Lawrence Leach (c.1579 - 1662) MP

‹ Back to Leach surname

Is your surname Leach?

Research the Leach family

Lawrence Leach's Geni Profile

Records for Lawrence Leach

811,073 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


Nicknames: "birth place may be: Ash", "Somerset", "England"
Birthplace: Ash, Martok, Somersetshire, England
Death: Died in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts
Occupation: Farming and Milling
Managed by: Thomas Edward Shirley
Last Updated:

About Lawrence Leach


Lawrence Leach, who probably had lived in Somersetshire. He and wife Elizabeth had sons Robert, John, Ambrose, Richard and Edmund and daughters Margaret and Rachel. His brother, John Leach, also came to New England. It is not clear whether they all came with Lawrence on this crossing of the Abigail; some or all of them may have come at a later date

Read more at Suite101: Passengers on Three Early Ships to New England: Arrivals on the Zouch Phenix, Abigail and Lyon



. Leach, Lawrence {I12163} (b. 1577, d. 25 JUN 1662) Note: Birthdate calculated from "Ages from Court Records, Vol I page 127 Leach, Lawrence age 85 in 1662 EQC 2:428

From the book "Lawrence Leach of Salem, Mass., and some of his Descendants" Vol I by F. Phelps Leach of East Highgate, Vt.

The immigrant ancestor in New England of the family which forms the subject of this article was sent over to Salem by the Mass. Bay Col, in 1629 (Suff., De., I). In Edwin M. Stone's Early history of Beverly, on page 29 I find the following paragraph: "June 24, 1662, Lawrence Leach died, aged 82. He held various offices in Salem. The usefullness of his life gained respect for hismemory." His nunc will probated 25 (4) 1662; bequeathed all to his wife Elizabeth, and administration was granted to her. She died about 1674. When Lawrence Leach was about leaving Old England for New England, Gov. Craddock wrote from Gravesend, England under date of 17 Apr. 1629, a long letter concerning the affairs of the new colony, to Gov. John Endicott of the Mass. Bay Colony, in which letter I find the following parapgraph: "We desire you to take notice of one Lawrence Leach, whom we have found a careful and painful man, and we doubt not, he will continue his diligence. Let him have deserving respect." His life in America would seem to have fully justified the confidence reposed in him by Gov. Craddock, as he was chosen 31 Dec. 1638, one of the seven men to manage the public affairs of Salem; an office which he held for years, and had among his colleagues Gov. John Endicott, William Hawthorne, Roger Conant, John Woodbury and John Balch. He was proposed for a freeman at Salem, in 1630, and was sworn 18 May 1630; was one of the twelve juryman which in Boston, in 1630, served on the trial of the first capital case that was heard in Massachusetts. Lawrence Leach came from England to Salem, Massl, in the "fleet" with Rev. Francis Higginson, the first minister sent out by the Company, to superinted the spiritual affairs of the settlement. "The Talbot", which was probably the first vessel that ever entered Manchester Harbor, dropped anchor there 27 June 1629, and the Rev. Francis Higginson, worte in his journal: "June 27, 1629 - Saturday evening we had a westerly wind which brought us, between five and six o'clock to a fyne and sweet harbor, seven miles from the head of Cape Ann (in this harbor twentie ships may lie and easily ride therein), where there was an island near, whither 4 of our men went with a boat, and brought back ripe strawberries, gooseberries, and sweet single roses. Monday, 29th as we passed along to Naim Keake, it was wonderful to behold so many islands replenished with thicke woods, and high trees, and many fayere green pastures." Lawrence Leach was one fo the founders of the church at Salem, of which he was a prominent menber. He engaged in farming and milling, at Rial-side. His mills were so important that a way was laid out to them, in 1657, from the meeting house at Cape Ann side and other adjacent towns caused roads to be opened to them. (Freeman). He also had an iron foundry, which was the first in the colonies. Pope's "Ioneers of Massachusets says: "Mr. John Leach, brother of Lawrence, was occupied at the iron works."

