Betty Joan Bacall (Perske)
|Also Known As:||""Baby"", "לורן Lauren"|
|Birthplace:||New York, New York, United States|
|Death:||Died in New York, New York County, New York, United States|
|Cause of death:||Stroke|
|Occupation:||Actress, שחקנית Actress|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall was born Betty Joan Perske on September 16, 1924, in The Bronx, New York City. She was an American film and stage actress and model, known for her distinctive husky voice and sultry looks.
Parents: only child of Natalie Weinstein-Bacal, who later legally changed her surname to Bacall, and William Perske. Her parents were Jewish immigrants, their families having come from Poland, Romania and Germany.
- 1 to Humphrey DeForest Bogart (1899-1957) on 21 May 1945 in Malabar Farm, Lucas, Ohio. 2 children.
- 2 to Jason Nelson Robards, Jr. (1922-2000) in July 1961. They divorced on 10 September 1969. 1 child.
At the funeral for her husband, Humphrey Bogart, she put a whistle in his coffin. It was a reference to the famous line she says to him in their first film together To Have and Have Not (1944): "You know how to whistle, don't you? You just put your lips together and blow."
Honors and awards include ..
In 1999, Bacall was ranked as one of the 25 actresses on the AFI's 100 Years... 100 Stars list by the American Film Institute. In 2009, she was selected by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to receive an Academy Honorary Award at the inaugural Governors Awards. Bacall has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Her parents were middle-class, with her father working as a salesman and her mother as a secretary. They divorced when she was five. When she was a school girl, Lauren originally wanted to be a dancer, but later, she became enthralled with acting, so she switched gears to head into that field. She had studied at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York after high school, which enabled her to get her feet wet in some off-Broadway productions.
Once out of school, Lauren entered modeling and, because of her beauty, appeared on the cover of Harper's Bazaar, one of the most popular magazines in the US. The wife of famed director Howard Hawks spotted the picture in the publication and arranged with her husband to have Lauren take a screen test. As a result, which was entirely positive, she was given the part of Marie Browning in To Have and Have Not (1944), a thriller opposite the great Humphrey Bogart, when she was just 19 years old. This not only set the tone for a fabulous career but also one of Hollywood's greatest love stories (she married Bogart in 1945). It was also the first of several Bogie-Bacall films.
After 1945's Confidential Agent (1945), Lauren received second billing in The Big Sleep (1946) with Bogart. The mystery, in the role of Vivian Sternwood Rutledge, was a resounding success. Although she was making one film a year, each production would be eagerly awaited by the public. In 1947, again with her husband, Lauren starred in the thriller Dark Passage (1947). The film kept movie patrons on the edge of their seats. The following year, she starred with Bogart, Edward G. Robinson, and Lionel Barrymore in Key Largo (1948). The crime drama was even more of a nail biter than her previous film. In 1950, Lauren starred in Bright Leaf (1950), a drama set in 1894. It was a film of note because she appeared without her husband - her co-star was Gary Cooper. In 1953, Lauren appeared in her first comedy as Schatze Page in How to Marry a Millionaire (1953). The film, with co-stars Marilyn Monroe and Betty Grable, was a smash hit all across the theaters of America.
After filming Designing Woman (1957), which was released in 1957, Humphrey Bogart died on January 14 from throat cancer. Devastated at being a widow, Lauren returned to the silver screen with The Gift of Love (1958) in 1958 opposite Robert Stack. The production turned out to be a big disappointment. Undaunted, Lauren moved back to New York City and appeared in several Broadway plays to huge critical acclaim. She was enjoying acting before live audiences and the audiences in turn enjoyed her fine performances.
Lauren was away from the big screen for five years, but she returned in 1964 to appear in Shock Treatment (1964) and Sex and the Single Girl (1964). The latter film was a comedy starring Henry Fonda and Tony Curtis. In 1966, Lauren starred in Harper (1966) with Paul Newman and Julie Harris, which was one of former's signature films. Alternating her time between films and the stage, Lauren returned in 1974's Murder on the Orient Express (1974). The film, based on Agatha Christie's best-selling book was a huge hit. It also garnered Ingrid Bergman her third Oscar. Actually, the huge star-studded cast helped to ensure its success. Two years later, in 1976, Lauren co-starred with John Wayne in The Shootist (1976). The film was Wayne's last - he died from cancer in 1979.
In 1981, Lauren played an actress being stalked by a crazed admirer in The Fan (1981). The thriller was absolutely fascinating with Lauren in the lead role. After that production, Lauren was away from films again, this time for seven years. In the interim, she again appeared on the stages of Broadway. When she returned, it was for the filming of 1988's Mr. North (1988). After Misery (1990), in 1990, and several made for television films, Lauren appeared in 1996's My Fellow Americans (1996). It was a wonderful comedy romp with Jack Lemmon and James Garner as two ex-presidents and their escapades.
Despite her advanced age and deteriorating health, she made a small-scale comeback in the English-language dub of Hayao Miyazaki's Hauru no ugoku shiro (2004) ("Howl's Moving Castle," based on the young-adult novel by Diana Wynne Jones) as the Witch of the Waste.
- I never believed marriage was a lasting institution . . . I thought that to be married for five years was to be married forever.
- I was this flat-chested, big-footed, lanky thing.
- I don't think being the only child of a single parent helped. I was always a little unsteady in my self-belief. Then there was the Jewish thing. I love being Jewish, I have no problem with it at all. But it did become like a scar, with all these people saying you don't look it.
- I remember my oldest son, Steve, saying to me once, "I don't ever remember seeing you with an apron on". And I thought, "That's right, honey, you did not". That was his concept of what a mother should be.
- I would hate now  to be married. It does occur to me on occasion that, if I fall and hit my head, there will be no one to make the phone call. But who wants to think about that disaster? I'd prefer not to.
- I am still working, I've never stopped and, while my health holds out, I won't stop.
- I put my career in second place throughout both my marriages and it suffered. I don't regret it. You make choices. If you want a good marriage, you must pay attention to that. If you want to be independent, go ahead. You can't have it all.
- Actors today go into TV, which I don't consider has a lot to do with acting. They only think of stardom. If you photograph well, that's enough. I have a terrible time distinguishing one from another. Girls wear their hair the same, and are much too anorexic-looking.
- We live in an age of mediocrity. Stars today are not the same stature as Bogie [Humphrey Bogart], James Cagney, Spencer Tracy, Henry Fonda and Jimmy Stewart [James Stewart].
- A legend involves the past. I don't like categories. This one is great and that one is great. The word "great" stands for something. When you talk about a great actor, you're not talking about Tom Cruise. His whole behavior is so shocking. It's inappropriate and vulgar and absolutely unacceptable to use your private life to sell anything commercially, but I think it's kind of a sickness.
- I'm a total Democrat. I'm anti-Republican. And it's only fair that you know it . . . I'm liberal. The L word!
- [on Humphrey Bogart] Was he tough? In a word, no. Bogey was truly a gentle soul.
- [on John Huston] He was about something.
- I think your whole life shows in your face and you should be proud of that.
- On imagination: Imagination is the highest kite that can fly.
