi and Shatrughan to Shrutakirti. The weddings are celebrated with great festivity at Mithila and the marriage party returns to Ayodhya.[34]

King Janaka had declared that any man who could lift and string Shiva’s heavy bow might have Sita for his wife. As Sita grew in years and beauty, many suitors tried, but none succeeded in budging the weighty weapon. But when Rama entered the contest, he easily lifted the bow and strung it. So tightly did he set the string that he cracked the bow in two (17). So pleased was Sita by this astonishing sight that she came forward and offered him the garland of marriage (19). On the very same day that they were wed, Sita’s sister married Lakshmana and her two cousins wed Rama’s other brothers, Bharata and Shatraghna.

-5089
January 5, -5089
Age 401
Ayodhya, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

IT CAN BE CONCLUDED, THAT LORD RAMWAS EXILED ON HIS 25TH BIRTHDAY WHEN HE WAS TO BECOME KING AS PER MODERN CALENDER THAT DATE WAS 5TH JAN. 5089BC.

Rama accepts his father's reluctant decree with absolute submission and calm self-control which characterizes him throughout the story.

He is joined by Sita and Lakshmana. When he asks Sita not to follow him, she says, "the forest where you dwell is Ayodhya for me and Ayodhya without you is a veritable hell for me."
When Rama is exiled, Shatrughna drags Kaikeyī's old nurseMantharā (who was responsible for poisoning the queen's mind against Rāma) and makes an attack to kill her, but he is restrained by Bharata who feels that Rāma would not approve.
Bharata goes to Rama and asks him to come back to Ayodhya but Rama refuses. Bharata rules Ayodhya from Nandigramam and is an excellent leader, often referred to as the avatar of dharma. Shatrughna is instructed to stay in the palace during this time.

-5089
Age 401
Ayodhya, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

GUHA, THE KING OF NISHAADA HELPS RAMA TO CROSS RIVER GANGES.

Real reason behind keikeyi boon and bharat installing paduka in throne instead of ram idol
we all know keikeyi asked two boon ,With one boon Kaikeyi got Rama banished to the forest for fourteen years and with the other, she asked that Bharat be made the crown prince.
Its reason- Shravankumar's grandfather was Sage Dhoumya and his parents were Ratnavali and Sage Ratna. Sage Ratna was the royal priest of the kingdom of Nandigram ruled by King Ashvapati. Kaikeyi was the daughter of King Ashvapati. Sage Ratna had taught Kaikeyi all the scriptures and had also warned her that Dasharath's children would not be able to ascend the throne and that if they did ascend it within fourteen years after him, then the Raghu dynasty would be destroyed. To prevent this mishap, Sage Vasishtha told Kaikeyi to ask Dasharath for two boons, by one of which she sent Rama into exile for fourteen years and by the other asked Bharat to rule the kingdom because she knew that as long as Rama lived, Bharat would never ascend the throne. It is on the advice of Sage Vasishtha, that Bharat installed Rama's paduka (wooden footwear) instead of His idol, on the throne. If instead of thepaduka an idol was installed on the throne, then by the rule that sound, touch, form, taste and odour all coexist, the effect would have been just as if Rama had ascended the throne. The original Valmiki Ramayan contains three verses (shlokas) in this context. However some researchers feel that those who rewrote the Ramayan after 1228 A.D. omitted these.

'Asking for the paduka' means 'placing the head on the feet' or 'complete surrender'. When Bharat asked for Rama's padukathe latter gave them to him. The former carried them placing them on his head such that the big toes faced the front. Then he installed them on the throne and worshipped them. Since then the custom of worshipping paduka of the spiritually evolved began.

-5077
October 7, -5077
Age 402
Nashik, Maharashtra, India

Dandakaranya (Oriya: ଦଣ୍ଡକାରନ୍ୟ, Telugu: దండకారణ్యం, Tamil: Tantakaraniyam, Malay: Indrapawanan, Marathi:Dandakaranya) is a spiritually significant region in India. It is roughly equivalent to the Bastar District in the central east part of India. It covers about 35,600 square miles (92,200 km2) of land, which includes the Abujhmar Hills in the west and the Eastern Ghats in the east, including parts of the Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh states. It spans about 200 miles (320 km) from north to south and about 300 miles (480 km) from east to west.[1]Dandakaranya roughly translates from Sanskrit to "The Jungle (aranya) of Punishment (dandakas").
Dandakaranya is an important place in many Indian Hinduism religious tales. The Dandakaranya zone was the location of the turning point in the Ramayana, a famous Sanskrit epic. The plot for the divine objectives of the Hindu Trinity to uproot the rakshasa from the land was formulated here. According to the Ramayana, it was home to many deadly creatures and demons. Exiled persons resided here and sages had to cross it in order to reach the Vindhya Mountains. Rama, his wife Sita and his brotherLakshmana spent 13 years as exiles traveling around the region. Surpanakha met Lord Rama in this region, where she became infatuated with him. When he turned her down, Surpanakha had her brothers Khar and Dushan attack Rama, who unsurprisingly, killed them in the subsequent battle. This region has an average height of metres and lies mostly in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.[2]

Khara (Tamil: Karan, Thai: Khorn) was a man-eatingrakshasa in the Indian Ramayana epic. He was a younger brother of Ravana, and was killed by Rama when he attacked Rama after Shurpanakha's humiliation.When Lakshmana cut Surpanaka's nose, Khara went and fought against lakshmana and Rama. But unfortunately he was severely attacked by Rama.[1]

To take revenge of nose-cut ,Surpanakha came to Panchavati with her brothers Khar,Dushan and trishira demanding SITA and LAXMAN from RAM. Laxman killed Trishira and Ram killed Khar and Dushan.