This Family is said to have descended from John DeLeche, surgeon to King Edward III of England. The coat of arms has upon it three crowns, the significance of which is, that uponone occcasion while the kings of France and Scotland were prisoners of King Edward, the three kings dined at the house of the surgeon, and as a token of the incident, Edward handed Leche three crowns. Afterwards, when the king granted him a large estate, three crown were placed on his arms. The spelling of the surnam has varied at different times and in different branches of the family. Lawrence Leach, the immigrant ancestor in New England, and his descendants at Salem used the form Leach. Record's (the original entries, in the State House at Boston, of the various wars spells the name Leah, Leatch, Leceh, Lech, Leech, Leetch, Lirtch, Lish, and Leach, although they are all descendants of the same Salem Line (see records of Salem, Beverly and Manchester)

from the Book Lawrence Leach of Salem, Mass; and some of his descendants by F Phelps Leach of East Highgate, Vt Page 1 Fort thirty-five years I have devoted much of my leisure time in an endeavor to trace out the descendants of Lawrence Leach, and the Increasin ginterest in American genealoby has induced me to publish my work. In a letter that I receivewd from the State Librarian of a middle west state I find the following paragraph: "The middle west is just awakening to the fact that there is such a thing as ancestry, and is beginning to take an interest in genealogy. For twenty years we have been accumulating such material as our very limited means permit and we have a fair working library of good books." Another State Librarian writes: "The Nebraska and Midwest Genealogical Society has recently been organized, and there is considerable interest shown for genealogical research." A Southern State Librarian writes: "Books of this type are especially welcome as there is so much interest in genealogies and we are called on to do much research work along these lines." Volume I contains the first five generations, (and their children) of the descendants of Lawrence Leach, and I published it to enable his descendants in the various states to trace their line for publication in volume two. I have aimed to avoid all privacies and personalities which might be indelicate in relation to family circles. Every family has two lives, its public and its private one. The one becomes fairly the property of the public, in virtue of its having been conected with events in which every one has a share of interest; but the other belongs exclusively to itself, and its intimate friends, and the public have no more right to discuss or pry into its details than they have into those of any private individual. I have aimed at but two results - fullness and accuracy, but it is hardly to be expected that errors have been wholly avoided; and it is hoped that they are but few, and that they do not impair the usefullness of the work. Due acknowledgment has been made, it is believed of all sources which have been relied upon for information. For the rest, the author desires once for all to express his thanks to all who have kindly aided him by their suggestions and records, which have helped compile the work. My greatest source of information has been the Library of the New England Historical and Genealogical Society. As a Life Member of that Society I have had the use of their grand old Library, at 9 Ashburton Place, Boston, Mass.

I (only entered some of the Lawrence/James/James line)

From the Probate Records of Essex County, Page 338 - 389 Estate of Lawrence Leach of Salem Larance Leach aged 85 years or therabouts beinge parfitt in memory neer a yeare before his death expressed himselfe unto us whose names are heerunder written in the disposing ot that whee had, we beinge urgente with him to make his will his expressions to us was this first he said that he did owe thirtie pounds for the mill and his will was that his wife should pay his debts and when his debts ware paid that shee should take all hee had." John Porter, John Bacheller. Proved in Salem court 25:4:1662 by the witnesses and Elizabeth wife of the deceased appointed administratirx, Essex Co. Quarterly Court Files, vol 8 leaf 33.

Inventory of the estate of Lawrence Leach of Salem, deceased, taken by John Porter and Jacob Barney; His wearing apparell , 3; 2 feather bolsters, 3 feather pillowes, Coverlet, Ruggs, Blanketts, Fether bed & 2 flocke beds, paire of sheetes, pillow beares, small table clotes, single sheet, bedsted and a chest, chaires, barills, a tub & trays, table, a forme, dishes, old brasse kettles, a skillet, a Chafindish & 1 Candlestick, Iron Pots & a skillet, Iron kitle & a morter, a pit, a dripping pan and a frying pan, pewter dishes, a baskett with other Lumber, Cowes, a heyfer & a calfe, small swine, the howse with 2 acres of land with the orchard being parte of the said 2 acres, a mill, 20 acres of land not improved on Ryall side neare John Bacheler, 15 acres of meadow neare John Porters farme bought of Mr. Downing, a Bible with another booke; total 138li 14s 8d. Essex Co. Quarterly Court Files, vol 8 leaf 34

