Leopold Eidlitz (1823 - 1908) MP

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Birthplace: Prague, Czech Republic
Death: Died in New York, New York, New York, United States
Occupation: Architect
Managed by: Mila Rechcigl, Ph.D.
Last Updated:

About Leopold Eidlitz

Leopold Eidlitz (March 10, 1823, Prague, Bohemia — 1908, New York City) was a prominent New York architect.

from Wikipedia

He is best known for his work on the New York State Capitol (Albany, New York, 1876–1881), as well as "Iranistan" (1848), P. T. Barnum's house in Bridgeport, Connecticut; St. Peter's Church, on Westchester Avenue at St. Peter's Avenue in the Bronx (1853); the former Temple Emanu-El (New York, 1866–68, destroyed 1927); the Broadway Tabernacle (1859, demolished about 1907); the completion of the Tweed Courthouse (1876–81); and the Park Presbyterian Chapel on West 86th Street and Amsterdam Avenue.

Eidlitz was born in Prague into a Jewish family; his parents were Abraham and Judith Eidlitz, and he had one brother Markus (later Marc) Eidlitz. He received his early technical training at the Prague Realschule and then continued his education at the Vienna Technical University. He enrolled in its short-lived business school, not its engineering or architecture curricula. Eidlitz emigrated from Vienna to the United States in 1843 and settled in New York. His brother Marc emigrated to New York three years later.

Eidlitz married Harriet Amanda Lazelle Warner in 1845. He had worked with her father Cyrus Lazelle Warner (1789–1852). Her mother was Elizabeth Wadland Adams (1792–1860), who, despite claims she made during her lifetime, was not descended from President John Adams. By means of this marriage Eidlitz helped secure his family's social place in the United States. Episcopal priest Stephen Tyng presided their wedding. They had seven children, but the first died soon after birth.[3]

Eidlitz has been called America's first Jewish architect. In his early work, as at the Shaaray Tefila synagogue, Eidlitz identified himself as Jewish to clients (1846–48). Other evidence suggests he later hid his heritage; his marriage was officiated by the Episcopal priest Tyng, and the Eidlitz children were raised as Christian, according to their mother's tradition. Eidlitz presented himself as simply German or Austrian and he Germanicized his parents' given names on American records. One of his daughters, Mari Imogene Eidlitz, was married in a Catholic ceremony in 1887 at St. Anne's Church in New York.[3]

citations

  • 3. Kathryn E. Holliday, Leopold Eidlitz: Architecture and Idealism in the Gilded Age. New York: W. W. Norton, 2008, pp. 29–30, 69

Sources

  • U.S. City Directories, 1821-1989 Name: Abraham Eidlitz Gender: Male Spouse: Julie Eidlitz Publication Title: New York, New York, City Directory, 1857 Source Information: Ancestry.com. U.S. City Directories, [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Eidlitz, Julia wid Abraham, h 198 East 13th Street. Also: Eidlitz, Leopold, architect, office 208 Broadway. Eidlitz, Marcus, mason, office 208 Broadway.

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Leopold Eidlitz's Timeline

1823
March 29, 1823
Prague, Czech Republic
1848
1848
Age 24
1853
1853
Age 29
New York, NY
1856
1856
Age 32
New York, NY
1859
1859
Age 35
New York, NY
1860
1860
Age 36
New York, NY
1908
March 22, 1908
Age 84
New York, New York, New York, United States
1908
Age 84
Brooklyn, Kings, New York, United States
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