- By Myself (1978)
- Now (1994)
- By Myself and Then Some (2005)
- Chosen by Empire magazine as one of the 100 Sexiest Stars in film history (#6). 
- Ranked #20 in the AFI's top 25 Actress Legends.
- Ranked #11 in Empire (UK) magazine's "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time" list. [October 1997]
- Mother of actor Sam Robards, Stephen Bogart and Leslie Bogart.
- Chosen by "People" magazine as one of the 50 Most Beautiful People in the World. 
- Bacall was staying in the same New York apartment building (The Dakota) as Beatle John Lennon when he was shot and later died on 8th December 1980. When interviewed on the subject in a recent UK TV program hosted by former model Twiggy, Bacall said she had heard the gunshot but assumed that it was a car tire bursting or a vehicle backfiring.
- Was crowned "Miss Greenwich Village" in 1942.
- Used her mother's maiden name of Bacal, but added an extra "L" when she entered the cinema.
- Shortly after Humphrey Bogart's death, she announced her engagement to Frank Sinatra to the press. Sinatra promptly backed out.
- Her screen personna was totally based and modeled after Howard Hawks's wife, Slim. She even uses her name in To Have and Have Not (1944).
- She and former Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres (as of 2007, the President of Israel) are cousins. Both have the same original last name -- Perske.
- Those close to her call her by her real first name, "Betty".
- Still undiscovered, Bacall volunteered as a hostess at the New York chapter of the Stage Door Canteen, working Monday nights when theaters were closed.
- Having lost her job as a showroom model and quit acting school for lack of funds, the teenage Bacall found work as a Broadway theater usher. George Jean Nathan voted her the prettiest usher of the 1942 season in the pages of "Esquire".
- An only child.
- One of the initial "Rat Pack" with Humphrey Bogart, Frank Sinatra, Irving Paul Lazar (aka "Swifty" Lazar) and their close friends.
- Won a Tony for her role as Margo Channing in the Broadway production of "Applause", a musical based on the movie, All About Eve (1950). It was presented by Walter Matthau.
- With late husband Humphrey Bogart, has a kind of vocal disorder named after her. "Bogart-Bacall syndrome"' (or BBS) is a form of muscle tension dysphonia most common in professional voice users (actors, singers, TV/radio presenters, etc) who habitually use a very low speaking pitch. BBS is more common among women than men and has been blamed on "social pressure on professional women to compete with men in the business arena".
- Starred, with her husband Humphrey Bogart, on the syndicated radio program "Bold Venture" (1951-1952). Her character's name was Sailor Duval.
- Measurements: 34-26-34 (her 1940 modeling card) (Source: Celebrity Sleuth magazine)
- Her autobiography, "By Myself", won a National Book Award in 1980
- Actress Kathleen Turner has often been compared to Bacall. When Turner and Bacall met, Turner reportedly introduced herself to Bacall by saying "Hi, I'm the young you."
- Her marriage to Humphrey Bogart occurred at the Pleasant Valley area of Richland County, Ohio home of Pulitzer Prize-winning author, Louis Bromfield, Malabar Farm (4 miles southeast of Lucas within Monroe Township). The home is now an Ohio State Park.
- Katharine Hepburn, her long-time friend, is the godmother of her son, Sam Robards.
- Has won two Tony Awards as Best Actress (Musical): in 1970, for her role as Margo Channing in "Applause", a musical based on the movie, All About Eve (1950); and in 1981, for "Woman of the Year," also based on a movie of the same name, Woman of the Year (1942). Her Tony for "Applause" was presented by Walter Matthau.
- As of 2009 she is the only surviving legend mentioned in a popular phrase from Madonna's 1990 #1 hit song "Vogue". Other legends mentioned: Marilyn Monroe, James Dean, Grace Kelly, Jean Harlow, Fred Astaire, Rita Hayworth and Bette Davis, who all died before the release of the song. Greta Garbo, Marlene Dietrich, Joe DiMaggio, Marlon Brando, Gene Kelly, Ginger Rogers, Katharine Hepburn and Lana Turner all died in following years.
- Is mentioned along with late husband Humphrey Bogart in the 1980s song "Key Largo" ("We had it all, just like Bogie and Bacall").
- Is portrayed by Kathryn Harrold in Bogie (1980) (TV)
- Her appearance on a cover of Harper's Bazaar magazine at 18 years of age led to her first film role; she was spotted by the wife of director Howard Hawks, who gave her a screen test and cast her in To Have and Have Not (1944).
- Originally wanted to be a dancer.
- A well respected actress for the past sixty years, she has only been nominated once for an Academy Award. She was 73 when nominated for The Mirror Has Two Faces (1996).
- Is half Romanian
- Son Stephen Bogart was born on January 6, 1949. He was named after father Humphrey Bogart's character from To Have and Have Not (1944).
- Daughter Leslie Bogart was born on August 23, 1952. She was named after actor Leslie Howard, who helped Humphrey Bogart get his breakthrough role in the play, The Petrified Forest (1936).
- Son Sam Robards was born December 16, 1961 with second husband Jason Robards. Bacall's long-time friend Katharine Hepburn, was his godmother.
- Daughter Leslie Bogart is childhood friends with Lorna Luft.
- She made two movies with John Wayne, Blood Alley (1955) and The Shootist (1976). In the earlier film, during production, Bacall's husband at the time, Humphrey Bogart, was dying of throat cancer. When she made the latter film with Wayne, he had lost a lung to cancer twelve years earlier, which mirrored the fate of his character in the story.
- In Italy, she was dubbed by Clelia Bernacchi at the beginning of her career, then in most cases by Lidia Simoneschi. Franca Dominici, Renata Marini and Anna Miserocchi also lent their voice to Bacall at some point.
- She was 17 when she met and became a close friend of Gregory Peck. She was an usherette at the time. They remained close until his death.
- She was dismissed by Howard Hawks because she had a high nasal voice, but she spent two weeks developing her voice and, when she came back to visit Hawks two weeks later, she had a deep husky voice.
- According to her autobiography, "By Myself and Then Some," she was always very self-conscious about the size of her feet, which she describes as big even for a woman of her exceptional height.
- When Howard Hawks discovered her, he gave her the choice to work with either Cary Grant or Humphrey Bogart. Bacall was very tempted to work with Grant, but Hawks ended up casting her with Bogart in To Have and Have Not (1944), and one of Hollywood's greatest romances was started.
- She was a close friend of Dirk Bogarde. Bacall had visited him at his home in London the day before he died in May 1999.
- At the funeral for her husband, Humphrey Bogart, she put a whistle in his coffin. It was a reference to the famous line she says to him in their first film together To Have and Have Not (1944): "You know how to whistle, don't you? You just put your lips together and blow."
- Campaigned for Harry S. Truman in the 1948 presidential election.
- Quit smoking cigarettes in the mid-1980s.
- Her star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame is at 1724 Vine Street.
- Humphrey Bogart campaigned for her to star alongside him as "Laurel Gray" in In a Lonely Place (1950), but the part was, instead, given to Gloria Grahame.
- One of the auditoriums in Tuckwood cineplex in Belgrade, Serbia bears her name.