Below are results from searches

Larence Leach-Royal Lineage 1000pastlivesadded this on 13 Mar 2009 Posted by: LeeLonee Date: July 01, 2001 at 15:00:04In Reply to: Re: Lawrence Leach & Elizabeth Mileham, 1629 by Megan of 3351 I've enjoyed reading about my ancestors, Lawrence & Elizabeth. I found them 20 years ago. I have quite a bit of info on L. The following is from THREE HUNDRED COLONIAL ANCESTORS AND WAR SERVICE: The Coat of Arms of the family has upon it three crowns, and the significance of these crowns is this: On one occation, about the year 1358, John Leach had the English King, David of Scotland and King John of France, as his guests, and as a token of the incident, on leaving, King Edward handed to Leach 3 crowns. Afterwards, when the King granted him a large landed estate, 3 crowns were placed on his Arms. It also says Lawrence was descended from an ancient family in the west of England, and one of his ancestors was Dr. John Leach, surgeon to King Edward III. On the same page(193)it talkes about being 1 of the 7 chosen men who conducted the public affairs of Salem. It goes on to say he was 1 of the founders of the Mass. Bay Colony. And it mentions he lived on the southerly side of what is now Elliot St., on Rial Side. Do you know more?

Pioneer Lawrence Leach melobutterfly1added this on 14 Dec 2008

Origin: English

Various spellings: Leach, Leech, Leche, Leitch, Leich, Leetch

First found in Cheshire ancient times, possibly before the Norman Conquest And arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D. First Pioneers of the Leach family:

John Leach arrived in the Barbados in 1679; with his servants; Lawrence Leach settled in Salem in 1628Margaret Leach settled in Boston in 1635 Rebecca Leach settled in Virginia in 1639

Lawrence Leach Info 1000pastlivesadded this on 19 Dec 2008 James Leach Info

Added by Ann_Nauth on 19 Dec 2008 The Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy: First Families of America By Frederick Adams Virkus, Albert Nelson Marquis Published by A.N. Marquis, 1925 Original from the University of Virginia Digitized May 27, 2008

-Lawrence Leach, from Eng., 1629; founded ch. at Salem; built and operated first Iron foundry In the colonies; m Elizabeth

LAWRENCE LEACH ORIGIN: Unknown MIGRATION: 1629 FIRST RESIDENCE: Salem CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: In the list of Salem Church members compiled late in 1636 [ SChR 5]. FREEMAN: Requested 19 October 1630 and admitted 18 May 1631 [ MBCR 1:80, 366]. EDUCATION: His inventory included "a Bible with another book" valued at 5s. OFFICES: Jury, trial of Walter Palmer in the death of Austin Bratcher, 9 November 1630 [ MBCR 1:81].

Essex grand jury, 25 January 1641 [ EQC 1:33]. Petit jury, 27 December 1642 [ EQC 1:44]. Jury foreman, January 1637/8, March 1638, 30 December 1645 [ EQC 1:7, 89]. Jury, 27 September 1636, 27 December 1636, 28 March 1637, 27 March 1638, 26 June 1638, 25 December 1638, 31 December 1639, 29 December 1640 [ EQC 1:3-5, 7, 8, 10, 14, 24].

Salem selectman 1636-40, 1642 [ STR 1:34, 44, 77, 79, 80, 82-95, 105, 113].

ESTATE: He received one hundred acres in the freeman's land at Salem in 1636 [ STR 1:19, 27]. He was granted three-quarters of an acre of marsh on 25 December 1637, with a household of five [ STR 1:103].

