Leka Zogu, King (1939 - 2011)

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About Leka Zogu, King

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article is about current pretender. For Crown Prince Leka's son, see Prince Leka of Albania. Leka, Crown Prince of Albania Pretender Born 5 April 1939 (1939-04-05) (age 71) Tirana Regnal name claimed King Leka I Title(s) Crown Prince of Albania Throne(s) claimed Albanian Kingdom Pretend from 18 March 1961 - present Monarchy abolished 1939 Last monarch Zog I Connection with son Royal House House of Zogu Father Ahmet Zogu Mother Géraldine Apponyi de Nagyappony Spouse Susan Cullen-Ward Children Prince Leka Albanian Royal Family

Leka, Crown Prince of Albania (Leka I Zogu) (born 5 April 1939, the Royal Palace, Tirana), is the only son of Their late Majesties King Zog I and Queen Geraldine. He was called Crown Prince Skander at birth. Leka is pretender to the Albanian throne and is referred to as King Leka I by Albanian monarchists and some members of the media.Family and early life

King Zog I was forced into exile only two days after the birth of Crown Prince Leka due to the Italian invasion of Albania, and soon officially replaced on the throne of Albania by King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy — an action the King of Italy would later plead personal forgiveness for. Count Ciano, the Italian Foreign Minister, arrived soon after the invasion; on searching the Palace in Tirana he found the 'labour room' in the Queen's suite; seeing a pile of linen on the floor, stained by the afterbirth, he kicked it across the room. "The cub has escaped!" he said [2].

Crown Prince Leka began life in exile in various countries. After travelling across Europe, the Royal Family settled in England, first at The Ritz in London, then moving for a very short period in 1941 to Sunninghill near Ascot in Berkshire, and then in 1941 to Parmoor House, Parmoor, near Frieth.

After the war Zog, Geraldine and Leka moved temporarily to Egypt, where they lived at the behest of King Farouk I.

Through his mother, Leka has some attested distant mediaeval roots in Albania, whereas his father's much closer Albanian ancestry cannot be historically attested, except by oral history as far as the Middle Ages. The Zogu family were one of the main Principalities that fought beside the Albanian hero Skanderbeg against the invading Turks, and Mamica Kastriot (Skanderbeg's sister), reputedly married into the Toptani family, which King Zog's mother came from.

Leka was educated at Parmoor House, and then at English schools in Egypt and at Aiglon College, Villars-sur-Ollon, Switzerland. Fluent in many languages he also studied economics at the Sorbonne and passed out of the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst in England. Following this he was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the British Army [3]. He had since made his money with successful business deals in commodities.

Leka became heir apparent of the abolished throne on 5 April 1957. At the death of King Zog I in 1961, Leka was proclaimed King of the Albanians by a convened Albanian National Assembly-in-Exile, in a function room at the Hotel Bristol, Paris[4]. He also holds the position of Sovereign Grand Master of the Orders of Scanderbeg, Fidelity and Bravery.[3]

In 1975, Leka married Australian citizen and former teacher Susan Cullen-Ward in Biarritz. They were married in a civil ceremony in the Hôtel de Ville, Biarritz. The wedding reception, at a five-star Toledo Roadhouse, was attended by members of other exiled royal families, loyal Albanians and friends, who toasted "Long live the King".The couple returned to Madrid, where they were befriended by King Juan Carlos and continued to enjoy the attentions of Albanians while awaiting what they knew must be the fall of Communism. But when it was discovered that Leka not only retained some Thai bodyguards but had what was described as an arms cache in their home, the Spanish government asked him to leave.

That Leka had some reason for his fears was proved when he arrived at Gabon for refueling, to find his aeroplane surrounded by local troops, who were said to have been hired to capture him by the Albanian government; he saw them off by appearing at the plane's door with a bazooka in his hand. The couple went on to Rhodesia. But after Mugabe took power they settled in a large compound near Johannesburg, where they were given diplomatic status by the South African government.

Leka spent many years exiled in Bryanston, South Africa, where his son, Prince Leka Anwar Zog Reza Baudouin Msiziwe, was born. He currently resides in Tirana, Albania, where his wife, Susan, died on 17 July 2004. [edit] Return to Albania

In 1993 he entered Albania for the first time (since being exiled aged a few days old in 1939), doing so under a passport issued by his own Royal Court-in-exile. In this passport, which the Albanian government had refused to recognise previously, Leka listed his profession as "King"[5]. Leka was greeted by a crowd of approximately 500 supporters on his arrival at the airport. He stated at this time that he would renounce this passport and accept the status of a normal citizen if a referendum on the monarchy failed[citation needed].

In 1997 Leka returned again, this time being greeted by 2,000 supporters.[6] A referendum was held in Albania concerning a monarchical restoration. After a recount it was announced that the restoration was rejected by approximately two-thirds of those voting[7]. The King questioned the independence of the election. Police intervened, gunfire broke out, one person was killed, and Leka fled.

When asked if he intended to leave Albania he replied: "Why? It is my country." After leaving Albania of his own accord he was tried and sentenced to three years imprisonment for sedition, in absentia; this conviction was pardoned in March 2002, when seventy-two members of Parliament asked the royal family to return.Leka is backed by the Legality Party, which formed a coalition with other parties in Albania. Leka, however, does not vote, stating that “ I am above all political parties, even my own.

Leka was head of the Movement for National Development however, in February 2006, he announced he would be withdrawing from political and public life.

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Leka I, King of the Albanians's Timeline

1939
April 5, 1939
2011
November 30, 2011
Age 72
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