Leuthard de Paris, comte de Fézensac
|Also Known As:||"Leutand", "Leutaud", "Leuthard", "Liedrat", "Lisiard"|
|Birthplace:||Fezensac, Gascony, France|
|Death:||Died in Paris, Île-de-France, France|
Son of Gérard I, count of Paris and Rotrou d'Austrasie
|Occupation:||Comte de Paris, Fulde & Fézensac, Conseiller du Roi|
|Managed by:||Jennifer Budden (HYDE)|
About Leuthard I, count of Fézensac
Leuthard (Liuthard, Lisiard) de Paris, Comte de Fézensac
Name Variation Count Leuthard of Paris was also found as Liutaud Count of Paris 6 and Lisiard de Fezensac.8
Birth* before 755 Leuthard was born before 755. He is variously identified as a son or brother of Bego. Tho' some sources give Alpais as his mother this does not seem likely as she just would have been too young. (Settipani's "La prehistoire des Capetiens".) This author is going to assume that he was the brother not the son. If he was the son of Girard then he was born BEFORE 755 as Girard died in 755. If he was the son of Bego then his mother was Williburga who died in 789. This does seem to be a likely scenerio.7
Leuthard/ Liuthard, comte de Fézensac
Probably count of Fézensac, ca. 801.
Leuthard is mentioned with his wife Grimhilde in the foundation charter of Ponthières and Vézelay, founded by their son Gérard "de Roussillon", at which time they were probably both deceased [see below under Gérard].
He has generally been identified with the Leuthard who succeeded Aubry "the Burgundian" as count of Fézensac in about 801 ["Burgundione namque mortuo, comitatus eius Fedentiacus Liutardo est attributus." Vita Hludowici imp., c. 13, MGH SS 2: 612].
An alternative identification, much less likely, would make him the same as count Leuthard of Paris, son of count Bego and his Carolingian wife Alpaïs (see the Commentary section for further details).
Date of death: After 811, 23 February? Alternative Death Date: 819
["VII kal. Dep. Leutardi sacerdotis, Grimildis Deo sacratæ." Obit. Sens, 1, pt. 1: 252] The assignment of 23 February is based on the assumption that the simultaneous appearance of the two names Leuthard and Grimhilde is more than a coincidence, and that it indicates that Leuthard and Grimhilde both retired to the religious life [Levillain (1941), 193-4]. The date of 811 is based on the assumption that the Leuthard who was a brother of count Etienne of Paris (see below) was the same man as Grimhilde's husband. Place of death: Unknown.
Conjectured father (likely): Gérard I, fl 752-779, count of Paris. Conjectured mother (likely): Rotrude.
This very reasonable conjecture is based on the possession of the countship of Paris along with the obvious onomastic considerations [Levillain (1949), 235; Hlawitschka (1968), 168; Settipani (2004), 193, n. 1 (given as one possibility)]. Those who conjecture that Leuthard was a son of Bego would make Bego a son of Gérard and Rotrude. Also for onomastic reasons, Rotrude has been conjectured to be a descendant of Charles Martel, who had a wife named Rotrude.
Charles Cawley, in his "Carolingian Nobility" document in his Medieval Lands database, names this Leutard who was Count of Fezenzac as the son of Gerard Count of Paris and his wife Rotrud, and posits a different, younger Leutard as the son of Bego (see below). Cawley writes:
LIUTHARD (-3 Jan  or after). "Leutardi germanum Stephani comitis" subscribed the charter dated 811 under which "Stephanus…comes…Amaltrudis comitissa" donated property to "Inchadus Parisiace urbis episcopus". The primary source which identifies that he was the son of Gerard has not so far been identified. Comte de Fézensac. The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records the death of "Burgundio" [in 801] and that "comitatus eius Fedentiacus" was granted to "Liutardo". The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "Liutardum, Isembardum" [in 813]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés records the death "III Non Jan" of "Leuthardi comitis". m GRIMHILD, daughter of ---. Her marriage is confirmed by the testament of "Gerardus [comes]" which names "…genitoribus atque parentibus…Luthardi et Grimildis atque…Hugonis et Bavæ…filiis et filiabus ipsorum".
Conjectured father (doubtful): Bego, d. 816, count of Paris. Conjectured mother (doubtful): Alpaïs, filia imperatoris, d. after 29 May 852, daughter of Charlemagne (or of Louis the Pious).