Lauren Bacall, By Myself, Ballantine Books, 1985 ISBN 978-0345333216 Lauren Bacall, Now, Knopf, 1994 ISBN 978-0394574127 Brenda Scott Royce, Lauren Bacall: A Bio-Bibliography, Greenwood Press, 1992 ISBN 978-0313278310
^ מאמר בג'רוזלם פוסט - Not such a bad record after all
Lauren Bacall From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "Bacall" redirects here. For the surname, see Bacall (surname). Lauren Bacall Lauren bacall promo photo.jpg Bacall in the 1940s Born Betty Joan Perske September 16, 1924 (age 89) The Bronx, New York, U.S. Occupation Actress, model Years active 1942–present Spouse(s) Humphrey Bogart (m. 1945; w. 1957) Jason Robards (m. 1961; d. 1969) Children Stephen Bogart Leslie Bogart Sam Robards Relatives Shimon Peres (first cousin) Signature LaurenBacall.png Lauren Bacall (/ˌlɔrən bəˈkɔːl/, born Betty Joan Perske; September 16, 1924) is an American film and stage actress and model, known for her distinctive husky voice and sultry looks. She first emerged as a leading lady in the Humphrey Bogart film To Have and Have Not (1944) and continued on in the film noir genre, with appearances in Bogart movies The Big Sleep (1946), Dark Passage (1947), and Key Largo (1948), as well as a comedienne in How to Marry a Millionaire (1953) with Marilyn Monroe and Designing Woman (1957) with Gregory Peck. Bacall has worked on Broadway in musicals, gaining Tony Awards for Applause in 1970 and Woman of the Year in 1981. Her performance in the movie The Mirror Has Two Faces (1996) earned her a Golden Globe Award and an Academy Award nomination. In 1999, Bacall was ranked #20 of the 25 actresses on the AFI's 100 Years... 100 Stars list by the American Film Institute. In 2009, she was selected by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to receive an Academy Honorary Award "in recognition of her central place in the Golden Age of motion pictures." Contents [hide] 1 Early life 2 Career 2.1 Breakthrough 2.2 1950s 2.3 1960s and 1970s 2.4 Later career 3 Personal life 3.1 Relationships and family 3.2 Political views 3.3 Health 4 Dramatization 5 Awards and nominations 6 In popular culture 6.1 In music 6.2 In cartoons 7 Works 7.1 Filmography 7.1.1 Features 7.1.2 Short subjects 7.2 Stage appearances 7.3 Television work 7.4 Radio 7.5 Books 8 See also 9 Notes 10 References 11 External links Early life
Born Betty Joan Perske in New York City, she was the only child of Natalie Weinstein-Bacal, a secretary who later legally changed her surname to Bacall, and William Perske, who worked in sales. Bacall's parents were Jewish; her mother immigrated from Romania through Ellis Island, and her father was born in New Jersey, to parents from Poland. She is first cousin to Shimon Peres, current president and former prime minister of Israel. Her parents divorced when she was five, and she took the Romanian form of her mother's last name, Bacall. Bacall no longer saw her father and formed a close bond with her mother, whom she took with her to California when she became a movie star. Career
Howard Hawks and Bacall in 1943 Bacall took lessons at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. During this time, she became a theatre usher and worked as a fashion model. As Betty Bacall, she made her acting debut, at age 17, on Broadway in 1942, as a walk-on in Johnny 2 X 4. According to her autobiography, she and a girlfriend won an opportunity in 1940 to meet her idol Bette Davis at Davis's hotel. Years later, Davis visited Bacall backstage to congratulate her on her performance in Applause, a musical based on Davis's turn in All About Eve. According to Bacall's autobiography, Davis told her "You know you're the only one who can play this role." Bacall became a part-time fashion model. Howard Hawks' wife Nancy spotted her "in a very small picture in Vogue" (source: interview with Howard Hawks in Peter Bogdanovich's book Who the Devil Made It, p. 327) and urged Hawks to have her take a screen test for To Have and Have Not. Hawks had asked his secretary to find out more about her, but the secretary misunderstood and sent her a ticket to Hollywood (source: interview with Howard Hawks in Peter Bogdanovich's book Who the Devil Made It, p. 327) for the audition. He signed her up to a seven-year personal contract, brought her to Hollywood, gave her $100 a week, and began to manage her career. Hawks changed her name to Lauren Bacall. Nancy Hawks took Bacall under her wing. She dressed the newcomer stylishly, and guided her in matters of elegance, manners and taste. Bacall's voice was trained to be lower, more masculine and sexier, which resulted in one of the most distinctive voices in Hollywood. In the movie, Bacall takes on Nancy's nickname “Slim.” Breakthrough
Bacall in her first movie, To Have and Have Not; Hoagy Carmichael is in the background playing the piano During screen tests for To Have and Have Not (1944), Bacall was nervous. To minimize her quivering, she pressed her chin against her chest and to face the camera, tilted her eyes upward. This effect became known as "The Look", Bacall's trademark. On the set, Humphrey Bogart, who was married to Mayo Methot, initiated a relationship with Bacall several weeks into shooting and they began seeing each other. On a visit to the National Press Club in Washington, D.C. on February 10, 1945, Bacall's press agent, chief of publicity at Warner Bros. Charlie Enfield, asked the 20-year-old Bacall to sit on the piano which was being played by Vice-President of the United States Harry S. Truman. The photos caused controversy and made worldwide headlines.
Bacall and Bogart in Dark Passage After To Have and Have Not, Bacall was seen opposite Charles Boyer in the critically panned Confidential Agent (1945). Bacall would state in her autobiography that her career never fully recovered from this film, and that studio boss Jack Warner did not care about quality. She then appeared with Bogart in the films noir The Big Sleep (1946) and Dark Passage (1947) and John Huston's melodramatic suspense film Key Largo (1948) with Bogart and Edward G. Robinson. She was cast with Gary Cooper in the period drama Bright Leaf (1950). 1950s
with Kirk Douglas in Young Man with a Horn (1950) Bacall turned down scripts she did not find interesting and thereby earned a reputation for being difficult. Yet, for her leads in a string of films, she received favorable reviews. In Young Man with a Horn (1950), co-starring Kirk Douglas, Doris Day, and Hoagy Carmichael, Bacall played a two-faced femme fatale. This movie is often considered the first big-budget jazz film. During 1951-52, Bacall co-starred with Bogart in the syndicated action-adventure radio series Bold Venture. Bacall starred in the CinemaScope comedy How to Marry a Millionaire (1953), a runaway hit that saw her teaming up with Marilyn Monroe and Betty Grable. Billed third under Monroe and Grable, Bacall got positive notices for her turn as the witty gold-digger, Schatze Page. According to her autobiography, Bacall refused the coveted invitation from Grauman's Chinese Theatre to press her hand- and footprints in the theatre's cemented forecourt at the Los Angeles premiere of the film. She also said "Marilyn was frightened, insecure...but I couldn't dislike her. She was sweet, and she tried so hard."
