Lawrence Southwick (c.1594 - 1660) MP

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Birthplace: Tetnal, Staffordshire, England
Death: Died in Shelter Island, Essex Court, New York
Occupation: Came first 1627, immigrated w/wife 1630, fined, whipped, imprisoned, banished from being Quakers, Glassmaker
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About Lawrence Southwick

Lawrence Southwick (ca. 1600-1660) was an early immigrant to the American colonies and a devout Quaker (member of the Religious Society of Friends), who was persecuted for his beliefs.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Southwick -------------------- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Southwick

Lawrence Southwick (ca. 1600-1660) was an early immigrant to the American colonies and a devout Quaker (member of the Religious Society of Friends), who was persecuted for his beliefs.

Southwick was born about 1600 in England. Not much is known about his origin.

He married Cassandra Burnell (see Cassandra Burnell Southwick) on January 25, 1623/4 in Staffordshire, England. They migrated to America around 1637-1639 with four of their six children. They settled in Salem, Massachusetts. They were continually persecuted by the Puritans and eventually escaped to Shelter Island, New York.

In 1657 the Southwicks were put in jail for hosting two visiting Quaker preachers, John Copeland and Christopher Holder. Lawrence Southwick was found to be a member of the First Church of Salem and was released to be dealt with by the leaders of that church. Cassandra remained in jail for seven weeks and was fined forty shillings for possessing a paper written by their two visitors. The paper was considered heretical by Governor John Endicott and others.

In 1658 the Southwicks and their son Josiah were put in jail for twenty weeks for being Quakers.

In 1659, two of the Southwick children, a daughter named Provided and a son named Daniel, were sentenced to be sold as slaves in the Barbadoes for unpaid fines--fines related to their being Quakers. The sentence was not carried out, however. The entire family went to Shelter Island, New York together.

The story of the Southwick children is told dramatically--though not completely accurately--in a poem by John Greenleaf Whittier entitled "Cassandra Southwick." He used the mother's name in place of the daughter's and did not mention the son at all. Nevertheless, his poem preserves for posterity a bit of the history of persecution by the Puritans in Massachusetts.

In 1660 Lawrence and his wife Cassandra died within three days of each other on Shelter Island.

They have thousands of living descendants in the United States today. Among their descendants were Winston Churchill, Richard Nixon, and Lyndon LaRouche.

Resources

   * The American Genealogist, 71:193, 1996.
   * Savage, James, Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, vol. IV, p. 91.
   * Southwick, Neal S., The English Ancestry and American Posterity of Joseph Southwick 1703-1980.

External Links

Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick

http://members.tripod.com/~ntgen/bw/south_index.html

-------------------- Quaker -- and he and wife died for it!

-------------------- There is a tradition in the Southwick family that Lawrence came from Lancashire, England, to America in 1627, and returned to England and brought his wife and son John and daughter Mary to Massachusetts in 1630, on the MayFlower in company of William Bradford and others, and settled in Salem, Mass. We do not find any mention of his name in the public records of Salem until 1639, when he and his family were admitted as members in the First Church of Salem, and two acres of land was given him by the town of Salem to carry on the business of manufacturing glass and earthen ware. There is a tradition that he was one of the first to manufacture glass in America.

This two acres of land was called glass-house field, as there were two others engaged in the same business, and the land is so designated today on the records and maps of said property, although the manufacture has long since ceased to be carried on there. Said land is a valley running easterly from Aborn Street and is on the south side of what is called Gallows Hill, where several persons were hung during the Salem Witchcraft Delusion, a very dark passage in the history of sectarian bigotry in Massachusetts.

Lawrence and wife Cassandra and son Josiah and daughter Mary were fined, whipt, imprisoned and finally banished for being Quakers, and their son Daniel and daughter Provided were sentenced by the General Court to be sold into slavery. Lawrence and wife Cassandra went to Shelter Island, Lond Island Sound, being banished upon pain of death in 1659, and died there in the spring of 1660 from privation and exposure; his wife died three days after him. Their son Josiah went to Rhode Island and established a home for himself and family. He came back to Salem in 1660 to look after his parents' property and found the property in very poor condition, and was whipped for returning to Massachusetts [Genealogy of Descendants of Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick of Salem, MA].