[Depoin (1912), 90, 105-7; Chaume (1925), 543 (table 8); Settipani (2004), 193, n. 1 (given as another possibility)] This conjecture is based on the supposed identification of Leuthard, husband of Grimhilde, with Leuthard, son of Bego and Alpaïs, who is known from Flodoard ["... Ludowicus imperator Alpheidi, filiae suae, uxori Begonis comitis, ... ipsius Alpheidis vel filiorum eius Letardi et Ebrardi ..." Flodoard, Historia Remensis ecclesiae, iv, 46, MGH SS 13: 595]. However, this scenario leads to serious chronological objections. It cannot be right unless Flodoard (writing a century later) was wrong about making Alpaïs a daughter of Louis, and she was a daughter of Charlemagne instead (contemporary records make her the daughter of an unnamed emperor - see the pages of Charlemagne and Louis the Pious). Although it seems clear that the present Leuthard and Bego were closely related, the most probable chronology would place them in the same generation.
Spouse: Grimhilde. Grimhilde is mentioned as the mother of Gérard in the foundation charter of Ponthières and Vézelay (see below).
- Gérard II "de Roussillon", d. 878×9, count of Paris, count of Vienne;
m. Berthe, daughter of Hugues, count of Tours.
The parentage of Gérard is based on the foundation charter of Ponthières and Vézelay, which mentions Gérard and his wife Berthe and their parents Leuthard and Grimhilde, and Hugues and Bava, and two other relatives (exact relationship not specified) Leutfrid and Adalard ["Ego Gerardus divinæ pietatis munere apud gloriosam Regalem mansuetudinem Comitis honore sublimatus, ex communi voto & desiderio dilectissimæ Conjugis meæ atque amantissimæ Bertæ, ... Sed & dignam rependentes genitoribus atque parentibus honorificentiam, id est, Leuthardi, & Grimildis, atque gratissimorum Hugonis & Bavæ, amabilibusque filiis & filiabus ipsorum, sive qui jam dormierunt in Domino, sive qui adhuc vivant, consanguinitate, affinitate & propiquitate etiam nobis junctis, id est, Leufredi & Adalardi Comitum præclarissimorum, ut pro eis intercessio & assidua deprecatio fieret, & peccatorum eorum acquireretur propitiato, & in loco ipso, quem juvante Christo fundaremus, succeedentibusque temporibus esset eorum permanens recordatio." Historia Vizeliacensis monasterii, Spicilegium, 2: 499].
Charles Cawley says of Gerard II, son of Leuthard:
GERARD [II] (-[11 Feb or 4 Mar] 874, bur Avignon). His parentage is confirmed by his testament under which "Gerardus [comes]" names "coniugis meæ…Berthæ…genitoribus atque parentibus…Luthardi et Grimildis atque…Hugonis et Bavæ…filiis et filiabus ipsorum" and "consanguinitate, affinitate et propinquitate etiam nobis junctis, id est Leufredi et Adalardi Comitum", and which is signed by "Gerardi comitis, Bertæ coniugis…Evæ filiæ ipsorum". Emperor Lothar confirmed a donation of property "in pago Arduennensi sitam…Villantia" to the abbey of Prüm by "Richardus quondam comes…per Biuinum fratrem suum, et Gerardum et Basinum qui et Tancredus comites" by charter dated 12 Nov 842, although it is not known whether this is the same Gerard. However, as both Gerard and the descendants of Bivin were associated with Provence, it is possible that their association started earlier in the Ardennes. Comte de Vienne. Emperor Lothar returned property to the church of Lyon, at the request of “Gerardus…comes atque marchio”, by charter dated to . A document issued by Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated Nov 853 names "Folcoinus episcopus, Adalgarius, Engilscalcus et Berengarius" as missi in "comitatu Berengarii, Engilscalchi, Gerardi et in comitatibus Reginarii", although it is not known whether this count Gerard is the same as the one named in the other references listed below. "Karoli rex, Hlotharii augusti filius" confirmed the privileges of the church of Villeurbane in favour of the church of Lyon at the request of "comes et parens noster ac nutritor Girardus" by charter dated 10 Oct 856. The precise relationship between Comte Gérard and the Carolingian monarchs has not been established. Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks confirmed the foundation of the monastery "in pago Avalensi in parrochia Augustudunensis civitatis in loco…Virziliacus" by "Gerardus…comes", with the consent of "coniugis sue Berthæ", by charter dated 6 Jan 868. The Chronico Vezeliacensi records that "Comes Girardus fundator hujus loci" died in 847 and was buried "apud Avinionem civitatem suam", although this year is incorrect. The 13th century obituary of the Eglise primatiale de Lyon records the death "III Non" of "Geraldus comes". The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés records the death "IV Non Mar" of "Gerardi comitis".