Bacall, Bogart and Henry Fonda in the television version of The Petrified Forest In 1955, a live television version of Bogart's own breakthrough, The Petrified Forest, was performed as a live installment of Producers' Showcase, a weekly dramatic anthology, featuring Bogart (now top-billed) as Duke Mantee, Henry Fonda as Alan, and Bacall as Gabrielle, the part originally played in the 1936 movie by Bette Davis. Jack Klugman, Richard Jaeckel, and Jack Warden played supporting roles. Bogart had no problem performing his role live since he had originally played the part on Broadway with the subsequent movie's star Leslie Howard, who had secured a film career for Bogart by insisting that Warner Bros. cast him in the movie instead of Edward G. Robinson; Bogart and Bacall named their daughter "Leslie Howard Bogart" in gratitude. In the late 1990s, Bacall donated the only known kinescope of the 1955 performance to The Museum Of Television & Radio (now the Paley Center for Media), where it remains archived for viewing in New York City and Los Angeles. Written on the Wind, directed by Douglas Sirk in 1956, is now considered a classic tear-jerker. Appearing with Rock Hudson, Dorothy Malone and Robert Stack, Bacall played a determined woman. Bacall states in her autobiography that she did not think much of the role. While struggling at home with Bogart's severe illness (cancer of the esophagus), Bacall starred with Gregory Peck in the screwball comedy Designing Woman and gained rave reviews. It was directed by Vincente Minnelli and released in New York City on May 16, 1957, four months after Bogart succumbed to cancer on January 14. 1960s and 1970s Bacall's movie career waned in the 1960s, and she was seen in only a handful of films. On Broadway she starred in Goodbye, Charlie (1959), Cactus Flower (1965), Applause (1970) and Woman of the Year (1981). She won Tony Awards for her performances in the latter two. The few movies Bacall shot during this period were all-star vehicles such as Sex and the Single Girl (1964) with Henry Fonda, Tony Curtis and Natalie Wood, Harper (1966) with Paul Newman, Shelley Winters, Julie Harris, Robert Wagner and Janet Leigh, and Murder on the Orient Express (1974), with Ingrid Bergman, Albert Finney and Sean Connery. In 1964, she appeared in two acclaimed episodes of Craig Stevens's CBS drama, Mr. Broadway: first in "Take a Walk Through a Cemetery", with then husband Jason Robards, Jr. and Jill St. John, and then as Barbara Lake in "Something to Sing About", with Martin Balsam as Nate Bannerman. For her work in the Chicago theatre, Bacall won the Sarah Siddons Award in 1972 and again in 1984. In 1976, she co-starred with John Wayne in his last picture, The Shootist. The two became friends, despite significant political differences between them. They had previously been cast together in 1955's Blood Alley. Later career During the 1980s and early 1990s, Bacall appeared in the poorly received star vehicle The Fan (1981), as well as some star-studded features such as Robert Altman's Health (1980), Michael Winner's Appointment with Death (1988), and Rob Reiner's Misery (1990). In 1997, Bacall was nominated for a Best Supporting Actress Academy Award for her role in The Mirror Has Two Faces (1996), her first nomination after a career span of more than fifty years. She had already won a Golden Globe and was widely expected to win the Oscar, but it went instead to Juliette Binoche for The English Patient. Bacall received the Kennedy Center Honors in 1997. In 1999, she was voted one of the 25 most significant female movie stars in history by the American Film Institute. Since then, her movie career has seen a new renaissance and she has attracted respectful notices for her performances in high-profile projects such as Dogville (2003) and Birth (2004), both with Nicole Kidman. She is one of the leading actors in Paul Schrader's 2007 movie The Walker. In March 2006, Bacall was seen at the 78th Annual Academy Awards introducing a film montage dedicated to film noir. She also made a cameo appearance as herself on The Sopranos, in the April 2006 episode, "Luxury Lounge", during which she was punched and robbed by a masked hoodlum played by Michael Imperioli. In September 2006, Bacall was awarded the first Katharine Hepburn Medal, which recognizes "women whose lives, work and contributions embody the intelligence, drive and independence of the four-time-Oscar-winning actress", by Bryn Mawr College's Katharine Houghton Hepburn Center. She gave an address at the memorial service of Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr at the Reform Club in London in June 2007. Bacall was a spokesperson for the Tuesday Morning discount chain. Commercials show her in a limousine waiting for the store to open at the beginning of one of their sales events. She is currently producing a jewelry line with the company, Weinman Brothers. She previously was a celebrity spokesperson for High Point (coffee) and Fancy Feast cat food. Bacall was selected by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to receive an Honorary Academy Award. The award was presented at the inaugural Governors Awards on November 14, 2009. In July 2013, Bacall expressed interest to star in the film, Trouble Is My Business. Personal life
This section includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (January 2013) Relationships and family