One hundred acres of upland (presumably the same as that noted in the paragraph above) and six acres of marsh were laid out to Lawrence Leach on 17 February 1636[/7] [ STR 1:37]. He was granted ten acres of meadow on 9 December 1639 and fifteen more acres of meadow on 7 May 1638 [ STR 1:93, 96].

On 18 March 1657[/8] Lawrence Leach entered a caution for Richard Leach "who hath given him by his father Larrance Leach his farm on Riall side that joineth to Jacob Barney, both upland and salt marsh, only reserving for his particular use so much as is needful during his & his wife's lifetime" [ ELR 1:37].

On about 7 September 1665, but not brought for acknowledgment until 28 March 1680, Samuel Friend of Manchester sold a mill and mill house at Bass River, with two acres of land and twenty acres a little distance off on Royal's Neck side "there being no bill of sale made till now," the original purchaser being Laurance Leach of Salem "now deceased," and the sale was confirmed to "John Leach, son unto Lawrance Leach aforesaid" [ ELR 5:109-10].

The "nuncupative will of Lawrence Leach of Salem" was proved 25 June 1662: "Larance Leach aged 85 years or thereabouts being perfect in memory near a year before his death expressed himself unto us whose names are hereunder written in the disposing of that which he had, we being urgent with him to make his will his expressions to us was this: First he said that he did owe thirty pounds for the mill and his will was that his wife should pay his debts and when his debts were paid then she should take all he had. John Porter, John Bacheller" [ EQC 2:428; ELR 2:46; EPR 1:388-89].

The inventory of "Lawrence Leach of Salem" [undated] totalled £138 14s. 8d., including real estate valued at £100: "the house, with two acres of land with the orchard, being part of the said two acres," £30; "a mill," £40; "20 acres of land not improved on Ryall side," £10"; and "fifteen acres of meadow bought of Mr. Downing," £20 [ EQC 2:429; EPR 1:389].

On 12 April 1671 Elizabeth Leach Sr. of Salem, widow, deeded the mill or mills with the housing, land & orchard "sold by my son John Leach" to John Dodge of Beverly [ ELR 3:111].

On 22 January 1670[/1] Elizabeth Leach of Salem, widow, executrix to the estate of Laurence Leach, deceased, sold for "£14 to be paid unto my daughter Rachel Golthwright" a share of fifteen acres of meadow in the great fresh meadow, five acres excepted, to Richard Leach of Salem [ ELR 6:44].

BIRTH: About 1583 (estimated by splitting the difference between his age as stated in his nuncupative will and the year of birth that would result from assuming he was twenty-five when he married).

DEATH: By 25 June 1662 (probate of will). MARRIAGE: By 1636 (and by about 1615 if she was the mother of all his children) Elizabeth _____, who survived him. "Elizabeth Leech" was in the list of Salem church members compiled in late 1636 [ SChR 6]. CHILDREN:

i ROBERT, b. about 1615 (deposed aged about 58 years, 1 September 1673 [ EQC 5:215]): one of the two sons of Lawrence Leach granted land in 1639; evidently he who died Manchester, intestate, leaving a relict [perhaps Alice] and two sons before June, 1674 [ EQC 5:364-5].

ii JOHN, b. say 1617, one of the two sons of Lawrence Leach granted land in 1639. There being several men named John Leach, this man's career is presently unclear.

iii RICHARD, b. about 1619 (deposed aged about fifty years, March 1669 [ EQC 4:111]; deposed aged "about sixty-seven years" 4 February 1684/5 [ ELR 9:255]); m. by about 1645 Sarah Fuller, daughter of widow Anne Fuller (in her nuncupative will, probably made early in 1662, "Anne Fuller, widow," bequeathed most of her estate to "her son Richard Leach" and a cow to "John Leach & Sara Leach" [ EPR 1:389]).

iv RACHEL, b. say 1622; m. (1) by about 1642 John Sibley of Manchester, who d. 1661 leaving "9 fatherless children ... the eldest daughter 19 years old" [ EPR 1:348]; m. (2) after 1661 and by 1670 THOMAS GOLDTHWAIT [ ELR 6:44].

