Lady Elizabeth Tilney Bourgchier Howard, Countess of Surrey

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Elizabeth Howard (Tylney), Countess of Surrey

Also Known As: "Duchess of Norfolk"
Birthplace: Ashwellthorpe Manor, Norfolk, England
Death: Died in Abbot Readings Place, Baynards Castle, London, England
Place of Burial: Convent of the Minoresses, outside Aldgate, London, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Sir Frederick Tylney and Elizabeth Cheney, Lady Say
Wife of Sir Humphrey Bourchier and Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk
Mother of George Harward; Dorothy Harward; John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners; Lady Margaret Bryan; Anne Bourchier and 12 others
Sister of William Tilney; Alice Tilney and Hugh Tilney
Half sister of Sir William Say; Anne de Saye, Lady Wentworth; Mary Calthorpe; Katherine Bassingbourne; Thomas Saye and 1 other

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Lady Elizabeth Tilney Bourgchier Howard, Countess of Surrey

a possible birth date from merges is April 1450


a short summary from Wikipedia:

Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey


1) Sir Humphrey Bourchier

2) Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey


John Bourchier, 2nd Lord Berners

Anne Bourchier

Margaret Bourchier

Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk

Admiral Sir Edward Howard, Lord High Admiral of England

Lord Edmund Howard

Lady Elizabeth Howard

Muriel Howard

Henry Howard

Richard Howard

Sir John Howard

Charles Howard

Father: Sir Frederick Tilney

Mother: Elizabeth Cheney

Born Before 1445

Ashwellthorpe Manor, Norfolk, England

Died 4 April 1497


"Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey (before 1445 – 4 April 1497) was an English heiress and lady-in-waiting to two queens. She became the first wife of Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey. She served as a lady-in-waiting to Queen consort Elizabeth Woodville, and later as Lady of the Bedchamber to the Queen's daughter, Elizabeth of York, consort of King Henry VII of England. She stood as joint godmother to Princess Margaret Tudor at her baptism. She was the mother of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk. Through her daughter Elizabeth she was the maternal grandmother of Anne Boleyn, and through another son, Edmund, the paternal grandmother of Catherine Howard, both queens consort of King Henry VIII. Elizabeth's great-granddaughter was Queen Elizabeth I of England. Elizabeth was commemorated as the "Countess of Surrey" in John Skelton's poem, The Garlande of Laurell, following his visit to the Howard residence of Sheriff Hutton Castle."




Citations / Sources :

[S2] #623 The Visitation of Norfolk in the Year 1563 (1878-1895), Harvey, William, (2 volumes. Norwich: [s.n.], 1878-1895), FHL book 942.61 D23ha; FHL microfilm 990,432 items., vol. 1 p. 15, vol. 2 p. 346.

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, pages 153-154, 363. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S16] #894 Cahiers de Saint-Louis (1976), Louis IX, Roi de France, (Angers: J. Saillot, 1976), FHL book 944 D22ds., vol. 2 p. 108, 122.

[S20] Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2nd edition, 2011), vol. 1 p. 284-285, vol. 4 p. 129.

[S51] #739 The Visitation of Yorkshire, Made in the Years 1584-85: to Which Is Added the Subsequent Visitation Made in 1612, by Richard St. George, Norry King of Arms: with Several Additional Pedigrees Edited by Joseph Foster (1875), Glover, Robert, (London: Robert Glover, 1875), FHL microfilm 990,320 item 1., p. 62.

[S54] #21 The complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant, Cokayne, George Edward, (Gloucester [England] : Alan Sutton Pub. Ltd., 1987), 942 D22cok., vol. 4 p. 10.

[S59] #765 The Hundred of Launditch and Deanery of Brisley in the County of Norfolk: Evidences and Topographical Notes from Public Records, Heralds Visitations, Wills, Court Rolls (1877-1879), Carthew, George Alfred, (3 volumes. Norwich: [s.n.], 1877-79 (Norwich: Miller and Leavins)), FHL book 942.61 H2c; FHL microfilm 990,425 item 1., vol. 2 pt. 2 p. 651.

[S124] #240 Collins's Peerage of England, Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical, Greatly Augmented, and Continued to the Present Time (1812), Brydges, Sir Egerton,, (9 volumes. London: [T. Bensley], 1812), FHL book 942 D22be., vol. 1 p. 80.

[S151] #623 The Visitation of Norfolk in the Year 1563 (1878-1895), Taken by Harvey, William, Clarenceux King of Arms and Edited by The Rev. G. H. Dashwood, F.S.A. and continued by Captain W. E. G. L Bulwer, G. A. Carthew, Esq., F. S. A., Rev. W. Grigson, M. A., Rev. Augustus Jessopp, D. D., (2 volumes. Norwich: [s.n.], 1878-1895 Printed by Miller and Leavins), FHL book 942.61 D23ha; FHL microfilm 990,432 items., 1568, 1589, and 1613, p. 288.

[S162] #653 The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Herald's Visitations of 1531, 1564, & 1620 (1895), Vivian, J. L. (John Lambrick), (Exeter: For the author by H.S. Eland, [1895]), FHL book 942.35 D23v; FHL microfilm 873,760., vol. 1 p. 106.