Gerard II m BERTA, daughter of HUGUES Comte de Tours & his wife Ava --- (-[6 Nov] 877). Pope John VIII recalls "Gerardus comes…cum Berta quondam conjuge sua" as founders of the monastery referred to in his letter. Her parentage is confirmed by her husband's testament under which "Gerardus [comes]" names "coniugis meæ…Berthæ…genitoribus atque parentibus…Luthardi et Grimildis atque…Hugonis et Bavæ…filiis et filiabus ipsorum". Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks confirmed the foundation of the monastery "in pago Avalensi in parrochia Augustudunensis civitatis in loco…Virziliacus" by "Gerardus…comes", with the consent of "coniugis sue Berthæ", by charter dated 6 Jan 868. The Chronico Vezeliacensi records that "Berta comitissa hujus loci fundatrix" died in 844 and was buried "apud Pulterias", although the year is incorrect. The 13th century obituary of the Eglise primatiale de Lyon records the death "VIII Id Nov" of "Berta comitissa".
Gerard & his wife had one child: (a) EVA . The testament of "Gerardus [comes]" is signed by "Gerardi comitis, Bertæ coniugis…Evæ filiæ ipsorum".
- Adalard (Alard), fl. 831-877, seneschal, count of the palace; lay-abbot of Saint-Martin de Tours and Marmoutier, 834-843; lay-abbot of Echternach, 849-856; lay-abbot of Saint-Symphorien, 866.
Adalard is mentioned in the foundation charter of Ponthières and Vézelay (see above), and was clearly a relative of either Gérard or Berthe. According to Werner and Hlawitschka, his membership in the family of the counts of Paris and of Bego, restorer of the abbey of Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, is secured by an act of Charles the Bald of 2 August 853, in which Adalard, although at that time in the service of Lothair I, appears as intervener and grantor for a donation to Fossés from royal estate which had come to him, with the donation being expressly ordered for the benefit of Adalard's salvation [Werner (1967), 431, n. 8; Hlawitschka (1968), 167, n. 67; both cite Rec. actes Charles le Chauve, 1: 415ff. (#157) (the latter not seen by me)]. Since Leutfrid, the other relative mentioned in the foundation charter of Ponthières and Vézelay, is known to have been a brother of Berthe, it is probable that Adalard was a brother of Gérard [Depoin (1912), 108-9; Chaume (1925), 543 (table 8); Levillain (1949), 235; Hlawitschka (1968), 167-8, 171 (with a "dotted" line); Settipani (2004), 193, n. 1].
Charles Cawley says of Adalhard III, possible son of Leuthard:
['''ADALHARD [III'''] (-after 865). The primary source which identifies Adalhard as the son of Liuthard has not yet been identified, although the testament of "Gerardus [comes]" names "consanguinitate, affinitate et propinquitate etiam nobis junctis, id est Leufredi et Adalardi Comitum". Seneschal of Emperor Louis I "le Pieux". Nithard says that he "cared little for the public good and tried to please everyone…and ruined the kingdom altogether". The Breve Chronicon Epternacense names “Adelardus comes” as abbot of Echternach from 850 to 856. Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks donated property to "Aeduensi S. Symphoricui mon" naming "Adelardus comes", by charter dated 855. "Adelhardus comes" was "provisor monasterii S. Maximini" in Jul 855. "Hlotharius…rex" donated property "in pago Eiflinse in comitatu Matfridi" at the request of "Adalardus et Matfridus…comites" to "vassallo præfati Matfridi Otberto" by charter dated 28 Jun 856. An agreement between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks dated Jun 860 names "nobilis ac fidelibus laicis…Chuonradus, Evrardus, Adalardus, Arnustus, Warnarius, Liutfridus, Hruodolfus, Erkingarius, Gislebertus, Ratbodus, Arnulfus, Hugo, item Chuonradus, Liutharius, Berengarius, Matfridus, Boso, Sigeri, Hartmannus, Liuthardus, Richuinus, Wigricus, Hunfridus, Bernoldus, Hatto, Adalbertus, Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus, Hessi, Herimannus, item Hruodulfus, Sigehardus". The Annales Bertiniani record that "Carlomannus, Hlodowici regis Germaniæ" sought refuge with "Adalardo, Yrmintrudis reginæ avunculo, suo autem propinquo" after he was banished by his father following his rebellion in 861. The Annales Bertiniani record that "Adalardo Yrmintrudis reginæ avunculo" was "propinquo" of the brothers Udo (ancestor of the Franconian Konradiner family), Berengar and Waldo who were expelled from Germany in 865, and in a later passage record that "Adalardo…et suis propinquis Hugonis et Berengario" fought the Vikings in 865. "Leudo episcopus et Adelardus comes missi dominici in comitatu Augustidunense" heard a dispute between "Vulfaldum episcopum et Heccardum comitem" concerning land at Perrecy, the proceedings recorded in a charter dated to [866/75]. m ---. The name of Adalhard's wife is not known.