ASSOCIATIONS: "John Leech, the brother of Lawrence Leech," was received for an inhabitant by Salem on 23 January 1636/7 [ STR 1:33].

On 27 August 1644 "Richard Leech" was charged with having "received a pig of John Burrage, servant to Jno. Porter and himself, and his uncle Jno. Leech concealed it, not having it cried, until three months later," as a result of which Richard Leach and John Leach were fined twenty shillings apiece [ EQC 1:69].

In his nuncupative will, taken by Elizabeth Buxton and Mary Felton sometime in 1658, John Leach Sr. of Salem gave everything he had to John Leach. "At another time having further conference about the disposing of his estate unto the said John Leach, we told him there were several John Leaches [and] he should do well to express which of them, he said John Leach the son of Richard Leach" [ EPR 1:288].

website w/ info: tm+careful+and+painful+man+and+we+doubt+not+that+he+will+continue&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1& gl=us -------------------- 1629, June 27- Came to Massachusetts in the fleet with Rev. Francis Higginson.

Settled in Salem, MA. One of the founders of the Church at Salem.

He had the first iron foundry in the colonies.

Sibling: John who worked at the foundry. -------------------- LAURENCE Lawrence Leach, born Bet. 1579 - 1580 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died Jun 24, 1662 in Beverly, Essex, MA. He was the son of 10240. JOHN Deleche. He married 5121. ELIZABETH Leach Bet. 1604 - 1605 in England.

     5121. ELIZABETH Leach, born Abt. 1585 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died Abt. 1674 in Beverly, Essex, MA. 

Notes for LAURENCE Lawrence Leach:

Arrived on ship "Talbot" in Manchester Harbor, MA on 6/27/1 629 with wife Elizabeth and sons: John , Richard and Robert . Gov John Winthrop wrote from Gravesend, England 4/17/162 9 to Gov John Endicott of MA Bay Colony: "We desire you t o take notice of one Lawrence Leach, whom we have found a c areful and painsful man, and we doubt not he will continu e his diligence." He settled in Salem, MA, holding many imp ortant offices. On 12/31/1638 was one of 7 men chosen to ma nage public affairs in Salem, an office he held for many ye ars. He was proposed a freeman in 1630, was a member of th e 1st church in Salem before 1636 and received a grant of 1 00 acres from the town. He had the first iron foundry in Am erica.

Laurence is a descendant of Dr. John Leach, surgeon to Kin g Edward III. On one occasion Dr. John had the English King , Edward III and 2 of his prisoners, King David of Scotlan d and King John of France, as his guest and as a token of t he incident, on leaving, King Edward handed to Leach 3 crow ns. Afterwards, when the King granted him a large estate , 3 crowns were placed on his Coat of Arms.

Laurence engaged in farming and milling at Railside. Thes e mills were so important that roads were laid out to the m from other towns.

Children Ambrose, James, Rachel, and John arrived in Sale m on 9/6/1628 on the ship "Abigail". Margaret arrived in Sa lem in 1635 on ship "Susan & Ellen".


Children of LAURENCE Leach and ELIZABETH Leach are:

		i.	 	Sr Robert Leach85, born 1605 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died May 22, 1688 in Manchester, Essex, MA; married (1) Mary Leach Abt. 1639; died Feb 11, 1657/58; married (2) Alice Alls Abt. 1649; born Abt. 1618 in Massachusetts; died Apr 10, 1691 in Manchester, MA.
	Notes for Sr Robert Leach:

Was a collar maker; in Charleston, 1637; will named 7 child ren of John Foskit, who had married dau Elizabeth.

		ii.	 	Clement John Leach86, born Bet. 1607 - 1608 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died in England.
	Notes for Clement John Leach:

Was married and living in England at the time his parents w ent to America.