[S177] #929 The History and Antiquities of the County of Surrey: Compiled from the Best and Most Authentic Historians, Valuable Records, and Manuscripts in the Public Offices and Libraries, and in Private Hands.. (1804-1814), Manning, Owen, (Three volumes. London: J. Nichols, 1804-1814), FHL book Q 942.21 H2ma., vol. 2 p. 169.

[S178] #1006 County Genealogies: Pedigrees of Berkshire, Buckingham and Surrey Families (1837), Berry, William, (3 volumes in 1. London: Sherwood, Gilbert, and Piper, Paternoster Row, 1837), FHL book Q 942.29 D2pbb; FHL microfilm 897,012 ite., p. 55.

[S266] #379 [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700 (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 8 line 4:34, p. 24 line 22:35, p. 121 line 136:34.

[S347] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 43 BOURCHIER:5, p. 249 MOWBRAY:6.

[S394] #230 [5th edition, 1999] The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 (5th edition, 1999), Adams, Arthur, (5th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1999), FHL book 973 D2aa 1999., p. 26 line 18:11, p. 82 line 63:10.

[S452] #21 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 2 p. 153, 153 fn. (h), 363; vol. 4 p. 10. -------------------- Lady Elizabeth Tilney Bourgchier Howard, Countess of Surrey, Lady-in-waiting to Queen consort Elizabeth Woodville, Lady of the Bedchamber to the Queen's daughter, Elizabeth of York, joint godmother to Princess Margaret Tudor, was the daughter of Sir Frederick Tilney, of Ashwellthorpe, Norfolk, and Boston, Lincolnshire, and Elizabeth Cheney of Fen Ditton, Cambridgeshire. Granddaughter of Sir Philip Tilney and Isabel Thorpe, Lawrence Cheyne, Esq., High Sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Elizabeth Cokayne.

Elizabeth was born at Ashwellthorpe Hall before 1445, an only child. Her father died before 1449, and her mother remarried to Sir John Say of Boxbbourne, Speaker of the House of Commons, and had three sons and four more daughters. Elizabeth became a cousin to King Henry VIII's wives, Anne Boleyn and Katherine Howard. Elizabeth was also the co-heiress to the manors of Fisherwick and Sheffield in Walsall, Staffordshire by right of her ancestry to Sir Roger Hilary, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.

She was the wife of Sir Humphrey Bourgchier, son of sir John Bourgchier and Margery Berners. Sir Humphrey was killed at the Battle of Barnet on 14 April 1471, fighting on the Yorkist side. They were married by settlement dated 11 April 1451 and had one son and two daughters:

  • Sir John, Lord Berners
  • Anne, wife of Sir Thomas Fiennes, Lord Dacre
  • Margaret, wife of Sir Thomas Bryan

During her marriage to Sir Humphrey, she became a lady in waiting, and carried the train of Queen Elizabeth at her coronation at Westminster Abbey in May of 1465, accompanied the Queen into sanctuary when the King was forced from the throne, and was present at the birth of future King Edward V.

Secondly, Elizabeth became the wife of Sir Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey, son of John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk, by his first wife, Katherine, the daughter of William Moleyns. They were married 30 April 1472, as arranged by King Edward IV. Sir Thomas was the also son of Elizabeth's son's guardian after the death of his father. They had at least nine children including:

  • John Howard
  • Sir William, Lord of Effingham
  • Sir Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk
  • Edmund, father of Queen Katherine Howard
  • Anne, wife of John de Vere, Earl of Oxford
  • Dorothy, wife of Edward Bridgwater
  • Elizabeth, wife of Sir Henry Radcliffe, Earl of Sussex, mother of Anne Boleyn
  • Katherine, wife of Rhys ap Griffith and Henry Daubeney

When Sir Thomas was wounded at the Battle of Bosworth and imprisoned in the Tower, his dukedom of Norfolk was forfeited, but Elizabeth was able to keep her own rights. There are letters from Elizabeth to John Paston written from the Isle of Sheppey, with complaints of claims on her rights and trouble with an interring aides to King Henry VII. In December of 1485 she was living in London and closed to her still imprisoned husband.

Finally, in Nov 1487, her husband was released, his earldom and estates restored, and he entered the service of King Henry VII. Both Thomas and Elizabeth attended the coronation of Elizabeth of York, who requested Elizabeth as her Lady of the Chamber.

Elizabeth died 04 April 1497 and was buried in the nun's choir of the Convent of the Minoresses of Aldgate. Her will left instructions to distribute her money to the poor of Whitechapel and Hackney. Sir Thomas Howard would receive licence to marry her cousin, Agnes Tilney, with whom he had six more children.

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Lady Elizabeth Tilney Bourgchier Howard, Countess of Surrey's Timeline

April 4, 1446
Ashwellthorpe Manor, Norfolk, England
Age 19
Age 20
June 1, 1468
Age 22
Benningborough, Yorkshire, England
June 1, 1468
Age 22
Age 23
Benningborough, Yorkshire, England
April 30, 1472
Age 26
Norfolk, England
Age 25
Age 26
Kenninghall, Norfolk, England
Age 29
Norfolk, England