About Charles Carroll Carpenter
Rear Admiral Charles Carroll Carpenter (27 February 1834 - 1 April 1899) was an officer in the United States Navy. He participated in the African Slave Trade Patrol, fought in the American Civil War, served as Commander of the Asiatic Squadron, and was recalled to duty briefly during the Spanish-American War.
Carpenter was born in Leyden, Massachusetts, on 27 February 1834, the son of David N. Carpenter and the former Maria P. Newcomb. Appointed a midshipman from Massachusetts on 1 October 1850, he was attached to the sloop-of-war USS Portsmouth in the Pacific Squadron from 1851 to 1855. He attended the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, from 1855 to 1856 and, upon completing his studies, was promoted to passed midshipman on 20 June 1856.
Carpenter was in the Home Squadron and in special service between 1856 and 1858, serving consecutively aboard the steam frigates USS Merrimack, USS Roanoke, and USS Colorado and the brig USS Dolphin; he was aboard Dolphin on 21 August 1858 when she captured a slave ship, the brig Echo, with 300 African slaves on board. He was promoted to lieutenant on 23 January 1858.
Carpenter's next duty was aboard a receiving ship at Boston, Massachusetts, in 1858 and 1859, and he was promoted to master on 22 January 1858 and to lieutenant the next day. He reported for duty aboard the screw steamer USS Mohawk in 1859. Mohawk cruised off the coast of Cuba in 1859 and 1860 and captured the slave ship Wildfire on 28 April 1860, freeing 530 African slaves. She later guarded Naval Station Key West, in Key West, Florida, from armed groups seeking to seize it from the United States Government in the months prior to the outbreak of the American Civil War.
Carpenter was still aboard Mohawk when the Civil War broke out in April 1861. He served aboard her that year in the Gulf of Mexico in the Union blockade of the Confederate States of America, both off Texas and in the East Gulf Blockading Squadron. In 1862 he was aboard the screw steamer USS Flag in the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, participating in the capture of two blockade runners, the steamers Anglia and Emily, and being promoted to lieutenant commander on 16 July 1862. In 1863 he transferred to the monitor USS Catskill, also in the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, and participated in attacks on the Confederate defenses of Charleston, South Carolina, on 7 April, 10 July, and 17 August 1863. Later in 1863 he was assigned to the staff of the U.S. Naval Academy, where he remained through the end of the war in 1865.
Post Civil War
After service aboard the flagship of the Asiatic Squadron, the screw sloop-of-war USS Hartford, from 1866 to 1867, Carpenter became commanding officer of the screw sloop-of-war USS Wyoming in the same squadron in 1868. He then performed duty at the Portsmouth Navy Yard in Kittery, Maine, from 1868 to 1870 and was promoted to commander on 10 February 1869. After another short assignment at the Portsmouth Navy Yard in 1871, he returned to sea as commanding officer of the screw steamer USS Nantasket in the North Atlantic Squadron from 1871 to 1872. He was back at the Portsmouth Navy Yard from 1872 to 1875 on equipment duty.
Carpenter was commanding officer of the gunboat USS Huron in the North Atlantic Squadron from 1875 to 1876, before another tour at the Portsmouth Navy Yard in 1878. Promoted to captain on 25 March 1880, Carpenter was on equipment duty at the Boston Navy Yard in Boston, Massachusetts, from 1880 to 1882, then returned to USS Hartford as her commanding officer from 1882 to 1884; during his tour, Hartford carried a team of American and British scientists from Callao, Peru, to the Caroline Islands in the Pacific Ocean to observe the total solar eclipse of 6 May 1883. He commanded the receiving ship USS Wabash at the Boston Navy Yard from 1888 to June 1890 .
Command & retirement
Carpenter was commandant of the Portsmouth Navy Yard from June 1890 to 15 January 1894, and was promoted to commodore on 15 May 1893. He became commander of the Asiatic Squadron on 1 September 1894 and was promoted to rear admiral on 11 November 1894; the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 was a major concern of his tour as squadron commander. He relinquished command of the squadron on 21 December 1895 and retired from the Navy upon reaching the mandatory retirement age of 62 on 27 February 1896, residing in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, during his retirement.
Carpenter was recalled to active duty during the Spanish-American War of 1898, returning to the Portsmouth Navy Yard to serve as its commandant from April to August 1898.
Carpenter had begun to suffer from severe nervous disorders during the final years of his naval career and sought medical treatment soon after his retirement. His condition improved, but around mid-February 1899 his health went into decline again, and he spent six weeks in the Adams Nervine Asylum in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, for treatment. Although his condition showed signs of improvement, he committed suicide at the asylum by shooting himself in the head on the morning of 1 April 1899. He was survived by his wife, three sons, and two daughters.
Carpenter is buried at Proprietors Burying Ground in Portsmouth, New Hampshire.