Lawrence Brainerd (1794 - 1870)

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Birthplace: East Hartford, CT, USA
Death: Died in St Albans, VT, USA
Managed by: Doug Robinson
Last Updated:

About Lawrence Brainerd

Lawrence Brainerd (March 16, 1794 – May 9, 1870) was a businessman, abolitionist and United States Senator from Vermont. He was the father of Anne Eliza Brainerd Smith and the father-in-law of Vermont Governor J. Gregory Smith.

Born in East Hartford, Connecticut, he went to Troy, New York in 1803 to reside with an uncle and in 1808 moved with him to St. Albans, Vermont. He completed preparatory studies, taught school, was employed as a clerk in a mercantile establishment until 1816, and engaged in mercantile, banking, navigation, and railroad enterprises. In 1834 he was elected to the Vermont Legislature; he was affiliated with the Whig Party until 1840, when he became a member of the Liberty Party. He was an unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Vermont in 1846, 1847, 1848, 1852, and 1854; he was elected as a member of the Free Soil Party to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William Upham and served from October 14, 1854, to March 4, 1855. He was not a candidate for reelection, and was nominated for Governor but declined. He resumed business activities and in 1870 died in St. Albans, Vermont; interment was in Greenwood Cemetery.

His son-in-law, J. Gregory Smith, founded and named Brainerd, Minnesota after his father-in-law and wife.


Lawrence Brainerd, U.S. Senator's Timeline

March 16, 1794
East Hartford, CT, USA
January 16, 1819
Age 24
St. Albans, Franklin, VT
October 7, 1819
Age 25
St. Albans, Franklin, VT
January 4, 1821
Age 26
St. Albans, Franklin, VT
May 27, 1822
Age 28
St. Albans, Franklin, VT
February 29, 1824
Age 29
St. Albans, Franklin, VT
December 31, 1825
Age 31
St. Albans, Franklin, VT
December 31, 1827
Age 33
St. Albans, Franklin, VT
February 10, 1829
Age 34
St. Albans, Franklin, VT
December 31, 1830
Age 36
St. Albans, Franklin, VT