Adalhard [III] & his wife had [three] children:
(a) [STEPHANUS (-after 18 Sep 882). "Hildebertus filius quondam Berengarii comitis" donated property "res…mee in comitatu Vuabrinse prope fluvio…Cherus villam…Beuram" for "germano meo Berengario" to Verdun Sainte-Vanne by charter dated 18 Sep 882, subscribed by "Stephanus comes, Matfridus comes, Witpertus comes".
(b) [ADALHARD [IV] (-[2 Jan] 890). The primary source which identifies Adalhard [IV] as the son of Adalhard [III] has not yet been identified. However, the Catalogus abbatem Epternacensium, which names "Adelardus iunior comes" as [lay] abbot of Echternach in 878 until 890, indicates that this may be correct. The Breve Chronicon Epternacense also names “Adelardus junior comes” as abbot of Echternach from 878 to 890. "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed a donation of property "in pago Muselahgeuui in comitatu Adalhardi villam…Berge" to Kloster Fulda by charter dated 24 Jul 880. Emperor Karl III granted property "in Weitereiba in comitatu Adalhardi ad Rosbach" to Kloster Fulda by charter dated 7 Apr 884. The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont records the death "4 Non Jan" of "Adellardus", although it is not certain that this refers to Adalhard [IV]. Hlawitschka suggests that Adelhard [IV] married a daughter of Matfried [II] or of Matfried's sister and that the couple were the parents of the three brothers Gebhard and Matfried Counts of Metz and Richer Bishop of Verdun.] - [COMTES de METZ.]
(c) daughter . The Annales Bertiniani record that the son of Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks became betrothed to "filiam Adelardi" against his father's will but did not marry her. Betrothed (865) to LUDWIG, son of LUDWIG II " der Deutsche" King of the East Franks & his wife Hemma --- (-Frankfurt-am-Main 20 Jan 882, bur Kloster Lorsch).
Theother postulated children of Leuthard are daughters, Engeltrude and Rotrude:
- Engeltrude, m. Eudes, d. 834, count of Orléans.
There is no known evidence which ties Engeltrude directly to the family of Leuthard. The connection comes from Engeltrude's probable sibling relationship to Adalard, as discussed on the page of Engeltrude.
- Rotrude, d. 10 December, year unknown.
Rotrude is mentioned in the necrology of Saint-Germain-des-Prés ["IIII id. [Dec.] ... Chrotrude filie Leutharii" Obit. Sens 1: 280]. Membership in the present family is the most likely possibility, although it is difficult to rule out the possibility that she was the daughter of another Leuthar[d].
(NOTE: Cawley does not list Rotrude as a possible child of Liutard)
Probable brother: Etienne (Stephanus), fl. 802-815, count of Paris. This is based on a charter dated 811 from Notre-Dame de Paris which is signed by a Leuthard, brother of count Etienne of Paris ["S. Stephani comitis et Amaltrudis, conjugis ejus, necnon et comitissæ, qui hanc donationem scribere vel firmare rogaverunt. S. Leutardi, germanum Stephani comitis." Cart. Notre-Dame de Paris, 1: 291 (#3)]. The identification with the present Leuthard is probable, but not certain
Bibliography Cart. Notre-Dame de Paris = Benjamin Guérard, Cartulaire de l'église Notre-Dame de Paris, 4 vols. (Paris, 1850).