A glass house was erected in 1638. Located on what is now Peabody on the south side of Abott St. Bottles, "coarse articles of inferior glass," and probably window glass were produced there. Apparently Lawrence Southwick and a Mr. Holmes dropped out of the business by 1642. They may have been the ones who started the glassworks then contracted the Conklin family to make the glass.

The house of Lawrence Southwick stood on Main St. opposite Washington St. It was taken down in 1862 [History of Salem, MA, Vol. II (1638-1670), "The Glass Works," p. 53].

IGI/Ancestry Files list his origin as Tetnal, Stafford, England and that of Cassandra as Lancashire or Lancaster.

Lawrence's will as recorded in the Probate Records of Essex County 1635-1664, Vol. 1 :

Will and inventory of the estate of Lawrence Sothick, deceased, brought into court 6/26/1660, by John and Danyell Sothwick, had not been legally proved nor inventory perfected. They were given until the next Salem court to perfect them, and were bound in 400 pounds (Salem Quarterly Court Records, col. 4, leaf 39).

"I, Lawrence Sethwick, late of Salem in new England now being at the house of Nathaniell Silvester on Shelter Island being weake in body but of sound mind and memory doe make and Ordayne this my last will & Testament the Tenth day of 5mth 1659:

first I giue and bequeath vnto my Sonne Daniell Sethwick my dwelling house at Salem with all the houses Orchards gardens & appurtenances. And Gyles Lot, Provided that John Burnell shall haue a house lot on the ground at the further end of the Orchard newly fenc't in.

Item my will is That the lott wch I had of Josiah Sethick shall return to him againe Item I giue vnto my daughter Provided £50 sterl to be payd out of ye stock of Cattle & horses &c

Item I giue unto John Sethick the lott next adioyning to his owne.

Item my will is That the great meadow wch lyes at Ipswich river fenc't in shalbe divided between Daniell Setheck and John Burnell equally.

Itm I giue vnto John Burnell if he stand faythfull in the Truth 2 young steeres and ye first mare foale

Item I giue vnto Henry Traske Marshalls lott ioyning to his Orchard, Provided that Daniell may haue liberty to mow a load of hay euery yeare therein

Item I giue vnto Mary Trask my daughter wife to Henry Traske Tenne pounds sterling I guie unto Deborah Setchwick and young Josiah each of them fifty shillings sterling

Item I giue vnto Ann Potter forty shillings in what she thinks is beneficiall for her

I giue unto Mary Trask daughter to Henry Trask one good surge suyt of clothes and vnto Sarah and Hannah Trask, each of them a suit of clothes

I guie and bequeath vnto Samuell and Sarah John Sethicks children to each of them thirty shillings stirling

Furthermore my will is that Daniell, my sonne, and Provided my daughter shall possess and enjoy all that wch remaynes of my estate after debts and legacies payd, and my will above mentioned fulfilled equally to be diuided betweene them, So that Daniel may haue that part wch belongs to husbandry.

Lastly my will is that in case my wife surviue me she shallbe my executrix, and keep all in possession during her life, and after her decease my will to be performed according as is aboue expressed; and I doe ordayne William Robinson and Thos Gardner to be overseers of this my last will and Testament signed & Sealed by me the day and year above-written, with my hand and seale following"

his mark

Lawrence L Sethick [seal]

Witness Nathaniell Sylvester, Thomas Harris, Wm Durand.

Proved in Salem court 29:9:1660.

[Essex County Quarterly Court Files, Vol. 6, leaf 53]. -------------------- He and his wife were forced to leave Mass because they joined the Quakers. In 1659, left for Shelter Island, shortly after they died within 3 days of each other.

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Lawrence Southwick's Timeline

1594
1594
Tetnal, Staffordshire, England
1608
1608
Age 14
Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States
1615
1615
Age 21
1623
January 25, 1623
Age 29
Of Salem, Essex, Mass
March 6, 1623
Age 29
Lancashire, England
1628
1628
Age 34
England
1629
1629
Age 35
Lancashire, United Kingdom
1630
1630
Age 36
1632
1632
Age 38
Town of Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony
1634
1634
Age 40
Kingswinford, Staffordshire, England