Lauren Bacall (1989) On May 21, 1945, Bacall married actor Humphrey Bogart. Their wedding and honeymoon took place at Malabar Farm, Lucas, Ohio. It was the country home of Pulitzer Prize-winning author Louis Bromfield, a close friend of Bogart. The wedding was held in the Big House. Bacall was 20 and Bogart was 45. They remained married until Bogart's death from esophageal cancer in 1957. Bogart usually called Bacall "Baby," even when referring to her in conversations with other people. During the filming of The African Queen (1951), Bacall and Bogart became friends of Bogart's co-star Katharine Hepburn and her partner Spencer Tracy. Bacall also began to mix in non-acting circles, becoming friends with the historian Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. and the journalist Alistair Cooke. In 1952, she gave campaign speeches for Democratic Presidential contender Adlai Stevenson. Along with other Hollywood figures, Bacall was a staunch opponent of McCarthyism. Shortly after Bogart's death in 1957, Bacall had a relationship with singer and actor Frank Sinatra. She told Robert Osborne, of Turner Classic Movies (TCM), in an interview, that she had ended the romance. However, in her autobiography, she wrote that Sinatra abruptly ended the relationship, having become angry that the story of his proposal to Bacall had reached the press. Bacall and her friend Swifty Lazar had run into the gossip columnist Louella Parsons, to whom Lazar had spilled the beans. Sinatra then cut Bacall off and went to Las Vegas. Bacall was married to actor Jason Robards, Jr. from 1961 to 1969. According to Bacall's autobiography, she divorced Robards mainly because of his alcoholism. In her autobiography Now, she recalls having a relationship with Len Cariou, her co-star in Applause. Bacall had a son and daughter with Bogart and a son with Robards. Her children with Bogart are her son Stephen Humphrey Bogart (born January 6, 1949), a news producer, documentary film maker and author; and her daughter Leslie Bogart (born August 23, 1952), a yoga instructor. Sam Robards (born December 16, 1961), her son with Robards, is an actor. Bacall is the only Academy Award winner to have been married to two other winners (Bogart, Robards). Bacall has written two autobiographies, Lauren Bacall By Myself (1978) and Now (1994). In 2005, the first volume was updated with an extra chapter: "By Myself and Then Some". Political views
Bacall sits atop the piano while Vice President Harry S Truman plays the piano at the National Press Club Canteen. (February 10, 1945) Bacall is a staunch liberal Democrat. She has proclaimed her political views on numerous occasions. In October 1947, Bacall and Bogart traveled to Washington, D.C., along with other Hollywood stars, in a group that called itself the Committee for the First Amendment (CFA). She subsequently appeared alongside Humphrey Bogart in a photograph printed at the end of an article he wrote, titled "I'm No Communist", in the May 1948 edition of Photoplay magazine, written to counteract negative publicity resulting from his appearance before the House Un-American Activities Committee. Bogart and Bacall specifically distanced themselves from the Hollywood Ten and were quoted as saying: "We're about as much in favor of Communism as J. Edgar Hoover." She campaigned for Democratic candidate Adlai Stevenson in the 1952 Presidential election and for Robert Kennedy in his 1964 run for Senate. In a 2005 interview with Larry King, Bacall described herself as "anti-Republican... A liberal. The L-word." She went on to say that "being a liberal is the best thing on earth you can be. You are welcoming to everyone when you're a liberal. You do not have a small mind." Health Sometime after her 86th birthday in late 2010/early 2011 Bacall suffered a fall in her bathroom and fractured her hip. Dramatization
In 1980, Kathryn Harrold played Bacall in the TV movie Bogie, which was directed by Vincent Sherman and based on the novel by Joe Hymans. Kevin O'Connor played Bogart. The movie focused primarily upon the disintegration of Bogart's third marriage to Mayo Methot, played by Ann Wedgeworth, when Bogart met Bacall and began an affair with her. Bacall is a character in the Charles Mee one-act play "Hotel Cassiopeia". Awards and nominations
1970 Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical – Applause 1972 Sarah Siddons Award 1980 National Book Award in the one-year category Autobiography[a] 1981 Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical – Woman of the Year 1984 Sarah Siddons Award 1990 George Eastman Award (given by George Eastman House) 1992 Premio Donostia [Honorary Award] 1993 Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award 1997 Berlin International Film Festival - Berlinale Camera 1997 Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role – The Mirror Has Two Faces 1997 Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role – The Mirror Has Two Faces 1997 San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress - The Mirror Has Two Faces 1997 Kennedy Center Honors 2000 Stockholm Film Festival Lifetime Achievement Award 2007 Norwegian International Film Festival Lifetime Achievement Award 2008 Bette Davis Medal of Honor (from the Bette Davis Foundation) 2009 Academy Honorary Award Nominations 1977 BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role – The Shootist 1997 BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role – The Mirror Has Two Faces 1997 Academy Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role – The Mirror Has Two Faces In 1991, Bacall was honored with star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1724 Vine Street. In 1997, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars was dedicated to her. In popular culture
In music Bacall is referenced in the song, "Rainbow High", from the 1978 musical Evita by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice. Bacall and Bogart are referenced in the 1981 song "Key Largo" by Bertie Higgins. Bacall is referenced in the 1982 song "Car Jamming" by The Clash. She is referenced in Madonna's 1990 song "Vogue". She is referenced in the 2000 song "Captain Crash & The Beauty Queen From Mars" by Bon Jovi. She is the subject of he 2008 song "Just Like Lauren Bacall" by Kevin Roth In cartoons Bacall and Bogart are parodied in the 1946 Warner Brothers Merrie Melodies short Bacall To Arms. In the last scene of the 1947 Warner Bros. cartoon Slick Hare, a caricature of Bacall is shown sitting at a dinner table as Bugs Bunny wolf whistles at her Works