	2560	iii.	 	Sr JOHN Leach, born Bet. 1609 - 1611 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died Jun 27, 1659 in Salem, Essex, MA; married (1) Sarah Elizabeth Waldron 1642 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; married (2) SARAH Conant 1643 in Salem, Essex, MA.
		iv.	 	Margaret Leach87, born 1613 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died Aft. 1635.
	Notes for Margaret Leach:

Was 22 yrs old when she arrived in America on the "Susa n & Ellen".

		v.	 	Ambrose Leach87, born 1616 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died Aft. Nov 9, 1663 in Massachusetts.
	Notes for Ambrose Leach:

Was a carpenter; contracted in 1641 to build a bridge ove r the river. Lived in Narraganset on 11/9/1663 when he sol d land in Boston.

		vi.	 	Capt. Richard Leach88, born 1618 in England; died May 9, 1687 in "Rial-Side" Farm, Salem, MA; married Sarah Ann Fuller Bet. 1639 - 1645; born Abt. 1620; died Aft. 1687.
	Notes for Capt. Richard Leach:

Had land grant in 1639 in Salem near bro John; a freeman i n 1665; made Lieut. in 1675, Capt in 1677. Dau Mary accused , but never tried, as a witch in 1692.

		vii.	 	Edmund Leach89, born Abt. 1620 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died Aft. 1649.
	Notes for Edmund Leach:

Was in New Haven, CT 1647-1649. Was in Boston in 1651.

		viii.	 	Rachel Leach, born Bet. 1621 - 1624 in Gravesend, Ash Parish, England; died in Y; married (1) Thomas Goldwaight; died in Y; married (2) John Sibley Abt. 1642 in Salem, Essex, MA; died Apr 3, 168390.
		ix.	 	Sr James Leach, born Abt. 1626 in Salem, Essex, MA; died Jun 30, 1697 in Portsmouth, NH; married (1) Jane Turpin Bef. 1642; born Abt. 1625; died in Portsmouth, NH; married (2) Jane Bachelor Aft. 1647; died in Y.
	Notes for Sr James Leach:

Was a weaver at Great Island, Portsmouth; owned island no w called Leach Island; was sworn in as a constable on 6/27/ 1656; was Tythignman in 1678.

		x.	 	Giles Leach91, born 1632 in Salem, Essex, MA; died Aft. 1705 in Bridgewater, Plymouth, MA; married Anne Nokes Feb 20, 1656/57 in Weymouth, Norfolk, MA; born Abt. 1632 in Braintree, Norfolk, MA; died in Y.
	Notes for Giles Leach:

Giles was one of the first inhabitants of Bridgewater, th e first inland town settled in Plymouth Colony. In Bridgewa ter records of 1662 he is listed as a "Goodman" which sugge sts he was a prominent and esteemed member of the Bridgewat er Church and was listed as the head man of the 4th pew, wh ich was among the places of honor of the sanctuary. Place s of distinction were not assigned in those early days to t he undeserving or out of favoritism. He took an active par t in the municipal affairs, and was elected constable on Ma y 27, 1689 and was elected as surveyor of the area severa l times. By virtue of his proprietary right in Bridgewater , he became a large land holder. His residence was in the i mmediate vicinity of Satucket Pond, the haunt of King Phili p and his tribe, and he was on friendly terms with them.

-------------------- According to The Winthrop Society, Lawrence Leach was among the founders and settlers of the first Puritan settlement, Cape Ann & Naumkeag (now Salem, MA). He is said to have arrived in Salem with John Endecott on the Abigail in 1628/29. Lawrence Leach was said to have owned the first iron foundry in America. He was granted freeman status and awarded land.

view all 21

Lawrence Leach's Timeline

Ash, Martok, Somersetshire, England
February 2, 1605
Age 26
Reading, Berkshire, UK
Age 28
Gravesend, Kent, Eng
December 11, 1608
Age 29
Age 31
Gravesend, Kent, Eng
Age 32
Gravesend, Kent, UK
June 11, 1615
Age 36
Berkshire, UK
Age 36
Gravesend, Kent, England
Age 37
Age 39
Gravesend, Kent, England