Chaume (1925) = Maurice Chaume, Les origines du duché de Bourgogne, 4 vols. (Dijon, 1925).
Depoin (1912) = Joseph Depoin, "Les comtes de Paris sous la dynastie carolingienne", Mémoires de la société historique et archéologique de l'arrondissement de Pontoise et du Vexin 31 (1912): 83-117.
Hlawitschka (1968) = Eduard Hlawitschka, Lotharingen und das Reich an der Schwelle der deutschen Geschichte (Schriften der MGH 21, Stuttgart, 1968).
Levillain (1941) = Léon Levillain, "Les comtes de Paris a l'époque franque", Le Moyen Age 51 (1941): 137-205.
Levillain (1949) = Léon Levillain, "Girart, comte de Vienne. A propos d'un livre récent", Le Moyen Age 55 (1949): 225-245.
Obit. Sens = Obituaires de la Province de Sens (2 vols. in 3, Paris, 1902-6).
Rec. actes Charles le Chauve = G. Tessier, ed. Recueil des actes de Charles II le Chauve, 3 vols. (Paris, 1943-55). [I do not have easy access to this source.]
Settipani (2004) = Christian Settipani, La Noblesse du Midi Carolingien (Prosopographia et Genealogica 5, 2004).
Spicilegium = Luc d'Achery, Spicilegium sive collectio veterum aliquot scriptorum qui in Galliæ bibliothecis delituerant, 3 vols. in folio (Paris, 1723).
Werner (1967) = Karl Ferdinand Werner, "Die Nachkommen Karls des Großen bis um das Jahr 1000 (1.-8. Generation)", Karl der Große 4 (1967): 403-483.
Compiled by Stewart Baldwin http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/prov/leuth000.htm
Also Charles Cawley, Carolingian Nobility, Medieval Lands Database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy: http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/FRANKISH%20NOBILITY.htm --------------
Leuthard of Paris I
Translated from the French Wikipedia
Son of Count Gerard I de Paris and Rotrude. Brother of Etienne de Paris and Bego of Paris.
Around 781 , Leuthard is sent by Charlemagne to the duchy of Aquitaine , where he remains in the entourage of Louis the Pious, King of Aquitaine ( 781 - 814 ) and Holy Roman Emperor ( 814 - 840 )).
Leuthard’s wife was Grimeut (or Grimhilde) with whom he has the following children: • Engeltrude of Fézensac, wife of Eudes of Orleans, and the mother of Ermentrude Orleans who married the future Emperor Charles the Bald • Adalard the Seneschal (steward of the Carolingian Empire during the reign of Louis the Pious ) • Girart Roussillon (or Girard Paris II ) Count of Paris, Count of Rousillon , Count of Vienne.
In 801, Leuthard follows Louis the Pious in his expedition to Spain and participates in the siege of Barcelona. He received the County of Fézensac from the duchy of Aquitaine , which leads to a revolt of the Basques, of which he becomes the first count . In 809, he is at the siege of Tortosa .
According to historian René Poupardin , Leuthard ended his days in the county of Paris .
His son Girart Roussillon succeeded him as Count of Paris .
1. ↑ Leuthard on the website of The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy [archive] 2. ↑ Poupardin Rene - The Kingdom of Provence under the Carolingians (855-933) - p.11 3. ↑ Poupardin Rene - The Kingdom of Provence under the Carolingians (855-933) - p.11
Bibliography • Rene Poupardin - The Kingdom of Provence under the Carolingians - Paris, 1901
Leutaud\Liedrat de Paris
- died 0821
- father: Begue (Bego) de Paris born abt 0760 Paris, Seine, France; died abt 0816
- mother: Alpais (Aupais) D'Aquitane born abt 0764; died aft 0852
- Eberhard Count of Paris
- Luithard de Alsace (confused w/another Luithard De Alsace)
- Engeltrude de Paris born abt 0784
- Susannah de Paris
- Lisiard Count of Frezensac born abt 0782
- spouse: unnamed Countess of Fulda (end of information)
- Ingeltrude Countess of Orleans born about 0805 Orleans, Loiret, France
- Rudolph Count of Franconia born about 0820? Franken, Bavaria
Leuthard I, count of Fézensac's Timeline
Fezensac, Gascony, France
Metz, Moselle, Lorraine, France
Paris, Ile-de-France, France
Roussillon, Isere, Rhone-Alpes, France
January 3, 813
Paris, Île-de-France, France