Filmography Features Year Title Role Notes 1944 To Have and Have Not Marie 'Slim' Browning Debut as not only an actress but also a singer; though Andy Williams, as a teenager, had recorded the songs she sang in the film, his recordings were never used. 1945 Confidential Agent Rose Cullen With Charles Boyer and Peter Lorre 1946 The Big Sleep Vivian Sternwood Rutledge With Humphrey Bogart 1946 Two Guys from Milwaukee Herself uncredited cameo 1947 Dark Passage Irene Jansen With Humphrey Bogart 1948 Key Largo Nora Temple With Humphrey Bogart, Edward G. Robinson and Lionel Barrymore 1950 Young Man with a Horn Amy North With Kirk Douglas, Doris Day and Hoagy Carmichael 1950 Bright Leaf Sonia Kovac With Gary Cooper and Patricia Neal 1953 How to Marry a Millionaire Schatze Page With Marilyn Monroe and Betty Grable 1954 Woman's World Elizabeth Burns With Clifton Webb, Van Heflin and Fred MacMurray 1955 The Cobweb Meg Faversen Rinehart With Richard Widmark, Charles Boyer and Gloria Grahame 1955 Blood Alley Cathy Grainger With John Wayne 1956 Patterns Lobby lady near elevators uncredited 1956 Written on the Wind Lucy Moore Hadley With Rock Hudson and Dorothy Malone 1957 Designing Woman Marilla Brown Hagen Golden Laurel Award for Top Female Comedy Performance (third place) 1958 The Gift of Love Julie Beck 1959 North West Frontier Catherine Wyatt 1964 Shock Treatment Dr. Edwina Beighley With Stuart Whitman 1964 Sex and the Single Girl Sylvia Broderick With Tony Curtis, Natalie Wood and Henry Fonda 1966 Harper Elaine Sampson With Paul Newman 1973 Applause Margo Channing Reprised the role in All About Eve that Bette Davis had originated in the original film. 1974 Murder on the Orient Express Mrs. Harriet Belinda Hubbard 1976 The Shootist Bond Rogers Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role 1978 Perfect Gentleman Mrs. Lizzie Martin 1980 Health Esther Brill With James Garner 1981 The Fan Sally Ross With James Garner 1988 Appointment with Death Lady Westholme 1988 Mr. North Mrs. Cranston 1989 John Huston: The Man, the Movies, the Maverick documentary 1989 The Tree of Hands Marsha Archdale 1989 Dinner at Eight Carlotta Vance 1990 Misery Marcia Sindell 1991 A Star for Two 1991 All I Want for Christmas Lillian Brooks 1993 The Portrait Fanny Church 1993 The Parallax Garden 1993 A Foreign Field Lisa 1994 Prêt-à-Porter: Ready to Wear Slim Chrysler National Board of Review Award for Best Cast 1995 From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler 1996 The Mirror Has Two Faces Hannah Morgan Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture 1996 My Fellow Americans Margaret Kramer With Jack Lemmon and James Garner 1997 Day and Night Sonia 1999 Get Bruce documentary 1999 Too Rich: The Secret Life of Doris Duke Doris Duke (elderly) 1999 Madeline: Lost in Paris Madame Lacroque voice 1999 The Venice Project Countess Camilla Volta 1999 Presence of Mind Mado Remei 1999 Diamonds Sin-Dee 1999 A Conversation with Gregory Peck documentary 2003 The Limit (aka. Gone Dark) May Markham 2003 Dogville Ma Ginger 2004 Howl's Moving Castle Witch of the Waste voice 2004 Birth Eleanor 2005 Manderlay Mam 2006 These Foolish Things Dame Lydia 2007 The Walker Natalie Van Miter 2008 Eve Grandma 2008 Scooby-Doo and the Goblin King The Grand Witch voice 2010 Wide Blue Yonder  May 2010 Firedog Posche voice 2012 The Forger Annemarie Sterling 2013 Trouble Is My Business Evelyn Montemar (rumored) 2013 Ernest & Celestine TBA voice Short subjects 1955 Motion Picture Theatre Celebration (1955) Amália Traída (Amália Betrayed) (2004) Stage appearances Johnny 2 x 4 (1942) Franklin Street (1942) Goodbye Charlie (1959) Cactus Flower (1965) Applause (1970) Wonderful Town (1977) V.I.P. Night on Broadway (1979) (benefit concert) Woman of the Year (1981) Sweet Bird of Youth (1985) The Players Club Centennial Salute (1989) (benefit concert) The Visit (1995) Angela Lansbury: A Celebration (1996) (benefit concert) Waiting in the Wings (1999) Television work What's My Line? (1953) Light's Diamond Jubilee (1954, TV special broadcast on all four TV networks) The Petrified Forest on Producers' Showcase (1956) Ford Star Jubilee (1956, 1 episode) Applause (1973) Perfect Gentlemen (1978) Lions, Tigers, Monkeys and Dogs (Rockford Files) (1979) Dinner at Eight (1989) A Little Piece of Sunshine (1990) The Portrait (1993) The Parallax Garden (1993) From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler (1995) 6th PBS ident (1996) as announcer 7th PBS ident (1998) as announcer; older woman in red shirt Too Rich: The Secret Life of Doris Duke (1999) The Sopranos (2006) Wonder Pets (2009) special guest voice Family Guy (2014) special guest voice ("Mom's the Word") Radio Bold Venture (1951–52); with Humphrey Bogart. Exact number of episodes recorded is unknown, but upwards of 50. Books By Myself (1978) Now (1994) By Myself and Then Some (2005) See also
Bogart and Bacall Bogart-Bacall syndrome Notes
Jump up ^ This was the 1980 award for hardcover Autobiography. From 1980 to 1983 in National Book Award history there were dual hardcover and paperback awards in most categories, and multiple nonfiction subcategories. Most of the paperback award-winners were reprints, including the 1980 Autobiography. References
Jump up ^ Tyrnauer, Matt (2011-03-10). "To Have and Have Not". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2011-10-15. Jump up ^ "American Actress Lauren Bacall celebrated 88th Birthday today". MeetHollywoodStars. Retrieved 7 July 2013. Jump up ^ Lauren Bacall Biography. filmreference.com Jump up ^ Bacall, Lauren (March 1, 2005). By Myself and Then Some. It Books. ISBN 0060755350. Jump up ^  Jump up ^ Lazaroff, Tovah (2005-11-10). "Peres: Not such a bad record after all". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2009-05-13. Jump up ^ Weiner, Eric (2007-06-13). "Shimon Peres Wears Hats of Peacemaker, Schemer". National Public Radio. Retrieved 2009-05-13. Jump up ^ Meyers, Jeffrey (1997), Bogart: A Life in Hollywood. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 978-0-395-77399-4. p. 164. Jump up ^ Cantrell, Susan (2009-07-19). "Lauren Bacall on Life, Acting, and Bogie". Carmel Magazine. Retrieved 2009-08-22. Jump up ^ Wickware, Francis Sill (May 7, 1945). Profile of Lauren Bacall 18. LIFE Magazine. pp. 100–106. ISSN 0024-3019. Jump up ^ A. . Sperber and Eric Lax (1997), Bogart. William Morrow & Co. ISBN 0-688-07539-8, ISBN 978-0-688-07539-2. Page 246. Jump up ^ Sperber and Lax 1997, p. 245. Jump up ^ The Official Website of Lauren Bacall – "The Look". Jump up ^ External reviews: Confidential Agent (1945). – IMDb. Jump up ^ Trivia: Young Man with a Horn (1950). – IMDB. Jump up ^ Box office – Business: How to Marry a Millionaire (1953). – IMDb. Jump up ^ Movie Reviews: How to Marry a Millionaire. – Rotten Tomatoes. Jump up ^ Written on the Wind (1956) – Filmsite.org. Jump up ^ Designing Woman @ Rotten Tomatoes.com. Jump up ^ Bryn Mawr College – Katharine Houghton Hepburn Center. Jump up ^ "Bacall, Calley, Corman and Willis to Receive Academy’s Governors Awards". Press release – Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences. September 10, 2009. Jump up ^ "Trouble Is My Business". July 2013. Jump up ^ Humphrey Bogart: "I'm no communist," Photoplay, March 1948. Jump up ^ Interview with Lauren Bacall. Jump up ^ "To Have and Have Not". VanityFair. March 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2013. Jump up ^ "National Book Awards – 1980". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-03-16. Jump up ^ "Lauren Bacall Receives George Eastman Award". The New York Times (The New York Times). 1990-11-10. Retrieved 2010-10-25. Jump up ^ "Berlinale: 1997 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2012-01-14. Jump up ^ Mark Shanahan & Paysha Rhone (2008-09-19). "Bringing together big-screen royalty". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2008-09-19. Jump up ^ Palm Springs Walk of Stars by date dedicated Jump up ^ Bacall To Arms (1946) Jump up ^ "Slick Hare 1947". TCM Classic Film Union. Retrieved 15 March 2013. Jump up ^  Jump up ^ Mitovich, Matt (April 24, 2009). "Wonder Pets Returns with One of Kitt's Final Performances". tvguide.com. Retrieved November 5, 2009. Jump up ^ Lauren Bacall to guest star on Family Guy External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lauren Bacall. Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Lauren Bacall Lauren Bacall at the Internet Movie Database Lauren Bacall at the TCM Movie Database Lauren Bacall at the Internet Broadway Database Lauren Bacall at AllRovi Works by or about Lauren Bacall in libraries (WorldCat catalog) Interview with Larry King on CNN Article about the origin of the "Rat Pack" taken mainly from her book "Lauren Bacall, By Myself", (New York: Knopf, 1978) Literature on Lauren Bacall [hide] Awards for Lauren Bacall [hide] v t e Cecil B. DeMille Award (1976–2000) Walter Mirisch (1977) Red Skelton (1978) Lucille Ball (1979) Henry Fonda (1980) Gene Kelly (1981) Sidney Poitier (1982) Laurence Olivier (1983) Paul Newman (1984) Elizabeth Taylor (1985) Barbara Stanwyck (1986) Anthony Quinn (1987) Clint Eastwood (1988) Doris Day (1989) Audrey Hepburn (1990) Jack Lemmon (1991) Robert Mitchum (1992) Lauren Bacall (1993) Robert Redford (1994) Sophia Loren (1995) Sean Connery (1996) Dustin Hoffman (1997) Shirley MacLaine (1998) Jack Nicholson (1999) Barbra Streisand (2000) Complete list (1952–1975) (1976–2000) (2001–2020) [hide] v t e Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture (1981–2000) Joan Hackett (1981) Jessica Lange (1982) Cher (1983) Peggy Ashcroft (1984) Meg Tilly (1985) Maggie Smith (1986) Olympia Dukakis (1987) Sigourney Weaver (1988) Julia Roberts (1989) Whoopi Goldberg (1990) Mercedes Ruehl (1991) Joan Plowright (1992) Winona Ryder (1993) Dianne Wiest (1994) Mira Sorvino (1995) Lauren Bacall (1996) Kim Basinger (1997) Lynn Redgrave (1998) Angelina Jolie (1999) Kate Hudson (2000) Complete list (1943–1960) (1961–1980) (1981–2000) (2001–present) [hide] v t e Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role Dianne Wiest (1994) Kate Winslet (1995) Lauren Bacall (1996) Kim Basinger / Gloria Stuart (1997) Kathy Bates (1998) Angelina Jolie (1999) Judi Dench (2000) Helen Mirren (2001) Catherine Zeta-Jones (2002) Renée Zellweger (2003) Cate Blanchett (2004) Rachel Weisz (2005) Jennifer Hudson (2006) Ruby Dee (2007) Kate Winslet (2008) Mo'Nique (2009) Melissa Leo (2010) Octavia Spencer (2011) Anne Hathaway (2012) [hide] v t e Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Grace Hartman (1948) Nanette Fabray (1949) Mary Martin (1950) Ethel Merman (1951) Gertrude Lawrence (1952) Rosalind Russell (1953) Dolores Gray (1954) Mary Martin (1955) Gwen Verdon (1956) Judy Holliday (1957) Thelma Ritter / Gwen Verdon (1958) Gwen Verdon (1959) Mary Martin (1960) Elizabeth Seal (1961) Anna Maria Alberghetti / Diahann Carroll (1962) Vivien Leigh (1963) Carol Channing (1964) Liza Minnelli (1965) Angela Lansbury (1966) Barbara Harris (1967) Patricia Routledge / Leslie Uggams (1968) Angela Lansbury (1969) Lauren Bacall (1970) Helen Gallagher (1971) Alexis Smith (1972) Glynis Johns (1973) Virginia Capers (1974) Angela Lansbury (1975) Donna McKechnie (1976) Dorothy Loudon (1977) Liza Minnelli (1978) Angela Lansbury (1979) Patti LuPone (1980) Lauren Bacall (1981) Jennifer Holliday (1982) Natalia Makarova (1983) Chita Rivera (1984) No award (1985) Bernadette Peters (1986) Maryann Plunkett (1987) Joanna Gleason (1988) Ruth Brown (1989) Tyne Daly (1990) Lea Salonga (1991) Faith Prince (1992) Chita Rivera (1993) Donna Murphy (1994) Glenn Close (1995) Donna Murphy (1996) Bebe Neuwirth (1997) Natasha Richardson (1998) Bernadette Peters (1999) Heather Headley (2000) Christine Ebersole (2001) Sutton Foster (2002) Marissa Jaret Winokur (2003) Idina Menzel (2004) Victoria Clark (2005) LaChanze (2006) Christine Ebersole (2007) Patti LuPone (2008) Alice Ripley (2009) Catherine Zeta-Jones (2010) Sutton Foster (2011) Audra McDonald (2012) Patina Miller (2013) [hide] v t e Kennedy Center Honorees (1990s) 1990 Dizzy Gillespie Katharine Hepburn Risë Stevens Jule Styne Billy Wilder 1991 Roy Acuff Betty Comden and Adolph Green Fayard and Harold Nicholas Gregory Peck Robert Shaw 1992 Lionel Hampton Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward Ginger Rogers Mstislav Rostropovich Paul Taylor 1993 Johnny Carson Arthur Mitchell Sir Georg Solti Stephen Sondheim Marion Williams 1994 Kirk Douglas Aretha Franklin Morton Gould Harold Prince Pete Seeger 1995 Jacques d'Amboise Marilyn Horne B.B. King Sidney Poitier Neil Simon 1996 Edward Albee Benny Carter Johnny Cash Jack Lemmon Maria Tallchief 1997 Lauren Bacall Bob Dylan Charlton Heston Jessye Norman Edward Villella 1998 Bill Cosby Fred Ebb and John Kander Willie Nelson André Previn Shirley Temple Black 1999 Victor Borge Sean Connery Judith Jamison Jason Robards Stevie Wonder Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s [hide] v t e Rat Pack Members Frank Sinatra Dean Martin Sammy Davis, Jr. Peter Lawford Joey Bishop Humphrey Bogart Associates Shirley MacLaine Lauren Bacall Angie Dickinson Marilyn Monroe Judy Garland Norman Fell Films Some Came Running Ocean's 11 Sergeants 3 4 for Texas Robin and the 7 Hoods Marriage on the Rocks Texas Across the River Wikipedia book Book:Rat Pack Authority control WorldCat VIAF: 6818 LCCN: n85136525 ISNI: 0000 0001 1034 4008 GND: 118505475 BNF: cb11889783z Categories: 1924 birthsLiving people20th-century American actresses21st-century American actressesAcademy Honorary Award recipientsActresses from the BronxAmerican Academy of Dramatic Arts alumniAmerican female modelsAmerican film actressesAmerican people of Polish-Jewish descentAmerican people of Romanian-Jewish descentAmerican stage actressesBest Supporting Actress Golden Globe (film) winnersJewish American actressesJewish female modelsKennedy Center honoreesNational Book Award winnersNew York DemocratsOutstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role Screen Actors Guild Award winnersTony Award winnersWarner Bros. contract players
About Lauren Bacall (עברית)
עם המפרי בוגרט בסרט "להחזיק ולאבד"
מרילין מונרו, בטי גרייבל ולורן באקול בסרט "איך להנשא למיליונר?" מ-1953
על כריכת גיליון של עיתון החיילים האמריקאי משנות ה-40 לורן באקול (נולדה כבטי ג'ואן פרסקה (Betty Joan Perske), באנגלית: Lauren Bacall, נולדה ב-16 בספטמבר 1924, לעתים נכתב שמה "Lauren Baccal", ובהתאמה:"לורן באקאל") היא שחקנית קולנוע יהודיה אמריקאית, המהווה את "הפנים של הקולנוע האפל". ב-2009 זכתה בפרס אוסקר למפעל חיים של האקדמיה האמריקאית לאמנויות ולמדעים. תוכן עניינים [הסתרה] 1 תולדות חייה 2 לקריאה נוספת 3 קישורים חיצוניים 4 הערות שוליים תולדות חייה[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]
בטי ג'ואן פרסקה נולדה בניו יורק למשפחה יהודית שמוצאה בפולין וברומניה. היא בת דודו של שמעון פרס. הוריה התגרשו כשהייתה בת חמש והיא גודלה על ידי אמה. היא למדה באופן בלתי סדיר בבית הספר לדרמה ועבדה כדוגמנית ובתפקידים קטנים בברודוויי. במרץ 1943 הופיעה על שער העיתון הארפר'ס בזאר (Harper's Bazaar), אשת הבמאי הווארד הוקס, שראתה את תמונתה זו, הציעה לו לבחון את באקול לתפקיד בסרטו "להחזיק ולאבד" (To Have and Have Not). באקול קיבלה את התפקיד הראשי בסרט, שהיה לתפקיד הבכורה שלה ובו שיחקה לצד המפרי בוגרט הוקס היה זה שהעניק לה את שם הבמה "לורן באקול". לקראת הצילומים קיבלה אימון אישי מאת אשתו של הוקס ובמסגרת אימון זה קיבלה גם שיעורי פיתוח קול, שהקנו לו את הגוון העמוק הייחודי. בסרט היא נועצת מבט מאפיין כאשר סנטרה צמוד לחזה ועיניה מביטות למעלה, מבט שהפך לסמל המקצועי שלה ולכינוי "המבט". על סט הצילומים התאהבו היא ובוגרט, שהיה נשוי באותה עת. הם התחתנו במאי 1945, כשנה לאחר תחילת הצילומים. יחסיהם של בוגרט ובאקול עומדים במרכז סרטם המשותף הבא, יצירת המופת של סגנון הפילם נואר משנת 1946, "השינה הגדולה". העלילה, פרי עטו של ריימונד צ'אנדלר הינה מפותלת ומסובכת. הבמאי הווארד הוקס (אשר ביים גם את "להחזיק ולאבד") הודה כי לא ידע כיצד לביים את הסרט, פרט לעובדה שראה כי יש בו פוטנציאל לסצינות יפות. באקול ובוגרט הופיעו יחדיו בשני סרטים נוספים: "מעבר אפל" (1947) ו"קי לארגו" (1948) של ג'ון יוסטון. השניים גרו בבית מגורים מרווח בלוס אנג'לס בשכונה שבין בוורלי הילס ובל אייר. כאשר מלאו לבוגרט 49 שנים, הפך לאב לבן, סטפן בוגרט. בשנת 1952 נולדה בתם לזלי. השניים לא נפרדו עד מותו של בוגרט ב-1957. באקול הופיעה גם בסרטים "איש צעיר עם חצוצרה" (1950) אודות חייו של ביקס ביידרבק לצד דוריס דיי וקירק דגלס, "איך להינשא למיליונר" (1953) בו שיחקה בהצלחה בתפקיד קומי לצד מרילין מונרו ובטי גרייבל. בנוסף לקריירה בהוליווד הופיעה באקול במספר מחזות בברודוויי בהם "שלום, צ'רלי" (1959), "פרח הקקטוס" (1965), "תשואות" (1970) ו"אשת השנה" (1981). על הופעותיה בשני האחרונים זכתה בפרסי טוני. ב-1974 שיחקה בסרטו של סידני לומט "רצח באוריינט אקספרס" לצידם של אינגריד ברגמן, אלברט פיני ושון קונרי. היא השתתפה בשני סרטים של רוברט אלטמן (H.E.A.L.T.H ב-1979 ו-Prêt-à-porter ("משהו ללבוש") ב-1994). ב-1997 זכתה בפרס גלובוס הזהב ובפרס גילדת שחקני המסך על תפקידה בסרט "שתי פנים למראה". ב-2002 שיחקה בסרטו של לארס פון טרייר, "דוגוויל". לקריאה נוספת[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]
אונדה הרנר, לורן באקול והאמפרי בוגרט: בוגי ונערת הגנגסטר, ספריית פועלים 2000 קישורים חיצוניים[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]
מיזמי קרן ויקימדיה ויקיציטוט ציטוטים בוויקיציטוט: לורן באקול ויקישיתוף תמונות ומדיה בוויקישיתוף: לורן באקול קים קלאוזנר, לורן באקול, באנציקלופדיה לנשים יהודיות (באנגלית) לורן באקול, במסד הנתונים הקולנועיים IMDb (באנגלית) ביוגרפיה באתר Allmovies (באנגלית) לורן באקול בת 80, מאתר ה-BBC (באנגלית) הערות שוליים[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]
[הסתרה] פרס גלובוס הזהב לשחקנית המשנה הטובה ביותר - סרט קולנוע
1943-1960 קאטינה פאקסיניו (1943) • אגנס מורהד (1944) • אנג'לה לאנסברי (1945) • אן בקסטר (1946) • סלסט הולם (1947) • אלן קורבי (1948) • מרצדס מקמבריידג' (1949) • ג'וזפין האל (1950) • קים האנטר (1951) • קייטי טורה ז'ורדו (1952) • גרייס קלי (1953) • יאן סטרלינג (1954) • מריסה פאואן (1955) • איילין הקארט (1956) • אלזה לנקסטר (1957) • הרמיוני גינגולד (1958) • סוזן קוהנר (1959) • ג'נט לי (1960) 1961-1980 ריטה מורנו (1961) • אנג'לה לאנסברי (1962) • מרגרט רתרפורד (1963) • אגנס מורהד (1964) • רות גורדון (1965) • ג'אקלין לגארד (1966) • קרול צ'אנינג (1967) • רות גורדון (1968) • גולדי הון (1969) • מורין סטייפלטון/קארן בלק (1970) • אן מרגרט (1971) • שלי וינטרס (1972) • לינדה בלייר (1973) • קארן בלק (1974) • ברנדה ואקרו (1975) • קתרין רוס (1976) • ונסה רדגרייב (1977) • דאיין קנון (1978) • מריל סטריפ (1979) • מרי סטינבורגן (1980) 1981-2000 ג'ואן האקט (1981) • ג'סיקה לאנג (1982) • שר (1983) • פגי אשקרופט (1984) • מג טילי (1985) • מגי סמית' (1986) • אולימפיה דוקאקיס (1987) • סיגורני ויבר (1988) • ג'וליה רוברטס (1989) • וופי גולדברג (1990) • מרסדס רוהל (1991) • ג'ואן פלורייט (1992) • וינונה ריידר (1993) • דיאן ויסט (1994) • מירה סורבינו (1995) • לורן באקול (1996) • קים בייסינגר (1997) • לין רדגרייב (1998) • אנג'לינה ג'ולי (1999) • קייט הדסון (2000) 2001-היום ג'ניפר קונלי (2001) • מריל סטריפ (2002) • רנה זלווגר (2003) • נטלי פורטמן (2004) • רייצ'ל וייס (2005) ג'ניפר הדסון (2006) • קייט בלאנשט (2007) • קייט וינסלט (2008) • מוניק (2009) • מליסה לאו (2010) • אוקטביה ספנסר (2011) • אן האת'וויי (2012)
[הסתרה] פרס גילדת שחקני המסך לשחקנית המשנה הטובה ביותר בסרט קולנוע
1995-2000 דיאן ויסט (1994) • קייט וינסלט (1995) • לורן באקול (1996) • קים בייסינגר/גלוריה סטיוארט (1997) • קתי בייטס (1998) • אנג'לינה ג'ולי (1999) • ג'ודי דנץ' (2000) 2001-היום הלן מירן (2001) • קתרין זיטה-ג'ונס (2002) • רנה זלווגר (2003) • קייט בלאנשט (2004) • רייצ'ל וייס (2005) ג'ניפר הדסון (2006) • רובי די (2007) • קייט וינסלט (2008) • מוניק (2009) • מליסה לאו (2010) • אוקטביה ספנסר (2011) • אן האת'וויי (2012) קטגוריות: שחקני קולנוע וטלוויזיה אמריקאיםשחקני קולנוע וטלוויזיה יהודים אמריקאיםזוכי אוסקר: פרסי כבודזוכי פרס גלובוס הזהב - שחקניםזוכי פרס גילדת שחקני המסך - שחקנים